O (Kiril)

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Archive-ugent-be-973E9242-B062-11E1-9EF1-99BDAAF23FF7 DS-375 (cropped)-derivative.jpg
Huruf Kiril O
 
Cyrillic letter O - uppercase and lowercase.svg
Penggunaan Fonetis:[o]
Nama:онъ
Nomor Kiril:70
Diambil dari:Huruf Yunani Omikron (Ο ο)
Sampel suara
Alfabet Kiril
Huruf Bahasa Slavia
АА́А̀БВГҐ
ДЂЃЕÈЁЄ
ЖЗЗ́ЅИИ́Ѝ
ЙІЇЈКЛЉ
МНЊОŌПР
СС́ТЋЌУU dengan akut
ӮЎФХЦЧЏ
ШЩЪЫЬЭЮ
Я
Huruf non-Slavia
ӐА̄А̊А̃ӒӒ̄Ӕ
ӘӘ́Ә̃ӚВ̌ҒГ̑
Г̣Г̌ҔӺҒ̌ӶД̣
Д̆ӖЕ̄Е̃Ё̄Є̈Ӂ
ҖӜҘӞЗ̌З̱З̣
ԐԐ̈ӠӢИ̃ҊӤ
ҚӃҠҞҜК̣Ԛ
ӅԮԒӍӉҢԨ
ӇҤО́О̀О̆О̂О̃
ӦӦ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́Ө̆Ӫ
ҨԤР̌ҎҪС̣С̱
Т̌Т̣ҬУ̃Ӱ Ӱ́Ӳ
ҮҮ́ҰХ̣Х̱Х̮Х̑
ҲӼӾҺҺ̈ԦҴ
ҶӴӋҸҼҾЫ̆
Ы̄ӸҌЭ̆Э̄Э̇Ӭ
Ӭ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̈́Ю̄Я̆
Я̄Я̈ԜӀ
Huruf Kiril Kuno
ҀѺ
ОУѠѼѾ
ѢѤѦ
ѪѨѬѮ
ѰѲѴѶԘ
ԀԔԖԠԢ
Ҧ
ԂԄԈԊԌ
ԎԆԞ
ԪԬГ̧Г̄

O (О о; Italik: О о) adalah huruf dari Alfabet Kiril.

O secara umum melambangkan Vokal bulat setengah tertutup belakang /o/, seperti pengucapan o dalam Bahasa Indonesia "bola".

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Huruf Sirilik O berasal dari bentuk Huruf Yunani Omikron (Ο ο).

Bentuk[sunting | sunting sumber]

Font Modern[sunting | sunting sumber]

In modern-style typefaces, the Cyrillic letter O looks exactly like the Latin letter O O o and the Greek letter Omicron Ο ο.

Slavonik Gerejawi printed fonts dan Manuskrip Slavonik[sunting | sunting sumber]

Historical typefaces (like poluustav (semi-uncial), a standard font style for the Church Slavonic typography) and old manuscripts represent several additional glyph variants of Cyrillic O, both for decorative and orthographic (sometimes also "hieroglyphic"[1]) purposes, namely:

  • broad variant (Ѻ/ѻ), used mostly as a word initial letter (see Broad On for more details);
  • narrow variant, being used now in Synodal Church Slavonic editions as the first element of digraph Oy/oy (see Uk (Cyrillic) for more details), and in the editions of Old Believers for unstressed "o" as well;
  • variant with a cross inside (Crossed O), Ꚛ, used in certain manuscripts as the initial letter of words окрестъ 'around, nearby' (the root of this Slavonic word, крест, means 'cross') and округъ 'district, neighbourhood' with their derivatives;
  • "eyed" variant (Monocular O) with a dot inside (Ꙩ/ꙩ), used in certain manuscripts in spelling of word око 'eye' and its derivatives. In many other texts, including the birchbark letters, the monocular O was not used as a hieroglyph but largely as a synonym of Broad On signalling the word-initial position;
  • "two-eyed" variants (Binocular O) with two dots inside (Ꙫ/ꙫ or Ꙭ/ꙭ), also double "O" without dots inside were used in certain manuscripts in spelling of dual/plural forms of the words with the same root 'eye';
  • "many-eyed" variant (Multiocular O), ꙮ, used in certain manuscripts in spelling of the same root when embedded into word многоочитый 'many-eyed' (an attribute of seraphs).

Penggunaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Dalam Rusia, O is used word-initially, after another vowel, and after non-palatalized consonants. Because of a vowel reduction processes, the Russian /o/ phoneme may have a number of pronunciations in unstressed syllables, including [ɐ] and [ə].

Dalam Makedonia huruf ini melambangkan suara /ɔ/.

In Tuvan the Cyrillic letter can be written as a double vowel.[2][3]

Huruf terkait[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kode Komputasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Informasi karakter
Pratayang О о
Nama Unicode CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER O CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER O
Pengodean decimal hex dec hex
Unicode 1054 U+041E 1086 U+043E
UTF-8 208 158 D0 9E 208 190 D0 BE
Referensi karakter numerik О О о о
Referensi karakter bernama О о
KOI8-R and KOI8-U 239 EF 207 CF
Code page 855 215 D7 214 D6
Windows-1251 206 CE 238 EE
ISO-8859-5 190 BE 222 DE
Macintosh Cyrillic 142 8E 238 EE

Exotic glyph variants of Cyrillic O are available only in Unicode:[4][5][6][7][8]

  • broad Ѻ/ѻ:
    • CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ROUND OMEGA: U+047A
    • CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ROUND OMEGA: U+047B
  • narrow ᲂ does not just represent itself, but also used in digraph Oy/oy:
    • CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER NARROW O: U+1C82
    • CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER UK: U+0478 (deprecated in favor of combination of Cyrillic letters О and у, U+041E U+0443)
    • CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER UK: U+0479 (deprecated in favor of combination of Cyrillic letters о and у, U+043E U+0443 or U+1C82 U+0443)
  • with a cross inside (Ꚛ/ꚛ):
    • CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER CROSSED O: U+A69A
    • CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER CROSSED O: U+A69B
  • doubled Ꚙ/ꚙ:
    • CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DOUBLE O: U+A698
    • CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DOUBLE O: U+A699
  • eyed Ꙩ/ꙩ:
    • CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER MONOCULAR O: U+A668
    • CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER MONOCULAR O: U+A669
  • two-eyed (Ꙫ/ꙫ, Ꙭ/ꙭ):
    • CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BINOCULAR O: U+A66A
    • CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BINOCULAR O: U+A66B
    • CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DOUBLE MONOCULAR O: U+A66C
    • CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DOUBLE MONOCULAR O: U+A66D
  • many-eyed ꙮ:
    • CYRILLIC LETTER MULTIOCULAR O: U+A66E
  • combining O for Church Slavonic abbreviations (as трⷪца = троица '(Holy) Trinity'):
    • COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER O: 2DEA

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Карский, Ефим (1979). Славянская кирилловская палеография. Moscow. 
  2. ^ "Tuvan language, alphabet and pronunciation". omniglot.com. Diakses tanggal 14 June 2016. 
  3. ^ Campbell, George L.; King, Gareth (24 July 2013). Compendium of the World's Languages. Routledge. ISBN 9781136258459. Diakses tanggal 14 June 2016 – via Google Books. 
  4. ^ "Cyrillic: Range: 0400–04FF" (PDF). The Unicode Standard, Version 9.0. 2016. hlm. 4. Diakses tanggal 2016-07-15. 
  5. ^ "Cyrillic Extended-A: Range: 2DE0–2DFF" (PDF). The Unicode Standard, Version 9.0. 2016. hlm. 3. Diakses tanggal 2016-07-15. 
  6. ^ "Cyrillic Extended-B: Range: A640–A69F" (PDF). The Unicode Standard, Version 9.0. 2016. hlm. 3. Diakses tanggal 2016-07-15. 
  7. ^ "Cyrillic Extended-C: Range: 1C80–1C8F" (PDF). The Unicode Standard, Version 9.0. 2016. hlm. 3. Diakses tanggal 2016-07-15. 
  8. ^ "Church Slavonic Typography in Unicode" (PDF). Aleksandr Andreev, Yuri Shardt, Nikita Simmons. 2015. hlm. 13. Diakses tanggal 2016-07-15. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Definisi kamus О di Wiktionary
  • Definisi kamus о di Wiktionary