Kapal selam kelas Akula

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Project 971 Щука-Б (Shchuka-B, 'Shchuka' meaning "pike", Nama NATO "Akula"), adalah kelas kapal selam serengan bertenaga nuklir (SSN) yang pertama diluncurkan oleh Soviet Navy pada 1986.

Kelas ini juga dikenal di bawah nama Bar (yang berarti "macan tutul salju"). Ada empat sub-kelas atau penerbangan dari Shchuka, yang terdiri dari tujuh asli Akula Is, ditugaskan antara tahun 1984 dan 1990; enam Improved Akula, ditugaskan antara tahun 1991 dan 2009; satu Akula II, ditugaskan pada tahun 1995; dan satu Akula III, ditugaskan pada tahun 2001.[1][2]

Akula-class submarine under way

Units[sunting | sunting sumber]

Akula class—significant dates
# Project Name NATO Shipyard Laid down Launched Commissioned Status
K-284 971 Akula Akula I Amur Shipyard 6 November 1983 16 June 1984 30 December 1984 Pacific Fleet. 2001 removed from service[3]
K-263 971 Delfin Akula I Amur Shipyard 9 May 1985 28 May 1986 30 December 1987 Pacific Fleet, removed from active service, status unclear[3]
K-322 971 Kashalot Akula I Amur Shipyard 5 September 1986 18 July 1987 30 December 1988 Pacific Fleet, removed from active service, undergo overhaul and modernization.[3] Under Negotiation for lease to India [4]
K-480 971 Ak Bars Akula I Sevmash 22 February 1985 16 March 1988 31 December 1988 Northern Fleet. Removed from service 1998.[3] Scrapping since February 2010.[5]
K-391 971 Bratsk Akula I Amur Shipyard 23 February 1988 14 April 1989 29 December 1989 Pacific Fleet, removed from active service, to undergo overhaul and modernization [6][7]
K-317 971 Pantera Akula I Sevmash 6 November 1986 21 May 1990 30 December 1990 Northern Fleet[3]
K-331 971 Magadan

(ex Narval)

Akula I Amur Shipyard 28 December 1989 23 June 1990 31 December 1990 Pacific Fleet[3] Undergoing overhaul[8]
K-461 971 Volk Akula I Improved Sevmash 14 November 1987 11 June 1991 29 December 1991 Northern Fleet[3]
K-328 971 Leopard Akula I Improved Sevmash 26 October 1988 28 June 1992 15 December 1992 Northern Fleet[3] Overhaul underway since November 2011[9][10]
K-419 971 Kuzbass Akula I Improved Amur Shipyard 28 July 1991 18 May 1992 31 December 1992 Pacific Fleet, in repairs since 2010[2][11] Overhaul completed by December 2015[12][8]
K-154 971 Tigr Akula I Improved Sevmash 10 September 1989 26 June 1993 29 December 1993 Northern Fleet[3] Overhaul underway since September 2011[10]
K-295 971 Samara Akula II Amur Shipyard 7 November 1993 5 August 1994 28 July 1995 Pacific Fleet[3] To undergo overhaul and modernization[7]
K-157 971 Vepr Akula II Sevmash 13 July 1990 10 December 1994 25 November 1995 Northern Fleet[3]
K-335 971 M Gepard Akula III Sevmash 23 September 1991 17 September 1999 5 December 2001 Northern Fleet[3] Overhaul completed in November 2015[13][14]
K-337 971U Kuguar Akula II Sevmash 18 August 1992 x x Not completed. Hull used for Yuri Dolgorukiy SSBN[3] (project 955 Borei)
K-333 971U Rys Akula II Sevmash 31 August 1993 x x Not completed. Hull used for Alexander Nevsky SSBN[3] (project 955 Borei)
K-152 971I/09719 Nerpa/

INS Chakra

Akula II[15][16] Amur Shipyard 1993 4 July 2006 28 December 2009 Pacific Fleet. Has been leased out to India from the end 2012 to 2022.[17]
K-xxx 971M not named Akula II Sevmash 1992 x x Not Completed. Hull used for Vladimir Monomakh SSBN[3] (project 955 Borei)
K-xxx 971I/09719 Iribis Akula I Improved Amur Shipyard 1994 Nov-2016 July-2017 Construction halted at 60% completion. May be completed and leased to India and may be Join Indian Navy 1st Qt 2018.[4][18][19]
K-xxx 971M not named Akula II Amur Shipyard 1990 x x Sold for scrap[3]
K-xxx 971M not named Akula II Amur Shipyard 1991 x x Sold for scrap[3]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ John Pike. "Akula Class / Bars-class / Project 971". Globalsecurity.org. Diakses tanggal 2012-10-04. 
  2. ^ a b "In-service ships". Rusnavy.com. Diakses tanggal 2012-10-04. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Korabli VMF SSSR, Vol. 1, Part 2, Yu. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2003, ISBN 5-8172-0072-4
  4. ^ a b "India to lease Russian nuclear submarine "Кашалот" (Kashalot / Sperm Whale)". 20 Jan 2015. 
  5. ^ "Incendie à bord d'un sous-marin nucléaire russe désaffecté | Russie | RIA Novosti". Fr.rian.ru. 2010-02-19. Diakses tanggal 2012-10-04. 
  6. ^ "Шойгу потребовал изменить порядок финансирования ремонта на флоте". РИА Новости. Diakses tanggal 19 December 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "Russia Releases Photos of its Submarine Fleet". Defense Tech. Diakses tanggal 19 December 2014. 
  8. ^ a b http://www.janes.com/article/54981/russia-details-ambitious-effort-to-modernise-nuclear-powered-submarines-to-bolster-order-of-battle
  9. ^ 24.11.2011 (2011-11-24). "SSN Voronezh Passed Modernization". Rusnavy.com. Diakses tanggal 2011-12-28. 
  10. ^ a b http://indias-defence.blogspot.hr/2015/03/complete-information-on-indias-second_31.html
  11. ^ "Three Russian Nuke Subs to Be Recommissioned in 2013". Diakses tanggal 19 December 2014. 
  12. ^ http://rushincrash.com/forces/nuclear-submarine-kuzbass-returns-to-the-fleet-until-the-new-year/
  13. ^ http://function.mil.ru/news_page/country/more.htm?id=12067485@egNews
  14. ^ http://sputniknews.com/military/20151128/1030903487/russia-gepard-submarine.html
  15. ^ "Russia Hands Over Nerpa Nuclear Sub to India | Defense | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. 2012-01-23. Diakses tanggal 2012-10-04. 
  16. ^ 4/10/2012 22:35 (2009-07-29). "K-152 Nerpa: Russian Akula II class nuclear attack submarine | INFOgraphics | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. Diakses tanggal 2012-10-04. 
  17. ^ 26.08.2010 (2010-08-26). "Russian Navy finally sets date of SSN Nerpa's leasing". Rusnavy.com. Diakses tanggal 2012-10-04. 
  18. ^ Vladimir Radyuhin. "India in talks with Russia on lease of second nuclear submarine". The Hindu. Diakses tanggal 2013-03-15. 
  19. ^ "India Interested in Leasing Second Russian Nuclear Attack Sub". USNI News. Diakses tanggal 19 December 2014.