Wikipedia:Kelayakan artikel/Organisasi dan perusahaan: Perbedaan revisi

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(Penerjemahan tahap 2)
{{shortcut|WP:ORG|WP:PERUSAHAAN|WP:PERSEROAN|WP:ORGANISASI}}
{{layak}}
Halaman ini digunakan untuk menentukan seberapakah organisasi dan perusahaan (komersial dll.), atau produk-produk dan jasanya, layak untuk dijadikan artikel Wikipedia. Lingkup panduan ini mencakup semua kelompok orang yang berserikat/berkumpul untuk suatu tujuan dengan pengecualian lembaga pendidikan nirlaba, agama atau sekte, dan tim olahraga. Jika subjek lain memiliki pedoman kelayakan yang lebih spesifik, kelayakan ini atau kelayakan sesuai topiknya dapat berlaku. Misalnya artikel bertopik grup band dapat mematuhi [[WP:MUSIK]].
This page is to help determine whether an organization (commercial or otherwise), or any of its products and services, is a valid subject for a ''separate Wikipedia article dedicated solely to that organization, product, or service''. The scope of this guideline covers all groups of people organized together for a purpose with the exception of non-profit educational institutions, religions or sects, and sports teams. If another subject-specific notability guideline applies to a group, it may be notable by passing either this or the more specific guideline. For example bands are covered by [[WP:MUSIC]].
 
Secara singkat organisasi merupakan kumpulan orang-orang yang memiliki tujuan tertentu, baik komersial maupun tidak. Termasuk seperti [[organisasi amal]], [[partai politik]], [[rumah sakit]], lembaga, organisasi minat dan bakat, klub sosial, perusahaan dan badan usaha, atau lembaga pendidikan komersial.
Simply stated, an organization is a group of more than one person formed together for a purpose. This includes commercial and non-commercial activities, such as [[charitable organization]]s, [[political party|political parties]], [[hospitals]], [[institution]]s, [[interest group]]s, [[social club]]s, [[company|companies]], [[partnership]]s, [[proprietorship]]s, for-profit educational institutions or organizations, etc.
 
Tidak mencakup artikel bertopik keluarga, grup seni hiburan, kelompok penulis, dan kelompok penemu, baca: [[WP:TOKOH]].
This guideline does not cover small groups of closely related people such as families, entertainment groups, co-authors, and co-inventors covered by [[WP:Notability (people)]].
 
==Keputusan berdasarkan bukti terverifikasi==
==Decisions based on verifiable evidence==
{{Main|Wikipedia:NotabilityKelayakan artikel#NotabilityArtikel yang requiresmemenuhi verifiablekriteria evidencekelayakan}}
{{shortcut|WP:ORGIN}}
Untuk bisa dikatakan layak, [[WP:ST|sumber-sumber tepercaya]] yang tidak memiliki keterkaitan langsung dengan subjeknya baik organisasi maupun produknya wajib disertakan sebagai bahan bukti. Kelayakan tersebut harus berdasarkan sumber-sumber terpublikasi—bahkan jika sumbernya belum didaftarkan secara langsung pada artikel (silakan kembangkan atau tambahkan sendiri jika belum ada).
Wikipedia bases its decision about whether an organization is notable enough to justify a separate article on the verifiable evidence that the organization or product has attracted the notice of [[WP:RS|reliable sources]] ''unrelated'' to the organization or product. Notability requires only that these necessary sources have been [[Wikipedia:Published|''published'']]—even if these sources are not actually listed in the article yet (though in most cases it probably would improve the article to add them).
 
===NoTak inherentada notabilitykelayakan yang tetap===
{{shortcut|WP:ORGSIG}}
Tidak ada perusahaan atau organisasi layak secara tetap, apapun jenis organisasinya, termasuk sekolah.<ref>But see also [[WP:SCHOOLOUTCOMES]], especially for universities</ref> Jika organisasi memiliki sedikit atau bahkan tidak ada sama sekali sumber independen, dianggap tidak layak karena apa pun perusahaan yang ada [[WP:ENN|belum tentu layak]]. Ingat, "layak (''notable'')" TIDAK SAMA DENGAN "terkenal" atau "penting!" Tidak masalah seberapa "pentingnya" perusahaan Anda harus memiliki artikel di Wikipedia, tetapi sumber tepercaya itulah yang akan menentukan apakah artikel Anda dihapus
No company or organization is considered inherently notable. [[WP:ITSA|No organization is exempt from this requirement, no matter what kind of organization it is]], including [[#Schools|schools]].<ref>But see also [[WP:SCHOOLOUTCOMES]], especially for universities</ref> If the individual organization has received no or very little notice from [[WP:Independent sources|independent sources]], then it is not notable simply because other individual organizations of its type are commonly notable or merely because [[WP:ENN|it exists]] ''(see [[#If it's not notable|"If it's not notable"]], below)''. "Notability" is not synonymous with "fame" or "importance." No matter how "important" editors may personally believe an organization to be, it should not have a stand-alone article in Wikipedia ''unless'' reliable sources independent of the organization have given significant coverage to it.
 
Dalam mengevaluasi kelayakan organisasi, atau produk, pertimbangkan apakah mereka sudah mempunyai dampak bagi masyarakat, budaya, hiburan, olahraga, ekonomi, sejarah, literatur, ilmu pengetahuan, atau pendidikan. Perusahaan besar dan produknya banyak memiliki informasi [[WP:V|terverifikasi]] dari sumber tepercaya yang bisa membuktikan kelayakan tersebut. Akan tetapi, perusahaan kecil dan produknya bisa layak. Yang penting, artikel Anda tidak boleh menciptakan suatu bias yang dapat menguntungkan organisasi atau produk Anda, mengingat kebanyakan artikel bertopik perusahaan kecil atau perseorangan sekalipun, tidak diperbolehkan disertakan karena [[WP:IKLAN|Wikipedia bukan tempat untuk beriklan]].[[WP:NOTADVERTISING]].
When evaluating the notability of organizations or products, please consider whether they have had any significant or demonstrable effects on culture, society, entertainment, athletics, economies, history, literature, science, or education. Large organizations and their products are likely to have more readily available [[WP:V|verifiable]] information from [[WP:RS|reliable sources]] that provide evidence of notability. However, smaller organizations and their products can be notable, just as individuals can be notable. Arbitrary standards should not be used to create a bias favoring larger organizations or their products, though articles about very small "garage" or local companies are typically unacceptable per [[WP:NOTADVERTISING]].
 
===Tak ada kelayakan yang diwariskan===
===No inherited notability===
{{shortcut|WP:INHERITORG}}
{{further|WP:PRODUCT}}
Suatu organisasi dapat tidak layak meski ada orang atau peristiwa penting memiliki kaitan erat dengannya. Suatu perusahaan dapat tidak layak meski memiliki banyak anak perusahaan yang terkenal dan layak dibuatkan artikelnya. Organisasi atau perusahaan harus memiliki sumber tepercaya yang independen agar ditetapkan layak. Misalnya: jika ada orang yang layak artikelnya membeli perusahaan restoran, perusahaan itu tidak "mewarisi" kelayakan terkait anggotanya. Jika ada orang yang layak artikelnya masuk ke organisasi, organisasi itu tidak "mewarisi" kelayakan berdasarkan anggotanya.
An organization is not notable merely because a notable person or event was associated with it. A corporation is not notable merely because it owns notable subsidiaries. The organization or corporation itself must have been discussed in reliable independent sources for it to be considered notable. Examples: If a notable person buys a restaurant, the restaurant does not "inherit" notability from its owner. If a notable person joins an organization, the organization does not "inherit" notability from its member.
 
Berlaku juga sebaliknya. Organisasi bisa layak artikelnya, tetapi organisasi tidak bisa "mewarisi" kelayakan artikel untuk tiap anggotanya. Begitu pula perusahaan terhadap anak-anak usahanya.
This works the other way as well. An organization may be notable, but individual members (or groups of members) do not "inherit" notability due to their membership. A corporation may be notable, but its subsidiaries do not "inherit" notability from being owned by the corporation.
 
==PrimaryKriteria criteriapokok==
{{see also|WP:PSTS|Wikipedia:Notability#General notability guideline}}
{{shortcut|WP:ORGCRITE|WP:ORGCRIT}}
 
[[Perusahaan]], [[korporasi]], [[organisasi]], [[kelompok]], [[produk]], atau [[jasa]] dianggap '''layak bila subjeknya sudah banyak dicakup sumber-sumber sekunder tepercaya yang independen terhadap''' '''subjek.'''
A [[company]], [[corporation]], [[organization]], [[Social group|group]], [[Product (business)|product]], or [[Service (economics)|service]] is '''notable''' if it has been the subject of '''significant coverage in multiple reliable secondary sources that are independent of the subject'''.
 
Kriteria ini harus mematuhi [[WP:GNG|kelayakan umum]] dengan menekankan kualitas sumber untuk mencegah manipulasi yang dilakukan oleh pemasar profesional dan hubungan masyarakat (humas). Pedoman ini bertujuan untuk mencegah artikel Wikipedia yang bertopik perusahaan disalahgunakan sebagai media beriklan.
These criteria, generally, follow the [[WP:GNG|general notability guideline]] with a stronger emphasis on quality of the sources to prevent gaming of the rules by marketing and public relations professionals. The guideline, among other things, is meant to address some of the common issues with abusing Wikipedia for [[WP:PROMO|advertising and promotion]]. As such, the guideline establishes generally higher requirements for sources that are used to establish notability than for sources that are allowed as acceptable references within an article.
 
====HowKriteria to apply the criteriautama====
{{shortcut|WP:SIRS}}
Untuk menentukan artikel tersebut layak, sumber-sumber yang digunakan '''harus''':
The primary criteria have five components that must be evaluated separately and independently to determine if it is met:
# signifikan,
# [[WP:SIGCOV|significant coverage]] in
# independen terhadap subjek,
# multiple
# [[WP:INDEPENDENTST|independenttepercaya]],
# [[WP:RSSECONDARY|reliablesumber sekunder]].
# [[WP:SECONDARY|secondary sources]].
 
Tambahannya, sumber yang diberikan juga harus sebanyak-banyaknya dan tidak boleh hanya satu. Jika sumbernya diragukan, sumber tersebut harus dihilangkan atau ditandai belum bisa membangun kelayakan.
Note that an individual source must meet '''all''' of these criteria to be counted towards notability. i.e. each source needs to be significant, independent, reliable, and secondary. In addition, there must be multiple such sources that qualify. If the suitability of a source is in doubt, it is better to exercise caution and to exclude the source for the purposes of establishing notability.
 
{{Quote box
|title = An exampleContoh
|quote = ImagineSaya thatmembaca aartikel draft article onberjudul [[Acme Corporation|Acme Inc.]] citesmengutip fourempat sourcessumber: asatu single-sentencekalimat mention in an article bydari ''[[The New York Times]]'' whileyang pointingmenunjukkan outkeunggulan aproduk missingAcme featuredibandingkan inproduk a rival's product when compared to the product by Acmepesaing; antulisan extensiveprofil companyperusahaan profile in adi ''[[Forbes]]'' blogyang byditulis aoleh non-staffkontributor contributor;bukan akaryawan blogperusahaan; postsatu bykiriman ablog techoleh enthusiastpenggemar whoTI hasyang providedmenampilkan atinjauan reviewproduknya; of the product;dan andsebuah aputusan courtpengadilan filingyang bymenuntut apesaing competitorterkait allegingpelanggaran patenthak infringementpaten. AnalysisAnalisis:
* ''The New York Times'' is reliabletepercaya, independentindependen, anddan secondarysekunderbuttetapi nottidak significantmempunyai signifikansi (a single-sentence mentionsatu inkalimat anyang articlemenyebutkan aboutartikel anotherperusahaan companylain).
* TheProfil profileperusahaan indi blog ''Forbes'' blog issangat significantsignifikan anddan secondarysekunderbuttetapi nottidak independenttepercaya ordan reliableindependen (mostkiriman suchitu postsdisponsor areoleh company-sponsoredperusahaan oratau basedbersumber ondari company'smateri marketingpemasaran materialsperusahaan).
* Kiriman blog ini signifikan dan sekunder – tetapi dapat tidak independen (terkadang bersponsor; jadi tanpa bukti sebaliknya, penulis harus berhati-hati dan mengecualikan sumbernya) dan tidak tepercaya (karya yang tidak dipublikasikan sendiri umumnya tidak tepercaya).
* The blog post is significant and secondary – but may not be independent (blog posts are often sponsored; thus without evidence otherwise, editors should exercise caution and exclude the source) and not reliable (self-published sources are generally not reliable).
* Putusan pengadilan bersifat signifikan, independen, dan tepercaya (karena itu adalah produk hukum terverifikasi) – tetapi tidak sekunder (sumber primer). Juga, putusan pengadilan tidak selalu dapat dianggap sebagai fakta untuk apa pun di luar tindakan hukum yang diambil; tuntutan itu tidak terbukti sampai kasus itu selesai.
* The court filing is significant, independent, and reliable (in that the court record is a verified account of a legal action being taken) – but not secondary (court filings are primary sources). Also, the filing itself cannot be taken as factual for anything beyond that legal action was taken; the allegations remain unproven until completion of the case.
Artinya artikel tidak memiliki sumber tunggal yang bisa digunakan untuk membangun kelayakan artikel perusahaan.
Therefore, the article does not have a single source that could be used to establish the notability of the company, let alone multiple sources.
|author =
|source =
|sstyle =
}}
Anda dapat merangkum informasi tersebut dalam tabel ini
The analysis of the above example can be summarized in the following table:
{| class=wikitable
|-
! SourceSumber || SignificantSignifikan? || IndependentIndependen? || ReliableTepercaya? || SecondarySekunder? || PassLulus/FailGagal || NotesKeterangan
|-
| ''The New York Times'' || {{nay}} || {{aye}} || {{aye}} || {{aye}} || {{nay}} || AAda single-sentencesatu mentionkalimat inyang anmembahas articleperusahaan about another companylain
|-
| ProfileProfil indi ''Forbes'' || {{aye}} || {{nay}} || {{nay}} || {{aye}} || {{nay}} || MostKebanyakan suchdisponsori postsoleh areperusahaan company-sponsoredatau orberdasarkan based on company'smateri marketingpemasaran materialsperusahaan
|-
| TechKiriman blog post || {{aye}} || {{hmmm}} || {{nay}} || {{aye}} || {{nay}} || BlogKiriman postsblog aredapat oftenbersponsor sponsoreddan andkarya self-published sources areblog generallybiasanya notdipublikasikan reliablesendiri
|-
| CourtPutusan filingpengadilan || {{aye}} || {{aye}} || {{aye}} || {{nay}} || {{nay}} || Court filings are primarySumber sourcesprimer
|-
! colspan=5| TotalJumlah qualifyingsumber sourcesterpenuhi || 0 || Harus Thereada mustbanyak besumber multipleyang qualifyingmematuhi sourcesempat tohal meettersebut theuntuk notabilitybisa requirementsmemenuhi syarat kelayakan
|}
 
====Significant coverageSignifikansi====
{{shortcut|WP:CORPDEPTH|WP:ORGDEPTH}}
 
Kedalaman cakupan subjek oleh sumber itu harus dipertimbangkan. Cakupan trivial atau insidental sangat tidak dianjurkan untuk membangun kelayakan. Cakupan yang dalam dan signifikan menyediakan ikhtisar, deskripsi, komentar, survei, studi, diskusi, analisis, atau evaluasi dari produk, perusahaan, atau organisasi.
The depth of coverage of the subject by the source must be considered. Trivial or incidental coverage of a subject is not sufficient to establish notability. Deep or significant coverage provides an overview, description, commentary, survey, study, discussion, analysis, or evaluation of the product, company, or organization. Such coverage provides an organization with a level of attention that extends well beyond brief mentions and routine announcements, and makes it possible to write more than a [[Wikipedia:Permastub|very brief, incomplete stub]] about the organization.
 
''Kuantitas'' tidak menentukan signifikansi. Hanya kualitas konten yang bisa mengatur. Kumpulan banyak sumber trivial dianggap tidak signifikan; jumlah tayangan, hit, suka, bagikan, dll. sama sekali tidak dianggap signifikan. Mirip juga, statistik (seperti jumlah karyawan, pendapatan, laba, usia perusahaan, dll.) tidak membuat cakupan menjadi signifikan. Agar cakupannya signifikan, sumber harus menjelaskan dan ''membahas'' perlakuan terhadap karyawan dan perubahan kepemimpinan alih-alih hanya menyertakan fakta bahwa perusahaan mempekerjakan 500 orang atau menyebut bahwa Si Fulan bin Fulan menjadi CEO baru. Sehingga, signifikansi tidak ditentukan berdasarkan tingkat reputasi sumber terhadap subjek. Misalnya, artikel 400 kata di ''[[The Village Voice]]'' justru signifikan daripada kalimat tunggal pada ''[[The New York Times]]''. Namun,reputasi sumber dapat menentukan apakah sumber itu tepercaya dan independen.
''Quantity'' does not determine significance. It is the ''quality'' of the content that governs. A collection of multiple trivial sources do not become significant. Views, hits, likes, shares, etc. have no bearing on establishing whether the coverage is significant. Similarly, arbitrary statistics and numbers (such as number of employees, amount of revenue or raised capital, age of the company, etc.) do not make the coverage significant. For the coverage to be significant, the sources must describe and ''discuss'' in some depth the treatment of the employees or major changes in leadership instead of just listing the fact that the corporation employs 500 people or mentioning that John Smith was appointed as the new CEO. Further, the significance is not determined by the reputation of the source. For example, a 400-word article in ''[[The Village Voice]]'' is a lot more significant than a single-sentence mention in ''[[The New York Times]]''. However, the reputation of the source does help to determine whether the source is [[#Reliable sources|reliable]] and [[#Independent sources|independent]].
 
Berikutnya, sumber-sumber ini tidak dapat ditransfer atau diatribusikan di antara pihak terkait. Sumber yang mendeskripsikan topik khusus yang berkaitan dengan organisasi tidak boleh dianggap memberikan cakupan yang signifikan dari organisasi itu. Oleh karena itu, artikel tentang penarikan produk atau biografi CEO memiliki cakupan signifikan di artikel Wikipedia terkait produk atau CEO, tetapi tidak boleh dimasukkan dalam artikel perusahaan.
Further, sources are not transferable or attributable between related parties. Sources that describe only a specific topic related to an organization should not be regarded as providing significant coverage of that organization. Therefore, for example, an article on a product recall or a biography of a CEO is a significant coverage for the Wikipedia article on the product or the CEO, but not a significant coverage on the company (unless the article or biography devotes significant attention to the company itself).
 
=====ExamplesContoh ofcakupan trivial coverage=====
Sumber trivial yang gagal membangun kelayakan artikel bertopik perusahaan antara lain:
Examples of trivial coverage that do not count toward meeting the significant coverage requirement:
* kompilasi atau daftar sederhana berupa
* simple listings or compilations, such as:
** nomor telepon, alamat, jam buka
** of telephone numbers, addresses, directions, event times, shopping hours,
** lokasi kantor pusat, kantor cabang, waralaba
** of office locations, branches, franchises, or subsidiaries,
** karyawan, pimpinan, direksi, atau pemegang saham
** of employees, officers, directors, owners, or shareholders (see above for [[#No inherited notability]]),
** penawaran produk dan layanan
** of product or service offerings,
** manual, spesifikasi, atau sertifikasi produk
** of product instruction manuals, specifications, or certifications,
** paten, testimoni, dan gugatan hukum
** of patents, copyrights, clinical trials, or lawsuits,
** jadwal acara dan hasilnya (ditempatkan pada artikelnya tersendiri apabila itu penting)
** of event schedules or results (such as theater performance schedule, score table of a sporting event, listing of award recipients),
** data statistik lainnya.
** of statistical data,
*pengumuman atau pemberitahuan seperti
*standard notices, brief announcements, and routine coverage, such as:
** perubahan harga saham atau obligasi
** of changes in share or bond prices,
** laporan keuangan triwulan, tahunan, dan perkiraan penghasilan
** of quarterly or annual financial results and earning forecasts,
** pembukaan kantor pusat, kantor cabang, atau waralaba
** of the opening or closing of local branches, franchises, or shops,
** peluncuran lini produk, diskon, perubahan harga, atau penarikan produksi
** of a product or a product line launch, sale, change, or discontinuance,
** partisipasi dalam acara-acara industri, seperti pameran perdagangan atau diskusi panel
** of the participation in industry events, such as trade fairs or panel discussions,
** acara korporasi atau RUPS
** of the shareholders' meetings or other corporate events,
** perekrutan, promosi-degradasi, dan PHK karyawan
** of the hiring, promotion, or departure of personnel,
** ekspansi, akuisisi, penjualan, atau penutupan bisnis
** of the expansions, acquisitions, mergers, sale, or closure of the business,
** transaksi modal.
** of a capital transaction, such as raised capital,
*pernyataan yang cepat usang seperti
*brief or passing mentions, such as:
** penghargaan tidak ''notable'' yang diterima organisasi, orang atau produknya
** of non-notable awards received by the organization, its people, or products,
** of sponsorship of events, non-profit organizations, or volunteer work,
** in quotations from an organization's personnel as story sources,
Note that a specific product or service may be notable on its own, without the company providing it being notable in its own right.
 
==IfJika it'stidak not notablelayak==
{{Further|WP:FAILN}}
{{Shortcuts|WP:FAILORG|WP:FAILCORP}}
 
For organizations local to a city, town, or county, content conforming to the above criteria may be added to articles for that locale. For example, a business that is significant to the history or economy of a small town might be described in the ''History'' or ''Economy'' section of the small town.
 
==SeeLihat alsopula==
* [[Wikipedia:NamingPedoman conventions (companies)penamaan/Organisasi]]
* [[wikipedia:Otobiografi|Wikipedia:Autobiografi]]
* [[Wikipedia:Autobiography]] (for companies that are creating articles about themselves)
'''Esai:'''
* [[Wikipedia:FAQ/Business]]
* [[Wikipedia:Wikipedia bukanlah LinkedIn]]
* [[WP:LISTCOMPANY]], style guideline for lists of companies
'''Essays:'''
* [[Wikipedia:Wikipedia is not here to tell the world about your noble cause]]
* [[Wikipedia:Wikipedia is not LinkedIn]]
* [[Wikipedia:Places of local interest]]
* [[Wikipedia:Run-of-the-mill]], on the non-notability of run-of-the-mill organizations and routine media coverage
* [[Wikipedia:Businesses with a single location]], and what to be aware of when creating an article on one
* [[Wikipedia:Every snowflake is unique]], on the notability provided by professional and reliable critical reviews
* [[WP:MILUNIT]], WikiProject Military History essay on notability of units and formations
* [[WP:B2B]], on notability for Internet related, computing, and services businesses
 
==NotesCatatan kaki==
{{reflist}}
 

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