Mahkamah Eropa

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Mahkamah Eropa
Emblem of the Court of Justice of the European Union.svg
Logo Mahkamah Eropa
European Court of Justice.jpg
Gedung Mahkamah Eropa
Didirikan1952
YurisdiksiUni Eropa dan Irlandia Utara[1]
LokasiKirchberg, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
Cara penunjukkanDiangkat oleh perwakilan negara anggota
Disahkan olehPerjanjian Uni Eropa
Banding dariPengadilan Umum Uni Eropa
Jumlah hakim
  • 27 hakim (1 per negara anggota)
  • 11 advokat jenderal
Situs webcuria.europa.eu
Presiden
Saat iniKoen Lenaerts
Mulai menjabat08 Oktober 2015 (2015-10-08)
Wakil Presiden
Saat iniRosario Silva de Lapuerta
Mulai menjabat09 Oktober 2018 (2018-10-09)
Kepala Panitera
Saat iniAlfredo Calot Escobar
Mulai menjabat07 Oktober 2010 (2010-10-07)
Division map
Map of the European Union and the UK

Mahkamah Eropa (bahasa Inggris: European Court of Justice, disingkat ECJ), adalah lembaga peradilan tertinggi dalam Uni Eropa (UE) menurut Hukum Uni Eropa. Tugasnya adalah menafsirkan hukum yang berlaku bagi UE dan menjamin penerapan yang seimbang bagi semua negara anggotanya.[2] Lembaga ini didirikan tahun 1952 dan berkedudukan di kota Luksemburg. Anggotanya terdiri dari 27 hakim, masing-masing dari negara anggota (sekarang 27), meskipun biasanya terdiri dari panel dengan tiga, lima atau tigabelas anggota hakim. Majelis ini dipimpin oleh seorang presiden. Presiden saat ini adalah Koen Lenaerts yang menjabat sejak 2015.[2]

Mahkamah Eropa berwenang mendengarkan putusan dalam tingkat kasasi dari Pengadilan Umum Uni Eropa (General Court).

Anggota[sunting | sunting sumber]

Per 7 Oktober 2021.
Periode Negara Anggota Presiden Hakim Adv. utama
1952–1958  Italia Massimo Pilotti 1952–1958
1952–1958  Belanda Jos Serrarens 1952–1958
1952–1963  Jerman Otto Riese 1952–1963
1952–1967  Belgia Louis Delvaux 1952–1967
1952–1962  Prancis Jacques Rueff 1952–1962
1952–1967  Luksemburg Charles Léon Hammes 1964–1967 1952–1964
1952–1958  Belanda Adrianus van Kleffens 1952–1958
1952–1964  Prancis Maurice Lagrange 1952–1964
1953–1973  Jerman Karl Roemer 1953–1973
1958–1964  Italia Rino Rossi 1958–1964
1958–1979  Belanda Andreas Matthias Donner 1958–1964 1964–1979
1958–1961  Italia Nicola Catalano 1958–1961
1962–1976  Italia Alberto Trabucchi 1962–1972 1973–1976
1962–1976  Prancis Robert Lecourt 1967–1976 1962–1967
1963–1970  Jerman Walter Strauss 1963–1970
1964–1976  Italia Riccardo Monaco 1964–1976
1964–1970  Prancis Joseph Gand 1964–1970
1967–1984  Belgia Josse Mertens de Wilmars 1980–1984 1967–1980
1967–1985  Luksemburg Pierre Pescatore 1967–1985
1970–1980  Jerman Hans Kutscher 1976–1980 1970–1976
1970–1972  Prancis Alain Louis Dutheillet de Lamothe 1970–1972
1972–1981  Prancis Henri Mayras 1972–1981
1973–1974  Irlandia Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh 1973–1974
1973–1979  Denmark Max Sørensen 1973–1979
1973–1988  Britania Raya Alexander Mackenzie Stuart 1984–1988 1973–1984
1973–1981  Britania Raya Jean-Pierre Warner 1973–1981
1973–1981  Jerman Gerhard Reischl 1973–1981
1975–1985  Irlandia Aindrias Ó Caoimh 1975–1985
1976–1982  Italia Francesco Capotorti [it] 1976–1976 1976–1982
1976–1988  Italia Giacinto Bosco 1976–1988
1976–1982  Prancis Adolphe Touffait 1976–1982
1979–1990  Belanda Thijmen Koopmans 1979–1990
1979–1994  Denmark Ole Due 1988–1994 1979–1988
1980–1988  Jerman Ulrich Everling 1980–1988
1981–1982  Yunani Alexandros Chloros 1981–1982
1981–1992  Britania Raya Gordon Slynn 1988–1992 1981–1988
1981–1984  Prancis Simone Rozès 1981–1984
1981–1986  Belanda Pieter verLoren van Themaat 1981–1986
1981–1982
1988–1994
 Prancis Fernand Grévisse 1981–1982
1988–1994
1982–1988  Jerman Kai Bahlmann 1982–1988
1982–1999  Italia Giuseppe Federico Mancini [it] 1988–1999 1982–1988
1982–1988  Prancis Yves Galmot 1982–1988
1983–1997  Yunani Constantinos Kakouris 1983–1997
1984–1997  Jerman Carl Otto Lenz 1984–1997
1984–1994  Prancis Marco Darmon 1984–1994
1984–1995  Belgia René Joliet 1984–1995
1985–1991  Irlandia Thomas Francis O'Higgins 1985–1991
1985–1996  Luksemburg Fernand Schockweiler 1985–1996
1986–1991
1997–2003
 Luksemburg Jean Mischo 1986–1991
1997–2003
1986–2000  Portugal José Carlos de Carvalho Moitinho de Almeida 1986–2000
1986–1988
2012–2018
 Portugal José Luís da Cruz Vilaça [de] 2012–2018 1986–1988
1986–2003  Spanyol Gil Carlos Rodriguez Iglesias 1994–2003 1986–1994
1988–1994  Spanyol Manuel Diez de Velasco 1988–1994
1988–1994  Jerman Manfred Zuleeg 1988–1994
1988–1994  Belgia Walter van Gerven 1988–1994
1988–2006  Britania Raya Francis G. Jacobs 1988–2006
1988–1998  Italia Giuseppe Tesauro 1988–1998
1990–2000  Belanda Paul Joan George Kapteyn 1990–2000
1991–2006  Denmark Claus Christian Gulmann 1994–2006 1991–1994
1991–1999  Irlandia John L. Murray 1991–1999
1992–2004  Britania Raya David Edward 1992–2004
1994–2006  Italia Antonio Mario La Pergola 1994–1994
1999–2006
1995–1999
1994–2000  Yunani Georges Cosmas 1994–2000
1994–2000  Jerman Günter Hirsch 1994–2000
1994–1997  Denmark Michael Bendik Elmer 1994–1997
1994–2006  Prancis Jean-Pierre Puissochet 1994–2006
1994–2006  Prancis Philippe Léger 1994–2006
1995–2000  Swedia Hans Ragnemalm 1995–2000
1995–2002  Finlandia Leif Sevón 1995–2002
1995–2000  Irlandia Nial Fennelly 1995–2000
1995–2003
2012–2018
 Belgia Melchior Wathelet 1995–2003 2012–2018
1995–2009  Austria Peter Jann 1995–2009
1995–2009  Spanyol Dámaso Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer 1995–2009
1996–2007  Luksemburg Romain Schintgen 1996–2008
1997–1999  Yunani Krateros Ioannou 1997–1999
1997–2003  Jerman Siegbert Alber 1997–2003
1998–2000  Italia Antonio Saggio 1998–2000
1999–2015  Yunani Vassilios Skouris 2003–2015 1999–2003
1999–2004  Irlandia Fidelma O’Kelly Macken 1999–2004
2000–2006  Jerman Ninon Colneric 2000–2006
2000–2006  Swedia Stig von Bahr 2000–2006
2000–2018  Italia Antonio Tizzano 2006–2018 2000–2006
2000–2012  Portugal José Narciso da Cunha Rodrigues 2000–2012
2000–2010  Belanda Christiaan Timmermans 2000–2010
2000–2006  Belanda Ad Geelhoed 2000–2006
2000–2006  Austria Christine Stix-Hackl 2000–2006
2002–2019  Finlandia Allan Rosas 2002–2019
2003–2021  Spanyol Rosario Silva de Lapuerta 2003–2021
2003–present  Belgia Koen Lenaerts 2015–present 2003–2015
2003–present  Jerman Juliane Kokott 2003–present
2003–2009  Portugal Luís Miguel Poiares Pessoa Maduro 2003–2009
2004–2012  Britania Raya Hermann Theodor Schiemann 2004–2012
2004–2009  Polandia Jerzy Makarczyk 2004–2009
2004–2010  Lituania Pranas Kūris 2004–2010
2004–2021  Hongaria Endre Juhász 2004–2021
2004–2014  Siprus George Arestis 2004–2014
2004–2018  Malta Anthony Borg Barthet 2004–2018
2004–present  Slovenia Marko Ilešič 2004–present
2004–2020  Ceko Jiří Malenovský 2004–2020
2004–2009  Slowakia Ján Klučka 2004–2009
2004–2013  Estonia Uno Lõhmus 2004–2013
2004–2019  Latvia Egils Levits 2004–2019
2004–2015  Irlandia Aindrias Ó Caoimh 2004–2015
2006–present  Denmark Lars Bay Larsen 2006–present
2006–2020  Britania Raya Eleanor Sharpston 2006–2020
2006–2018  Italia Paolo Mengozzi 2006–2018
2006–2011  Swedia Pernilla Lindh 2006–2011
2006–present  Prancis Jean-Claude Bonichot 2006–present
2006–present  Jerman Thomas von Danwitz 2006–present
2006–2019  Prancis Yves Bot 2006–2019
2006–2012  Slowakia Ján Mazák 2006–2012
2006–2012  Slovenia Verica Trstenjak 2006–2012
2007–present  Bulgaria Alexander Arabadjiev 2007–present
2007–2021  Rumania Camelia Toader 2007–2021
2008–2013  Luksemburg Jean-Jacques Kasel 2008–2013
2009–present  Polandia Marek Safjan 2009–present
2009–2021  Slowakia Daniel Šváby 2009–2021
2009–2019  Austria Maria Berger 2009–2019
2009–2015
2019–present
 Finlandia Niilo Jääskinen 2019–present 2009–2015
2009–2015  Spanyol Pedro Cruz Villalón 2009–2015
2010–present  Belanda Sacha Prechal 2010–present
2010–2018  Lituania Egidijus Jarašiūnas 2010–2018
2011–2019  Swedia Carl Gustav Fernlund 2011–2019
2012–2020  Britania Raya Christopher Vajda 2012–2020
2012–2019
2019–present
 Swedia Nils Wahl [sv] 2019–present 2012–2019
2013–present  Kroasia Siniša Rodin 2013–present
2013–present  Luksemburg François Biltgen 2013–present
2013–present  Estonia Küllike Jürimäe 2013–present
2013–present  Polandia Maciej Szpunar 2013–present
2014–present  Siprus Constantinos Lycourgos 2014–present
2015–2021  Ceko Michal Bobek 2015–2021
2015–present  Spanyol Manuel Campos Sánchez Bordona 2015–present
2015–present  Irlandia Eugene Regan 2015–present
2015–2021  Denmark Henrik Saugmandsgaard Øe 2015–2021
2015–2021  Yunani Michail Vilaras 2015–2021
2016–2021  Bulgaria Evgeni Tanchev 2016–2021
2018–present  Malta Peter George Xuereb 2018–present
2018–present  Portugal Nuno José Cardoso da Silva Piçarra 2018–present
2018–present  Italia Lucia Serena Rossi 2018–present
2018–2021  Irlandia Gerard Hogan 2018–2021
2018–present  Italia Giovanni Pitruzzella 2018–present
2018–present  Lituania Irmantas Jarukaitis 2018–present
2019–present  Estonia Priit Pikamäe 2019–present
2019–present  Austria Andreas Kumin 2019–present
2020–present  Prancis Jean Richard de la Tour 2020–present
2020–present  Yunani Athanasios Rantos 2020–present
2020–present  Latvia Ineta Ziemele 2020–present
2020–present  Ceko Jan Passer 2020–present
2021–present  Yunani Dimitrios Gratsias 2021–present
2021–present  Spanyol Maria Lourdes Arastey Sahún 2021–present
2021–present  Irlandia Anthony Collins 2021–present
2021–present  Slowakia Miroslav Gavalec 2021–present
2021–present  Siprus Nicholas Emiliou 2021–present
2021–present  Hongaria Zoltán Csehi 2021–present
2021–present  Rumania Octavia Spineanu-Matei 2021–present
2021–present  Kroasia Tamara Ćapeta 2021–present
2021–present  Latvia Laila Medina 2021–present

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ House of Lords European Union Committee (1 June 2020). 9th Report of Session 2019–21: The Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland (Laporan). House of Lords. hlm. 65. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2021-01-31. Diakses tanggal 2 January 2021. The Protocol will also confer full jurisdiction on the CJEU to oversee the operation of EU law applying to Northern Ireland in relation to customs and the movement of goods, technical regulations, VAT and excise, the Single Electricity Market and State aid; including the jurisdiction to hear applications for preliminary rulings submitted by the courts of Northern Ireland. The UK will have the right to participate in these proceedings as if it were a Member State. 
  2. ^ a b "The Court of Justice". Europa (web portal). Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2011-02-09. Diakses tanggal 2007-07-13.