Orang Kernowyon

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Orang Kernowyon
Flag of Cornwall.svg
Jumlah populasi
6–11 juta di seluruh dunia[1][2]
  • Populasi Cornwall dari Sensus Britania Raya 2011 532.300;
  • 83.966 menyatakan identitas nasional mereka sebagai orang Kernowyon di Sensus Britania Raya 2011 (73.220 di Cornwall, 14% populasi);[3][4]
  • 26% populasi Cornwall diidentifikasi sebagai orang Kernowyon dalam Survei Kualitas Kehidupan Cornwall 2007;[5]
  • 28.584 – 41% murid sekolah di Cornwall tercatat memiliki etnis Kernowyon pada tahun 2011;[6]
  • 37.500 mengidentifikasi etnis mereka sebagai orang Kernowyon di Sensus Britania Raya 2001;[7]
  • 1.975 mengidentifikasi memiliki asal etnis Kernowyon di Sensus Kanada 2016[8]
Daerah dengan populasi signifikan
Britania Raya Britania Raya (Cornwall Cornwall) 534.300
 Amerika Serikat1.000.000 – 2.500.000[9]
 Selandia Baru[12][13]
Kelompok etnik terkait

a Kernowyon Amerika, b Kernowyon Australia

Orang Kernowyon merupakan sebuah kelompok etnik yang aslinya berasal dari Cornwall, Inggris.[14] Orang-orang ini adalah orang Keltik yang berbicara bahasa Kernowek hingga abad kedelapan belas dan menggunakannya kembali sejak abad kedua puluh, meskipun secara minoritas. Pada survei tahun 2004, 35% orang menganggap diri mereka orang Kernowyon (sekitar 181.000 orang).[15]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "The Cornish Transnational Communities Project". University of Exeter. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 20 January 2011. 
  2. ^ Pritchard, George. "Cornish Overseas / Cornwall Diaspora". Federation of Old Cornwall Societies. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 1 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Ethnicity and National Identity in England and Wales 2011". Office for National Statistics. 11 December 2012. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 10 January 2013. Diakses tanggal 25 December 2012. 
  4. ^ Release 2A: National Identity detailed Scotland
  5. ^ "Corporate Equality and Diversity Framework" (PDF). Cornwall Council. 2010. 
  6. ^ "School census shows rise in children who are Cornish". BBC News. 3 January 2012. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 15 January 2012. 
  7. ^ Brown, Malcolm (18–20 September 2006). Cornish ethnicity data from the 2001 Census. British Society for Population Studies Conference. University of Southampton. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 1 October 2012. Diakses tanggal 30 September 2009. 
  8. ^ "Ethnic origins, 2016 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories", Canada 2016 Census, Statistics Canada, 2016, diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 22 April 2018, diakses tanggal 23 March 2018 
  9. ^ Deacon, Bernard; Schwartz, Sharron (2013). "Lives across a Liquid Landscape: Cornish Migration and the Transatlantic World" (PDF). University of Exeter. Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal 2008-10-01. 
  10. ^ Price, Charles. "Australian Population: Ethnic Origins". People and Place. 7 (4): 12–16. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 6 February 2016. Diakses tanggal 16 February 2017 – via Monash University Library. 
  11. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Census Profile, 2016 Census - Canada [Country] and Canada [Country]". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 28 April 2018. Diakses tanggal 28 April 2018. 
  12. ^ Busby, Anne; Busby, Bret (30 September 2008), New Zealand Cornish Association, busby.net, diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 12 September 2009, diakses tanggal 7 September 2009 
  13. ^ "Cornish Emigrants to New Zealand". Cornwall-OPC.org. 30 September 2008. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 16 October 2010. Diakses tanggal 7 September 2009. 
  14. ^ (Inggris) Cornish ethnicity data from the 2001 Census
  15. ^ (Inggris) Cornwall Council - Cornwall in Context

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Andrews, Robert; Brown, Jules; Humphreys, Rob; Lee, Phil; Reid, Donald; Whitfield, Paul (2006), The Rough Guide to Britain, Rough Guides, ISBN 978-1-84353-686-4 
  • Ball, Martin John; Fife, James (1993), The Celtic Languages, Routledge, ISBN 978-0-415-01035-1 
  • Bradshaw, Brendan; Roberts, Peter (2003), British Consciousness and Identity: the Making of Britain, 1533–1707, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-89361-5 
  • Cavendish, Marshall (2002), "Peoples of Europe", Nature, Marshall Cavendish, 110 (2771): 768, Bibcode:1922Natur.110..768R, doi:10.1038/110768e0, ISBN 978-0-7614-7378-7 
  • Clegg, David (2005), Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly: the complete guide (edisi ke-2nd), Troubador, ISBN 978-1-904744-99-3 
  • Cooper, John P. D. (2003), Propaganda and the Tudor State: political culture in the Westcountry, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-926387-5 
  • Cubitt, Geoffrey (1998), Imagining Nations, Manchester University Press, ISBN 978-0-7190-5460-0 
  • Cunliffe, Barry (2005), Iron Age Communities in Britain: an account of England, Scotland and Wales from the seventh century BC until the Roman conquest (edisi ke-4th), Routledge, ISBN 978-0-415-34779-2 
  • Daniell, John Jeremiah (2009), A Compendium of the History of Cornwall, BiblioBazaar, ISBN 978-1-103-39714-3 
  • Ellis, Peter Berresford (1974), The Cornish Language and its Literature, Routledge, ISBN 978-0-7100-7928-2 
  • Fletcher, Anthony; MacCulloch, Diarmaid (2008), Tudor Rebellions (edisi ke-5th), Pearson Education, ISBN 978-1-4058-7432-8 
  • Harvey, David (2002), Celtic Geographies: Old Culture, New Times, Routledge, ISBN 978-0-415-22396-6 
  • Hechter, Michael (1999), Internal Colonialism: the Celtic fringe in British National Development (edisi ke-2nd), Transaction, ISBN 978-0-7658-0475-4 
  • Hempton, David (2006), Methodism: Empire of the Spirit, Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-11976-3 
  • Hitchins, Fortescue; Drew, Samuel (1824), The History of Cornwall: from the earliest records and traditions, to the present time, W. Penaluna 
  • Irvine, Alexander Andrew Mackay (2003), Human Rights, Constitutional Law and the Development of the English Legal System: selected essays, Hart, ISBN 978-1-84113-411-6 
  • Jupp, James (2001), The Australian People: an encyclopedia of the nation, its people, and their origins (edisi ke-2nd), Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-80789-0 
  • Macdonald, A. M. (1969), Chambers Compact Dictionary, Edinburgh: W. & R. Chambers, ISBN 0-550-10605-7 
  • MacLeod, Christine (2007), Heroes of Invention: technology, Liberalism and British identity, 1750–1914, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-87370-3 
  • Magocsi, Paul R. (1999), Encyclopedia of Canada's Peoples, University of Toronto Press, ISBN 978-0-8020-2938-6 
  • Magnaghi, Russell M. (2008), Cornish in Michigan, MSU Press, ISBN 978-0-87013-787-7 
  • Minahan, James (2002), Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z, Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 978-0-313-32384-3 
  • Minahan, James (2000), One Europe, Many Nations: a historical dictionary of European national groups, Greenwood Publishing Group, hlm. 21, ISBN 978-0-313-30984-7 
  • Orme, Nicholas (2000), The Saints of Cornwall, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-820765-8 
  • Payton, Philip (1999), The Cornish Overseas, Fowey: Alexander Associates, ISBN 978-1-899526-95-6 
  • Pittaway, Mark; et al., ed. (2003), Globalization and Europe, Open University Worldwide, ISBN 978-0-7492-9612-4 
  • Pittock, Murray (1999), Celtic Identity and the British Image, Manchester University Press, ISBN 978-0-7190-5826-4 
  • Price, Glanville (2000), Languages in Britain and Ireland, Wiley-Blackwell, ISBN 978-0-631-21581-3 
  • Schrijver, Frans (2006), Regionalism after Regionalisation: Spain, France and the United Kingdom, Amsterdam University Press, ISBN 978-90-5629-428-1 
  • Smelt, Maurice, 101 Cornish Lives, Penzance: Alison Hodge, ISBN 0-906720-50-8 
  • Smyth, Alfred P. (1998), Medieval Europeans: studies in ethnic identity and national perspectives in Medieval Europe, Palgrave Macmillan, ISBN 978-0-312-21301-5 
  • Snyder, Christopher Allen (2003), The Britons, Wiley-Blackwell, ISBN 978-0-631-22260-6 
  • Stenton, F. M. (1947), Anglo-Saxon England (edisi ke-2nd), Oxford: Clarendon Press 
  • Steves, Rick (2007), Rick Steves' England 2008, Avalon Travel, ISBN 978-1-59880-097-5 
  • Stoyle, Mark (1999), "The Dissidence of Despair: Rebellion and Identity in Early Modern Cornwall", Journal of British Studies, 38 
  • Sykes, Bryan (2006), Blood of the Isles, Bantam Press, ISBN 978-0-593-05652-3 
  • Tanner, Marcus (2006), The Last of the Celts, Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-11535-2 
  • Thernstrom, Stephan (1980), Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups (edisi ke-2nd), Harvard University Press, ISBN 978-0-674-37512-3 
  • Thomas, Hugh M. (2005), The English and the Normans: ethnic hostility, assimilation, and identity 1066-c. 1220, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-927886-2 
  • Thrift, N. J.; Williams, Peter (1987), Class and Space: the Making of Urban Society, Taylor & Francis, ISBN 978-0-7102-0230-7 
  • Tregellas, Walter Hawken (2008), Tourists' Guide to Cornwall and the Scilly Isles, BiblioBazaar, ISBN 978-0-554-83977-6  (reissue of the work first published in 1878, Tourists' guide to Cornwall and the Scilly Isles: containing succinct information concerning all the principal places and objects of interest in the county; 7 editions, Seventh ed. Revised by H. Michell Whitley, 1895)
  • Tregidga, Garry (2000), The Liberal Party in South-west Britain since 1918: political decline, dormancy and rebirth, Presses Université Laval, ISBN 978-0-85989-679-5 
  • Trewin, Carol; Woolfitt, Adam (2005), Gourmet Cornwall, Alison Hodge, ISBN 978-0-906720-39-4 
  • Wood, Andy (2007), The 1549 Rebellions and the Making of Early Modern England, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-83206-9 
  • Zagorín, Pérez (1982), Rebels and Rulers, 1500–1660; vol. 2: Provincial rebellion: Revolutionary Civil Wars, 1560–1660, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-28712-8 

Bacaan selanjutnya[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Miles, Sibella Original Cornish Ballads: chiefly founded on stories humorously told by Mr. Tregellas in his popular lectures on "Peculiarities": to which are appended some drafts of kindred character from the portfolio of the editress: the whole prefixed by an introductory essay on the peculiar characteristics of the Cornish peasantry. London: Simpkin, Marshall, 1846.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]