Jean Buridan

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Jean Buridan
Lahirca. 1301
Béthune, Picardy
Meninggalca. 1359 – kr. 1362
Almamater
Erafilsafat abad pertengahan
KawasanFilsafat barat
Aliran
InstitusiUniversitas Paris
Minat utama
Gagasan penting

Jean Buridan (bahasa Prancis: [byʁidɑ̃]; Latin: Johannes Buridanus; ca. 1301 – ca. 1359/62) adalah seorang filsuf Prancis abad ke-14 berpengaruh. Buridan adalah guru di fakultas seni rupa di Universitas Paris selama sepanjang masa karirnya, dengan berfokus pada logika dan karya-karya Aristoteles. Buridan menebarkan benih-benih Revolusi Copernicus di Eropa.[9]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Zupko 2015, §4
  2. ^ Zupko 2015
  3. ^ Jaegwon Kim, Ernest Sosa, Gary S. Rosenkrantz (eds.), A Companion to Metaphysics, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010, p. 164: "Buridan, Jean."
  4. ^ Clagett 1959, p. 331.
  5. ^ "Insolubles," in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  6. ^ a b c Clagett 1960, p. 522.
  7. ^ Zipko 2015, n. 5
  8. ^ Zupko 2015, §6
  9. ^ Kuhn, T. The Copernican Revolution, 1958, pp. 119–123.

Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Clagett, Marshall (1960). The Science of Mechanics in the Middle Ages (edisi ke-1980.). Madison, Wis.: University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 978-0299019006. 
  • Courtenay, William J. (2002). "Philosophy's Reward: The Ecclesiastical Income of Jean Buridan". Recherches de Théologie et Philosophie Médiévale. 68: 163–69. doi:10.2143/rtpm.68.1.859. 
  • Courtenay, William J. (2005). "The University of Paris at the Time of John Buridan and Nicole Oresme". Vivarium. 42 (1): 3–17. doi:10.1163/1568534042066974. 
  • Faral, Edmond (1951). "Jean Buridan: Maître ès Arts de l'Université de Paris". Extrait de l'Histoire littéraire de la France. 1. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale. 
  • Michael, Bernd (1986). Johannes Buridan: Studien zu seinem Leben, seinen Werken und zu Rezeption seiner Theorien im Europa des späten Mittelalters [Jean Buridan: His life, his works and the reaction to his theories in the Europe of the late Middle Ages]. 2 Vols. Doctoral dissertation. University of Berlin. 
  • Zupko, Jack (1998). "What Is the Science of the Soul? A Case Study in the Evolution of Late Medieval Natural Philosophy". Synthese. 110 (2): 297–334. doi:10.1023/A:1004969404080. 
  • Zupko, Jack (2004). John Buridan. Portrait of a Fourteenth-Century Arts Master. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press. ISBN 9780268032562. 
  • Zupko, Jack (2015). "John Buridan". The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University. Diakses tanggal 5 February 2019. 

Further reading[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Klima, Gyula (2009). John Buridan. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Landi, Marcello (2008). "Un contributo allo studio della scienza nel Medio Evo. Il trattato Il cielo e il mondo di Giovanni Buridano e un confronto con alcune posizioni di Tommaso d'Aquino" [A contribution to the study of science in the Middle Ages. The sky and the world of Jean Buridan and a comparison with some positions of St. Thomas Aquinas]. Divus Thomas. 110 (2): 151–185. 
  • Thijssen, J. M. M. H., and Jack Zupko (ed.) (2002). The Metaphysics and Natural Philosophy of John Buridan Leiden: Brill.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]