Friedrich Kalkbrenner

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Friedrich Kalkbrenner

Friedrich Wilhelm Michael Kalkbrenner (2–8 November 178510 Juni 1849), juga dikenal sebagai Frédéric Kalkbrenner, merupakan seorang pianis, komponis, pedagog dan pembuat piano. Lahir di Jerman, Kalkbrenner belajar di Conservatoire de Paris sejak usia belia dan akhirnya menetap di Paris di mana ia tinggal hingga kematiannya pada 1849. Kalkbrenner menyusun lebih dari 200 karya piano, serta banyak konserto dan opera.

Murid terkenal[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kalkbrenner memiliki banyak murid dan beberapa dari mereka menjadi pianis dan komponis yang baik. Berikut ini merupakan daftar murid Kalkbrenner yang paling terkenal:[1]

Melalui Arabella Goddard dan Camille Saint-Saëns, yang belajar dengan produk unggulan Kalkbrenner, Camille-Marie Stamaty, pengaruh Kalkbrenner hingga pertengahan pertama abad ke-20.

Catatan dan referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ (Slonimsky 1958), lihat artikel relevan.
  2. ^ a b (Schonberg, 1984) p. 251.

Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Chopin, Frédéric. Chopin's Letters. Unabridged and slightly corrected Dover Reprint (1988) of the original Knopf Edition. Edited by E.L. Voynich. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1931. ISBN 0-486-25564-6
  • Gottschalk, Louis Moreau. Notes of a Pianist. Reprint of the 1964 edition, ed. Jeanne Behrend, with a New Foreword by S. Frederick Starr. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006. ISBN 0-691-12716-6
  • Hallé, C.E. Hallé and Marie. Life and Letters of Sir Charles Hallé. London (GB): Smith, Elder, & Co., 1896.
  • Heine, Heinrich. The Works of Heinrich Heine. Translated by Charles Godfrey Leland (Hans Breitmann). Vol. 4. London: William Heinemann, 1893.
  • Hiller, Ferdinand. Erinnerungsblätter (Leaves of Remembrance). Köln (Cologne), 1884.
  • Karasowski, Moritz. Frédéric Chopin - His Life and Letters. London: William Reeves, 1881? New Edition: ISBN 1-113-72791-8
  • Liszt, Franz. Letters of Franz Liszt. Edited by La Mara. Translated by Constance Bache. Vol. 1 From Paris to Rome. Covent Garden: H. Grevel & Co., 1894.
  • Litzmann, Berthold, ed. Clara Schumann. An Artist's Life. Translated by Grace E. Hadow. Vol. 1. 2 vols. London: Macmillan & Co., 1913.
  • Marmontel, Antoine Francois. Les Pianistes célèbres. Paris: Imprimerie Centrale des Chemins de Fer A. Chaix et Cie, 1878.
  • Nicholas, Jeremy. Liner Notes to Hyperion CD recording of Kalkbrenner Piano Concertos No. 1, Op. 61 and No. 4, Op. 127. Published by Hyperion Records Ltd., London, 2006.
  • Saint-Saëns, Camille. Musical Memoirs. Translated by Edward Gile Rich. Boston: Small, Maynard & Company, 1919.
  • Saint-Saëns, Camille. Musical Memoirs. Newly annotated edition by Roger Nichols. Oxford (GB): Oxford University Press 2008. ISBN 0-19-532016-6
  • Schonberg, Harold C. The Great Pianists. Revised and Updated Edition. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1984.
  • Slonimsky, Nicolas, ed. Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. 5th Edition. New York: Schirmer, 1958.
  • Starr, S. Frederick. Bamboula - The Life and Times of Louis Moreau Gottschalk. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995 ISBN 0-19-507237-5
  • Walther Killy, Rudolf Vierhaus, (ed.) Deutsche Biographische Enzyklopäde (German Biographic Encyclopaedia). Bde. (Vol.) 5. K-G. 10 Vols. Munich: K. G. Saur, 1999. ISBN 3-598-23186-5
  • Weitzmann, C. F. A History of Pianoforte-Playing. 2nd augmented and revised edition. Translated by Dr. Th. Baker. New York: G. Schirmer, 1897.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]