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Kakadu National Park, one of the first sites in Oceania to be inscribed as a World Heritage Site.

A World Heritage Site is a location that is listed by UNESCO as having outstanding cultural or natural value to the common heritage of humanity.[1] The World Heritage Committee has designated 31 World Heritage Sites in Oceania. These are in 11 countries, with the majority of sites being located in Australia. The first three sites, the Great Barrier Reef, Kakadu National Park and the Willandra Lakes, were inscribed in 1981. The region also contains the world's largest sites: Phoenix Islands Protected Area and the Great Barrier Reef.[2][3]

Each year, the World Heritage Committee may inscribe new sites on the list, or delist sites that that no longer meet the criteria. Selection is based on ten criteria: six for cultural heritage (i–vi) and four for natural heritage (vii–x). Some sites, designated "mixed sites", represent both cultural and natural heritage. In Oceania there are 7 cultural, 19 natural and 5 mixed sites.[4] UNESCO may also specify that a site is in danger, stating "conditions which threaten the very characteristics for which a property was inscribed on the World Heritage List."[5] None of the sites in Oceania are officially classified as endangered by the Committee.[6]

List[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sites in Oceanic portions of Chile and the United States are included both in this list and in the list of sites in the Americas. Overseas sites of France and the United Kingdom included in this list are also repeated in the list of sites in Europe.

Image Site Location Criteria Area
(ha)
Area
(acre)
Year Description
Thylacoleo skeleton in Naracoorte Caves.jpg Australian Fossil Mammal Sites (Riversleigh / Naracoorte) AustraliaQueensland/
South Australia,
 Australia
Natural:AustraliaAap
(viii), (ix)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 1992 [7]
PortArthurPenitentiary.jpg Australian Convict Sites AustraliaNew South Wales/
Norfolk Island/
Tasmania/
Western Australia,
 Australia
Cultural:AustraliaAap
(iv), (vi)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 2010 Eleven locations: Cockatoo Island Convict Site, Great North Road, Hyde Park Barracks, Old Government House, Kingston and Arthurs Vale Historic Area, Brickendon and Woolmers Estates, Cascades Female Factory, Coal Mines Historic Site, Darlington Probation Station, Port Arthur and Fremantle Prison.[8]
Operation Crossroads Baker.jpg Bikini Atoll Nuclear Test Site MarshallRalik Chain,
 Marshall Islands
Cultural:MarshallAap
(iv), (vi)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 2010 [9]
Fele's Cave.jpg Chief Roi Mata's Domain VanuatuShefa,
 Vanuatu
Cultural:VanuatuAap
(iii), (v), (vi)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 2008 [10]
Dugout canoe Rennell.jpg East Rennell SolomonsRennell and Bellona,
 Solomon Islands
Natural:SolomonsAap
(ix)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 1998 [11]
Fraser Island view from Indian Head.jpg Fraser Island AustraliaQueensland,
 Australia
Natural:AustraliaAap
(vii), (viii), (ix)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 1992 [12]
Ships Stern Lamington National Park.jpg Gondwana Rainforests of Australia AustraliaQueensland/New South Wales,
 Australia
Natural:AustraliaAap
(viii), (ix), (x)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 1986 [13]
Coral Outcrop Flynn Reef.jpg Great Barrier Reef AustraliaQueensland,
 Australia
Natural:AustraliaAap
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 1981 [14]
Blue mountains - three sisters.jpg Greater Blue Mountains Area AustraliaNew South Wales,
 Australia
Natural:AustraliaAap
(ix), (x)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 2000 [15]
Pāhoehoe and Aa flows at Hawaii.jpg Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park UnitedStatesHawaiʻi,
 United States
Natural:UnitedStatesAap
(viii)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 1987 [16]
ISS018-E-038182 lrg.jpg Heard and McDonald Islands AustraliaHeard and McDonald Islands,
 Australia
Natural:AustraliaAap
(viii), (ix)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 1997 [17]
Henderson01 AKK.jpg Henderson Island UnitedKingdomPitcairn Islands,
 United Kingdom
Natural:UnitedKingdomAap
(vii), (x)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 1988 [18]
Kakadu 1752.jpg Kakadu National Park AustraliaNorthern Territory,
 Australia
Mixed:AustraliaAap
(i), (vi), (vii), (ix), (x)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 1981 [19]
Kuk New Guinea 2002.jpg Kuk Early Agricultural Site PapuaNewGuineaWestern Highlands,
 Papua New Guinea
Cultural:PapuaNewGuineaAap
(iii), (iv)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 2008 [20]
Lagoons and Reefs of New Caledonia May 10, 2001.jpg Lagoons of New Caledonia PapuaNewGuineaNew Caledonia,
 France
Natural:PapuaNewGuineaAap
(vii), (ix), (x)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 2008 [21]
Lord Howe Island from North.jpg Lord Howe Island Group AustraliaNew South Wales,
 Australia
Natural:AustraliaAap
(vii), (x)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 1982 [22]
MacquarieIslandLusiBAY.JPG Macquarie Island AustraliaTasmania,
 Australia
Natural:AustraliaAap
(vii), (viii)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 1997 [23]
Southern Buller's Albatross.jpg New Zealand Sub-Antarctic Islands New ZealandOutlying Islands,
 New Zealand
Natural:NewZealandAap
(ix), (x)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 1998 Includes the Bounty Islands, Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands and Campbell Islands and The Snares.[24]
2006 March 15 jason2.jpg Ningaloo Coast AustraliaWestern Australia,
 Australia
Natural:AustraliaAap
(vii), (x)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 2011 [25]
Rotjan - Enderbury Day 1 - 2nd half (62).JPG Phoenix Islands Protected Area KiribatiPhoenix Islands,
 Kiribati
Natural:KiribatiAap
(vii), (ix)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 2010 [26]
Purnululu2.jpg Purnululu National Park AustraliaWestern Australia,
 Australia
Natural:AustraliaAap
(vii), (viii)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 2003 [27]
AhuTongariki.jpg Rapa Nui National Park ChileIsla de Pascua,
 Chile
Cultural:ChileAap
(i), (iii), (v)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 1995 [28]
Royal exhibition building tulips straight.jpg Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens AustraliaVictoria,
 Australia
Cultural:AustraliaAap
(ii)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 2004 [29]
Francois Peron National Park 4WD.jpg Shark Bay AustraliaWestern Australia,
 Australia
Natural:AustraliaAap
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 1991 [30]
Sydney Opera House Sails edit02.jpg Sydney Opera House AustraliaNew South Wales,
 Australia
Cultural:AustraliaAap
(i)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 2007 [31]
Cradle mountain foothills - tasmania.jpg Tasmanian Wilderness AustraliaTasmania,
 Australia
Mixed:AustraliaAap
(iii), (iv), (vi), (vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 1982 [32]
Milford Sheerdown Peak.jpg Te Wahipounamu New ZealandSouth Island,
 New Zealand
Natural:NewZealandAap
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 1990 Includes Aoraki/Mount Cook National Park, Westland Tai Poutini National Park, Mount Aspiring National Park and Fiordland National Park.[33]
Ruapehu Crater Lake n.jpg Tongariro National Park New ZealandRuapehu,
 New Zealand
Mixed:NewZealandAap
(vi), (vii), (viii)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 1990 [34]
Uluru sunset1141.jpg Uluṟu-Kata Tjuṯa National Park AustraliaNorthern Territory,
 Australia
Mixed:AustraliaAap
(v), (vi), (vii), (viii)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 1987 [35]
Daintree National Park.jpg Wet Tropics of Queensland AustraliaQueensland,
 Australia
Natural:AustraliaAap
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 1988 [36]
Driftwood at Mungo National Park.jpg Willandra Lakes Region AustraliaNew South Wales,
 Australia
Mixed:AustraliaAap
(iii), (viii)
Templat:Convert/LoffAoffDtablecenSoff 1981 [37]

Australia map[sunting | sunting sumber]

References[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ World Heritage Committee. "The Criteria for Selection". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2010-05-28. 
  2. ^ Staff writers (2010). "Marine Paradise Named Largest World Heritage Site". ABC News (ABC News Internet Ventures).  Unknown parameter |accessate= ignored (help)
  3. ^ Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. "Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area". Government of Australia.  Unknown parameter |accessate= ignored (help)
  4. ^ World Heritage Committeee. "World Heritage List Nominations". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2010-05-28. 
  5. ^ World Heritage Committeee. "World Heritage in Danger". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2010-05-28. 
  6. ^ World Heritage Committeee. "The List in Danger". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2010-05-28. 
  7. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Australian Fossil Mammal Sites (Riversleigh / Naracoorte)". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  8. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Australian Convict Sites". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  9. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Bikini Atoll Nuclear Test Site". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  10. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Chief Roi Mata's Domain". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  11. ^ World Heritage Committee. "East Rennell". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  12. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Fraser Island". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  13. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Gondwana Rainforests of Australia". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  14. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Great Barrier Reef". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  15. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Greater Blue Mountains Area". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  16. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  17. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Heard and McDonald Islands". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  18. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Henderson Island". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  19. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Kakadu National Park". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  20. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Kuk Early Agricultural Site". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  21. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Lagoons of New Caledonia". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  22. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Lord Howe Island Group". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  23. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Macquarie Island". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  24. ^ World Heritage Committee. "New Zealand Sub-Antarctic Islands". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  25. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Ningaloo Coast". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  26. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Phoenix Islands Protected Area". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  27. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Purnululu National Park". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  28. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Rapa Nui National Park". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  29. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  30. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Shark Bay, Western Australia". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  31. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Sydney Opera House". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  32. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Tasmanian Wilderness". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  33. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Te Wahipounamu – South West New Zealand". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  34. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Tongariro National Park". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  35. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Uluṟu-Kata Tjuṯa National Park". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  36. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Wet Tropics of Queensland". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 
  37. ^ World Heritage Committee. "Willandra Lakes Region". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Diakses 2011-07-10. 

External links[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Lists of World Heritage Sites