Mahkamah Perdagangan Internasional Amerika Serikat

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Langsung ke: navigasi, cari
Gedung Mahkamah Perdagangan Internasional James L. Watson di Foley Square

Mahkamah Perdagangan Internasional Amerika Serikat adalah sebuah pengadilan Artikel III, dengan kekuasaan hukum dan ekuitas penuh. Undang-Undang Pengadilan Bea Cukai 1980 menggantikan Pengadilan Bea Cukai Amerika Serikat dengan Mahkamah Perdagangan Internasional Amerika Serikat. Mahkamah ini memiliki sembilan Hakim bertugas, serta Hakim Senior. Mahkamah ini berpusat di New York City, meski memungkinkan untuk didirikan di kota lain, termasuk di negara asing.

Hakim dan Hakim Senior (pada Juni 2011)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Hakim Mulai aktif
bertugas
Berhenti aktif
bertugas
Akhir tugas
senior
Ditunjuk oleh
Restani, Jane A.Jane A. Restani[1] 1983 - - Ronald Reagan
Carman, Gregory W.Gregory W. Carman[2] 1983 - - Ronald Reagan
Pogue, Donald C.Donald C. Pogue 1995 - - Bill Clinton
Wallach, Evan J.Evan J. Wallach 1995 - - Bill Clinton
Ridgway, Delissa A.Delissa A. Ridgway 1998 - - Bill Clinton
Eaton, Richard K.Richard K. Eaton 1999 - - Bill Clinton
Stanceu, Timothy C.Timothy C. Stanceu 2003 - - George W. Bush
Gordon, Leo M.Leo M. Gordon 2006 - - George W. Bush
(kosong sejak 2011-06-02 - sebelumnya Barzilay) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a)
Aquilino, Jr., Thomas J.Thomas J. Aquilino, Jr. 1985 2004 - Ronald Reagan
Tsoucalas, NicholasNicholas Tsoucalas 1986 1996 - Ronald Reagan
Musgrave, R. KentonR. Kenton Musgrave 1987 1997 - Ronald Reagan
Goldberg, Richard W.Richard W. Goldberg 1991 2001 - George H.W. Bush
Barzilay, Judith M.Judith M. Barzilay 1998 2011 - Bill Clinton

Hakim Terdahulu[sunting | sunting sumber]

Hakim Mulai aktif
bertugas
Berhenti aktif
bertugas
Akhir tugas
senior
Ditunjuk oleh
Watson, James LopezJames Lopez Watson 1966 1991 2001 (meninggal dunia) Lyndon Johnson
Re, Edward DominicEdward Dominic Re 1968 1991[3] - Lyndon Johnson
Newman, BernardBernard Newman 1968 1983 1999 (meninggal dunia) Lyndon Johnson
DiCarlo, Dominick L.Dominick L. DiCarlo 1984 1996[4] 2009 (meninggal dunia) Ronald Reagan
Rao, Paul PeterPaul Peter Rao 1948 ? ? Harry Truman
Richardson, ScovelScovel Richardson 1957 ? ? Dwight Eisenhower
Landis, Jr., FrederickFrederick Landis, Jr. 1965 ? ? Lyndon Johnson
Maletz, Herbert NaamanHerbert Naaman Maletz 1967 ? ? Lyndon Johnson
Rosenstein, Samuel MurraySamuel Murray Rosenstein 1968 ? ? Lyndon Johnson
Boe, Nils AndreasNils Andreas Boe 1971 ? ? Richard Nixon

Hakim Pengadilan Bea Cukai AS[sunting | sunting sumber]

Hakim Mulai aktif
bertugas
Berhenti aktif
bertugas
Ditunjuk oleh
Ham, Charles H.Charles H. Ham 1890 1902 Benjamin Harrison
Jewell, James A.James A. Jewell 1890 1903 Benjamin Harrison
Sharpe, George H.George H. Sharpe 1890 1900 Benjamin Harrison
Sharretts, Thaddeus S.Thaddeus S. Sharretts 1890 1913 Benjamin Harrison
Shurtleff, Ferdinand N.Ferdinand N. Shurtleff 1890 1899 Benjamin Harrison
Somerville, Henderson M.Henderson M. Somerville 1890 1915 Benjamin Harrison
Stackpole, Joseph LewisJoseph Lewis Stackpole 1890 1891 Benjamin Harrison
Tichenor, George C.George C. Tichenor 1890 1902 Benjamin Harrison
Wilkinson, Jr., Joseph BiddleJoseph Biddle Wilkinson, Jr. 1890 1900 Benjamin Harrison
Lunt, Wilbur FiskWilbur Fisk Lunt 1891 1907 Benjamin Harrison
Howell, William BarberieWilliam Barberie Howell 1899 1927 William McKinley
Fischer, Israel FredrickIsrael Fredrick Fischer 1899 1940 William McKinley
De Vries, MarionMarion De Vries 1900 1910 William McKinley
Waite, Byron SylvesterByron Sylvester Waite 1902 1930 Theodore Roosevelt
Hay, Eugene GanoEugene Gano Hay 1903 1924 Theodore Roosevelt
McClelland, Charles PaulCharles Paul McClelland 1903 1939 Theodore Roosevelt
Chamberlain, RoyRoy Chamberlain 1908 1913 Theodore Roosevelt
Cooper, Samuel BronsonSamuel Bronson Cooper 1910 1918 William H. Taft
Brown, George StewartGeorge Stewart Brown 1913 1941 Woodrow Wilson
Sullivan, Jerry BartholomewJerry Bartholomew Sullivan 1913 1948 Woodrow Wilson
Adamson, William CharlesWilliam Charles Adamson 1917 1928 Woodrow Wilson
Weller, George EmeryGeorge Emery Weller 1919 1932 Woodrow Wilson
Young, George M.George M. Young 1924 1932 Calvin Coolidge
Cline, Genevieve RoseGenevieve Rose Cline 1928 1959 Calvin Coolidge
Tilson, William JosiahWilliam Josiah Tilson 1928 1949 Calvin Coolidge
Evans, Walter HowardWalter Howard Evans 1931 1959 Herbert Hoover
Kincheloe, David HayesDavid Hayes Kincheloe 1931 1950 Herbert Hoover
Dallinger, Fredrick WilliamFredrick William Dallinger 1932 1955 Herbert Hoover
Keefe, William JohnWilliam John Keefe 1933 1955 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Oliver, WebsterWebster Oliver 1940 1969 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Walker, Thomas JosephThomas Joseph Walker 1940 1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Cole, William PurringtonWilliam Purrington Cole 1942 1952 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Ekwall, William AlexanderWilliam Alexander Ekwall 1942 1956 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Lawrence, Charles DrummondCharles Drummond Lawrence 1943 1975 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Ford, MorganMorgan Ford 1949 1980 Harry Truman
Johnson, Jed JosephJed Joseph Johnson 1947 1963 Harry Truman
Mollison, Irving CharlesIrving Charles Mollison 1945 1962 Harry Truman
Rao, Paul PeterPaul Peter Rao 1948 1980[5] Harry Truman
Wilson, David JohnDavid John Wilson 1954 1976 Dwight Eisenhower
Alger, Mary DonlonMary Donlon Alger 1955 1977 Dwight Eisenhower
Richardson, ScovelScovel Richardson 1957 1980[5] Dwight Eisenhower
Nichols, Jr., PhilipPhilip Nichols, Jr. 1964 1966 Lyndon Johnson
Landis, Jr., FrederickFrederick Landis, Jr. 1965 1980[5] Lyndon Johnson
Watson, James LopezJames Lopez Watson 1966 1980[5] Lyndon Johnson
Beckworth, Sr., Lindley GarrisonLindley Garrison Beckworth, Sr. 1967 1968 Lyndon Johnson
Maletz, Herbert NaamanHerbert Naaman Maletz 1967 1980[5] Lyndon Johnson
Newman, BernardBernard Newman 1968 1980[5] Lyndon Johnson
Re, Edward D.Edward D. Re 1968 1980[5] Lyndon Johnson
Rosenstein, Samuel MurraySamuel Murray Rosenstein 1968 1980[5] Lyndon Johnson
Boe, Nils AndreasNils Andreas Boe 1971 1980[5] Richard Nixon

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Hakim kepala saat ini
  2. ^ Hakim kepala sebelumnya.
  3. ^ ditunjuk sebagai Hakim Kepala oleh Jimmy Carter pada tahun 1977
  4. ^ hakim kepala sejak 1991 sampai 1996
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Reassigned to the Court of International Trade when the Customs Court was dissolved, receiving his commission on November 1, 1980.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Koordinat: 40°42′54″LU 74°0′13″BT / 40,715°LU 74,00361°BB / 40.71500; -74.00361