Kekristenan pada abad ke-1

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Loncat ke navigasi Loncat ke pencarian
Umat Kristen percaya bahwa Yesus adalah pengantara Kovenan Baru.[1] Digambar oleh pelukis Denmark abad ke-19 Carl Bloch, lukisan tersebut bertema Kotbah di atas Bukit (sekitar tahun 30 Masehi) dimana ia menggenapkan hukum. Beberapa cendekiawan menganggapnya merupakan sebuah antitipe proklamasi Sepuluh Perintah Allah atau Kovenan Mozaik oleh Musa dari Gunung Sinai dalam Alkitab.[2]

Kekristenan pada abad ke-1 meliputi tahun-tahun pembentukan komunitas gereja perdana. Para pengikut awal Yesus adalah sebuah sekte Yahudi, yang para sejarawan sebut sebagai Kekristenan Yahudi.[3] perpecahan gereja perdana dari Yudaisme bersifat bertahap, saat Kekristenan menjadi agama yang didominasi orang-orang non-Yahudi.

Para rasul menyebar dari Yerusalem, mendirikan tahta-tahta apostolik, mengikuti Amanat Agung untuk menyebarkan ajaran-ajaran yesus ke "segala bangsa". Petrus, Paulus dan Yakobus adalah para pemimpin gereja perdana paling berpengaruh,[4] meskipun pengaruh Paulus pada pemikiran Kristen dianggap paling signifikan ketimbang penulis Perjanjian Baru lainnya.[5]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Ibrani 8:6
  2. ^ "Sermon on the Mount." Cross, F. L., ed. The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. New York: Oxford University Press. 2005
  3. ^ McGrath, p. 174
  4. ^ Dunn, p. 577
  5. ^ Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church ed. F. L. Cross (Oxford) entry on Paul

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Brown, Schuyler. The Origins of Christianity: A Historical Introduction to the New Testament. Oxford University Press (1993). ISBN 0-19-826207-8.
  • Cullmann, Oscar, The Early Church: Studies in Early Christian History and Theology, ed. A. J. B. Higgins, Philadelphia: Westminster, 1966
  • Davidson, The Birth of the Church (2005)
  • W. D. Davies, Paul and Rabbinic Judaism 2d ed., London, 1965
  • Dunn, James D.G., "The Canon Debate," McDonald & Sanders editors, 2002
  • Dunn, James D.G. Jews and Christians: The Parting of the Ways, AD 70 to 135. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing (1999). ISBN 0-8028-4498-7.
  • Grant, M., Jesus: An Historian's Review of the Gospels New York: Scribner's, 1977
  • Gundry, R.H., Soma in Biblical Theology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976
  • Hunter, Archibald, Works and Words of Jesus (1973)
  • Johnson, L.T., The Real Jesus, San Francisco, Harper San Francisco, 1996
  • Kremer, Jakob, Die Osterevangelien — Geschichten um Geschichte, Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 1977
  • Ludemann, Gerd, What Really Happened to Jesus? trans. J. Bowden, Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press, 1995
  • Maier, P. L., "The Empty Tomb as History" in Christianity Today, March 1975
  • McGrath, Alister E., Christianity: An Introduction, Blackwell Publishing (2006), ISBN 1-4051-0899-1
  • Neufeld, The Earliest Christian Confessions, Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964
  • O' Collins, Gerald, What are They Saying About the Resurrection?, New York: Paulist Press, 1978
  • Pannenberg, Wolfhart, Jesus–God and Man translated Lewis Wilkins and Duane Pribe, Philadelphia: Westminster, 1968
  • Smith, J. L., "Resurrection Faith Today", in TS 30 (1969)
  • Van Daalen, D. H., The Real Resurrection, London: Collins, 1972
  • Weiss, Johannes, Der erste Korintherbrief 9th ed., Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1910
  • Wilckens, Ulrich, Auferstehung, Stuttgart and Berlin: Kreuz Verlag, 1970
  • Wright, N.T., "The New Unimproved Jesus", in Christianity Today, 1993-09-13
  • Wylen, Stephen M., The Jews in the Time of Jesus: An Introduction, Paulist Press (1995), ISBN 0-8091-3610-4

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bockmuehl, Markus N.A. (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Jesus. Cambridge University Press (2001). ISBN 0-521-79678-4.
  • Bourgel, Jonathan, From One Identity to Another: The Mother Church of Jerusalem Between the Two Jewish Revolts Against Rome (66-135/6 EC). Paris: Éditions du Cerf, collection Judaïsme ancien et Christianisme primitive, (French). ISBN 978-2-204-10068-7
  • Brown, Raymond E.: An Introduction to the New Testament (ISBN 0-385-24767-2)
  • Conzelmann, H. and Lindemann A.,Interpreting the New Testament. An Introduction to the Principles and Methods of N.T. Exegesis, translated by S.S. Schatzmann, Hendrickson Publishers. Peabody 1988.
  • Dormeyer, Detlev: The New Testament among the Writings of Antiquity (English translation), Sheffield 1998
  • Dunn, James D.G. (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to St. Paul. Cambridge University Press (2003). ISBN 0-521-78694-0.
  • Dunn, James D.G. Unity and Diversity in the New Testament: An Inquiry into the Character of Earliest Christianity. SCM Press (2006). ISBN 0-334-02998-8.
  • Edwards, Mark (2009). Catholicity and Heresy in the Early Church. Ashgate. 
  • Freedman, David Noel (Ed). Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing (2000). ISBN 0-8028-2400-5.
  • Esler, Philip F. The Early Christian World. Routledge (2004). ISBN 0-415-33312-1.
  • Mack, Burton L.: Who Wrote the New Testament?, Harper, 1996
  • Keck, Leander E. Paul and His Letters. Fortress Press (1988). ISBN 0-8006-2340-1.
  • Mills, Watson E. Acts and Pauline Writings. Mercer University Press (1997). ISBN 0-86554-512-X.
  • Malina, Bruce J.: Windows on the World of Jesus: Time Travel to Ancient Judea. Westminster John Knox Press: Louisville (Kentucky) 1993
  • Malina, Bruce J.: The New Testament World: Insights from Cultural Anthropology. 3rd edition, Westminster John Knox Press Louisville (Kentucky) 2001
  • Malina, Bruce J.: Social Science Commentary on the Gospel of John Augsburg Fortress Publishers: Minneapolis 1998
  • Malina, Bruce J.: Social-Science Commentary on the Synoptic Gospels Augsburg Fortress Publishers: Minneapolis 2003
  • McKechnie, Paul. The First Christian Centuries: Perspectives on the Early Church. Apollos (2001). ISBN 0-85111-479-2
  • Pelikan, Jaroslav Jan. The Christian Tradition: The Emergence of the Catholic Tradition (100-600). University of Chicago Press (1975). ISBN 0-226-65371-4.
  • Stegemann, Ekkehard and Stegemann, Wolfgang: The Jesus Movement: A Social History of Its First Century. Augsburg Fortress Publishers: Minneapolis 1999
  • Stegemann, Wolfgang, The Gospel and the Poor. Fortress Press. Minneapolis 1984 ISBN 0-8006-1783-5
  • Tabor, James D. "Ancient Judaism: Nazarenes and Ebionites", The Jewish Roman World of Jesus. Department of Religious Studies at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte (1998).
  • Thiessen, Henry C. Introduction to the New Testament, Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids 1976
  • White, L. Michael. From Jesus to Christianity. HarperCollins (2004). ISBN 0-06-052655-6.
  • Wilson, Barrie A. "How Jesus Became Christian". St. Martin's Press (2008). ISBN 978-0-679-31493-6.
  • Wright, N.T. The New Testament and the People of God. Fortress Press (1992). ISBN 0-8006-2681-8.
  • Zahn, Theodor, Introduction to the New Testament, English translation, Edinburgh, 1910.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]