Daftar negara menurut tingkat bunuh diri

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Peta tingkat bunuh diri di dunia tiap 100.000 orang

Berikut adalah daftar negara menurut tingkat bunuh diri. Beberapa negara di Afrika, Amerika Selatan dan Timur Tengah tidak memiliki data.

Daftar menurut Organisasi Kesehatan Dunia (WHO - 2015)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sumber: WHO[1]

Bunuh diri per 100.000 penduduk per tahun (usia standar)
Gabungan
rank
Negara Gabungan Peringkat
Laki-laki
Laki-laki Peringkat
Perempuan
Perempuan
1  Sri Lanka (info selanjutnya) 34.6 1 58.8 9 13.3
2  Guyana (info selanjutnya) 30.6 5 46.0 1 15.5
3  Mongolia 28.1 2 48.2 21 9.2
4  Kazakhstan (info selanjutnya) 27.5 3 48.1 17 9.6
5  Pantai Gading 27.2 8 38.8 3 14.4
6  Suriname 26.9 6 41.6 11 12.6
7  Guinea Khatulistiwa 26.6 7 39.1 10 13.2
8  Lithuania (info selanjutnya) 26.1 4 47.1 30 8.1
9  Angola 25.9 9 38.1 5 14.3
10  Korea Selatan (info selanjutnya) 24.1 10 36.1 8 13.4
11  Sierra Leone 22.1 16 29.7 2 14.7
12  Bolivia 20.5 21 26.7 3 14.4
13  Republik Afrika Tengah 19.6 15 30.3 20 9.3
14  Belarusia 19.1 11 35.0 81 5.4
15  Polandia 18.5 12 32.7 93 4.9
16  Zimbabwe 18.0 20 26.9 12 10.3
17  Rusia (info selanjutnya) 17.9 13 32.2 72 5.6
17  Swaziland 17.9 18 27.3 17 9.6
19  Kamerun 17.5 19 27.1 26 8.5
20  Latvia 17.4 14 31.9 95 4.8
21  Ukraina (info selanjutnya) 16.6 17 28.7 54 6.2
22  Burkina Faso 16.5 25 25.1 13 10.1
23  Belgia 16.1 30 23.4 23 9.1
24  India (info selanjutnya) 16.0 65 17.9 7 14.2
25  Hungaria 15.7 23 25.8 42 6.9
26  Jepang (info selanjutnya) 15.4 36 21.7 21 9.2
26  Togo 15.4 32 23.1 25 8.7
28  Uruguay 15.2 24 25.2 49 6.3
28  Korea Utara 15.2 72 17.3 6 14.3
30  Nigeria 15.1 42 20.3 14 9.9
31  Slovenia 15.0 26 24.5 60 6.0
31  Benin 15.0 33 22.7 28 8.4
33  Estonia 14.9 22 26.4 95 4.8
34  Kiribati 14.8 29 23.6 46 6.6
35  Finlandia 14.2 37 21.4 39 7.2
35  Chad 14.2 38 20.9 32 7.9
37  Laos 14.0 53 18.5 14 9.9
38  Argentina 13.9 28 23.7 95 4.8
39  Lesotho 13.6 45 19.9 29 8.2
40  Eritrea 13.2 30 23.4 81 5.4
40  Trinidad dan Tobago 13.2 34 22.4 103 4.5
42  Burundi 13.0 42 20.3 49 6.3
43  Mozambik (info selanjutnya) 12.9 41 20.5 43 6.7
44  Etiopia 12.8 39 20.7 72 5.6
44  Kamboja 12.8 65 17.9 26 8.5
46  Thailand 12.7 58 18.2 33 7.7
46  Swedia 12.7 68 17.8 35 7.6
48  Uganda 12.6 56 18.3 35 7.6
48  Amerika Serikat (info selanjutnya) 12.6 46 19.5 66 5.8
48  Rwanda 12.6 27 24.3 119 3.5
48  Botswana 12.6 46 19.5 54 6.2
52  Moldova 12.5 35 22.3 112 3.9
52  Gabon 12.5 60 18.1 40 7.0
54  Komoro 12.3 74 17.2 31 8.0
54  Prancis (info selanjutnya) 12.3 51 19.0 64 5.9
54  Selandia Baru 12.3 52 18.7 49 6.3
54  Afrika Selatan 12.3 39 20.7 90 5.1
58  Republik Demokratik Kongo 12.2 72 17.3 38 7.3
59  Bhutan (info selanjutnya) 12.1 100 13.9 14 9.9
59  Serbia 12.1 46 19.5 77 5.5
59  Kroasia 12.1 49 19.2 69 5.7
62  Papua Nugini 11.9 60 18.1 64 5.9
62  Kongo 11.9 65 17.9 58 6.1
62  Cape Verde 11.9 53 18.5 40 7.0
65  Eslandia 11.8 74 17.2 49 6.3
65  Senegal 11.8 44 20.2 86 5.2
67  Austria 11.7 53 18.5 84 5.3
67  Haiti 11.7 70 17.7 60 6.0
69  Gambia 11.6 87 15.5 33 7.7
70  Sudan 11.4 78 16.6 49 6.3
70  Guinea 11.4 87 15.5 37 7.5
72  Zambia 11.2 58 18.2 91 5.0
72  Bulgaria 11.2 56 18.3 95 4.8
72  Mikronesia 11.2 85 15.7 43 6.7
75  Irlandia 11.1 63 18.0 108 4.2
76  Tanzania 11.0 79 16.5 66 5.8
76  El Salvador 11.0 49 19.2 106 4.4
76  Maladewa 11.0 110 13.1 24 8.9
79  Ghana 10.9 68 17.8 112 3.9
80  Malawi 10.8 63 18.0 95 4.8
80  Djibouti 10.8 90 15.4 48 6.5
82   Swiss 10.7 87 15.5 60 6.0
83  Ceko 10.6 70 17.7 112 3.9
84  Kenya 10.5 76 17.1 103 4.5
84  Kuba 10.5 77 17.0 108 4.2
84  Mali 10.5 95 14.5 43 6.7
87  Australia 10.4 91 15.3 72 5.6
87  Kanada (info selanjutnya) 10.4 91 15.3 72 5.6
87  Namibia 10.4 80 16.4 77 5.5
90  Turkmenistan 10.3 84 15.8 86 5.2
90  Liberia 10.3 82 16.1 93 4.9
92  Slowakia 9.9 60 18.1 141 2.5
92  Paraguay 9.9 102 13.7 58 6.1
94  Nikaragua 9.8 83 15.9 108 4.2
94  Mauritania 9.8 95 14.5 69 5.7
96  Sudan Selatan 9.6 97 14.3 81 5.4
97  Guinea-Bissau 9.5 104 13.6 66 5.8
98  Kepulauan Solomon 9.4 102 13.7 91 5.0
98  Belanda 9.4 111 12.9 60 6.0
98  Timor Leste 9.4 109 13.2 72 5.6
98  Yemen 9.4 114 12.6 54 6.2
102  Norwegia 9.3 111 12.9 69 5.7
103  Rumania 9.2 80 16.4 141 2.5
103  Uzbekistan 9.2 104 13.6 86 5.2
105  Chili 9.1 91 15.3 125 3.3
105  Jerman 9.1 100 13.9 103 4.5
105  Denmark 9.1 106 13.5 101 4.7
108  Fiji 8.9 106 13.5 107 4.3
109  Mauritius 8.8 99 14.0 116 3.7
110  Montenegro 8.7 118 12.4 84 5.3
110  Seychelles 8.7 85 15.7 158 1.9
112  Somalia 8.6 113 12.7 95 4.8
112  Turki 8.6 114 12.6 101 4.7
112  Singapura 8.6 121 11.9 77 5.5
115  Luksemburg 8.5 123 11.6 86 5.2
115  Portugal 8.5 97 14.3 116 3.7
115  Republik Rakyat Tiongkok (info selanjutnya) 8.5 146 7.7 19 9.5
115  Niger 8.5 124 11.5 77 5.5
119  Belize 8.3 94 14.7 153 2.0
120  Kirgizstan 8.2 108 13.4 122 3.4
121  Madagaskar 8.0 117 12.5 112 3.9
122  Ekuador 7.6 124 11.5 116 3.7
123  Britania Raya (info selanjutnya) 7.4 122 11.7 129 3.2
124  Kosta Rika 7.3 114 12.6 153 2.0
124  Republik Dominika 7.3 119 12.2 139 2.6
126    Nepal (info selanjutnya) 7.2 142 8.2 54 6.2
126  Vietnam 7.2 127 11.3 122 3.4
128  Afganistan 7.1 128 10.9 130 3.1
129  Samoa 7.0 126 11.4 136 2.8
129  Vanuatu 7.0 129 10.8 125 3.3
131  Bahrain 6.9 135 9.5 132 2.9
132  Saint Lucia 6.7 120 12.0 164 1.6
133  Malaysia 6.5 135 9.5 122 3.4
134  Republik Makedonia 6.4 132 9.9 130 3.1
135  Bangladesh 6.0 161 5.3 46 6.6
135  Brasil 6.0 134 9.6 138 2.7
135  Kolombia 6.0 130 10.1 150 2.1
135  Spanyol 6.0 137 9.4 132 2.9
135  Peru 6.0 138 9.2 132 2.9
135  Libya 6.0 138 9.2 136 2.8
141  Qatar 5.7 147 7.3 170 1.2
142  Panama 5.6 130 10.1 173 1.1
143  Israel 5.4 140 8.7 147 2.3
143  Italia 5.4 140 8.7 148 2.2
143  Tunisia 5.4 151 6.7 111 4.1
146  Georgia 5.3 133 9.7 166 1.5
147  Maroko 5.2 150 7.0 119 3.5
148  Malta 5.0 142 8.2 153 2.0
148  Meksiko 5.0 144 8.1 150 2.1
150  Tajikistan 4.9 148 7.2 141 2.5
151  Oman 4.8 153 6.4 153 2.0
152  Armenia 4.6 145 8.0 161 1.8
153  Myanmar 4.5 154 5.9 125 3.3
154  Bosnia dan Herzegovina 4.4 149 7.1 159 1.9
155  Honduras 4.2 155 5.8 139 2.6
156  Irak 4.1 169 4.8 119 3.5
156  Kuwait 4.1 157 5.7 150 2.1
156  Tonga 4.1 166 5.1 125 3.3
159  Siprus 3.9 151 6.7 176 1.0
159  Yordania 3.9 161 5.3 144 2.4
159  Arab Saudi 3.9 158 5.5 148 2.2
162  Albania 3.8 161 5.3 144 2.4
162  Filipina 3.8 155 5.8 159 1.9
164  Iran 3.6 172 4.2 132 2.9
165  Yunani 3.2 159 5.4 170 1.2
165  Suriah 3.2 165 5.2 170 1.2
167  Venezuela 3.1 159 5.4 173 1.1
167  Aljazair 3.1 167 5.0 168 1.3
167  Mesir 3.1 170 4.5 161 1.8
167  Azerbaijan 3.1 161 5.3 173 1.1
167  Lebanon 3.1 174 4.0 153 2.0
172  Indonesia 3.0 170 4.5 164 1.6
173  United Arab Emirates 2.8 175 3.6 177 0.9
174  Guatemala 2.7 172 4.2 166 1.5
175  Sao Tome dan Principe 2.6 175 3.6 163 1.7
175  Saint Vincent dan Grenadines 2.6 168 4.9 179 0.4
177  Pakistan 2.5 179 2.5 144 2.4
178  Bahamas 1.6 177 2.9 180 0.4
179  Brunei 1.4 180 1.4 168 1.3
179  Jamaika 1.4 178 2.6 181 0.3
181  Grenada 0.4 182 0.0 178 0.5
182  Barbados 0.3 181 0.5 182 0.1
183  Antigua dan Barbuda 0.0 182 0.0 183 0.0

Daftar menurut sumber-sumber lain (1985–2015)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bunuh diri per 100.000 orang per tahun[2]
Peringkat Negara Laki-laki Perempuan Average Tahun
1  Tanah Hijau[3][4][5] (info selanjutnya) 116.9 45.0 83.0 (0.0830%) 2011
2  Lithuania[6] (info selanjutnya) 65.1 12.4 36.7 (0.0367%) 2013
3  Korea Selatan[7] (info selanjutnya) 37.5 15.5 26.5 (0.0265%) 2015
4  Guyana[8] (info selanjutnya) 39.0 13.4 26.4 (0.0264%) 2006
5  Kazakhstan[8] (info selanjutnya) 43.0 9.4 25.6 (0.0256%) 2008
6  Slovenia[9] 34.6 9.4 21.8 (0.0218%) 2011
7  Sri Lanka[10] (info selanjutnya) 34.8 9.24 21.3 (0.0213%) 2011
8  Hungaria[11] 21.1 (0.0211%) 2013
9  Jepang[12] (info selanjutnya) 28.2 12.3 20.1 (0.0201%) 2014
10  Ukraina[13] (info selanjutnya) 19.8 (0.0198%) 2012
11  Latvia[14] 19.0 (0.0190%) 2013
12  Belarusia[15][16] 18.4 (0.0184%) 2014
13  Moldova 17.6 (0.0176%) 2008
14  Serbia[17] 24.9 9.0 17.3 (0.0173%) 2011
15  Belgia[18][note 1][19][note 2] 17.0 (0.0170%) 2009
17  Uruguay[20] 16.5 (0.0165%) 2012
18  Kroasia[21] 16.3 (0.0163%) 2013
19  Bhutan[22] (info selanjutnya) 16.2 (0.0162%) 2011
20  Rusia[23] (info selanjutnya) 15.6 (0.0156%) 2016
21  Austria 23.8 7.1 15.45 (0.01545%) 2009
22  Afrika Selatan[24] 15.4 (0.0154%) 2005
23  Taiwan[25] 20.5 9.7 15.1 (0.0151%) 2011
24  Estonia[26] 27.3 4.5 14.8 (0.0148%) 2010
25  Prancis[26] (info selanjutnya) 22.8 7.4 14.7 (0.0147%) 2010
26  Suriname 23.9 4.8 14.4 (0.0144%) 2005
 Finlandia[27] 22.3 6.9 14.4 (0.0144%) 2014
27  Polandia 14.0 (0.0140%) 2015
28  Bosnia dan Herzegovina[28] 13.6 (0.0136%) 2012
29  Ceko 12.8 (0.0128%) 2010
30  Amerika Serikat[29] (info selanjutnya) 20.2 5.5 12.6 (0.0126%) 2013
31  Jerman[30] 18.9 6.4 12.5 (0.0125%) 2013
32  Kuba 19.0 5.5 12.3 (0.0123%) 2008
 Bulgaria 18.8 6.2 12.3 (0.0123%) 2008
 Selandia Baru[31][32] 19.0 5.8 12.3 (0.0123%) 2014–15
 Hong Kong[33] 16.2 8.8 12.3 (0.0123%) 2011
36  Swedia[34] 17.3 6.9 12.0 (0.0120%) 2012
 Portugal[19][35] 20 4.0 12.0 (0.0120%) 2015
37  Rumania 20.8 3.7 11.9 (0.0119%) 2009
 Norwegia 14.0 5.0 11.9 (0.0119%) 2012
39  Britania Raya[36] (info selanjutnya) 18.2 5.1 11.8 (0.0118%) 2011
40  Kanada[37] (info selanjutnya) 16.9 5.3 11.5 (0.0115%) 2009
41  Eslandia[38] 18.3 4.6 11.3 (0.0113%) 2009
43  Chili 18.2 4.2 11.2 (0.0112%) 2007
44   Swiss[39] 17 5.8 11.2 (0.0112%) 2011
45  Belanda[19] 18.0 6.0 12.0 (0.0012%) 2015
46  Trinidad dan Tobago 17.9 3.8 10.7 (0.0107%) 2006
47  India (info selanjutnya) 13.0 7.8 10.5 (0.0105%) 2009
48  Irlandia[40] 17.4 3.4 10.3 (0.0103%) 2013
 Singapura[41] 13.3 7.3 10.3 (0.0103%) 2012
50  Australia[42] 12.0 2014
51  Slowakia[19] 17.4 2.8 9.9 (0.0099%) 2011
52 Bendera Republik Rakyat Tiongkok Tiongkok[43] (info selanjutnya) 9.8 (0.0098%) 2014
54  Kirgizstan 14.1 3.6 8.8 (0.0088%) 2009
55  Turkmenistan 13.8 3.5 8.6 (0.0086%) 1998
56  Spanyol[44] 12.7 4.1 8.3 (0.0083%) 2013
57  Republik Makedonia[19] 12.6 3.9 8.0 (0.008%) 2009
 El Salvador 12.9 3.6 8.0 (0.008%) 2008
58  Italia 12.7 3.8 8.0 (0.0080%) 2016
59  Zimbabwe 10.6 5.2 7.9 (0.0079%) 1990
60  Luksemburg[19] 13.2 2.9 7.8 (0.0078%) 2008
61  Argentina 12.6 3.0 7.7 (0.0077%) 2008
62  Ekuador 10.5 3.6 7.1 (0.0071%) 2009
63  Mauritius 11.8 1.9 6.8 (0.0068%) 2008
65  Kosta Rika 10.2 1.9 6.1 (0.0061%) 2009
66  Thailand[45] 9.7 2.58 6.03 (0.0613%) 2013
67  Mongolia 8.6 3.1 5.85 (0.0058%) 2011
68  Israel[46] 9.9 2.1 5.8 (0.0058%) 2007
 Nikaragua 9.0 2.6 5.8 (0.0058%) 2006
70  Panama 9.0 1.9 5.5 (0.0055%) 2008
71  Kolombia 7.9 2.0 4.9 (0.0049%) 2007
72  Brasil 7.7 2.0 4.8 (0.0048%) 2008
 Iran[47][48] 3.9 2.1 4.8 (0.0048%) 2013
74  Uzbekistan 7.0 2.3 4.7 (0.0047%) 2005
75  Kamboja 4.6 (0.0046%) 2008
76  Georgia 7.1 1.7 4.3 (0.0043%) 2009
77  Turki[49] 4.19 (0.00419%) 2013
78  Albania[50] 4.7 3.3 4.0 (0.004%) 2003
 Meksiko 6.8 1.3 4.0 (0.004%) 2008
80  Honduras[51] 3.84 (0.00384%) 2011
81  Bahrain 4.0 3.5 3.8 (0.0038%) 2006
82  Belize 6.6 0.7 3.7 (0.0037%) 2008
 Saint Vincent dan Grenadines 5.4 1.9 3.7 (0.0037%) 2008
84  Paraguay 5.1 2.0 3.6 (0.0036%) 2008
 Siprus[19] 5.9 1.3 3.6 (0.0036%) 2009
 Guatemala 5.6 1.7 3.6 (0.0036%) 2008
87  Barbados 7.3 0.0 3.5 (0.0035%) 2006
 Yunani 6.1 1.0 3.5 (0.0035%) 2009
89  Malta 5.9 1.0 3.4 (0.0034%) 2008
90  Venezuela 5.3 1.2 3.2 (0.0032%) 2007
91  Filipina[52] 4.5 1.0 2.75 (0.00275%) 2005
92  Tajikistan 2.9 2.3 2.6 (0.0026%) 2001
93  Saint Lucia 4.9 0.0 2.4 (0.0024%) 2005
94  Republik Dominika 3.9 0.7 2.3 (0.0023%) 2005
95  Armenia 2.8 1.1 1.9 (0.0019%) 2008
96  Kuwait 1.9 1.7 1.8 (0.0018%) 2009
97  Bahamas 1.9 0.6 1.2 (0.0012%) 2005
98  Pakistan[53] 1.45 0.71 1.10 (0.0011%) 2012
99  Peru 1.1 0.6 0.9 (0.0009%) 2000
 São Tomé dan Príncipe 0.0 1.8 0.9 (0.0009%) 1987
101  Azerbaijan 1.0 0.3 0.6 (0.0006%) 2007
102  Maladewa 0.7 0.0 0.3 (0.0003%) 2005
103  Jamaika 0.3 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 1990
 Suriah 0.2 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 1985
 Yordania[54] 0.2 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 2008
 Mesir 0.1 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 2009
107  Grenada 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 2008
 Saint Kitts dan Nevis 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 1995
 Antigua dan Barbuda 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 1995
 Haiti 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 2003
   Nepal 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 2003


Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Suicide rates Data by country". World Health Organization. 2015. Diakses tanggal 13 April 2017. 
  2. ^ Kecuali dinyatakan lainnya, semua statistic ini berasal dari WHO: "Suicide rates per 100,000 by country, year and sex (Table)". World Health Organization. 2011. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 22 January 2012. Diakses tanggal 2012-01-26. 
  3. ^ "The Suicide Capital of the World". Diakses tanggal 13 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "Rising suicide rate baffles Greenland". Diakses tanggal 13 March 2013. 
  5. ^ "Statistics Greenland". 
  6. ^ "Savižudybių statistika;". Valstybinis psichikos sveikatos centras. Diakses tanggal 2013-09-09. 
  7. ^ "2015년 사망원인 통계". 통계청. 2015. Diakses tanggal 2016-09-27. 
  8. ^ a b Värnik, P. (2012). "Suicide in the World". International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 9 (12): 760–71. PMC 3367275. PMID 22690161. doi:10.3390/ijerph9030760. 
  9. ^ Unless otherwise stated all statistics are from WHO: "Suicide rates per 100,000 by country, year dan sex (Table)". Statistični urad Republike Slovenije. 2011. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 22 January 2012. Diakses tanggal 2012-01-26. 
  10. ^ "Sri Lanka Journal of Psychiatry Vol 3(2) December 2012". 
  11. ^ "KSH Stadat database, causes of death (1949-2013)". Hungarian Central Statistical Office (KSH). Diakses tanggal 2014-10-31. 
  12. ^ "平成 26 年中における自殺の状況" [2014 Situation of Suicide] (PDF). National Police Agency. 2014. p. 4. 
  13. ^ Хаустова О. О. Самогубства та побутова смертність в Україні: підсумки 2012 року // Український вісник психоневрології. — 2013. — В. 4 (77). — Т. 21. — С. 12-18.
  14. ^ http://www.spkc.gov.lv/file_download/2097/2_Mirstiba_2013.pdf
  15. ^ "National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus (for 2012);" (PDF). Belstat. Diakses tanggal 2012-12-03. 
  16. ^ "The Demographic situation" (PDF). National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2012. Diakses tanggal 2013-12-03. 
  17. ^ "Report of Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia". Diakses tanggal 2013-05-27. 
  18. ^ "Eurostat - Tables, Graphs dan Maps Interface (TGM) table". Diakses tanggal 25 May 2016. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f g "Death Due To Suicide". Eurostat. European Commission. 2009. Diakses tanggal 2010-01-10. 
  20. ^ "Grave preocupación por tasa en alza de 16,5 suicidios cada 100.000 habitantes" (dalam bahasa Spanyol). Uruguay. 18 July 2013. Diakses tanggal 2016-02-12. 
  21. ^ "Odsjek za mentalne poremećaje s registrom za psihoze i registrom izvršenih samoubojstava - HZJZ". Diakses tanggal 25 May 2016. 
  22. ^ "World Suicide Death Rate Rankings (WHO)" (PDF). 2011-12-16. 
  23. ^ "Rosstat". Rosstat. 2015-01-31. Diakses tanggal 2015-01-31. 
  24. ^ Data hanya untuk daerah perkotaan saja. Burrows, Stephanie; Lucie Laflamme (February 2006). "Suicide Mortality in South Africa". Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology.  http://www.springerlink.com/content/px7v1186u51k738w The data available for the whole of South Africa in 2007 are: men 1.4, women 0.4, total 0.9 (source: WHO)
  25. ^ "Causes of death, Department of Health, Taiwan" (XLS). Diakses tanggal 2013-05-20. 
  26. ^ a b http://www.stat.ee/57205
  27. ^ "Number of suicides 1921-2014, Statistics Finlandia". 2015-12-30. 
  28. ^ SRNA (2012-04-16). "BiH: Prošle godine ubilo se 507 lica, od čega 16 maloletnika". SRNA. Diakses tanggal 4 December 2012. 
  29. ^ "Suicide Statistics". AFSP. Diakses tanggal 25 May 2016. 
  30. ^ https://www.destatis.de/DE/Publikationen/Thematisch/Gesundheit/Todesursachen/Todesursachen2120400137004.pdf?__blob=publicationFile
  31. ^ "NZ suicide rates rise for first time in four years". New Zealand Herald (dalam bahasa Inggris). 2015-10-06. ISSN 1170-0777. Diakses tanggal 2015-10-06. 
  32. ^ "Chief Coroner releases provisional annual suicide figures for the 2014/15 year". Coronial Services of New Zealand. 2015-10-06. Diakses tanggal 2016-02-12. 
  33. ^ Statistics. Centre for Suicide Research dan Prevention. 2013.
  34. ^ "Dödsorsaker 2012" [Causes of Death 2012] (PDF). www.socialstyrelsen.se - 2013-8-6.pdf (dalam bahasa swedish and English). Statistics Sweden. 2013. 
  35. ^ Sociedade Portuguesa de Suicidologia. "Estatística - Sociedade Portuguesa de Suicidologia". Diakses tanggal 25 May 2016. 
  36. ^ "UK suicide rate rises 'significantly' in 2011". BBC News. 22 January 2013. 
  37. ^ "Suicides dan suicide rate, by sex dan by age group, Canada". 
  38. ^ "36 died from own hdan". Hagstofa Ísldans/Statistical Bureau of Iceland. Morgunblaðið. 2010. Diakses tanggal 2010-09-21. 
  39. ^ http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/fr/index/themen/21/02/ind32.indicator.70301.3201.html?open=702,703&close=703
  40. ^ Central Statistics Office. "Vital Statistics - Fourth Quarter dan Yearly Summary - 2013" (PDF). 
  41. ^ Samaritians of Singapore. "Suicide Statistics in Singapore" (PDF). 
  42. ^ http://abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/subscriber.nsf/log?openagent&3303_11%20Intentional%20self-harm%20(Suicide)%20(Australia).xls&3303.0&Data%20Cubes&C752A2C0B5F845F9CA257F6F000D43E1&0&2014&08.03.2016&Latest
  43. ^ "Back from the edge". June 28, 2014. 
  44. ^ "Suicides and suicide rate, by sex and by age group, Spain". June 27, 2015. 
  45. ^ "Suicide Rates: Thaildan". 
  46. ^ "Adobe Acrobat - loss_2011.pdf" (PDF). Diakses tanggal 2013-09-09. 
  47. ^ "Iranian Legal Medicine Organization". 2013.  www.lmo.ir
  48. ^ "Tehran has the highest rate of Bunuh diri di Iran.". 2013.  Bahar Newspaper
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  52. ^ http://gulfnews.com/news/world/Filipina/suicide-rate-has-steadily-risen-in-Filipina-for-21-years-report-1.1049675
  53. ^ Based on a population of 180.4 million in 2012 (Population Reference Bureau), a sex ratio of 1.06 males/female (CIA World Factbook, 2013) dan figures from 'State of Human Rights in 2012' by the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan: 1,976 persons committed Bunuh diri di 2012 across the country of which 626 were women.
  54. ^ http://www.who.int/mental_health/media/jord.pdf


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