Khmer Issarak

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Khmer Issarak
ខ្មែរឥស្សរៈ
Didirikan1945; 73 tahun lalu (1945)
IdeologiNasionalisme Khmer
Anti-Prancis


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Politik dan pemerintahan
Kerajaan Kamboja
Hubungan luar negeri

Khmer Issarak (Khmer Merdeka, atau Khmer Independent) (bahasa Khmer: ខ្មែរឥស្សរៈ) adalah sebuah gerakan independen anti-kolonial dan anti-Prancis "kurang terstruktur".[1] Disamping itu, gerakan tersebut dilabeli sebagai “tak berbentuk”.[2] Issarak terbentuk sekitar 1945 dan terdiri dari beberapa faksi masing-masing denagn pemimpinnya sendiri.[3] Kebanyakan kelompok Issarak aktif berjuang antara 1945, pada akhir Perang Dunia Kedua sampai 1953, saat Kamboja merdeka. Tujuan-tujuan awal Khmer Issarak adalah untuk bertarung melawan Prancis dalam rangka meraih kemerdekaan. Kemudian, pelengseran pemerintah Kamboja menjadi agenda beberapa kelompok Issarak.[1] [4] Lebih lanjut, istilah Issarak awalnya merujuk kepada non-komunis, namun pada awal 1950an, kelompok gerilyawan yang dipandu Việt Minh menyebut diri mereka sendiri Issarak untuk mengguncang persatuan pasukan non-komunis lainnya.[4]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b Murashima, Eiji (November 1, 2005). "Opposing French colonialism Thailand and the independence movements in Indo-China in the early 1940s". South East Asia Research. 13 (3): 333–383. doi:10.5367/000000005775179702. 
  2. ^ Becker 1998, hlm. 51.
  3. ^ Grant, Edited by Jonathan S.; Moss,, Laurence A. G.; Unger, Jonathan (1971). Cambodia: the widening war in Indochina. New York: Washington Square Press. hlm. 314. ISBN 0671481142. 
  4. ^ a b Becker 1998, hlm. 70.

Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

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  • Kiernan, B. (2004). How pol pot came to power. New Haven, Conn; London: Yale University Press.
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Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

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