Daftar operasi militer Perang Dunia II

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Ini adalah daftar perang, operasi militer, dan misi umumnya terkait dengan Perang Dunia II. Ini bukan daftar lengkap tapi sebagian besar operasi yang melibatkan negara netral. Operasi dikategorikan menurut bentuk operasi, dan usaha telah dibuat untuk mencakup semua aspek dari peristiwa penting. Operasi tercantum berdasarkan abjad.

Bendera yang digunakan berdasarkan periode waktu.

Afrika[sunting | sunting sumber]

Samudra Atlantik[sunting | sunting sumber]

Termasuk Laut utara, Samudra Artatika dan tindakan melawan kapal-kapal angkatan laut di pelabuhan.

Blok Timur[sunting | sunting sumber]

Laut Tengah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Samudra Pasifik dan Pasifik Baratdaya[sunting | sunting sumber]

China[sunting | sunting sumber]

Baratdaya, Selatan, dan Tenggara Asia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Iraq, Syria, Iran, India, Burma, Malaysia dan Indochina, dan Samudra Hindia

Skandinavia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Axis[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sekutu[sunting | sunting sumber]

Lain-lain[sunting | sunting sumber]

Blok Barat[sunting | sunting sumber]

Teknologi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Axis[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Caesar (1945) Bendera Jerman — transfer of technical plans and strategic materials to Japan, using U-864
  • Beethoven (1941–1945) Bendera Jerman — German programme to develop composite aircraft (Mistel)
  • Prüfstand XII ("Test stand") (194?) Bendera Jerman — German programme to develop submarine launched V-2

Sekutu[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Alsos ("Grove") (1940–1945) Bendera Amerika Serikat Bendera Britania Raya — Allied efforts to gather data on German nuclear fission developments.
    • Big (1945) — capture of an atomic pile at Haigerloch.
    • Harborage (1945) Bendera Amerika Serikat — US sweep up of German atomic assets ahead of French occupation.
    • Epsilon (1945) Bendera Britania Raya — Eavesdropping on incarcerated German scientists.
  • Aphrodite (1944) Bendera Amerika Serikat The use of B-17 bombers as radio-controlled missiles.
  • Backfire (1945) Bendera Britania Raya — launches of captured V-2 rockets.
  • Hawkeye (1944) Bendera Amerika SerikatRadar research by US Navy.
  • Lusty (1945) Bendera Amerika Serikat — US actions to capture German scientific documents, facilities and aircraft.
  • Manhattan Project (1941–1945) Bendera Amerika Serikat — program to build an atomic bomb.
  • Most III ("Bridge III") (1944) Bendera Polandia Bendera Britania Raya — transfer of captured V-2 components from occupied Poland to Britain. Also known as Wildhorn III.
  • Paperclip (1945–) Bendera Amerika Serikat — capture of scientists, technical and German rocketry. Originally Operation Overcast sometimes called Project Paperclip.
  • Surgeon (1945–) Bendera Britania Raya — Similar to Paperclip; program to exploit German aeronautical scienctific advances.
  • Stella Polaris (1944–) Bendera Finlandia Bendera Swedia transfer of Finnish SIGINT, equipment, and personnel to Sweden following end of Continuation war in 1944.
  • TICOM ("Target Intelligence Committee") (1945–) Bendera Amerika Serikat — seizure of intelligence apparatus, in particular cryptographic assets. See also Stella Polaris.

Operasi Khusus Exekutif[sunting | sunting sumber]

Operasi Partisan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Includes some operations by regular forces in support of partisans.

Operasi Anti-partisan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Intelijen[sunting | sunting sumber]

Axis[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bernhard (194?) Bendera Jerman— German plan to damage British economy using forged British banknotes.
  • Elster ("Magpie") (1944) Bendera Jerman — landings of German agents on the US east coast with objective of gathering intelligence on Manhattan Project
  • Haudegen ("Broadsword") (1944) Bendera Jerman — German intelligence collection in Spitsbergen Norway
  • Hummer ("Lobster") series (1940 onwards) Bendera Jerman — insertion of German agents into Britain. See also Hummer I
  • Kadella (1945) Bendera Jerman — airdrop of agents near Marseilles
  • Plan Kathleen (1941) Bendera Jerman — plan sent by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) to Germany seeking support for activities. Dubbed "Artus" by German Foreign Ministry. See IRA Abwehr World War II for all IRA Abwehr involvement.
  • Karneval (1945) Bendera Jerman — airdrop of agents near Brussels and Waals
  • Mosul (1944) Bendera Jerman — air drop of agents and supplies near Mosul
  • Pastorious (1942) Bendera Jerman — separate landings of German agents on the US east coast with objective of industrial sabotage.
  • Perlen-fischer (1945) Bendera Jerman — airdrop of agents near Paris
  • Salaam (1942) Bendera Jerman — insertion of German agents into the British-occupied Kingdom of Egypt
  • Seemöwe ("Seagull") series (1940 onwards) Bendera Jerman — insertion of German agents into Britain and Ireland. See also Seagull I and Seagull II.
  • Taube ("Dove/Pigeon") (1940) Bendera Jerman — mission to transport IRA Chief of Staff Seán Russell from Germany back to Ireland.
  • Wal ("Whale") (1940) Bendera Jerman — aborted German plan to foster links with Scottish and Welsh nationalist groups.
  • Walfisch ("Whale") (1940) Bendera Jerman — aborted German plan to land an agent in Ireland.

Sekutu[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Cornflakes (1945) Bendera Amerika Serikat — insertion of propaganda into the German mail system.
  • SIGSALY (1943—1945) Bendera Amerika Serikat — secure speech system for highest-level Allied communications.
  • MAGIC (1939 —) Bendera Amerika Serikat — SIGINT resulting from Japanese cipher system PURPLE.
  • Ruthless (194?) Bendera Britania RayaAdmiralty plan to capture an Enigma encryption machine.
  • Venona (1940—) Bendera Britania Raya Bendera Amerika Serikat — intelligence sharing resulting from spying on Soviets.
  • Ultra Bendera Britania RayaSIGINT resulting from German cipher system Enigma.

Tak berkategori[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Alpenfestung Bendera Jerman — plan for nazi national Redoubt in Alps.
    • Werwolf (1945-50) Bendera Jerman — guerrilla force to resist occupation by Allies.
  • Big Bang (1947) Bendera Britania Raya — demolition of defences of Heligoland
  • Catapult (1940) Bendera Britania Raya — Royal Navy actions to seize, disable or destroy the French fleet after France's surrender.
  • Crossword (1945) Bendera Jerman Bendera Britania Raya Bendera Swiss Bendera Amerika Serikat — negotiations leading to German surrender in Italy. Known as Sunrise by US forces.
  • Eiche ("Oak") (1943) Bendera Jerman — German rescue from custody of Benito Mussolini
  • Frantic (1943) — The use of Soviet airfields by western Allied bombers.
  • Feuerzauber ("Fire Magic") (1936-39) — Transfer of planes, engineers, and pilots to fascist forces during Spanish Civil War.
    • Rügen (1937) Bendera Jerman — Bombing of Guernica.
    • Bodden (1937-43) Bendera JermanAbwehr intelligence gathering system operating from Spain and Morocco.
    • Ursula (1936-1939) Bendera JermanKriegsmarine Uboat operations in support of Francoist and Italian navies.
  • Gaff (1944) — attempt to kill Erwin Rommel
  • Keelhaul (1945) Bendera Amerika Serikat Bendera Britania Raya — forced repatriation to the Soviet Union, by the western Allies, of Soviet prisoners of war
  • Magic Carpet (1945–1946) Bendera Amerika Serikat — American post-war operation to transport US military personnel home
  • Manna (1945) — Allied air drops of food to famine-ravaged Netherlands, with German cooperation
  • Margarethe (1944) Bendera Jerman — German occupation of Hungary. Döme Sztójay, an avid supporter of the Nazis, become the new Hungarian Prime Minister with the aid of a Nazi military governor.
  • Panzerfaust/Eisenfaust ("Bazooka/Armored Fist") (1943) Bendera Jerman — Kidnap of Hungarian leader Miklós Horthy's son to prevent defection of Hungary from Axis.
  • Peking (1939) Bendera Polandia — removal of Polish warships to Britain, in advance of German invasion
  • Pied Piper (1939) Bendera Britania Raya — evacuation of children from British cities.
  • Rabat (1943) Bendera Jerman — Plan to kidnap the Pope and diplomatic corp. from Vatican City.
  • Regenbogen ("Rainbow") (1945) Bendera Jerman — rescinded order to scuttle Kriegsmarine.
  • Rösselsprung ("Knights Move") (1944) Bendera Jerman — Jerman mencoba menangkap Josip Broz Tito
  • Safehaven (1944) — Upaya sekutu untuk menangkap pasukan Nazi Jerman yang melarikan diri dan merebut sumber-sumber di luar negeri.
  • Tabarin (1943) Bendera Britania Raya — Ekspedisi Antartika Inggris.
  • Worek ("Sack") (1939) Bendera Polandia — Angkatan Laut Polandia: pertahanan pantai Polandia
  • Rainbow War Plans (1920s-30s) Bendera Amerika Serikat — Perencanaan global Perang AS antara Perang Dunia.

Propaganda[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ pp.138-139, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 [1]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]