HMS Hood (51)

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HMS Hood (51) - March 17, 1924.jpg
HMS Hood, 17 March 1924
Karier (United Kingdom)
Asal nama: Admiral Samuel Hood
Dipesan: 7 April 1916
Pembangun: John Brown & Company
Pasang lunas: 1 September 1916
Diluncurkan: 22 August 1918
Mulai berlayar: 15 May 1920
Beroperasi: 1920–1941
Identifikasi: Pennant number: 51
Motto: Ventis Secundis (Latin: "With Favourable Winds")[1]
Julukan: Mighty Hood
Nasib: Sunk during the Battle of Denmark Strait, 24 May 1941
Lencana: A Cornish Chough bearing an anchor facing left over the date 1859[2]
Ciri-ciri umum
Kelas dan jenis: battlecruiser kelas-Admiral
Berat benaman: 46.680 long ton (47.430 t) deep load
Panjang: 860 ft 7 in (262,3 m)
Lebar: 104 ft 2 in (31,8 m)
Daya muat: 32 ft 0 in (9,8 m)
Tenaga: 144.000 shp (107.000 kW)
Pendorong: 4 shafts
Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines
24 Yarrow water-tube boilers
Kecepatan: 1920: 31 knot (57 km/h; 36 mph)
1941: 28 knot (52 km/h; 32 mph)
Jangkauan: 1931: 5.332 nautical mile (9.870 km; 6.140 mi) at 20 knot (37 km/h; 23 mph)
Awak kapal: 1919: 1,433
1934: 1,325
Sensor dan
sistem pemroses:
Type 279 air-warning radar
Type 284 gunnery radar
Senjata:

As built:
4 × 2 – BL 15-inch Mk I guns
12 × 1 – BL 5.5-inch Mk I guns
4 × 1 – QF 4-inch Mark V anti-aircraft guns
6 × 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes
1941, as sunk:

4 × 2 – 15-inch (381 mm) guns
7 × 2 – QF 4-inch Mk XVI AA guns
3 × 8 – QF 2-pdr "pom pom" AA guns
5 × 4 – 0.5-inch Vickers machine guns
5 × 20-barrel "Unrotated Projectile" mounts
2 × 2 – 21-inch above water torpedo tubes
Pelindung: Belt: 12–6 in (305–152 mm)
Deck: 075–3 in (1.905–76 mm)
Barbettes: 12–5 in (305–127 mm)
Turrets: 15–11 in (381–279 mm)
Conning tower: 11–9 in (279–229 mm)
Bulkheads: 4–5 in (102–127 mm)
Pesawat yang
diangkut:
1 fitted 1931–32
1 catapult

HMS Hood (51)(The Mighty Hood) merupakan kapal penjelajah tempur (battlecruiser) yang terakhir sekaligus merupakan kebanggaan Royal Navy.Dibuat pada tahun 1920,Hood Merupakan satu-satunya dari 4 kapal Penjelajah tempur kelas Admiral yang dibuat dan adalah salah satu kapal perang terbesar, terberat dan terkuat di dunia.Hood mempunyai keterbatasan desain, yang terletak pada pelindung lapis baja (Armor).Hood tenggelam di Selat Denmark, 24 Mei 1941, saat melawan kapal perang Jerman Bismarck.

Ciri-Ciri

Panjang:260 M

Berat:43.350 ton-46.862 ton

Kecepatan:34 knot(1920) 28 knot (1941)

Jangkauan:9.780 km di 20 knot

Pelaut:2.000 orang

Senjata:2X BL 15 Inch BL I Gun 12X1 5.5 Inch gun (1920)

Armor:Tepi:6-12 Inch Dek:0,75-3 Inch Turret:15 Inch Menara pengontrol:11 Inch

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Taylor, p. 15
  2. ^ "FAQ". HMS Hood Association. Diakses tanggal 21 September 2010. 

Pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Brown, David K. (2003). The Grand Fleet: Warship Design and Development 1906–1922 (reprint of the 1999 ed.). London: Caxton Editions. ISBN 1-84067-531-4. 
  • Bastock, John (1975). Australia's Ships of War. Cremorne, NSW: Angus and Robertson. ISBN 0-207-12927-4. 
  • Burt, R. A. (1993). British Battleships, 1919–1939. London: Arms and Armour Press. ISBN 1-85409-068-2. 
  • Campbell, John (1985). Naval Weapons of World War II. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-459-4. 
  • Chesneau, Roger (2002). Hood — Life and Death of a Battlecruiser. London: Cassell Publishing. ISBN 0-304-35980-7. 
  • Friedman, Norman (1978). Battleship Design and Development 1905–1945. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-135-1. 
  • Hone, Trent (2011). "High-Speed Thoroughbreds: The US Navy's Lexington Class Battle Cruiser Designs". Di Jordan, John. Warship 2011. London: Conway. ISBN 978-1-84486-133-0. 
  • Jurens, Bill (1987). "The Loss of HMS Hood—A Re-Examination". Warship International (Toledo, OH: International Naval Research Organization) XXIV (2): 122–180. ISSN 0043-0374. 
  • Jurens, William; Garzke, William H.; Dulin, Robert O., Jr.; Roberts, John; Fiske, Richard (2002). "A Marine Forensic Analysis of HMS Hood and DKM Bismarck" (pdf). The Society of Naval Architects & Marine Engineers. Diakses tanggal 3 July 2010. 
  • Kennedy, Ludovic (1974). Pursuit: The Chase and Sinking of the Bismarck. London: Wm Collins & Sons. ISBN 0-304-35526-7. 
  • Mearns, David (2009). The Search for the Sydney. Pymble, NSW: HarperCollins Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7322-8889-1. OCLC 301679923. 
  • Mearns, David; White, Rob (2001). Hood and Bismarck: The Deep Sea Discovery of an Epic Battle. London: Channel 4. ISBN 0-7522-2035-7. 
  • Morison, Samuel Loring; Polmar, Norman (2003). The American Battleship. St. Paul, MN: MBI. ISBN 0-7603-0989-2. 
  • Parkes, Oscar (1990). British Battleships (reprint of the 1957 ed.). Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-075-4. 
  • Preston, Antony (1979). Sea Power: A Modern Illustrated Military History. London: Phoebus Publishing Company. ISBN 0-89673-011-5. 
  • Preston, Antony (2002). The World's Worst Warships. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-754-6. 
  • Raven, Alan; Roberts, John (1976). British Battleships of World War Two: The Development and Technical History of the Royal Navy's Battleship and Battlecruisers from 1911 to 1946. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-817-4. 
  • Roberts, John (1997). Battlecruisers. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-068-1. 
  • Roberts, John (2001). The Battlecruiser Hood. Anatomy of the Ship (Revised ed.). London: Conway. ISBN 0-85177-900-X. 
  • Stephen, Martin (1988). Sea Battles in Close-Up: World War 2. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-556-6. 
  • Taylor, Bruce (2008). The Battlecruiser HMS Hood: An Illustrated Biography, 1916–1941. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-86176-216-0. 

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