Karl Abraham

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas

Karl Abraham
Karl Abraham.jpg
Lahir3 Mei 1877
Bremen, Kekaisaran Jerman
MeninggalNot recognized as a date. Years must have 4 digits (use leading zeros for years < 1000). (aged Kesalahan ekspresi: Operator < tak terduga)
Berlin, Republik Weimar
KebangsaanJerman
Karier ilmiah
BidangPsikiatri

Karl Abraham (bahasa Jerman: [ˈaːbʁaham]; 3 Mei 1877 – 25 Desember 1925) adalah seorang psikoanalis Jerman berpengaruh, dan kolaborator Sigmund Freud, yang menyebutnya 'murid terbaiknya'.[1][2]

Kehidupan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Abraham lahir di Bremen, Jerman. Orangtuanya adalah Nathan Abraham, seorang guru agama Yahudi (1842 – 1915) dan istrinya (sekaligus sepupunya) Ida (1847 – 1929).[3] Kajiannya dalam kedokteran membolehkannya untuk mengambil sebuah posisi di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Burghölzli Swiss, dimana Eugen Bleuler berpraktek. Setting rumah sakit tersebut awalnya memperkenalkannya kepada psikoanalisis Carl Gustav Jung.

Karya dan publikasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Normentafel zur Entwicklungsgeschichte des Huhnes (with Prof. Keibel). (1900) Normentafeln zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Wirbeltiere, Heft 2. Jena.
  • Beiträge zur Entwicklungsgeschichte des Wellensittichs. (inaugural dissertation.) (1901) Anatomische Blätter (Anatomical Institute, Freiburg), Heft LVI/LVII. (Wiesbaden, I. F. Bergmann.)
  • Beiträge zur Kenntnis des Delirium tremens der Morphinisten. (1902) C., Jahrg. XXV, June, S. 369–80.
  • ber Versuche mit 'Veronal' bei Erregungszuständen der Paralytiker. (1904) C., Jahrg.
  • Abraham, K.(1907). On the significance of Sexual Trauma in Childhood for the Symptomatology of Dementia Praecox. In Hilda, C., Abraham, M.D.(Ed) (1955). Clinical Papers and Essays on Psycho-Analysis. London : The Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psychoanalysis.
  • Abraham, K.(1909). Dreams and Myths : A study in folk-Psychology. In Hilda, C., Abraham, M.D.(Ed) (1955). Clinical Papers and Essays on Psycho-Analysis. London : The Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psychoanalysis.
  • Abraham, K.(1911). Giovanni Segantini : A Psycho-analytical Study. In Hilda, C., Abraham, M.D.(Ed) (1955). Clinical Papers and Essays on Psycho-Analysis. London : The Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psychoanalysis.
  • Abraham, K. (1912). Amenhotep IV. Psycho-analytical Contributions Towards the understanding of his Personality and of the Monotheistic Cult of Aton. . In Hilda, C., Abraham, M.D.(Ed) (1955). Clinical Papers and Essays on Psycho-Analysis. London : The Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psychoanalysis.
  • Abraham, K. (1920). The Cultural Significance of Psycho-analysis. In Hilda, C., Abraham, M.D.(Ed) (1955). Clinical Papers and Essays on Psycho-Analysis. London : The Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psychoanalysis.
  • Abraham, K (1921). Contributions to the theory of the anal character. In Stein, D.J, Stone, M. H. (Ed) (1997). Essential papers on obsessive-compulsive disorders. New York: New York University Press.
  • Abraham, K The influence of oral erotism on character-formation. In Perzow, S. M., Kets de Vries, M.F.R. (Ed) (1991). Handbook of character studies: Psychoanalytic explorations. Madison, CT: International Universities Press.
  • Abraham, K. A short study of the development of the libido. In Frankiel, R.V. (Ed) (1994). Essential papers on object loss, New York: New York University Press.

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". London: Freud Museum. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 26 June 2007. Diakses tanggal 7 November 2018. 
  2. ^ Bush, Lawrence (25 December 2014). "December 25: Freud's Best Pupil". Jewish Currents. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2018-11-08. Diakses tanggal 7 November 2018. 
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 18 July 2011. Diakses tanggal 25 December 2010. 

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • May, Ulrike (2007), "[Remarks on the Introduction to Karl Abraham's collected works (1969-71)]", Luzifer-Amor : Zeitschrift zur Geschichte der Psychoanalyse, 20 (39), hlm. 145–52, PMID 17992845 
  • Kuhn, P (2000), "A scandal in Salzburg or Freud's surreptitious role in the 1908 Abraham-Jung dispute.", The International journal of psycho-analysis (dipublikasikan tanggal Aug 2000), 81 (4), hlm. 705–31, PMID 11028235 
  • Sklarew, B (1999), "Freud and film: encounters in the Weltgeist.", Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 47 (4), hlm. 1238–47, PMID 10650559 
  • Machtlinger, V (1997), "[Karl Abraham and Giovanni Segantini]", Luzifer-Amor : Zeitschrift zur Geschichte der Psychoanalyse, 10 (20), hlm. 81–97, PMID 11625348 
  • Decke, B (1997), "[Karl Abraham: family, childhood and youth in Bremen]", Luzifer-Amor : Zeitschrift zur Geschichte der Psychoanalyse, 10 (20), hlm. 7–60, PMID 11625347 
  • Cremerius, J (1997), "[Karl Abraham, Freud's scapegoat and, guide to understanding the truth]", Luzifer-Amor : Zeitschrift zur Geschichte der Psychoanalyse, 10 (20), hlm. 64–80, PMID 11625346 
  • Good, M I (1995), "Karl Abraham, Sigmund Freud, and the fate of the seduction theory.", Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 43 (4), hlm. 1137–67, doi:10.1177/000306519504300409, PMID 8926328 
  • Shengold, L (1972), "A parapraxis of Freud's in relation to Karl Abraham.", The American imago; a psychoanalytic journal for the arts and sciences, 29 (2), hlm. 123–59, PMID 4562662 

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Freud, S. (1917). Mourning and Melancholia. Standard Edition, 14, 305-307.
  • May-Tolzmann, U. (1997). The Discovery of the Bad Mother: Abraham’s contribution to the theory of Depression. Luzifer-Amor: Zeitschrift zur Geschichte der Psychoanalyse, 10(20), 98-131.
  • Selected Papers on Psycho-Analysis, Publisher: Karnac Books; 1997, ISBN 0-9501647-7-1

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]