Joseph Needham

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Joseph Needham
CH FRS FBA
Joseph Needham in Cambridge 1965 04.jpg
LahirNoel Joseph Terence Montgomery Needham
Not recognized as a date. Years must have 4 digits (use leading zeros for years < 1000).
London, Inggris
Meninggal[[{{{3}}} Parameter salah (harus 1 — 12)]] [[24 March 1995 ]] (umur Kesalahan ekspresi: Kata "march" tak dikenal.) (aged 94)
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Inggris
AlmamaterOundle School
Gonville and Caius College
Cambridge University
PekerjaanSejarawan, biokimiawan, sinologis
Suami/istriDorothy Moyle Needham (k. 1924; wafat 1987)
Lu Gwei-djen (k. 1989; wafat 1991)
PenghargaanMedali Leonardo da Vinci (1968)
Penghargaan Dexter (1979)
Joseph Needham
Hanzi tradisional: 李約瑟
Hanzi sederhana: 李约瑟

Noel Joseph Terence Montgomery Needham CH FRS FBA[1] (/ˈndəm/; lahir 9 Desember 1900 – meninggal 24 Maret 1995 pada umur 94 tahun) adalah seorang biokimiawan, sejarawan dan sinologis asal Inggris yang dikenal karena riset dan tulisan saintifik buatannya tentang sejarah sains dan teknologi fi Tiongkok. Ia terpilih menjadi anggota Royal Society pada 1941,[2] dan anggota British Academy pada 1971.[3] Pada 1992, Ratu Elizabeth II menganugerahinya Companionship of Honour, dan Royal Society menyebutnya sebagai satu-satunya orang yang pernah hidup yang memegang tiga gelar tersebut.[4]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kutipan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Gurdon, J. B.; Rodbard, B. (2000). "Joseph Needham, C.H. 9 December 1900 -- 24 March 1995: Elected F.R.S. 1941". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 46: 365. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1999.0091. 
  2. ^ Winchester 2008, hlm. 28–29
  3. ^ Winchester 2008, hlm. 238
  4. ^ Winchester 2008, hlm. 250

Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

Biografi
  • J. B. Gurdon and Barbara Rodbard, "Joseph Needham, C. H., F. R. S., F. B. A. 9 December 1900–24 March 1995," Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 46. (2000): 367–376. JSTOR
  • Sarah Lyall. "Joseph Needham, China Scholar From Britain, Dies at 94", New York Times. 27 March 1995.
  • Robert P. Multhauf, "Joseph Needham (1900–1995)," Technology and Culture 37.4 (1996): 880–891. JSTOR
  • Roel Sterckx. In the Fields of Shennong: An inaugural lecture delivered before the University of Cambridge on 30 September 2008 to mark the establishment of the Joseph Needham Professorship of Chinese History, Science and Civilization. Cambridge: Needham Research Institute, 2008 (ISBN 0-9546771-1-0).
  • Winchester, Simon (2008). The Man Who Loved China: The Fantastic Story of the Eccentric Scientist Who Unlocked the Mysteries of the Middle Kingdom. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-088459-8.  Also published in Great Britain as Bomb, Book and Compass.
  • Francesca Bray, "How Blind Is Love?: Simon Winchester's The Man Who Loved China," Technology and Culture 51.3 (2010): 578–588. JSTOR
"Needham Question"
  • Mark Elvin, "Introduction (Symposium: The Work of Joseph Needham)," Past & Present.87 (1980): 17–20. JSTOR
  • Christopher Cullen, "Joseph Needham on Chinese Astronomy," Past & Present.87 (1980): 39–53. JSTOR
  • Sivin, Nathan (1995), "Why the Scientific Revolution Did Not Take Place in China – Or Didn't It?", dalam Sivin, Nathan, Science in Ancient China (PDF), Aldershot, Hants: Variorum, hlm. Ch VII 
  • Justin Y. Lin, "The Needham Puzzle: Why the Industrial Revolution Did Not Originate in China," Economic development and cultural change 43.2 (1995): 269–292. JSTOR
  • Timothy Brook, "The Sinology of Joseph Needham," Modern China 22.3 (1996): 340–348. JSTOR
  • Robert P. Multhauf, "Joseph Needham (1900–1995)," Technology and Culture 37.4 (1996): 880–891. JSTOR
  • Gregory Blue, "Joseph Needham, Heterodox Marxism and the Social Background to Chinese Science," Science & Society 62.2 (1998): 195–217. JSTOR
  • Robert Finlay, "China, the West, and World History in Joseph Needham's Science and Civilisation in China," Journal of World History 11 (Fall 2000): 265–303.
Sinologi

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Inggris
Tionghoa
Jabatan akademik
Didahului oleh:
Sir Nevill Francis Mott
Master Gonville and Caius College
1966–1976
Diteruskan oleh:
Sir William Wade