Gempa bumi Spitak 1988

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Gempa bumi Spital 1988
Tanggal 7 Desember 1988
Kekuatan 10-11 [1]
Episentrum: 40°30′LU 44°10′BT / 40,5°LU 44,16°BT / 40.50; 44.16
Negara yang terkena Leninakan, Spitak, Bendera Republik Sosialis Soviet Armenia Armenian SSR
Korban: At least 25,000 dead [2]

Gempa bumi Spitak adalah gempa tremor dengan kekuatan sebesar 6.9 Skala Richter,[3] yang terjadi pada tanggal 7 Desember 1988 pada pukul 11:41 di wilayah Spitak di Armenia, yang merupakan bagian dari Uni Soviet pada saat itu.[1] Gempa ini menewaskan sekitar 25.000 orang.[2]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b In the Soviet Union, the method of recording the magnitude of earthquakes was different that the more commonly used Richter Scale. The earthquake in Spitak, as defined in the Soviet Encyclopedia, fell between "annihilating" to "catastrophe" which scored as a 10 or an 11 on the Soviet scale. A "10" was described as "great cracks in the earth. Landslides and avalanches" whereas an "11" was described as "wide cracks in the earth. Many landslides and avalanches. Stone houses completely destroyed." For more information on the Soviet grading scale, see Yuri Rost's The Armenian Tragedy. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1990, 193 ISBN 0-312-04611-1.
  2. ^ a b Service, Robert (2003). A History of Modern Russia: From Nicholas II to Vladimir Putin. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. hlm. 468–469. ISBN 067401801X. 
  3. ^ National Geophysical Data Center. Earthquake Damage, the Armenian SSR, December 7, 1988. Retrieved July 30, 2008.