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Orang Amerika Serikat

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(Dialihkan dari Orang Amerika)
Orang Amerika Serikat
Americans
Jumlah populasi
ca331,4 juta[1]
(Sensus AS 2020)
Daerah dengan populasi signifikan
Diaspora Amerika Serikat:
ca2,996 juta (berdasarkan kewarganegaraan AS)[2][3]
Meksiko799.000+[2][3]
Kolombia790.000+[4]
Filipina38.000–300.000[2][3][5]
Kanada273.000+[2][3]
Brasil22.000-260,000[2][6]
Inggris Raya171.000+[2][3]
Jerman153.000+[2][3]
Australia117.000+[2][3]
Prancis100.000+[7]
Arab Saudi70.000–80.000[8][9]
Israel77.000+[2][3]
Korea Selatan68.000+[2][3]
Hong Kong  60.000[10]–85,000[11]
Jepang58.000+[2][3]
Spanyol57.000+[2][3]
Italia54.000+[2][3]
Bangladesh45.000+[2][3]
Peru41.000+[2][3]
Swiss39.000+[2][3]
Irlandia35.000+[2][3]
Belanda35.000+[2][3]
India33.000+[2][3]
Bahasa
Mayoritas:
Inggris Amerika Serikat
Minoritas:
Spanyol, bahasa pribumi dan beragam bahasa lainnya
Agama
Mayoritas:
Kekristenan (Protestanisme, Katolik Roma, Mormonisme dan denominasi lainnya)[12]
Minoritas:
Tidak beragama, Yudaisme, Buddhisme, Islam, Hinduisme, Sikhisme, dan beragam agama lainnya[12]

Orang Amerika Serikat adalah warga negara Amerika Serikat.[13][14] Amerika Serikat merupakan tempat bagi orang-orang dari berbagai asal usul ras dan etnis; sehingga, hukum Amerika Serikat tidak menyamakan kebangsaan dengan ras ataupun etnisitas, melainkan dengan kewarganegaraan dan sumpah untuk setia selamanya.[15][16][17][18]

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Census Bureau's 2020 Population Count". United States census. Diakses tanggal April 26, 2021.  The 2020 census is as of April 1, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "International Migrant Stock". United Nations. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal September 4, 2022. Diakses tanggal 13 January 2022. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Immigrant and Emigrant Populations by Country of Origin". Migration Policy Institute. February 10, 2014. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal March 19, 2022. Diakses tanggal 14 January 2022. 
  4. ^ Vidal, Roberto (2013). "Chapter III: Public Policies on Migration in Colombia" (PDF). Dalam Chiarello, Leonir Mario. Public Policies on Migration and Civil Society in Latin America: The Cases of Argentina, Brazil, Colombia and Mexico (PDF) (edisi ke-1st). New York: Scalabrini International Migration Network. hlm. 263–410. ISBN 978-0-9841581-5-7. Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal 19 March 2015. Diakses tanggal 26 December 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Relations With the Philippines Bilateral Relations Fact Sheet". United States Department of State (dalam bahasa Inggris). Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal February 7, 2023. Diakses tanggal 2022-08-17. 
  6. ^ "Embaixador dos Estados Unidos Todd C. Chapman chega ao Brasil". U.S. Embassy in Brazil. 29 March 2020. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal July 13, 2020. Diakses tanggal March 29, 2020. 
  7. ^ étrangères, Ministère de l'Europe et des Affaires. "Présentation des États-Unis". France Diplomatie : : Ministère de l'Europe et des Affaires étrangères. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal January 25, 2022. Diakses tanggal January 25, 2022. 
  8. ^ Abizaid, John, U.S. Ambassador Abizaid's Message to American Citizens about COVID-19. (dalam bahasa Inggris), U.S. Mission Saudi Arabia, diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal March 10, 2022, diakses tanggal 2022-03-10 
  9. ^ "Houthi Terrorist Attack in Saudi Arabia". United States Department of State (dalam bahasa Inggris). Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal February 11, 2022. Diakses tanggal 2022-02-11. 
  10. ^ "US citizens in rush for offshore tax advice". Financial Times. 8 September 2009. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 28 August 2011. Diakses tanggal 12 August 2017. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Relations with Hong Kong". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2020-12-15. Diakses tanggal 2022-05-31. 
  12. ^ a b Luis Lug; Sandra Stencel; John Green; Gregory Smith; Dan Cox; Allison Pond; Tracy Miller; Elixabeth Podrebarac; Michelle Ralston (February 2008). "U.S. Religious Landscape Survey" (PDF). Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life. Pew Research Center. Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal July 5, 2013. Diakses tanggal February 12, 2012. 
  13. ^ 8 U.S.C. § 1401; 8 U.S.C. § 1408; 8 U.S.C. § 1452
  14. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama American Somoans
  15. ^ *"Fernandez v. Keisler, 502 F.3d 337". Fourth Circuit. September 26, 2007. hlm. 341. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal August 30, 2021. Diakses tanggal June 8, 2021. The INA defines 'national of the United States' as '(A) a citizen of the United States, or (B) a person who, though not a citizen of the United States, owes permanent allegiance to the United States.' 
    • "Robertson-Dewar v. Mukasey, 599 F. Supp. 2d 772". U.S. District Court for the Western District of Texas. February 25, 2009. hlm. 779 n.3. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal August 30, 2021. Diakses tanggal June 8, 2021. The [INA] defines naturalization as 'conferring of nationality of a state upon a person after birth, by any means whatsoever.' 
  16. ^ "Permanent Allegiance Law and Legal Definition". USLegal. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal October 25, 2012. Diakses tanggal October 1, 2018. 
  17. ^ * Christine Barbour; Gerald C Wright (January 15, 2013). Keeping the Republic: Power and Citizenship in American Politics, 6th Edition The Essentials. CQ Press. hlm. 31–33. ISBN 978-1-4522-4003-9. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal February 5, 2023. Diakses tanggal January 6, 2015. Who Is An American? Native-born and naturalized citizens 
    • Shklar, Judith N. (1991). American Citizenship: The Quest for Inclusion. The Tanner Lectures on Human Values. Harvard University Press. hlm. 3–4. ISBN 9780674022164. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal February 5, 2023. Diakses tanggal December 17, 2012. 
    • Slotkin, Richard (2001). "Unit Pride: Ethnic Platoons and the Myths of American Nationality". American Literary History. Oxford University Press. 13 (3): 469–498. doi:10.1093/alh/13.3.469. JSTOR 3054557. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal March 13, 2023. Diakses tanggal March 13, 2023. But it also expresses a myth of American nationality that remains vital in our political and cultural life: the idealized self-image of a multiethnic, multiracial democracy, hospitable to differences but united by a common sense of national belonging. 
    • Eder, Klaus; Giesen, Bernhard (2001). European Citizenship: Between National Legacies and Postnational Projects. Oxford University Press. hlm. 25–26. ISBN 9780199241200. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal April 7, 2023. Diakses tanggal February 1, 2013. In inter-state relations, the American nation state presents its members as a monistic political body-despite ethnic and national groups in the interior. 
    • Petersen, William; Novak, Michael; Gleason, Philip (1982). Concepts of Ethnicity. Harvard University Press. hlm. 62. ISBN 9780674157262. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal April 4, 2023. Diakses tanggal February 1, 2013. To be or to become an American, a person did not have to be of any particular national, linguistic, religious, or ethnic background. All he had to do was to commit himself to the political ideology centered on the abstract ideals of liberty, equality, and republicanism. Thus the universalist ideological character of American nationality meant that it was open to anyone who willed to become an American. 
    • Charles Hirschman; Philip Kasinitz; Josh Dewind (November 4, 1999). The Handbook of International Migration: The American ExperiencePerlu mendaftar (gratis). Russell Sage Foundation. hlm. 300. ISBN 978-1-61044-289-3. 
    • David Halle (July 15, 1987). America's Working Man: Work, Home, and Politics Among Blue Collar Property Owners. University of Chicago Press. hlm. 233. ISBN 978-0-226-31366-5. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal February 5, 2023. Diakses tanggal October 16, 2015. The first, and central, way involves the view that Americans are all those persons born within the boundaries of the United States or admitted to citizenship by the government. 
  18. ^ Petersen, William; Novak, Michael; Gleason, Philip (1982). Concepts of Ethnicity. Harvard University Press. hlm. 62. ISBN 9780674157262. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal April 4, 2023. Diakses tanggal February 1, 2013. ...from Thomas Paine's plea in 1783...to Henry Clay's remark in 1815... "It is hard for us to believe ... how conscious these early Americans were of the job of developing American character out of the regional and generational polaritities and contradictions of a nation of immigrants and migrants." ... To be or to become an American, a person did not have to be of any particular national, linguistic, religious, or ethnic background. All he had to do was to commit himself to the political ideology centered on the abstract ideals of liberty, equality, and republicanism. Thus the universalist ideological character of American nationality meant that it was open to anyone who willed to become an American.