Newton D. Baker

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Newton D. Baker
47
Menteri Perang Amerika Serikat
Masa jabatan
9 Maret 1916 – 4 Maret 1921
Presiden Woodrow Wilson
Didahului oleh Lindley M. Garrison
Digantikan oleh John W. Weeks
37
Walikota Cleveland
Masa jabatan
1912–1915
Didahului oleh Herman C. Baehr
Digantikan oleh Harry L. Davis
Informasi pribadi
Lahir Newton Diehl Baker Jr.
3 Desember 1871
Martinsburg, West Virginia, Amerika Serikat
Meninggal 25 Desember 1937 (umur 66)
Shaker Heights, Ohio, Amerika Serikat
Partai politik Demokrat
Suami/istri Elizabeth Wells Leopold
Alma mater Johns Hopkins University
Washington and Lee University
Profesi Politikus, pengacara

Newton Diehl Baker Jr. (lahir 3 Desember 1871 – meninggal 25 Desember 1937 pada umur 66 tahun) adalah seorang pengacara, Georgist,[1] politikus, dan pejabat pemerintahan Amerika Serikat. Ia menjabat sebagai walikota Cleveland, Ohio ke-37 dari 1912 sampai 1915. Saat menjadi Menteri Perang Amerika Serikat dari 1916 sampai 1921, Baker memimpin United States Army pada Perang Dunia I.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Noble, Ransom E. “Henry George and the Progressive Movement.” The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, vol. 8, no. 3, 1949, pp. 259–269. www.jstor.org/stable/3484179.

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Beaver, Daniel R. "Newton D. Baker and the Genesis of the War Industries Board, 1917-1918." Journal of American History (1965) 52#1 pp: 43-58. in JSTOR
  • Beaver, Daniel R. Newton D. Baker and the American War Effort, 1917-1919 (University of Nebraska Press, 1966)
  • Craig, Douglas B. Progressives at War: William G. McAdoo and Newton D. Baker, 1863-1941. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013.
  • Cuff, Robert D. The War Industries Board: Business-Government Relations During World War I (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1973.)
  • Palmer, Frederick. Newton D. Baker: America at War. 2 vols. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1931.
  • Van Tassel, David D. and John J. Grabowski, eds., The Encyclopedia Of Cleveland History. Cleveland Bicentennial Commission.

Sumber primer[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Baker, Newton D. Frontiers of freedom (1918) online
  • Palmer, Frederick. Newton D. Baker: America at war, based on the personal papers of the secretary of war in the world war; his correspondence with the President and important leaders at home and aboard; the confidential cablegrams between the War departmant and headquarters in France; the minutes of the War industries board, and other first-hand material (Dodd, Meade & Company, 1931)

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]