Erwin Piscator

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Erwin Piscator
Piscator-Portrait.jpg
Potret Piscator, ca. 1927
LahirErwin Friedrich Max Piscator
(1893-12-17)17 Desember 1893
Greifenstein-Ulm, Kekaisaran Jerman
Meninggal30 Maret 1966(1966-03-30) (umur 72)
Starnberg, Jerman Barat
Pendidikan
PekerjaanPengarah teater, produser
Dikenal atasMendirikan Dramatic Workshop di The New School for Social Research (1940).
Karya terkenalThe Political Theatre (1929)
GayaTeater epik, teater dokumenter
Suami/istriHildegard Jurczyk (m. 1919)[1]
Maria Ley (m. 1937)
PasanganBertolt Brecht
KerabatJohannes Piscator
Tanda tangan
Erwin Piscator Signature.svg

Erwin Friedrich Maximilian Piscator (17 Desember 1893 – 30 Maret 1966) adalah seorang pengarah dan produser teater Jerman. Bersama dengan Bertolt Brecht, ia menjadi pakar terdepan teater epik, sebuah bentuk yang memajukan unsur sosio-politik dari drama, alih-alih manipulasi emosional penonton atau keindahan produksi.[2]

Karya[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Piscator, Erwin. 1929. The Political Theatre. A History 1914–1929. Translated by Hugh Rorrison. New York: Avon, 1978. ISBN 978-0-380401-88-8 (= London: Methuen, 1980. ISBN 978-0-413335-00-5).
  • The ReGroup Theatre Company (ed.): The "Lost" Group Theatre Plays. Volume 3. The House of Connelly, Johnny Johnson, & Case of Clyde Griffiths. By Paul Green and Erwin Piscator. Prefaces by Judith Malina & William Ivey Long. New York, NY: CreateSpace, 2013. ISBN 978-1-484150-13-9.
  • Tolstoy, Leo. War and Peace. Adapted for the Stage by Alfred Neumann, Erwin Piscator, and Guntram Prüfer. English adaptation by Robert David MacDonald. Preface by Bamber Gascoigne. London: Macgibbon & Kee, 1963.

Kesusastraan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Connelly, Stacey Jones. Forgotten debts: Erwin Piscator and the epic theatre. Bloomington: Indiana University 1991.
  • Innes, Christopher D. Erwin Piscator's Political Theatre: the Development of Modern German Drama. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1972.
  • Ley-Piscator, Maria. The Piscator Experiment. The Political Theatre. New York: James H. Heineman 1967. ISBN 0-8093-0458-9.
  • Malina, Judith. The Piscator Notebook. London: Routledge Chapman & Hall 2012. ISBN 0-415-60073-1.
  • McAlpine, Sheila. Visual Aids in the Productions of the First Piscator-Bühne, 1927–28. Frankfurt, Bern, New York etc.: Lang 1990.
  • Probst, Gerhard F. Erwin Piscator and the American Theatre. New York, San Francisco, Bern etc. 1991.
  • Rorrison, Hugh. Erwin Piscator: Politics on the Stage in the Weimar Republic. Cambridge, Alexandria VA 1987.
  • Wannemacher, Klaus. Moving Theatre Back to the Spotlight: Erwin Piscator’s Later Stage Work. In: The Great European Stage Directors. Vol. 2. Meyerhold, Piscator, Brecht. Ed. by David Barnett. London etc.: Bloomsbury (Methuen Drama) 2018, pp. 91–129. ISBN 1-474-25411-X.
  • Willett, John. The Theatre of Erwin Piscator: Half a Century of Politics in the Theatre. London: Methuen 1978. ISBN 0-413-37810-1.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ erwin-piscator.de (dalam bahasa Jerman)
  2. ^ Piscator, Erwin. Grolier Encyclopedia of Knowledge, volume 15, copyright 1991. Grolier Inc., ISBN 0-7172-5300-7