Gollum: Perbedaan revisi

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<!-- ==Character overview==
Originally known as '''Sméagol''', this character was later named ''Gollum'' after the noise of his grotesque, guttural, choking, cough. His life was extended far beyond its natural limits by the effects of possessing the [[One Ring]]. His one desire was to possess the Ring which had enslaved him. He pursued the ring for 76 years after having lost it to [[Bilbo Baggins]].
During his centuries under the Ring's influence, he developed a sort of [[Dissociative identity disorder|split personality]]: "Sméagol" still vaguely remembered things like friendship and love, while "Gollum" was a slave to the Ring and would kill anyone who tried to take it. In ''[[The Two Towers]]'', [[Samwise Gamgee]] named the good personality "Slinker" (for his fawning, eager-to-please demeanour), and the bad personality "Stinker" (for obvious reasons). The two personalities often quarrelled when Gollum talked to himself (as the Narrator put it in ''The Hobbit'', "through never having anyone else to speak to") and Gandalf claimed he both loved and hated himself.
In the [[Rankin/Bass]] animated versions of ''[[The Hobbit]]'' (1977) and ''[[The Return of the King]]'' (1980), Gollum is voiced by comedian [[Brother Theodore|"Brother" Theodore Gottlieb]].
In [[Ralph Bakshi]]'s animated film of ''[[The Lord of the Rings (1978 film)|The Lord of the Rings]]'' (1978) the voice of Gollum was supplied by [[Peter Woodthorpe]]. Here Gollum was animated through [[rotoscoping]].
In [[Peter Jackson]]'s [[The Lord of the Rings film trilogy|''Lord of the Rings'' film trilogy]], Gollum is a [[Computer generated imagery|CGI]] character voiced by actor [[Andy Serkis]]. Barely glimpsed in ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (film)|The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring]]'' (2001), he becomes a central character in ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (film)|The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers]]'' (2002) and ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (film)|The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King]]'' (2003). The CGI character was built around Serkis' facial features, voice and acting choices. Andy Serkis based his voice on sounds made by his cat.<ref>Serkis, Andy (2003), Gollum: how we made movie magic, London: Harper Collins, pg 4, ISBN 0-618-39104-5</ref> Using a digital puppet created by [[Jason Schleifer]] and [[Bay Raitt]] at [[Weta Digital]], animators created Gollum's performance using a mixture of [[motion capture]] data recorded from Serkis and the traditional animation process of [[keyframing]]. The laborious process of digitally "painting out" Serkis' image and replacing it with the digital Gollum's required a large number of digital artists.
In ''The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King'', Serkis himself appears in a [[flashback (literary technique)|flashback]] scene as Sméagol before his degeneration into Gollum. This scene was originally earmarked for ''The Two Towers'', but was held back because it was felt audiences would relate better to the original Sméagol once they were more familiar with who he became. The decision to include this scene meant that Raitt and Jamie Beswarick had to redesign Gollum's face for the second and third movies so that it would more closely resemble Serkis'. The brief glimpses in ''The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring'' are of an earlier model of Gollum.
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In [[Canada]], Gollum was portrayed by [[Michael Therriault]] in the three-hour production of ''The Lord of the Rings'', which opened in 2006 in [[Toronto]].
In the United States, Gollum was portrayed by [[Aretta Baumgartner]] in the [[Cincinnati]] productions of ''The Fellowship of the Ring'' (2001), ''The Two Towers'' (2002), and ''The Return of the King'' (2003) for [[Clear Stage Cincinnati]]. Baumgartner received a 2002 Cincinnati Entertainment Award for her portrayal of Gollum in ''The Two Towers''. At [[Chicago]]'s [[Lifeline Theatre]], Gollum was played by [[Phil Timberlake]] in ''The Two Towers'' (1999) and [[Robert Kauzlaric]] in ''The Return of the King'' (2001).
[[Kategori:Karakter dalam The Hobbit]]
[[Kategori:Karakter dalam The Lord of the Rings]]
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[[de:Figuren in Tolkiens Welt#Gollum/Sméagol]]


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