Hari Pertempuran Britania

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Pertempuran Britania
Bagian dari Front Barat dari Perang Dunia Kedua
Tanggal15 September 1940
LokasiLondon, Inggris dan Selat Inggris
Hasil Kemenangan Britania[1][2]
Pihak terlibat
Bendera Britania Raya Britania Raya Bendera Nazi Jerman Jerman Nazi
Tokoh dan pemimpin
Bendera Britania Raya Hugh Dowding
Bendera Selandia Baru Keith Park
Bendera Nazi Jerman Hermann Göring
Bendera Nazi Jerman Albert Kesselring
Pasukan
UK-Air-OF9-Flag.svg Komando Pesawat Tempur Chef einer Luftflotte Version 1.svg Luftflotte 2
Kekuatan
50,000 pengintais[3]
630 pesawat tempur[4]
1,120 pesawat (620 petempur dan 500 pembom)[4]
Korban
29 pesawat hancur[5]
~ 21 rusak[6]
14[7]–16 terbunuh[5]
14 luka-luka[7]
1 tertangkap[7]
57[8]–61[5] pesawat hancur
20 rusak berat[9]
63–[10] 81 terbunuh[7]
63[7]–65 tertangkap[10]
30[10]–31 terluka[7]
21 hilang[10]

Hari Pertempuran Britania[9][11][12][13][14] (Bahasa Inggris: Battle of Britain Day) adalah nama yang diberikan kepada pertempuran udara berskala besar yang berlangsung pada tanggal 15 September 1940, selama Pertempuran Britania.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Murray 1983, pp. 52–54: "While on earlier occasions the Germans had lost more aircraft, the stunning impact of a Fighter Command that was rested and prepared by a week of less critical operations broke the back of the attack".
  2. ^ Hough and Richards 2007, p. 283.
  3. ^ Collier 1980, p. 196.
  4. ^ a b Bungay 2000, p. 319.
  5. ^ a b c Terraine 1985, p. 211.
  6. ^ Price 1990, p. 106.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Bungay 2000, p. 333.
  8. ^ Killen 2003, p. 147.
  9. ^ a b Overy 2001, p. 86.
  10. ^ a b c d Price 1990, pp. 154–163.
  11. ^ Bungay 2000, pp. 318, 334: "15 September was the day when some, not all, of the people that mattered realised what had been going on, and acted accordingly. This began a slow process of enlightenment. It is for that reason it had become known as the Battle of Britain Day".
  12. ^ Mason 1969, p. 386.
  13. ^ Price 1990, p. 128.
  14. ^ Terraine 1985, p. 210.