Daftar julukan kota di Amerika Serikat

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Loncat ke navigasi Loncat ke pencarian
Reno, Nevada, dengan bangga memamerkan julukannya, "The Biggest Little City in the World", di jalan raya pusat kota.

Daftar julukan kota di Amerika Serikat ini mengandung samaran, julukan, dan slogan yang disematkan kepada beberapa kota di Amerika Serikat (resmi dan tidak resmi) oleh pemerintah kota, masyarakat setempat, orang asing, badan pariwisata, atau kamar dagang. Julukan kota berperan sebagai perintis identitas lokal, membantu orang asing mengenali masyarakat setempat, atau mengajak orang berkunjung karena julukannya khas; mengangkat martabat daerah; dan mempersatukan masyarakat.[1] Julukan dan slogan yang berubah menjadi "ideologi atau mitos" baru[2] juga diyakini memiliki potensi ekonomi.[1] Potensi ekonominya sulit diukur,[1] tetapi ada beberapa kota yang memakai slogan baru untuk memasarkan/mencitrakan diri dan memanfaatkan potensi ekonomi tersebut.[2]

Pada tahun 2005, lembaga konsultan Tagline Guru melakukan survei kecil yang melibatkan para pekerja profesional di bidang pencitraan, pemasaran, dan periklanan untuk mengetahui slogan dan julukan kota "terbaik" di Amerika Serikat. Responden diminta mengevaluasi sekitar 800 julukan dan 400 slogan dan mempertimbangkan sejumlah kriteria. Kriterianya adalah: julukan atau slogan mencerminkan "ciri khas, kesamaan, gaya, dan kepribadian" kota, "memiliki kesan cerdas, menyenangkan, dan mudah diingat," unik dan asli, dan "mengajak Anda untuk berkunjung, pindah ke sana, atau mengenal lebih lanjut."[3]

Julukan terpopuler dalam survei tersebut adalah "The Big Apple" (New York City), kemudian "Sin City" (Las Vegas), "The Big Easy" (New Orleans), "Motor City" (Detroit), dan "The Windy City" (Chicago). Selain Sin City, Las Vegas memiliki slogan populer lain, yaitu "What Happens Here, Stays Here." Slogan peringkat kedua sampai kelima adalah "So Very Virginia" (Charlottesville, Virginia), "Always Turned On" (Atlantic City, New Jersey), "Cleveland Rocks!" (Cleveland, Ohio), dan "The Sweetest Place on Earth" (Hershey, Pennsylvania).[3]

Beberapa julukan tidak resmi bersifat positif dan negatif. Julukan tidak resmi di bawah ini populer dan sudah lama digunakan.


Alabama[sunting | sunting sumber]

Alaska[sunting | sunting sumber]

Homer's welcome sign proclaims its nickname.

Arizona[sunting | sunting sumber]


Arkansas[sunting | sunting sumber]


California[sunting | sunting sumber]


A[sunting | sunting sumber]

B[sunting | sunting sumber]

People's Park in Berkeley was a center of 1960s counterculture activity remembered in the sobriquet "The People's Republic of Berkeley."

C[sunting | sunting sumber]

Castroville's nickname celebrates its status as a producer of artichokes.

D[sunting | sunting sumber]

Dinuba, Fallbrook, and Selma have nicknames that celebrate the production of raisins.

F[sunting | sunting sumber]

G[sunting | sunting sumber]

Garlic ice cream is given away at the annual Garlic Festival in Gilroy, nicknamed Garlic Capital of the World.

H[sunting | sunting sumber]

I[sunting | sunting sumber]

L[sunting | sunting sumber]

M[sunting | sunting sumber]

N[sunting | sunting sumber]

O[sunting | sunting sumber]

P[sunting | sunting sumber]

Close-up view of one of the flower-bedecked floats in the annual Tournament of Roses Parade in Pasadena, which calls itself the City of Roses.

R[sunting | sunting sumber]

S[sunting | sunting sumber]

Solvang's architecture reflects the Danish heritage celebrated by its nickname, Danish capital of America.

T[sunting | sunting sumber]

V[sunting | sunting sumber]

W[sunting | sunting sumber]

Y[sunting | sunting sumber]


Colorado[sunting | sunting sumber]


A[sunting | sunting sumber]

B[sunting | sunting sumber]

C[sunting | sunting sumber]

D[sunting | sunting sumber]

E[sunting | sunting sumber]

F[sunting | sunting sumber]

G[sunting | sunting sumber]

L[sunting | sunting sumber]

M[sunting | sunting sumber]

N[sunting | sunting sumber]

O[sunting | sunting sumber]

P[sunting | sunting sumber]

S[sunting | sunting sumber]

T[sunting | sunting sumber]

V[sunting | sunting sumber]

W[sunting | sunting sumber]

Connecticut[sunting | sunting sumber]


Delaware[sunting | sunting sumber]


Florida[sunting | sunting sumber]


Georgia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Daftar julukan kota di Georgia (U.S. state)

Hawaii[sunting | sunting sumber]

Hilo
America’s Wettest City[369]
Orchid Capital[369]
Honolulu
The Big Pineapple[370]


Idaho[sunting | sunting sumber]


Illinois[sunting | sunting sumber]


Indiana[sunting | sunting sumber]

The nickname "Athens of the Prairie" was bestowed on Columbus, Indiana, due to the large assemblage of contemporary architecture and public sculpture in the city, including Henry Moore's "Large Arch."

Iowa[sunting | sunting sumber]


Kansas[sunting | sunting sumber]


Kentucky[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nicknames for Lexington and Louisville celebrate the Bluegrass Region's horse farms and the state's most famous horse race, the Kentucky Derby, held at Churchill Downs in Louisville.

Louisiana[sunting | sunting sumber]

Maine[sunting | sunting sumber]

Maryland[sunting | sunting sumber]

Shoot Em’ Up, Bang Bang

Massachusetts[sunting | sunting sumber]

Michigan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nicknames for Eau Claire and Traverse City are a reminder that cherries are an important crop in Michigan.

Minnesota[sunting | sunting sumber]

Mississippi[sunting | sunting sumber]


Missouri[sunting | sunting sumber]


Montana[sunting | sunting sumber]


Nebraska[sunting | sunting sumber]


Nevada[sunting | sunting sumber]

New Hampshire[sunting | sunting sumber]


New Jersey[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nicknames of several New Jersey communities celebrate their status as Jersey Shore resorts.

Sleazeside[827]


New Mexico[sunting | sunting sumber]


New York[sunting | sunting sumber]

Chazy calls itself the world capital of the McIntosh apple.
Cooperstown, site of the Baseball Hall of Fame where this plaque honoring Ty Cobb is displayed, lays claim to the title "Birthplace of Baseball."
Lockport's nickname of "Lock City" refers to the several Erie canal locks located in the city.

A[sunting | sunting sumber]

B[sunting | sunting sumber]

C[sunting | sunting sumber]

D[sunting | sunting sumber]

Duluth – The Air-Conditioned City

E[sunting | sunting sumber]

F[sunting | sunting sumber]

G[sunting | sunting sumber]

H[sunting | sunting sumber]

J[sunting | sunting sumber]

K[sunting | sunting sumber]

L[sunting | sunting sumber]

M[sunting | sunting sumber]

N[sunting | sunting sumber]

The city of Niagara Falls, New York, gets both its name and its nickname of "Cataract City" from the famous set of waterfalls known as Niagara Falls.

O[sunting | sunting sumber]

P[sunting | sunting sumber]

R[sunting | sunting sumber]

S[sunting | sunting sumber]

This 1907 postcard of Canfield Park and Saratoga Springs' nickname "the Spa City" both recall the era when the city's mineral springs and hotels made it a fashionable resort.

T[sunting | sunting sumber]

U[sunting | sunting sumber]

W[sunting | sunting sumber]

Y[sunting | sunting sumber]


North Carolina[sunting | sunting sumber]


North Dakota[sunting | sunting sumber]


Ohio[sunting | sunting sumber]

Alliance, which is officially nicknamed the Carnation City, helped make the scarlet carnation the state flower of Ohio.
The sculpture Flyover in downtown Dayton, the "Birthplace of Aviation," tracks the path of the Wright Brothers' first powered aircraft flight.

A[sunting | sunting sumber]

B[sunting | sunting sumber]

C[sunting | sunting sumber]

D[sunting | sunting sumber]

F[sunting | sunting sumber]

G[sunting | sunting sumber]

H[sunting | sunting sumber]

I[sunting | sunting sumber]


K[sunting | sunting sumber]

L[sunting | sunting sumber]

M[sunting | sunting sumber]

N[sunting | sunting sumber]

O[sunting | sunting sumber]

P[sunting | sunting sumber]

R[sunting | sunting sumber]

S[sunting | sunting sumber]

T[sunting | sunting sumber]

U[sunting | sunting sumber]

V[sunting | sunting sumber]

W[sunting | sunting sumber]

X[sunting | sunting sumber]

Y[sunting | sunting sumber]

Z[sunting | sunting sumber]


Oklahoma[sunting | sunting sumber]


Oregon[sunting | sunting sumber]


Pennsylvania[sunting | sunting sumber]

A sign proclaiming Scranton as "The Electric City" overlooks Courthouse Square. The city got its moniker for being the site of the nation's first electric-powered streetcars.


Rhode Island[sunting | sunting sumber]


South Carolina[sunting | sunting sumber]


South Dakota[sunting | sunting sumber]


Tennessee[sunting | sunting sumber]

Texas[sunting | sunting sumber]


A-C[sunting | sunting sumber]

D-F[sunting | sunting sumber]

G-L[sunting | sunting sumber]

M-Q[sunting | sunting sumber]

R-T[sunting | sunting sumber]

U-Z[sunting | sunting sumber]

Utah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Vermont[sunting | sunting sumber]


Virginia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Washington[sunting | sunting sumber]

Blaine's nickname celebrates the Peace Arch on the U.S. border with Canada.

West Virginia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Wisconsin[sunting | sunting sumber]

The nicknames of several Wisconsin communities celebrate the state's cheese-making industry. Cheese curds, shown here covered with batter and deep-fried, traditionally have been available only at cheese factories.

A[sunting | sunting sumber]

B[sunting | sunting sumber]

C[sunting | sunting sumber]

D[sunting | sunting sumber]

E[sunting | sunting sumber]

F[sunting | sunting sumber]

G[sunting | sunting sumber]

H[sunting | sunting sumber]

J[sunting | sunting sumber]

K[sunting | sunting sumber]

L[sunting | sunting sumber]

M[sunting | sunting sumber]

N[sunting | sunting sumber]

O[sunting | sunting sumber]

P[sunting | sunting sumber]

R[sunting | sunting sumber]

S[sunting | sunting sumber]

T[sunting | sunting sumber]

V[sunting | sunting sumber]

W[sunting | sunting sumber]


Wyoming[sunting | sunting sumber]

District of Columbia[sunting | sunting sumber]



Puerto Rico[sunting | sunting sumber]

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs Muench, David (December 1993). "Wisconsin Community Slogans: Their Use and Local Impacts" (PDF). University of Wisconsin Extension. Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal March 9, 2013. Diakses tanggal April 10, 2007. 
  2. ^ a b c Alfredo Andia, Branding the Generic City:), MU.DOT magazine, September 10, 2007
  3. ^ a b TaglineGuru Releases List of Top U.S. City Mottos and Monikers, press release, September 20, 2005, TaglineGuru.com website, archived on June 23, 2008
  4. ^ Alabaster, Alabama, accessed March 28, 2007.
  5. ^ a b Greetings From America's Secret Capitals, Time (magazine), July 13, 1998.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Claims to Fame - Products, Epodunk, accessed April 16, 2007.
  7. ^ Maney, Kevin. "Claims to fame", USA Today, May 20, 2005. Accessed June 3, 2009.
  8. ^ The Model City of the New South: Anniston, Alabama, 1872-1900, accessed March 28, 2007.
  9. ^ "Loveliest Village" Inspiration Award Diarsipkan 2007-09-30 di Wayback Machine., accessed March 27, 2007.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo The World Capital of Whatever, The New York Times by Harold Faber, September 12, 1993. Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "NYT1993" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda
  11. ^ Bessemer Area Chamber of Commerce, accessed March 28, 2007.
  12. ^ https://twitter.com/cityofbhamal
  13. ^ http://originalbham.com
  14. ^ Birmingham: The Magic City, accessed March 28, 2007.
  15. ^ Birmingham: Introduction, accessed March 28, 2007.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc U.S. City Monikers, Tagline Guru website, accessed January 5, 2008
  17. ^ Steel City Jazz Festival, accessed December 9, 2015
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2011-06-21. Diakses tanggal 2011-05-12. , accessed May 12, 2011.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Claims to Fame - Fish, Epodunk, accessed April 16, 2007. Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFish" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda
  20. ^ City of Daphne, Alabama website Diarsipkan 2010-10-05 di Wayback Machine., accessed October 5, 2010. The "Jubilee" nickname refers to a phenomenon in Mobile Bay in "blue crabs, shrimp, and fish swimming from the depths of the bay [are brought] into the shallow waters of the shoreline."
  21. ^ Alabama Jubilee Hot-Air Balloon Classic, accessed March 28, 2007. Diarsipkan February 3, 2007, di Wayback Machine.
  22. ^ Decatur History, accessed March 28, 2007. Diarsipkan February 3, 2007, di Wayback Machine.
  23. ^ Railroad keyed Decatur's growth Diarsipkan 2007-09-30 di Archive.is, The Decatur Daily, February 27, 2007.
  24. ^ Decatur - The River City Review, accessed March 28, 2007.
  25. ^ "Archived copy". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2010-02-20. Diakses tanggal 2010-04-14. , accessed April 14, 2010.
  26. ^ Rural Southwest Alabama: "Demopolis, Alabama is where the 'City of the People' and two rivers meet." Accessed December 9, 2015
  27. ^ [1]
  28. ^ City of Dothan, accessed March 28, 2007.
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj Claims to Fame - Agriculture, Epodunk, accessed April 16, 2007. Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAgriculture" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAgriculture" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAgriculture" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAgriculture" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAgriculture" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAgriculture" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAgriculture" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAgriculture" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAgriculture" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAgriculture" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAgriculture" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAgriculture" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAgriculture" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAgriculture" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAgriculture" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAgriculture" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAgriculture" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAgriculture" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda
  30. ^ Douglas, Alabama profile, accessed March 28, 2007.
  31. ^ [2], accessed September 3, 2017.
  32. ^ http://www.cityofgadsden.com/index.aspx?NID=292
  33. ^ Greenville, Alabama city profile, Epodunk, accessed March 28, 2007.
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Claims to Fame - Plants, Epodunk, accessed April 16, 2007. Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkPlants" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkPlants" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkPlants" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkPlants" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkPlants" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda
  35. ^ CONGRATULATING THE CITY OF HALEYVILLE, ALABAMA AS THE HOME OF 911, accessed March 28, 2007.[pranala nonaktif]
  36. ^ City of Hartselle, accessed March 28, 2007.
  37. ^ The Alabama Gang Diarsipkan 2008-04-16 di Wayback Machine., Alabama Live, accessed March 29, 2007. "The Alabama Gang was especially forceful during the formative years of NASCAR as brothers Bobby and Donnie Allison and Red Farmer set up shop in Hueytown, Ala., putting that town on the sports map."
  38. ^ "National Affairs: Rocket City, U.S.A." Time. February 17, 1958. Diakses tanggal March 16, 2010. 
  39. ^ Huntsville: Rocket City, About.com, accessed March 29, 2007.
  40. ^ A Brief History of Huntsville, Marshall Space Flight Center, accessed March 29, 2007. "During these years Huntsville was famed as the "Watercress Capital of the World," and Madison County was Alabama's leader in cotton production."
  41. ^ Jacksonville, Alabama profile, accessed March 29, 2007.
  42. ^ Talladega County: Quality of Life Diarsipkan 2007-09-29 di Wayback Machine., accessed March 29, 2007. "The City adopted the nickname "Motorsports City" due to its proximity next to the Talladega Superspeedway. "
  43. ^ Madison, Alabama city profile, accessed March 29, 2007.
  44. ^ "Archived copy". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2010-04-30. Diakses tanggal 2010-04-14. , accessed April 14, 2010.
  45. ^ Public Television Features Mobile's Azalea Trail, University of Alabama Center for Public Television & Radio press release. Accessed May 17, 2007. "MOBILE--This town is known as The Azalea City, and the evergreen azaleas for which it is famous are an indispensable part of the city’s character."
  46. ^ Sheboygan Press, The Sheboygan Press May 20, 1932. "Q. What city is called The City of Six Flags? A. Mobile, Alabama. It has been under French, Spanish, British, American, Alabama, and Confederate Flags."
  47. ^ The Mother of All Mardi Gras, accessed March 29, 2007.
  48. ^ "Encyclopedia of Alabama: Steamboats in Alabama", Encyclopedia of Alabama, September 2008. Accessed March 22, 2011. "The state's most important towns developed along...navigable rivers, and Mobile, the largest metropolis, became known as the Port City."
  49. ^ [3], accessed April 10, 2010.
  50. ^ "Today, we are more than just the Capital of Alabama--we are the Capital of the South!" Diarsipkan 2008-04-16 di Wayback Machine., accessed September 16, 2007.
  51. ^ Newfield, Jack. "Marching to Montgomery: The Cradle Did Rock", The Village Voice, April 1, 1965. Accessed May 17, 2007. "It was the Ecumenical Council, a hootenanny, a happening, and a revolution all rolled into one. And it happened in Montgomery, 'Cradle of the Confederacy.'"
  52. ^ Lunch in the Gump food blog
  53. ^ "Muscle Shoals Music - Shoals Chamber of Commerce" Diarsipkan 2011-03-25 di Wayback Machine., shoalschamber.com, accessed 2011-02-22. "By the close of the 1980s, the music business no longer regarded Muscle Shoals as "The Hit Recording Capital of the World."
  54. ^ Ozark Area Chamber of Commerce Diarsipkan 2016-03-04 di Wayback Machine.
  55. ^ a b Visiting or Staying?, Prattville, Alabama. Accessed May 17, 2007. "Long before Prattville became "The Preferred Community," it was known as "The Fountain City" because of its numerous artesian wells."
  56. ^ a b City of Selma official website
  57. ^ "Freedom March Begins at Selma; Troops on Guard". New York Times. March 22, 1965. Selma, which calls itself queen of the Alabama Black Belt -- the swath of rich, dark soil and heavy Negro population across south-central Alabama. 
  58. ^ Slocomb Tomato Festival at WTVY.com Diarsipkan 2008-04-16 di Wayback Machine., accessed August 9, 2007
  59. ^ South Baldwin Chamber of Commerce, accessed March 29, 2007. "Just north of Foley lies Summerdale, which offers a picturesque view of rural farm life and lives up to its slogan, 'The Sunshine City.'"
  60. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Claims to Fame - Rocks, Epodunk, accessed April 16, 2007.
  61. ^ Frequently Asked Questions, DCH Health System website, accessed May 29, 2011. "In the late 1800s, the city fathers of Tuscaloosa planted oak trees along downtown streets. Just as the City of Birmingham was known as the Magic City because of its amazing growth, the City of Tuscaloosa became known as the Oak City, or, in recognition of the ancient British tribe that worshipped oaks, the Druid City."
  62. ^ Welcome to Tuskegee University, accessed March 29, 2007.
  63. ^ [4]
  64. ^ Vestavia Hills, Alabama Diarsipkan 2009-04-26 di Wayback Machine., RelocateAmerica website
  65. ^ About Wetumpka, accessed March 29, 2007. "Abundant in lore and legend, Wetumpka (an Indian term meaning rumbling waters) is rich in aboriginal history. "
  66. ^ a b c d e f g Motto ought to be boffo, Irvine World News, February 22, 2004 Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "Irvine" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "Irvine" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "Irvine" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "Irvine" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "Irvine" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda
  67. ^ a b Air Crossroads of the World, Ground Support, April 2006."Increased tourism has halted those perceptions and Anchorage is now known as the "City of Lights and Flowers", a bustling city with a formidable backdrop of glaciers and mountains."
  68. ^ a b Make me feel brand new[pranala nonaktif permanen], Anchorage Press, May 17, 2006. Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "Anchorage" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda
  69. ^ Horn, Yvonne (2005-06-08). "'Winter camp' keeps Anchorage's fuchsias fresh for summer season". San Francisco Chronicle. Diakses tanggal 2009-03-06. 
  70. ^ http://www.alaskapublic.org/2013/04/29/alaska-cultural-connections-los-anchorage/
  71. ^ http://www.ragecityrollergirls.org/
  72. ^ http://pjfatbo.bandcamp.com/track/rage-city-rockers
  73. ^ Cordova, Alaska profile, accessed March 29, 2007.
  74. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad Claims to Fame - Food, Epodunk, accessed April 16, 2007. Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFood" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFood" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFood" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFood" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFood" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFood" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFood" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFood" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFood" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFood" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFood" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFood" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFood" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFood" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFood" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda
  75. ^ Shakespeare Marathon Diarsipkan 2007-03-14 di Wayback Machine., KTTC, March 10, 2007. "Fairbanks, Alaska is a city known for its quirkiness, things like playing baseball at midnight and turning solid blocks of ice into works of art. But the "Golden Heart City" has another passion, one that may surprise you."
  76. ^ Rebecca George, The Golden Heart City celebrates its golden past Diarsipkan 2011-09-04 di Wayback Machine., Fairbanks Daily News Miner, August 6, 2009.
  77. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Claims to Fame - Birds, Epodunk, accessed April 16, 2007. Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkBirds" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkBirds" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkBirds" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkBirds" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkBirds" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkBirds" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkBirds" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda
  78. ^ Homer, Alaska, accessed March 29, 2007. "Homer, Alaska, is considered the halibut capital of the world -- or so locals claim."
  79. ^ Kenai, Alaska website, accessed March 29, 2007.
  80. ^ "A Fleet of Ferry Ships to Offer Motorists a 'Marine' Highway to Skagway, Alaska; Enthusiasm Shown Summer Side Trip", The New York Times, March 8, 1963. "The Ferry Ships put in along The route at Ketchikan, 'The king salmon capital of The world'..."
  81. ^ Knik - Fairview Alaska Diarsipkan 2011-10-02 di Wayback Machine., accessed March 29, 2007. "Knik is a check-point for the Iditarod Sled Dog Race, and is called the 'Dog Mushing Center of the World.'"
  82. ^ A Prairie Home Companion at Sea: Alaska 2006, accessed March 29, 2007.
  83. ^ Sitka Convention & Visitors Bureau, accessed March 29, 2007.
  84. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak Tagline Guru City Branding Survey, Tagline Guru website, accessed August 18, 2009 Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "taglinecitymottos" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "taglinecitymottos" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "taglinecitymottos" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "taglinecitymottos" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "taglinecitymottos" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "taglinecitymottos" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "taglinecitymottos" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "taglinecitymottos" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda
  85. ^ Apache Junction Ride Choice Diarsipkan 2007-11-03 di Wayback Machine., accessed March 30, 2007. "© 2004 City of Apache Junction, Arizona Home of the Superstition Mountains "
  86. ^ Arizona Government Web Sites, accessed March 30, 2007. "City of Apache Junction, Arizona. Gateway to legends, lakes, leisure and lost treasures."
  87. ^ a b c Flagstaff Arizona Diarsipkan 2011-10-02 di Wayback Machine., accessed March 29, 2007. "Flagstaff is sometimes called "The City in the Pines" because the town sits in the middle of a Ponderosa Pine stand in the Coconino National Forest. The town is also called "The City of Seven Wonders" because of its proximity to the Grand Canyon, Oak Creek Canyon, Walnut Canyon, Wupatki National Monument, Sunset Crater National Monument and the San Francisco Peaks."
  88. ^ Song A' Th' Week Diarsipkan 2007-09-28 di Wayback Machine., The Legend-News, January 21, 2002. "By golly, it's clean clear to Flag Town, c'mon. => On the highway between Rubber Duck's location and Flagstaff, Arizona ("Flagtown"), there are no reports of police activity."
  89. ^ Kingman Area Chamber of Commerce, accessed March 29, 2007. "Kingman, Arizona: The Heart of Route 66 and gateway to the Hoover Dam, Lake Mead and the Grand Canyon!"
  90. ^ Jahna Berry, Downtown Phoenix donning a new label to lure locals, tourists, The Arizona Republic, March 2, 2009
  91. ^ Soper, Taylor (February 11, 2015). "Silicon Desert: How Phoenix is quickly — and quietly — becoming a hub for innovation". GeekWire. Diakses tanggal June 30, 2015. 
  92. ^ Brown, Eliot (March 3, 2015). "Silicon Desert? Developer Bets on Scottsdale as a Tech Hub". The Wall Street Journal. Diakses tanggal June 30, 2015. 
  93. ^ Quick Facts about Prescott, Prescott, Arizona. Accessed May 17, 2007. "Called the “mile-high city” at an elevation of 5,400 feet"
  94. ^ Scottsdale Arizona profile, accessed March 30, 2007. "The first mayor was Malcolm White. He also coined the city slogan, 'The West's Most Western Town.'"
  95. ^ Red Rock Country
  96. ^ The City of Tombstone's Official Web Site, accessed March 29, 2007. "The Town too Tough to Die," Tombstone was perhaps the most renowned of Arizona's old mining camps.
  97. ^ a b c d e Claims to Fame - Braggadocio, Epodunk, accessed April 16, 2007.
  98. ^ A Look at the "Old Pueblo"--Tucson, accessed March 30, 2007. Diarsipkan October 16, 2006, di Wayback Machine.
  99. ^ a b My opinion Debbie Kornmiller: TV listings' headaches fixed today, Arizona Daily Star, March 18, 2007. "The Sunshine Factory" won a Tucson nickname contest in the 1980s as a replacement for the "Old Pueblo."
  100. ^ "AOIA.org – Arizona Optics Industry Association". Diakses tanggal October 8, 2012. 
  101. ^ History, Wickenburg Chamber of Commerce website, accessed November 20, 2011: "The construction of the Phoenix to California highway (Highway 60) brought even more tourists, making Wickenburg the Dude Ranch Capital of the World."
  102. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Wanda McKinney, Our Favorite Town Slogans, Southern Living, April 2005 Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "SouthernLiving" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "SouthernLiving" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "SouthernLiving" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "SouthernLiving" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda
  103. ^ The Ghost Bird, National Geographic, December 2006, "The billboards are still up along Interstate 40, inviting drivers to stop at Brinkley, the Home of the Ivory-billed Woodpecker."
  104. ^ Official Site of the City of Conway, Arkansas, accessed April 1, 2007.
  105. ^ Dumas (Desha County), Encyclopedia of Arkansas. The nickname originated with the popular song "I’m a Ding Dong Daddy from Dumas."
  106. ^ a b Kenneth Bridges, El Dorado (Union County), The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture
  107. ^ a b c d e f g FYV vs. FAY, Fayetteville Free Weekly (blog based in Fayetteville, Arkansas), September 6, 2007[tepercaya?] Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "Fayetteville" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda
  108. ^ Hot Springs, Arkansas, accessed April 11, 2007. "You'll find the perfect combination of relaxing activities and kick-out-all-the-stops attractions in the Spa City."
  109. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Claims to Fame - Animals, Epodunk, accessed April 16, 2007. Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAnimal" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAnimal" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAnimal" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAnimal" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAnimal" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAnimal" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAnimal" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAnimal" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAnimal" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAnimal" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkAnimal" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda
  110. ^ a b Jonesboro, accessed April 8, 2007.
  111. ^ Little Rock City Beautiful Scrapbooks Diarsipkan 2009-01-13 di Wayback Machine., accessed April 11, 2007. "The City Beautiful Commission came up with the idea of an official rose, in keeping with Little Rock’s traditional nickname, “City of Roses.” The Joe T. Robinson rose was chosen."
  112. ^ A Brief History of Little Rock, accessed April 11, 2007. "Today, in downtown Little Rock, the old and new mix well together. Stately antebellum structures and ornate Victorian buildings neighbor gleaming new glass-facade skyscrapers stretching up into the river city's skyline with scenic, natural surroundings providing the backdrop."
  113. ^ The City of Lowell, Arkansas, accessed April 11, 2007. Motto is on upper right of page.
  114. ^ Ozark Folk Center, accessed April 11, 2007. "Visit downtown Mountain View, Arkansas, the 'Folk Music Capital of the World.'"
  115. ^ a b c Claims to Fame - Arts, Epodunk, accessed April 16, 2007. Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkArts" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda
  116. ^ "North Little Rock (Pulaski County)". The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. According to oral tradition, people from Little Rock dumped their unwanted dogs in North Little Rock, but the name probably predates this practice and was a disparagement of the north side’s blue-collar base. In the mid-1900s, Little Rock students often taunted North Little Rock students with chants of “Dogtown” at sporting and other events. 
  117. ^ "Dogtown: Through a Glass Darkly". 
  118. ^ Out There: The world's duck-hunting capital - Stuttgart, Ark., lies at the heart of the greatest mallard-hunting area, ESPN, accessed April 11, 2007. "The rice fields encroach to the very edge of the city, and erected at the side of one is a small wooden sign that says you've reached the city limits. This is it: Stuttgart — The Rice and Duck Capital of the World."
  119. ^ Alameda, here we come - California island town Diarsipkan 2008-02-17 di Wayback Machine., Sunset (magazine), August 2001. "Much of what makes Alameda, an island with a picturesque perch off Oakland's flank in San Francisco Bay, so unusual is the way it balances connection with isolation. It lies within easy reach of major urban hubs – the bay, the San Francisco skyline, and the East Bay hills are all in view. Even so, the "Island City" seems a world apart."
  120. ^ Antioch - A Total Community, accessed April 5, 2007. "The waters in the Antioch area are some of the prime striped bass and sturgeon fishing waters. As the "Gateway to the Delta", Antioch will continue as a refuge for boaters."
  121. ^ "About Arcadia". City of Arcadia. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal August 29, 2013. Diakses tanggal October 21, 2013. 
  122. ^ Welcome to the Auburn Endurance Capital Web Site!, accessed April 5, 2007. "2003, the Auburn City Council passed an official measure proclaiming Auburn as the Endurance Capital of the World. Auburn is home to some of the most challenging and historic endurance events on the planet."
  123. ^ Relocating to Bakersfield, Green Country. Accessed June 2, 2007. "Bakersfield has become known as "California's Country Music Capital" with the emergence of musicians like Merle Haggard and Buck Owens."
  124. ^ Foldvary, Fred E. "The People's Republic of Berkeley" Diarsipkan 2007-09-30 di Wayback Machine., The Progress Report. Accessed May 17, 2007.
  125. ^ Cockrell, Cathy. "The ‘Athens of the West’ - Latest Chronicle of UC edition highlights history of campus arts and culture", UCBerkeley News, October 20, 2004.
  126. ^ Yosemite Wrangler Wins Mule Days World Championships Diarsipkan 2008-02-17 di Wayback Machine., Business Wire, June 30, 2000
  127. ^ Hemphill, W. G. (1964-06-04). "This & That -- Friendliest City In The West". Palo Verde Valley Times. 
  128. ^ ABout Buena Park Diarsipkan 2007-12-27 di Wayback Machine., Buena Park, California. Accessed May 17, 2007. "Known as the "Center of the Southland," Buena Park is a City with a distinct heritage undergoing an exciting revitalization in business, residential, and commercial projects."
  129. ^ "Burbank, Ca. – Media Capital of the World". Travel America. April 20, 2007. 
  130. ^ Visit Carlsbad website, accessed December 9, 2015.
  131. ^ "San Fernando's Open Secret: Porn Biz Has Migrated To What Some Call 'San Pornando Valley'", CBS News, November 25, 2002. Accessed June 2, 2007.
  132. ^ a b " City of Roses City of Trees - Chico, California" Diarsipkan 2008-01-12 di Wayback Machine., CaliforniaBeautiful.com, March 17, 2007. Accessed May 17, 2007.
  133. ^ Welcome to the Official Website for the City of Chino: About the City Diarsipkan 2007-12-27 di Wayback Machine., Chino, California. Accessed May 17, 2007. "The City's motto, "Where Everything Grows" originally referred to this agricultural beginning."
  134. ^ A Brief History of Clovis Diarsipkan 2008-02-15 di Wayback Machine., City of Clovis. Accessed June 2, 2007. "Located in the northeast quadrant of the Fresno-Clovis Metropolitan Area, Clovis is situated in the midst of the agriculturally rich San Joaquin Valley. Since its incorporation in 1912, Clovis has been the 'Gateway to the Sierra.'"
  135. ^ a b Your City: Coachella, The Desert Sun. Accessed June 2, 2007. "The "City of Eternal Sunshine – Gateway to the Salton Sea" is largely a young, rural and family oriented area of the desert."
  136. ^ a b Colma, California
  137. ^ History Diarsipkan 2007-09-29 di Wayback Machine., City of Compton. Accessed June 2, 2007. "The City of Compton is known as the "Hub City" because of its unique position in almost the exact geographical canter of Los Angeles County."
  138. ^ Welcome to Corona - The Circle City Diarsipkan 2008-01-12 di Wayback Machine., City of Corona. Accessed June 2, 2007.
  139. ^ CrownCity.com area businesses website
  140. ^ a b "Central Marin Police Authority Consolidation Summary": "Over the past three years the Twin Cities Police Authority and the San Anselmo Police Department have been collaboratively working together toward Police Consolidation through the sharing of services." Accessdate December 9, 2015
  141. ^ John L. Mitchell, Four Classics to Hit the Boards: 'Heart of Screenland' to Stage Theater in Park, Los Angeles Times, July 9, 1987. "Culver City may be known as the 'Heart of Screenland,' but live theater will take center stage there..."
  142. ^ Gateway to the Peninsula: History of Daly City, California Diarsipkan 2007-10-12 di Wayback Machine.. Accessed June 2, 2007.
  143. ^ " The melting pot boils over.", The Economist, October 13, 1990. Accessed June 2, 2007. "Daly City outside San Francisco, once a mostly white, blue-collar town, is now called "Little Manila" because of its large Filipino population."
  144. ^ US News & World Report Diarsipkan 2013-07-12 di Wayback Machine.
  145. ^ OpenWorld.gov
  146. ^ Fitch, Mike. "Growing Pains: Thirty Years in the History of Davis" Diarsipkan 2012-07-22 di Wayback Machine. Chapter Ten: The Political Culture of Davis, Davis, California. "Another of the city's critics was a railroad executive who couldn't hide his annoyance when officials asked his company in the early 1990s to contribute up to $1,000 for a planning project the city was undertaking next to the railroad tracks. "This letter is tantamount to railroad robbery. However, since we are forced to live with the People's Republic of Davis, we will accede to your demands in the interest of the commune welfare," the executive wrote in response, enclosing a check for $500."
  147. ^ Del Mar Thoroughbred Club
  148. ^ Raibert, Andrea. "Garden Grove: City of 'youth and ambition' is culturally diverse, celebrating 50 years of hometown pride" Diarsipkan 2008-02-13 di Wayback Machine., Orange County Register, November 8, 2006. Accessed June 2, 2007.
  149. ^ Mendoza, Raymond (July 10, 2014). "Fountain Valley, a nice place to live". Orange County Register. Diakses tanggal 24 August 2017. 
  150. ^ Barry Popik, Big Strawberry, February 16, 2006
  151. ^ Glendale: The Jewel City (PDF), Glendale, California. Accessed June 2, 2007.
  152. ^ City of Glendora website
  153. ^ http://www.cagenweb.com/cpl/sbgoleta.htm
  154. ^ City of Hawthorne website, accessed September 22, 2016
  155. ^ City of Hayward website, accessed November 20, 2011
  156. ^ City of Hercules website. Accessed October 29, 2008.
  157. ^ "Archived copy". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2008-03-09. Diakses tanggal 2008-03-04. 
  158. ^ The 12 Zins of Lodi Diarsipkan 2008-03-13 di Wayback Machine., accessed March 13, 2010.
  159. ^ a b Chad Greene, From 'Iowa By The Sea' To 'International City': A Look At Long Beach's Changing Demographics With Former Advanced Planning Officer, Long Beach Business Journal, January 17, 2006
  160. ^ Take Two (June 21, 2013). "'Angel Town': The City of LA's long lost official song". Southern California Public Radio. Diakses tanggal 5 February 2016. 
  161. ^ a b c d e f Queen City, Time (magazine), January 30, 1928, accessed April 13, 1928. Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "Time1928" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "Time1928" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "Time1928" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "Time1928" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "Time1928" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda
  162. ^ Due to earthquakes; a nickname shared with San Francisco, for similar reasons.
  163. ^ Grant, Rachel. "Different stars in Tinseltown", Financial Times, March 9, 2007, accessed April 12, 2007. "With shows such as Red Eye and an important LA artist retrospective last year at the Centre Pompidou in Paris, Tinseltown is finally gaining international artistic recognition."
  164. ^ "Membership Directory and Community Guide" (PDF). Madera District Chamber of Commerce. Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal 2013-10-04. 
  165. ^ Marysville's Golden History, accessed April 12, 2007. "Those that survive are a constant reminder of Marysville's golden history and proof that Marysville is still the ‘Gateway to the Gold Fields’."
  166. ^ Merced Conference & Visitor's Bureau, accessed April 12, 2007. "As the "Gateway to Yosemite," Merced offers the traveler an abundance of recreational facilities and a short drive or ride into Yosemite National Park."
  167. ^ City of Milpitas | About Milpitas Diarsipkan 2009-03-06 di Wayback Machine., accessed March 16, 2009.
  168. ^ Welcome to Modesto - the city of "Water, Wealth, Contentment, Health." Diarsipkan 2007-12-27 di Wayback Machine., accessed April 12, 2007.
  169. ^ Monterey, California, accessed April 12, 2007. "Many California "firsts" occurred in Monterey. These include California's first theater, brick house, publicly funded school, public building, public library, and printing press. Because of this, some have dubbed Monterey 'the cradle of history.'"
  170. ^ Norwalk Citizen Forum Was 'Worth Every Nickel,' Mayor Says, Los Angeles Times, March 23, 1989
  171. ^ About Oakdale, accessed April 12, 2007. "The Saddle Club started putting on rodeos in the spring, and the city became known as the "Cowboy Capital of the World"."
  172. ^ Oakland: Geography and Climate, City-Data website. "Oakland has earned the nickname "bright side of the Bay" because of its sunny skies and moderate year-round climate."
  173. ^ Hell's Angels: A Strange and Terrible Saga: A Strange and Terrible Saga, by Hunter S Thompson (1966; Random House Publishing; ISBN 0-345-41008-4).[5] "...some were in jail, others had quit and many of the best specimens had gone north to Oakland--or "God's Country," as some of them called it--where Sonny Barger called the shots..." (page 42)
  174. ^ Oakland: Story of a City, by Beth Bagwell (1982; Presidio Press; ISBN 0-89141-146-1).[6] "From about 1860 until the turn of the century, Oakland claimed the title of "the Athens of the Pacific" because of its schools." (page 99)
  175. ^ Oakland (Postcard History), by Annalee Allen (2005; Arcadia Publishing; ISBN 978-0-7385-3014-7).[7] "A Chevrolet plant opened, attracting various automotive parts manufacturers to establish themselves as well, thus earning Oakland the nickname 'Detroit of the West.'" (page 58)
  176. ^ McClymonds Students Study to Rejuvenate Park Diarsipkan 2008-02-13 di Wayback Machine., by Cecily Burt, from Oakland Tribune, Tuesday, May 4, 2004; archived on City of Oakland website (accessed January 6, 2007). "They talked about Oakland's nickname, 'Oak Town,' and the lack of remaining leafy specimens that made the city famous."
  177. ^ For Keyshia Cole, it's good to be back in the Bay Area Diarsipkan 2008-02-20 di Wayback Machine., by Jim Harrington, Oakland Tribune, April 25, 2007, retrieved October 16, 2007
  178. ^ John Serrao, Is the Strawberry the Future of American Agriculture?, Nutrition Wonderland website, accessed January 8, 2010
  179. ^ [8], accessed July 21, 2015
  180. ^ [9], accessed July 21, 2015
  181. ^ a b c d e Claims to Fame - Weather, Epodunk, accessed April 16, 2007.
  182. ^ Pasadena Facts, City of Pasadena website
  183. ^ City of El Paso Robles Planning Commission Agenda, Jan. 28, 2014, accessed December 9, 2015
  184. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa Claims to Fame - Favorites, Epodunk, accessed April 16, 2007. Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFavorite" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFavorite" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFavorite" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFavorite" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFavorite" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFavorite" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFavorite" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFavorite" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFavorite" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFavorite" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkFavorite" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda
  185. ^ Local History: Redwood City, CA Diarsipkan 2008-01-20 di Wayback Machine.
  186. ^ Judge weighs lawyer's lawsuit: Plan to redevelop downtown challenged, by Will Oremus, Redwood City Daily News. Quote page 7, paragraph #3, '... for a city that has been saddled with the moniker "Deadwood City" in the past.'
  187. ^ Levy, Joan (July 3, 2006). "What happened to the Fourth of July Rodeo?". San Mateo Daily Journal. Diakses tanggal 2007-10-21. 
  188. ^ City of Richmond FY 2008-2009 Budget (appears on title page), accessed June 20, 2010
  189. ^ [10]
  190. ^ Riverside dubbed "City of Arts & Innovation" Diarsipkan 2010-05-19 di Wayback Machine., City of Riverside, press release, June 25, 2009
  191. ^ City of Riverside; Urban Forestry Policy Manual, Riverside Public Works Department, November, 2007, page 5. Retrieved 2010-06-20.
  192. ^ http://farmtoforkcapital.com
  193. ^ a b Barry Popik, Big Tomato, April 02, 2005
  194. ^ Sacramento Camellia City
  195. ^ Sacramento River City Diarsipkan 2008-01-11 di Wayback Machine. website
  196. ^ Sacramento Earns High Marks as 'Green' Leader Diarsipkan 2007-10-25 di Wayback Machine., article from Sacramento Business Journal, July 2, 2007. "The River City joined Minneapolis and Tallahassee, Fla., as ... runners-up."
  197. ^ Used in names of Sactown Magazine and Sactown.com portal website
  198. ^ City Profile Diarsipkan 2011-09-27 di Wayback Machine., City of San Carlos website, accessed June 4, 2011
  199. ^ a b Leo, Peter. "'America's finest city' takes a fall", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, December 6, 2005, accessed April 12, 2007. "Which brings us to less-humble San Diego. It had the nerve to tout itself as "America's Finest City."... This would seem to present an opportunity for Tampa, which bills itself as "America's Next Greatest City."
  200. ^ Fikes, Bradley. "Science & Technology: Silicon Beach". North County Times. Diakses tanggal 2007-08-17. 
  201. ^ "CommNexus 'Silicon Beach' Map". Diakses tanggal 2007-08-17. 
  202. ^ Caen, Herb (1949). Baghdad-by-the-Bay. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday. ISBN 978-0-89174-047-6. LC F869.S3 C12. 
  203. ^ San Francisco Public Library (2005-03-29). "PPIE: The City That Knows How". Amusing America. San Francisco Public Library, Online Exhibitions. Diakses tanggal 2008-06-14. 
  204. ^ James Sullivan (October 14, 2003). "Frisco, that once-verboten term for the city by the bay, is making a comeback among the young and hip. Herb Caen is spinning at warp speed". San Francisco Chronicle. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal February 3, 2004. Diakses tanggal 2007-12-24. 
  205. ^ Many tourists refer to San Francisco as "Frisco", a name popularized through songs like (Sittin' on) the Dock of the Bay and Sweet Little Sixteen. However, locals discourage this use and prefer the nickname The City by the Bay. Samuel D. Cohen writes that many credit "Friscophobia" to newspaper columnist Herb Caen, whose first book, published in 1953, was "Don't Call it Frisco." Caen was considered by many to be the recognized authority on what was, and what was not, beneath the city's dignity, and to him, Frisco was intolerable. Cohen, Sam (1997-09-11). "Locals Know best: only tourists call it 'Frisco'". Golden Gater Online. San Francisco State University. Diakses tanggal 2008-07-13. 
  206. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq Barry Popik, Smoky City, barrypopik.com website, March 27, 2005
  207. ^ Farewell to Frisco, say hello to San Fran
  208. ^ Joe Eskenazi (December 26, 2007). "Developments in Shaky Town". SF Weekly. Diakses tanggal December 9, 2015. 
  209. ^ "Does San Jose Deserve the Nickname 'Man Jose'?". KQED News (dalam bahasa Inggris). 2016-12-29. Diakses tanggal 2017-09-28. 
  210. ^ San Luis Obispo Chamber of Commerce, accessed July 11, 2007. "Experience the SLO Life".
  211. ^ http://www.ci.san-pablo.ca.us/
  212. ^ [11], accessed 19 Oct 2015.
  213. ^ New York Times article on Santa Barbara
  214. ^ Catalina Island Chamber of Commerce & Visitors Bureau
  215. ^ The Real Surf City? It's Santa Cruz, says Magazine by Steve Marble, The LA Times, June 16, 2009
  216. ^ a b Santa Monica Tries to Curb Charity to Homeless by Kit R. Roane, The New York Times, September 16, 1996
  217. ^ "Santa Monica Finds Its Generosity Has Limits After Vagrant Attack". The New York Times. August 20, 1990. Diakses tanggal December 9, 2015. 
  218. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Claims to Fame - Ethnic Groups, Epodunk, accessed April 16, 2007.
  219. ^ a b c d e f g h i Claims to Fame - Business, Epodunk, accessed April 16, 2007. Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkBusiness" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkBusiness" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkBusiness" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkBusiness" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda
  220. ^ City of Sunnyvale website Diarsipkan 2008-09-21 di Wayback Machine., accessed September 5, 2008
  221. ^ http://articles.latimes.com/2010/sep/23/business/la-fi-0920-awesometown-20100920
  222. ^ Miller, Joanna M. (November 30, 1992). "Red Harvest : This Year's Poinsettia Crop Is the Best in Recent Years, Local Growers Say". Los Angeles Times. Diakses tanggal 23 May 2016. In 1926, at the urging of the Chamber of Commerce, the city changed its nickname from the Palm City to the Poinsettia City, a title to which the city clings today. 
  223. ^ Visalia Chamber of Commerce
  224. ^ a b Willits Chamber of Commerce
  225. ^ a b c Claims to Fame - Energy, Epodunk, accessed April 16, 2007.
  226. ^ "Welcome to Yorba Linda, CA - "Land of Gracious Living" (text on city welcome sign), photograph on Waymarking.com website, accessed January 8, 2010
  227. ^ City of Alamosa website, accessed 2012-03-05
  228. ^ Fun Facts, City and Community of Arvada website, accessed 2012-03-05
  229. ^ Canary Initiative, City of Aspen official website, accessed December 9, 2015
  230. ^ "Town sign", Town of Ault website (photo), diakses tanggal 2012-03-05 
  231. ^ City Hall Diarsipkan 2012-12-20 di Archive.is, City of Aurora website, accessed 2012-03-05. "Long known as the Gateway to the Rockies, this All-America City on the eastern edge of the Denver-Aurora Metropolitan Area boasts spectacular views of the Front Range..."
  232. ^ Garden Spot of Colorado Diarsipkan 2008-02-23 di Wayback Machine. accessed 2007-05-29
  233. ^ The City of Mills accessed 2007-05-29
  234. ^ a b Cart, Julie (September 7, 2002). "Boulder: soiled and seething". Baltimore Sun. 
  235. ^ The People's Republic of Boulder Diarsipkan 2003-01-11 di Archive.is accessed 2007-05-29
  236. ^ Historic Timeline, City of Breckinridge website, accessed 2009-08-18
  237. ^ The Climate Capital of Colorado accessed 2007-05-29
  238. ^ The Ultimate Rocky Mountain Hideout accessed 2007-05-27
  239. ^ The Southern Gateway to the Grand Mesa accessed 2007-05-27
  240. ^ Central City, Colorado - The richest square mile on Earth accessed 2008-03-21 Diarsipkan March 7, 2008, di Wayback Machine.
  241. ^ a b History of Colorado Springs Colorado, Pikes-peak.com, diakses tanggal 2012-04-15 
  242. ^ Pre-Disaster Mitigation Plan Colorado Springs (PDF), City of Colorado Springs, 31 January 2004 (Revised March, 2005), hlm. 12, diakses tanggal 2012-03-05, Colorado Springs became especially popular with the British and acquired the nickname Little London. 
  243. ^ Marshall Sprague, Newport in the Rockies, Ohio University Press, 1961. accessed 2008-03-21
  244. ^ The Chamber Orchestra of the Springs accessed 2008-03-21
  245. ^ It’s day all day in the day time, And there is no night in Creede. Diarsipkan 2008-03-30 di Wayback Machine. accessed 2007-05-29
  246. ^ Colorado’s Last Great Ski Town accessed 2007-05-27
  247. ^ The Wildflower Capital of Colorado accessed 2007-05-29
  248. ^ Home of the World's First Rodeo accessed 2007-05-29
  249. ^ a b c d Claims to Fame - Geography, Epodunk, accessed 2007-04-16 Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkGeography" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkGeography" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "EpodunkGeography" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda
  250. ^ Kane, Joseph Nathan; Alexander Edition, Gerard L. (1979). Nicknames and sobriquets of U.S. cities, States, and counties (edisi ke-3rd). Scarecrow Press,. hlm. 31. ISBN 9780810812550. 
  251. ^ Kiszla, Mark (2001-01-28). "Take money and run with new stadium". The Denver Post. Diakses tanggal 2008-03-21. 
  252. ^ Gentry, Garland (July 1908). "Denver's Famous Street Lighting". Public Service. V (1): 4. 
  253. ^ "Denver Lives Up To 'Cow Town' Nickname With Stock Show Parade". CBS4 Denver. CBS. Diakses tanggal 15 January 2017. 
  254. ^ Durango Rocks! accessed 2007-05-29
  255. ^ The Garden of Eaton: Beef, Beets, and Beans accessed 2007-05-29
  256. ^ The City of Choice accessed 2007-05-29.
  257. ^ The Real South Park accessed 2007-05-07
  258. ^ Welcome to Fort Collins Diarsipkan 2006-10-22 di Archive.is accessed 2008-03-21
  259. ^ a b Visiting Fort Collins[pranala nonaktif permanen] accessed 2008-03-21
  260. ^ FoCo Cafe, among others
  261. ^ City of Fort Morgan accessed 2016-08-31
  262. ^ City of Lights accessed 2016-08-31
  263. ^ Mike the Headless Chicken accessed 2007-05-29
  264. ^ Grand Junction Visitor & Convention Bureau accessed 2008-03-21
  265. ^ "Grand Junction, CO". Forbes.com. Diakses tanggal March 29, 2014. Grand Junction is located along the Colorado River, where it receives the Gunnison River from the south, giving the city its nickname River City.” 
  266. ^ History of Greeley, Colorado, for Kids, website accessed May 1, 2011
  267. ^ History, Town of Garden City, Colorado, website, accessed May 1, 2011. "Do you know how Garden City got its name? In the 1930's, Greeley's nickname was 'the Garden City of the West'."
  268. ^ City of Golden official website, accessed December 9, 2015
  269. ^ Carl Abbott (2008), How cities won the West: four centuries of urban change in western North America, UNM Press, ISBN 0-8263-3312-5, ISBN 978-0-8263-3312-4. Page 103.
  270. ^ Limon - The Hub City of the Plains accessed 2008-03-21
  271. ^ "Longmont Hits Puberty", The Prairie Dog Blog, accessed December 9, 2015
  272. ^ "Visiting". Loveland Chamber of Commerce & Visitor's Center. Diakses tanggal 17 April 2012. 
  273. ^ "Send Your Valentine's Through the Sweetheart City". Loveland Chamber of Commerce & Visitor's Center. Diakses tanggal 17 April 2012. 
  274. ^ "About". Town of Lyons, Colorado. Diakses tanggal 22 February 2013. 
  275. ^ The History of Manitou Springs, The Manitou Springs Chamber of Commerce, Visitors Bureau & Office of Economic Development, diakses tanggal 2012-04-15 
  276. ^ The Frozen Dead Guy accessed 2008-03-04.
  277. ^ NedFest, the Nederlands Music and Arts Festival, accessed December 9, 2015
  278. ^ City of Ouray accessed 2008-03-21
  279. ^ a b c About Pueblo Diarsipkan 2009-11-25 di Wayback Machine. accessed 2008-03-21
  280. ^ Town of Severance accessed 2008-03-21
  281. ^ Steamboat Ski Resort accessed 2008-03-21. "Ski Town USA" is identified as a registered trademark.
  282. ^ Best of The Boat 2014 Winners, ExploreSteamboat.com, accessed December 9, 2015
  283. ^ Sterling, Colorado - A Colorado Treasure accessed 2008-03-21
  284. ^ Old Red Barn accessed 2008-03-28
  285. ^ To Hell You Ride Diarsipkan 2008-11-20 di Wayback Machine. accessed 2008-03-21
  286. ^ City of Victor official website, accessed December 9, 2015
  287. ^ Carnation Festival, History Diarsipkan 2013-08-20 di Wayback Machine. Clippings from 1970 refer to Wheat Ridge's then well-known status as Carnation Capital of the World
  288. ^ Berlin Chamber of Commerce website, accessed June 27, 2009
  289. ^ Bethlehem, CT official website
  290. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Bill Ryan, What's in a Name? Old Industrial Fame, The New York Times, January 21, 1996
  291. ^ Perrefort, Dirk. "Lawmakers honor Hat City, 4 veteran politicians"[pranala nonaktif permanen], The News-Times, April 1, 2008. Accessed April 10, 2008. "Lawmakers tipped their hats to Danbury on Wednesday during the first Danbury Day at the Capitol. Legislators from throughout the state wore hats of every shape, size and color to honor the Hat City's history."
  292. ^ ConnQuest – Derby, Connecticut, Connecticut Directory, accessed July 17, 2008
  293. ^ Groton, Connecticut – Submarine Capital of the World, Roadside America, accessed July 4, 2011
  294. ^ Friedrich, Ed (July 10, 2008). "Bases battle over title of "submarine capital of the world."". ScrippsNews. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal April 7, 2012. 
  295. ^ Hamden, Connecticut – Town Official Website
  296. ^ City of Hartford, Connecticut official website
  297. ^ Madison: Connecticut's Front Porch, Madison Website
  298. ^ City to celebrate 100th anniversary of arboretum, Middletown Press, April 21, 2009. Quotes the chairman of the Urban Forestry Commission as saying ""Middletown was known as the Forest City before this even happened. It's been that way for a long, long time."
  299. ^ Glasper learns the hard lessons of football. ESPN.com, June 7, 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-14.
  300. ^ Norwich: The Rose City, Town Greens website, accessed February 19, 2008
  301. ^ Sharma Howard, Norwich's 350th: Roses of all ages share pride in city[pranala nonaktif permanen], Norwich Bulletin, July 3, 2009: Lists several theories of the names origin: (1) "the hills seen from Norwich harbor resemble unfurling rose petals", (2) "the loveliness of Norwich when the magnificent mansions of prosperous mill owners graced the streets," (3) "a speech delivered by 19th-century evangelist Henry Ward Beecher."
  302. ^ The City of Stamford, CT – About Stamford Diarsipkan 2012-07-22 di Archive.is. Retrieved February 14, 2008.
  303. ^ Waterbury: The Brass City, Town Greens website, accessed February 19, 2008
  304. ^ West Haven: Connecticut's Friendliest City, City of West Haven Website, accessed June 11, 2008
  305. ^ George Carlin. "Asshole, Jackoff, Scumbag." A Place For My Stuff!. Atlantic, 1981.
  306. ^ Greetings from the Honorable James L. Ford III, Lewes, Delaware. Accessed April 10, 2008. "Founded in 1631 by Dutch seamen, Lewes is known as the 'First Town in the First State.'"
  307. ^ Rehoboth Beach Delaware, Sussex County Online. Accessed April 10, 2008. "Long known as the 'Nation's Summer Capital' because of the number of Washingtonians who visit during the summer, Rehoboth Beach is Delaware's largest coastal town."
  308. ^ "City of Apopka – History". City of Apopka. Diakses tanggal 2011-12-30. 
  309. ^ "City of Aventura, FL : Home". City of Aventura. Diakses tanggal 2013-02-23. 
  310. ^ "Home Page, City of Bartow". City of Bartow. Diakses tanggal 2011-11-05. 
  311. ^ "City of Bartow, Brochure 1920's". University of Florida. Diakses tanggal 2011-11-05. 
  312. ^ "Tour de Tow". The News Chief. Diakses tanggal 2011-11-05. 
  313. ^ Adelson, Eric. "The Chase". ESPN The Magazine. ESPN. Diakses tanggal 23 May 2011. 
  314. ^ Dicky Galore and Joseph Covino, Jr., Sexcapades by the Decades: The Twenties (2007), p. 70.
  315. ^ Escape from Cape Coma
  316. ^ City of Clewiston website, accessed October 5, 2010
  317. ^ City of Coral Gables website, accessed September 13, 2011
  318. ^ City of Coral Springs History Diarsipkan 2007-06-20 di Wayback Machine.
  319. ^ City of Crestview website, accessed June 15, 2017
  320. ^ 14th Annual DeLand Fall Festival of the Arts, DeLand Fall Festival. Accessed June 13, 2007. "Conveniently located between Orlando and Daytona Beach, DeLand is known as the "Athens of Florida" because of its cultural and educational history and people."
  321. ^ City of Deltona, FL. City of Deltona Government. Retrieved 2012-03-21.
  322. ^ City of Destin website, accessed June 15, 2017.
  323. ^ 2006 Outgoing Mayor's Message Diarsipkan 2008-05-17 di Wayback Machine., Eustis, Florida. Accessed June 13, 2007. "As we bring on the challenges of 2007, may Eustis remain the City of Bright Tomorrows, the best City in Lake County."
  324. ^ About Fort Lauderdale Diarsipkan 2008-04-12 di Wayback Machine., City of Fort Lauderdale. Accessed June 13, 2007. "The ideal place to live, to visit and to relocate a business. Listed below are pages to help you learn more about the City of Fort Lauderdale, Florida — Venice of America."
  325. ^ The City of Palms Diarsipkan 2008-01-25 di Wayback Machine., Greater Fort Myers Chamber of Commerce. Accessed June 13, 2007. "These magnificent Royal Palms, some towering at 75 feet, give the City of Palms its nickname."
  326. ^ "Archived copy". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2011-05-06. Diakses tanggal 2009-08-04. 
  327. ^ Visitor and Relocation Information Diarsipkan 2008-01-12 di Wayback Machine., Fort Walton Beach Chamber of Commerce website (accessed January 23, 2008)
  328. ^ John Howells, Where to Retire: America's Best and Most Affordable Places (2006), p. 31.
  329. ^ Barbie Baldwin, Underground gourmet: restaurants, recipes & reflections (1983), p. 181.
  330. ^ City of Haines City, The Heart if Florida, Haines City, Florida. Accessed June 13, 2007. "Haines City is conveniently located in Central Florida and is referred to as the Heart of Florida due to its location."
  331. ^ History of the City of Hialeah Diarsipkan 2007-12-31 di Wayback Machine., Hialeah, Florida. Accessed June 13, 2007. "Hialeah -- The City of Progress"
  332. ^ Wentworth, Harold and Stuart Berg Flexner. (1967) Dictionary of American Slang. Maruzen Asian Edition. Thomas Y. Crowell Company. P. 286
  333. ^ Jacksonville. Where Florida Begins Diarsipkan 2008-08-28 di Wayback Machine. "Visitor Website to Jacksonville".
  334. ^ History of the "Bold New City " nickname Diarsipkan 2008-07-13 di Wayback Machine. RelocateAmerica.com
  335. ^ "In Key West, climate, culture entice second-home buyers". ABC News. Diakses tanggal 15 September 2011. 
  336. ^ "City of Key West, Florida". Key West Government. Diakses tanggal 15 September 2011. 
  337. ^ "Dime City Cycles". Dime City Cycles 57000 Facebook Likes, world-renowned cafe racer site. Diakses tanggal 12 June 2014. 
  338. ^ Nannie Kate, Marinas Near Melbourne, Florida, USA Today Travel Tips, accessed November 21, 2011
  339. ^ About the City of Miami
  340. ^ [12]
  341. ^ Tom LaMarra, Kentucky and Florida in 'Horse Capital' Battle, The Blood-Horse (March 28, 2002).
  342. ^ "The Horse Capital of the World". Ocala / Marion County Chamber & Economic Partnership. Diakses tanggal March 5, 2013. 
  343. ^ New Resident Information Diarsipkan 2007-10-24 di Wayback Machine., accessed April 12, 2007. "Welcome to the City of Ocoee! We are glad you have chosen to move to The Center of Good Living."
  344. ^ Information on things to do in the Orlando area Diarsipkan 2000-08-30 di Wayback Machine., accessed April 12, 2007. Slogan is in City seal.
  345. ^ Fitzpatrick, Kelly (April 13, 2011). "Pub crawl: Gator Get Down in O-Town this Saturday". Orlando Sentinel. Diakses tanggal August 21, 2011. 
  346. ^ Mayor's Welcome Diarsipkan 2008-06-12 di Wayback Machine., Ormond Beach website, accessed July 4, 2008
  347. ^ Lawlor, Julia. "HAVENS |Panama City Beach, Fla.; A Vacation Town Tries to Take Off Its Blue Collar", The New York Times, January 5, 2007, accessed April 12, 2007. "LIKE a supermodel showing off her good side, Panama City Beach is not shy about flaunting its most valuable asset. The World's Most Beautiful Beaches, boasts the sign at the end of Hathaway Bridge, which leads into the city."
  348. ^ CITY OF FIVE FLAGS Diarsipkan 2007-09-28 di Wayback Machine., accessed April 12, 2007. "Known as the "City of Five Flags," Pensacola has been under the rule of the Spanish, the British, the French, the Confederacy and the United States since the first conquistadors landed in America in 1559."
  349. ^ "Archived copy". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2013-01-25. Diakses tanggal 2011-06-05. 
  350. ^ [13]
  351. ^ [14][pranala nonaktif permanen]
  352. ^ St Petersburg, accessed April 12, 2007.
  353. ^ The City of St. Petersburg, Official Website of the City of St. Petersburg - stpete.org, accessed January 27, 2011.
  354. ^ Jenny Deam, Clearwater Times (St. Petersburg Times)"St. Pete Beach begins to address name change", accessed January 27, 2011
  355. ^ Wright, I.M. The Stereotypical American: The Disconnected Society. Lulu. hlm. 12. ISBN 9781105404665. Diakses tanggal 11 May 2015. 
  356. ^ "DowntownSebring.Com". Diakses tanggal July 26, 2014. Sebring was given this nickname because in the center of the city is a circular park and all roads lead in and out from this circle like the spokes of a wagon wheel 
  357. ^ Laura Bergheim, An American Festival of World Capitals: From Garlic Queens to Cherry Parades (1997). John Wiley & Sons: p. 39.
  358. ^ Douglas Waitley, Best Backroads of Florida: Coasts, Glades, and Groves (2001). Pineapple Press: p. 35.
  359. ^ Alicia Deer, 'Tallanasty' no more: What Tallahassee's beautification means Diarsipkan 2015-05-18 di Wayback Machine., FSUView (Nov. 20, 2013).
  360. ^ Nicholas Gonzalez, Busting the myth of Tallanasty Diarsipkan 2015-05-18 di Wayback Machine., FSU News (Jan. 9, 2012).
  361. ^ Barry Popik, The Big Guava, April 3, 2005, discussion of nicknames' history
  362. ^ Barry Popik, Cigar City, August 15, 2006, discussion of nickname's history
  363. ^ Porter, Arthur. "Looking back on fond years in Tampa Bay as the green, green grass of home beckons", Tampa Bay Business Journal, January 26, 2007, accessed April 12, 2007. "I will have been in Tampa for four years in May, and I remember my first day -- one of the typical Tampa days in May.... "Welcome to the lightning capital of the world," my new colleagues declared."
  364. ^ Ybor City: Cigar Capital of the World, National Park Service, accessed April 12, 2007.
  365. ^ Tampa, FL: City "sports" all kinds of titles, About.com, accessed August 7, 2011.
  366. ^ Tampa Bay: City of Champions[pranala nonaktif permanen], Tampa Bay & Company, accessed August 7, 2011.
  367. ^ [15]
  368. ^ Cynthia Thuma, Palm Beach in Vintage Postcards (2001), p 32.
  369. ^ a b "Big Island of Hawaii Travel Guide". To‑Hawaii.com Travel Guide. Honolulu: Eleakai Publishing. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2016-01-08. 
  370. ^ Linde, Nancy (2012). "Solutions". 399 Games, Puzzles & Trivia Challenges Specially Designed to Keep Your Brain Young. New York: Workman Publishing Company. hlm. 290, 391. ISBN 978-0-7611-6825-6. LCCN 2012-21099. OCLC 794032599. OL 16672390W. The Big Pineapple (Honolulu). 
  371. ^ Boise Today, Welcome to Boise online magazine, accessed June 20, 2010
  372. ^ a b Thornton Waite, Growth of the "Gate City", Pacific Rail News, October 1991, page 37. Retrieved from trainlife.com on March 11, 2012.
  373. ^ Ian Fennell (July 26, 2007), "Some advice for hiring Poky's next top cop", Idaho State Journal (blog), pocatelloshops.com, diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal November 21, 2007 
  374. ^ "History of Algonquin". Village of Algonquin, IL. 9 February 2009. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 3 August 2014. Diakses tanggal 14 January 2012. 
  375. ^ "Aurora History – A Rapidly Growing City". About Our City. City of Aurora, IL. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 29 July 2012. Diakses tanggal 14 January 2012. Later, when the City was the first in the United States to use electric lights for publicly lighting the entire City, it achieved the nickname of 'City of Lights'. 
  376. ^ Schielke, Jeffery. "Our Town". Batavia History. City of Batavia. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 17 October 2010. Diakses tanggal 14 January 2012. 
  377. ^ Edwards, Jim; Edwards, Wynette (2000). "City of Energy Entrepreneurs". Batavia: From the Collection of the Batavia Historical Society. Chicago, IL: Arcadia. hlm. 21–32. ISBN 978-0-7385-0795-8. 
  378. ^ Pantagraph.com | Sesqui! Diarsipkan 2012-09-12 di Archive.is
  379. ^ BloomingtonNormal.com, accessed December 9, 2015
  380. ^ Pantagraph.com | Twin City Guide Diarsipkan 2009-02-25 di Wayback Machine.
  381. ^ Daily Eastern News Diarsipkan 2012-12-16 di Wayback Machine.. Charleston is popularly referred to as Chuckvegas by Eastern Illinois University students.
  382. ^ City of Chester website. Chester was the home town of E. C. Segar, the creator of Popeye, and some characters in his cartoons were based on people of Chester.
  383. ^ Berman, John and Meewalla, Shani. When A Tattoo Goes Wrong, A Trend Develops. ABC News, April 7, 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-14.
  384. ^ Chicago Park District website Diarsipkan 2006-03-20 di Archive.is
  385. ^ a b c "Chicago Nicknames". Chicago Public Library. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 11 February 2008. Diakses tanggal 8 August 2013. 
  386. ^ 030909-MotorcoachMap
  387. ^ City of Crystal Lake. Accessed August 18, 2007.
  388. ^ "Central Park skateboarders back to getting the boot – Mayor chases out those bored with their Fairview Park facility." Mike Frazier, Decatur Herald & Review, Saturday, November 11, 2006, p.A1
  389. ^ "ADM lunch puts soy in spotlight – The company spreads the word about food's health benefits." Paul Brinkmann, Decatur Herald & Review, Saturday, November 20, 1999 p.A1
  390. ^ City of Elgin Sustainability Action Plan, Version 2.1 (August 2011), City of Elgin website, accessed October 28, 2011
  391. ^ Elgin Fire Department 2006 Annual Report[pranala nonaktif permanen], City of Elgin website, accessed October 28, 2011
  392. ^ "A Brief History of Evanston". Evanston Public Library. Diakses tanggal 2009-01-08. 
  393. ^ "City of Freeport, Illinois". City of Freeport, Illinois. Diakses tanggal 29 April 2012. 
  394. ^ "History of DuPage County : Lombard". www.dupagehistory.org. Diakses tanggal 2016-12-29. 
  395. ^ Village of Huntley. Accessed August 18, 2007.
  396. ^ Joliet JackHammers website Diarsipkan 2009-02-21 di Wayback Machine. (accessed June 7, 2008)
  397. ^ a b c d Illinois Farmers' Institute (1919), Annual Report and Proceedings of the Twenty-fourth Annual Meeting Held in Joliet, Illinois, February 19, 20, and 21, 1919. "Joliet is known as 'stone city,' 'prison city,' 'steel city,' and city of 'snap and progress.'
  398. ^ a b Joliet, Illinois, Encyclopedia of Chicago
  399. ^ Tony Graf, Joliet’s oldest school building is a limestone classic Diarsipkan 2011-10-12 di Wayback Machine., The Herald-News (published by Chicago Sun-Times), October 9, 2011
  400. ^ Joliet Central High School History, Joliet Township High School District 204 website, accessed October 28, 2011. Before 1935, the school's sports teams were known as "The Prison City Boys."
  401. ^ Joliet out to escape past ties to prison: City says its image is no longer behind bars, Chicago Tribune, August 13, 2006. "For the first time in nearly 150 years, calling Joliet a prison town would be just plain wrong, city officials contend."
  402. ^ Lombard Info Diarsipkan 2010-05-27 di Wayback Machine., National University of Health Sciences, accessed April 21, 2007. "Held each year during the first three weeks in May, regardless of the vagaries of the growing season, Lilac Time is Lombard’s celebration of a 70-year-old horticultural tradition that has led to the town’s designation as “The Lilac Village,”"
  403. ^ Sloganville Awards, Tagline Guru website, accessed October 28, 2011
  404. ^ Louis Miglio, "A Geography Alumnus Fondly Remembers," Glacial Deposits, Volume 29, 2000-2001, Illinois State University, pages 5-7
  405. ^ Southern Illinois
  406. ^ City of Monmouth, IL – Fast Facts
  407. ^ Morton Pumpkin Festival Information, Morton Chamber of Commerce, accessed April 21, 2007. "Morton is the "Pumpkin Capital of the World". Home of Nestle/Libby's pumpkin packing plant, 80% of the world's canned pumpkin is processed here."
  408. ^ a b c d White Squirrel Wars, Roadside America, accessed April 21, 2007. "Olney, IL; Marionville, Missouri; Kenton, Tennessee; Brevard, North Carolina; Exeter, Ontario. Not one, but five towns use albino squirrels as their claims to fame, and none is particularly happy about the others." Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "WhiteSquirrels" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "WhiteSquirrels" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "WhiteSquirrels" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda
  409. ^ City of Pana Illinois
  410. ^ Another Gem City Landing? Diarsipkan 2007-09-27 di Wayback Machine., WGEM, April 10, 2007, accessed April 21, 2007. "QUINCY – It was an event that attracted thousands of people from around the world to the Gem City and then it moved to a different location -- Rantoul."
  411. ^ Willhite, Lindsey (4 August 2008). "Rugged 'Rantucky' tough starting spot for Illini". Daily Herald. Diakses tanggal 14 January 2012. 
  412. ^ About Rockford Diarsipkan 2009-03-01 di Wayback Machine., City of Rockford, Illinois website (accessed June 7, 2008)
  413. ^ The State Journal-Register: Seeking the origin of the term 'Springpatch'
  414. ^ St. Charles, Illinois Traffic Counts[pranala nonaktif permanen], City of St. Charles website, accessed December 6, 2010. "We're the Pride of the Fox, Come see why!"
  415. ^ Thomson Chamber of Commerce website (accessed June 8, 2008)
  416. ^ [16], City of Warrenville website
  417. ^ The History of Wilmington, IL Diarsipkan 2008-12-27 di Wayback Machine., City of Wilmington website
  418. ^ a b c d e f g Jacob Platt Dunn (1912), Indiana Geographical Nomenclature, Indiana Magazine of History, Volume 8, page 81.
  419. ^ http://www.visitbloomington.com/blog/
  420. ^ http://store.cstv.com/store_contents.cfm?store_id=406&dept_id=16417&product_id=177083
  421. ^ Bluffton, accessed July 18, 2013.
  422. ^ Chesterton, Indiana, accessed July 18, 2013.
  423. ^ Turtle Days, City of Churubusco, accessed April 21, 2007. "Oscar, however, does live on in memories, and is commemorated each year with a four-day Turtle Days celebration. Thus, Churubusco is world-renowned as TURTLE TOWN, USA."
  424. ^ Rich Davis, Words to live by; Pride extends from 'Best Town on Earth' to 'Hub of Universe', Evansville Courier & Press, January 27, 2008.
  425. ^ Columbus, Indiana: "The Athens of the Prairie", accessed April 21, 2007.
  426. ^ [17], accessed November 3, 2013.
  427. ^ a b Jacob Platt Dunn (1912), Indiana Geographical Nomenclature, Indiana Magazine of History, Volume 8, page 79. "Evansville is the 'Crescent City' from its location on the outer side of a curve on the Ohio River; the 'Pocket City' from its location in and as the metropolis of that part of the State popularly designated at 'The Pocket.'"
  428. ^ Catherine Traylor Gregory, Evansville, Indiana Business Magazine, Sunday, June 1, 1997. Nickname refers to city's location on "a horseshoe-shaped section of the Ohio River."
  429. ^ a b Rich Davis, Words to live by; Pride extends from 'Best Town on Earth' to 'Hub of Universe', Evansville Courier & Press, January 27, 2008. "Evansville has long been 'Stoplight City' to truckers thanks to the dozen or so red lights on U.S. 41. ...And while it's true you'll find 'River City' atop Downtown Evansville's Main Street arches from the 1980s, it could just as easily proclaim Pocket City or Heavensville."
  430. ^ Salter Rodriguez, Rosa (2007-06-22). "'City of Churches' hard to prove: Census stats can't back up old moniker". The Journal Gazette. 
  431. ^ Lohrmann, Shannon. "Flood brought out our best". The News-Sentinel. [perlu rujukan lengkap]
  432. ^ Olson, Eric (2012-02-29). "30th anniversary of the Great Flood of 1982: Where were you?". Indiana's NewsCenter. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2014-06-28. Diakses tanggal 2013-07-19. 
  433. ^ Crothers, Julie (2013-06-18). "Righting a toppled icon". The Journal Gazette. Diakses tanggal 2013-07-18. 
  434. ^ "Phelps Dodge Magnet Wire to consolidate operations to Fort Wayne". Inside Indiana Business. 2004-02-16. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2014-06-28. Diakses tanggal 2013-07-18. 
  435. ^ Allen County - Fort Wayne Historical Society Diarsipkan 2007-09-28 di Wayback Machine., accessed April 21, 2007. "Where does the term "Summit City" come from? When the Wabash and Erie canal was constructed, the highest point (summit) on the canal was at Fort Wayne."
  436. ^ a b THE MAGIC CITY OF STEEL, accessed April 21, 2007. "Local boosters referred to the Town of Gary as the 'Magic City' and the 'City of the Century.'"
  437. ^ Gary's steel town blues, BBC News, January 27, 2002, accessed April 21, 2007. "It is for this reason Gary, with its huge US Steel Gary Works plant – along with other, smaller steel firms – still refers to itself as 'Steel City'."
  438. ^ "Timing not right for study of nickname". Goshen News. 2010-10-13. Diakses tanggal 2013-07-18. 
  439. ^ Hornaday, Joe (2008-10-04). "Help the party come to life". Greensburg Daily News. Diakses tanggal 2013-07-18. 
  440. ^ Amateur Sports Capital of the World Diarsipkan 2008-05-16 di Wayback Machine., accessed April 21, 2007. "Indianapolis is certainly deserving of its designation as “Amateur Sports Capital of the World.”"
  441. ^ Hot Spot: April 20-22, WISH-TV, April 20, 2007, accessed April 21, 2007. "INDIANAPOLIS – Looking for something fun to do with your family this weekend? There is plenty to do around the Circle City indoors and outside."
  442. ^ About Indy: Who We Are, Indianapolis Convention & Visitors Association, accessed April 21, 2007
  443. ^ a b India-no-place No More,Time Magazine, June 11, 1984, accessed July 27, 2012"
  444. ^ "IndyStar". Indianapolis Star. 2009-06-19. Diakses tanggal 2009-06-19. 
  445. ^ Colts' arrival transformed Indy into major sports city, USA Today, January 28, 2007, accessed April 21, 2007. "INDIANAPOLIS (AP) — A convoy of moving vans brought more than the Colts to Indianapolis. The westward migration that cold, snowy night almost a quarter-century ago also awakened Naptown to a new era of professional football and transformed the city into a major league sports town."
  446. ^ City of Indianapolis Economic Development Portal: Transportation, accessed April 21, 2007. "The abundance of rail lines caused Indianapolis to become known as the 'Railroad City'."
  447. ^ About Jeffersonville, accessed July 18, 2013.
  448. ^ Information for Businesses, accessed April 2, 2007.
  449. ^ a b LaPorte, Indiana, accessed July 18, 2013.
  450. ^ a b c d e f Jacob Platt Dunn (1912), Indiana Geographical Nomenclature, Indiana Magazine of History, Volume 8, page 80.
  451. ^ History of Grant County & Marion, Indiana, accessed April 2, 2007. "Marion fielded professional baseball and roller polo teams, had its opera houses, supported rival street car companies and came within two weeks of operating the first electric interurban line in Indiana. Marion, "Queen City of the Gas Belt," was as exciting as a Roman candle lit at both ends."
  452. ^ a b A History of Excellence, City of Mishawaka website, accessed June 19, 2009
  453. ^ Huppke, Rex (April 27, 2003). "Day of prayer turning into day of discord". Chicago Tribune. Chicago. Diakses tanggal November 7, 2016. 
  454. ^ Roysdon, Keith; Walker, Douglas (2016). Wicked Muncie. The History Press. ISBN 978-1-43965-665-5. 
  455. ^ Lasley, Norma (2012). "Muncie". Delaware County. Arcadia Publishing. hlm. 57. ISBN 978-0-7385-9430-9. 
  456. ^ City of Peru, accessed April 2, 2007. "Being the "Circus Capital of the World", we celebrate our heritage each July with our own world class youth circus and parade."
  457. ^ City of Richmond: Rose View Transit, accessed December 9, 2015
  458. ^ "Covered Bridge Capital of the World, Rockville". Indiana Office of Tourism Development. Diakses tanggal 2013-07-18. 
  459. ^ "Roselawn, Indiana". Roadside America. Diakses tanggal 2009-06-19. 
  460. ^ Buttle; Tuttle (2008). "Naked City (Indiana) Airport". PlaceNames. Diakses tanggal 2009-06-19. 
  461. ^ Our Town – Speedway’s Vision Defined!, accessed April 2, 2007. "Speedway, Indiana is the true Racing Capital of the World."
  462. ^ Terre Haute: Queen City of the Wabash, accessed April 2, 2007.
  463. ^ Crossroads of America: In the days before the interstate system, Terre Haute was at the center of travel. Diarsipkan 2007-09-28 di Wayback Machine., accessed April 2, 2007. "Terre Haute's claim as "Crossroads of America" dates back to the roaring '20s, when the city boasted newly paved U.S. 40 and newly designated U.S. 41."
  464. ^ History of Terre Haute, Vigo Co., IN - 1880, accessed April 2, 2007. "Certainly no more beautiful location could have been chosen for the "Prairie City.""
  465. ^ Vigo County Historical Society: History of Terre Haute[pranala nonaktif permanen], accessed April 2, 2007. "The city's dream of becoming the Pittsburgh of the West was not realized because of inferior ore and the development of Lake County's steel industry."
  466. ^ City of Valparaiso ~ Vale of Paradise, accessed April 2, 2007.
  467. ^ Valparaiso, Indiana, accessed July 18, 2013.
  468. ^ Town of Van Buren, Indiana, website, accessed 10 May 2011.
  469. ^ Vision, Knox County (Indiana) Chamber of Commerce website, accessed 20 November 2011
  470. ^ a b Warsaw: a growing "orthopedics capital of the world.", Indiana Business Magazine, January 1, 2006. "Five industries employing more than 5,500 have earned Warsaw, long dubbed "Lake City" because of its three lakes, a new moniker. Today, Warsaw is also known as the 'Orthopedic Capital of the World.'"
  471. ^ Mike Conklin, Iowa town's claim to fame: the `World's Largest Cheeto', Chicago Tribune, August 26, 2005
  472. ^ City of Cedar Rapids, Iowa
  473. ^ Council Bluffs Area Chamber of Commerce, accessed December 9, 2015
  474. ^ Neal R. Peirce (1973), The Great Plains States of America: People, Politics, and Power in the Nine Great Plains States, W. W. Norton & Company, ISBN 0-393-05349-0, page 106
  475. ^ FM to remain Pen City, Fort Madison Daily Democrat, accessed November 14, 2011.
  476. ^ Mayor's Letter, Grinnell, IA Village Profile website (accessed June 2, 2008)
  477. ^ Rebecca Sunshine Our Hometown: Downtown Sioux City, KTIV NewsChannel 4, July 20, 2008: "Sioux City for a long time was called Little Chicago because of its reputation during the prohibition years in particular for being quite the purveyor of alcoholic beverages."
  478. ^