Historiografi Tionghoa

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Sejarah Tiongkok
ZAMAN KUNO
Neolitikum ±8500 – ±2070 SM
Tiga Maharaja dan Lima Kaisar
±6000 – ±4000 SM
Dinasti Xia ±2070 – ±1600 SM
Dinasti Shang ±1600 – ±1046 SM
Dinasti Zhou ±1046 – 256 SM
 Zhou Barat ±1046 – 771 SM
 Zhou Timur 770 - 256 SM
   Zaman Musim Semi dan Gugur 770 - 476 SM
   Periode Negara Perang 476 - 221 SM
ZAMAN KEKAISARAN
Dinasti Qin 221–206 SM
Dinasti Han 206 SM – 220 M
  Han Barat 206 SM – 8 M
  Dinasti Xin 8-23
  Han Timur 23-220
Tiga Negara 220–280
  Wei, Shu, dan Wu
Dinasti Jin (晉) 265–420
  Jin Barat (西晋)
265-316
  Jin Timur (东晋)
317-420
Enam Belas Negara
304-439
Dinasti Selatan dan Utara
420–589
Dinasti Sui 581–618
Dinasti Tang 618–907
  (Dinasti Zhou Kedua 690–705)
Lima Dinasti dan
Sepuluh Negara

907–960
Dinasti Liao
907–1125
Dinasti Song
960–1279
  Song Utara
960-1127
Xia Barat
1038-1227
  Song Selatan
1127-1279
Jin (金)
1115-1234
Dinasti Yuan 1271–1368
Dinasti Ming 1368–1644
Dinasti Qing 1644–1911
ZAMAN MODERN
Republik Tiongkok
1912–1949 di Tiongkok Daratan
Republik Rakyat
Tiongkok

1949–kini
Republik
Tiongkok di Taiwan

1949–kini di Taiwan

Historiografi Tionghoa adalah kajian terhadap teknik dan sumber yang dipakai sejarawan untuk menilik sejarah Tiongkok.

Pencatatan sejarah Tiongkok dapat ditilik kembali ke zaman Dinasti Shang (sekitar 1600-1046 SM). Tulisan-tulisan tersebut masih bertahan hingga zaman modern dalam bentuk inskripsi upacara, ramalan, dan pencatatan nama keluarga yang diukir atau dilukis di tempurung kura-kura atau tulang..[1][2]

Sementara itu, teks sejarah tertua di Tiongkok yang telah ditemukan disusun dalam Shujing (書經).

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ William G. Boltz, Early Chinese Writing, World Archaeology, Vol. 17, No. 3, Early Writing Systems. (Feb., 1986), hlm. 420–436 (436).
  2. ^ David N. Keightley, "Art, Ancestors, and the Origins of Writing in China", Representations, No. 56, Special Issue: The New Erudition. (Autumn, 1996), hlm.68–95 (68).

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

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