Pauli Murray

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The Reverend
Pauli Murray
UNCPauliMurray.png
LahirAnna Pauline Murray
(1910-11-20)20 November 1910
Baltimore, Maryland, AS
Meninggal1 Juli 1985(1985-07-01) (umur 74)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, AS
Kota asalDurham, Carolina Utara, AS
Suami/istri
Billy Wynn
(m. 1930; ann. 1949)
Ecclesiastical career
GerejaGereja Episkopal (Amerika Serikat)
Ditahbiskan
  • 1976 (deakon)
  • 1977 (imam)
Latar belakang akademis
Alma mater
Dipengaruhi
Karya akademis
Disiplin ilmuKajian Amerika
Lembaga
Memengaruhi

Anna Pauline "Pauli" Murray (20 November 1910 – 1 Juli 1985) adalah seorang aktivis hak sipil Amerika Serikat yang menjadi pengacara, aktivis hak wanita, pendeta Episkopal dan penulis. Pada 1977, Murray menjadi wanita Afrika Amerika pertama yang ditahbiskan menjadi pendeta Episkopal.[3][4]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c d Pinn 1999, hlm. 29.
  2. ^ a b c d Mack, Kenneth W. (February 29, 2016). "Pauli Murray, Eleanor Roosevelt's Beloved Radical". Boston Review. Diakses tanggal February 9, 2019. 
  3. ^ "Dr. Pauli Murray, Episcopalian Priest". The New York Times. July 4, 1985. hlm. 12. Diakses tanggal March 15, 2018. 
  4. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama ny

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

Ahmed, Siraj (2006). "Murray, Pauli". Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal September 24, 2015. Diakses tanggal January 14, 2013 – via HighBeam Research. 
Anderson, Terry H. (2004). The Pursuit of Fairness: A History of Affirmative ActionPerlu mendaftar (gratis). New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-518245-3. 
Antler, Joyce (2002). "Pauli Murray: The Brandeis Years". Journal of Women's History. 14 (2): 78–82. doi:10.1353/jowh.2002.0034. ISSN 1527-2036. 
Atwell, Mary Welek (2002). "Murray, Pauli (1910–1985)". Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Gale Research. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal September 24, 2015. Diakses tanggal January 14, 2013 – via HighBeam Research. 
Azaransky, Sarah (2011). The Dream Is Freedom: Pauli Murray and American Democratic Faith. New York: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744817.001.0001. ISBN 978-0-19-974481-7. 
Bell-Scott, Patricia (2016). The Firebrand and the First Lady: Portrait of a Friendship: Pauli Murray, Eleanor Roosevelt, and the Struggle for Social JusticePerlu mendaftar (gratis). New York: Alfred A. Knoff. ISBN 978-0-679-44652-1. 
Bucher, Christina G. (2007). "Pauli Murray (1910–1985)". Dalam Williams Page, Yolanda. Encyclopedia of African American Women Writers. 2. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. hlm. 441–443. ISBN 978-0-313-34124-3. 
Cole, Johnnetta Betsch; Guy-Sheftall, Beverly (2009). Gender Talk: The Struggle For Women's Equality in African American Communities. New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0-307-52768-4. 
Collier-Thomas, Bettye (2010). Jesus, Jobs, and Justice: African American Women and ReligionPerlu mendaftar (gratis). New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 978-1-4000-4420-7. 
Fisher, Simon D. Elin (2016). "Pauli Murray's Peter Panic: Perspectives from the Margins of Gender and Race in Jim Crow America". Transgender Studies Quarterly. 3 (1–2): 95–103. doi:10.1215/23289252-3334259. ISSN 2328-9260. Diakses tanggal 26 December 2019. 
Goodwin, Doris Kearns (1994). No Ordinary Time: Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt: The Home Front in World War II. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-684-80448-4. 
Guy-Sheftall, Beverly (1995). Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought. New York: The New Press. ISBN 978-1-56584-256-4. 
Hartmann, Susan (2002). "Pauli Murray and the Juncture of Women's Liberation and Black Liberation". Journal of Women's History. 14 (2): 74–77. doi:10.1353/jowh.2002.0044. ISSN 1527-2036. 
Hightower-Langston, Donna (2002). A to Z of American Women Leaders and Activists. New York: Facts on File. ISBN 978-1-4381-0792-9. 
Keller, Morton; Keller, Phyllis (2001). Making Harvard Modern: The Rise of America's University. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-514457-4. 
Lerner, Gerda (1973). Black Women in White America (edisi ke-2nd). New York: Random House. 
Mack, Kenneth W. (2012). Representing the Race: The Creation of the Civil Rights Lawyer. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-04687-0. 
Murray, Pauli (1999) [1956]. Proud Shoes: The Story of an American Family. Boston, Massachusetts: Beacon Press. ISBN 978-0-8070-7209-7. 
Pinn, Anthony B. (1999). "Religion and 'America's Problem Child': Notes on Pauli Murray's Theological Development". Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion. 15 (1): 21–39. ISSN 1553-3913. JSTOR 25002350. 
Rosenberg, Rosalind (2017). Jane Crow: The Life of Pauli Murray. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-065645-4. 
Sanchez, Brenna (2003). "Murray, Pauli 1910–1985". Dalam Henderson, Ashyia N. Contemporary Black Biography. 38. Detroit, Michigan: Gale (dipublikasikan tanggal 2007). hlm. 134–137. ISBN 978-1-4144-3566-4. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal January 12, 2013. Diakses tanggal January 12, 2013 – via Encyclopedia.com. 
Sherman, Richard B. (1992). The Case of Odell Waller and Virginia Justice, 1940–1942. Knoxville, Tennessee: University of Tennessee Press. ISBN 978-0-87049-733-9. 

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Cooper, Brittney C. (2017). Beyond Respectability: The Intellectual Thought of Race Women. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 978-0-252-09954-0. 
Drury, Maureen M. (2012). "Love, Ambition, and 'Invisible Footnotes' in the Life and Writings of Pauli Murray". Dalam McGlotten, Shaka; Davis, Dána-Ain. Black Genders and Sexualities. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. hlm. 69–84. doi:10.1057/9781137077950_5. ISBN 978-1-137-07795-0. 
Hardison, Ayesha K. (2014). Writing Through Jane Crow: Race and Gender Politics in African American Literature. Charlottesville, Virginia: University of Virginia Press. hlm. i–vi. ISBN 978-0-8139-3592-8. JSTOR j.ctt6wrn9t.1. 
Kujawa-Holbrook, Sheryl A., ed. (2002). "Anna Pauline 'Pauli' Murray (1911–1985)". Freedom Is a Dream: A Documentary History of Women in The Episcopal Church. New York: Church Publishing. hlm. 272–279. 
Pinn, Anthony B., ed. (2006). Pauli Murray: Selected Sermons and Writings. Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books. ISBN 978-0-87049-596-0. 
Scott, Anne Firor, ed. (2006). Pauli Murray and Caroline Ware: Forty Years of Letters in Black and White. University of North Carolina Press. doi:10.5149/9780807876732_scott. ISBN 978-0-8078-3055-0. JSTOR 10.5149/9780807876732_scott. 

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