Mahmud dari Ghazni

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  • Mahmud dari Ghazni
  • محمود غزنوی
Mahmud in robe from the caliph.jpg
Mahmud dari Ghazni (tengah) menerima sebuah jubah dari Khalifah Al-Qadir; lukisan karya Rashid-al-Din Hamadani
Sultan Kekaisaran Ghaznawiyah
Berkuasa
  • 998 – 30 April 1030
PendahuluIsmail dari Ghazni
PenerusMuhammad dari Ghazni
Lahir2 November 971
Ghazni, Zabulistan, Kekaisaran Samaniyah (kini Afganistan)
Wafat30 April 1030(1030-04-30) (umur 58)
Ghazni, Zabulistan, Kekaisaran Ghaznawiyah (kini Afganistan)
Pemakaman
Ghazni
Nama lengkap
Yamīn-ud-Dawla Abul-Qāṣim (یمین الدولہ ابو لقاسم "Pria tangan kanan negara")
Maḥmūd ibn Sebüktegīn ("Mahmud, putra Sebutegin")
AyahSabuktigin
Anak
Persiaیمین‌الدوله ابوالقاسم محمود بن سبکتگین
Agama
Karier militer
Lama dinass. 998–1030
PenghargaanJubah kehormatan dari Khalifah Al-Qadir pada 1000 Masehi.

Mahmud dari Ghazni (bahasa Persia: محمود غزنوی; 2 November 971 – 30 April 1030) atau Mahmud Ghaznavi[1] adalah pendiri dinasti Turkic Ghaznawiyah,[2][3] yang berkuasa dari 998 sampai 1030. Pada masa kematiannya, kerajaannya berubah menjadi kekaisaran militer yang luas, yang terbentang dari barat laut Iran sampai Punjab di anak benua India, Khwarazm di Transoxiana, dan Makran.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Sharma, Ramesh Chandra (1994). The Splendour of Mathurā Art and Museum (dalam bahasa Inggris). D.K. Printworld. hlm. 39. ISBN 978-81-246-0015-3. 
  2. ^ Homa Katouzian, "Iranian history and politics", Published by Routledge, 2003. p. 128: "Indeed, since the formation of the Ghaznavids state in the tenth century until the fall of Qajars at the beginning of the twentieth century, most parts of the Iranian cultural regions were ruled by Turkic-speaking dynasties most of the time.
  3. ^ C.E.Bosworth, "The Ghaznavids: 994–1040", Edinburgh University Press, 1963; p.4

Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

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