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A World Heritage Site is a cultural or natural conserved site that the world community regards as having outstanding universal value.[1] The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has designated 121 World Heritage Sites in Africa. These sites are located in 39 countries (also called state parties); Ethiopia has the most with nine sites, and eleven countries have only a single site each. Three sites are shared between two countries: Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (Côte d'Ivoire and Guinea), Stone Circles of Senegambia (The Gambia and Senegal) and Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls (Zambia and Zimbabwe).[2] The first two sites, the Island of Gorée of Senegal and the Rock-Hewn Churches of Ethiopia, were inscribed in 1978.[2]

Each year, UNESCO's World Heritage Committee may inscribe new sites on the list, or delist sites that that no longer meet the criteria. Selection is based on ten criteria: six for cultural heritage (i–vi) and four for natural heritage (vii–x). Some sites, designated "mixed sites," represent both cultural and natural heritage. In Africa there are 76 cultural, 39 natural and 4 mixed sites.[2] UNESCO may also specify that a site is in danger, stating "conditions which threaten the very characteristics for which a property was inscribed on the World Heritage List."[3] Fourteen African sites have been defined as in danger, accounting for 12% of the African sites and one short of half the total endangered sites.[4]

Daftar[sunting | sunting sumber]

The list below contains an image of the site or part of the site; the name as inscribed by UNESCO; the location; the nominating state party; the criteria met by the site, including if it is a cultural, natural or mixed; the area in hectares and acres, excluding any buffer zones, with a value of zero implying that no data is published by UNESCO; the year the site was inscribed; and a description of the site. The list includes a number of sites for which the state party all belong to Europe, but the site is located in Africa; three such sites are located on the Canary Islands of Spain, one on Madeira of Portugal, one on Réunion of France, and one on Saint Helena of the United Kingdom.

  † dalam bahaya
  * Trans-border site
Gambar Situs Lokasi Criteria Area
Year Description
Aapravasi Ghat latrines.jpg Aapravasi Ghat MauritiusPort Louis District,
0.16 0.40 2006 Aapravasi Ghat was the first site chosen by the British government to take part in the "Great Experiment", where indentured laborers were used instead of slaves. Between 1834 and 1920, almost half a million contracted workers passed through Port Louis from India, either to work in Mauritius or to transfer to other British colonies.[5]
Abu Mena, Egipto.JPG Abu Mena EgyAbusir,
182 450 1979 The ruins of the former Christian holy city contain a church, a baptistery, basilicas, public buildings, streets, monasteries, houses, and workshops, and were built over the tomb of Menas of Alexandria.[6] The World Heritage Committee designated Abu Mena as an endangered site in 2001, due to recent cave-ins in the area caused by the clay at the surface, which becomes semi-liquid when met with "excess water".[7]
Arakao1.jpg Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves Niger1Arlit Department,
(vii), (ix), (x)
7,736,000 19,120,000 1991 Africa's largest protected area, located in the Saharan desert of Tenere, consists of the volcanic rock mass of Aïr and a small isolated Sahelian pocket with unique flora and fauna.[8] The natural reserve was placed on UNESCO's list of endangered sites in 1992, due to the increase in military conflicts and the hostage-taking of six Reserve staff in February. Removal from this list was considered in 1999, but as of 2009, its position remains unchanged.[9][10]
Axum northern stelea park.jpg Aksum EthTigray Region,
(i), (iv)
1980 The ruins of the city of Aksum, dating from the 1st to the 13th century, mark the heart of ancient Ethiopia and what was the "most powerful state between the Eastern Roman Empire and Persia". It includes monolithic obelisks, giant stelae, royal tombs, and ruins of former castles.[11]
Kalaa des Beni Hammad.5.jpg Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad AlgMaadid,
150 370 1980 The ruins of the fortified first capital of the Hammadid emirs was originally founded in 1007 and demolished in 1152. It features an 8-bay, 13-aisle mosque, and is one of the largest in Algeria.[12]
NASA Aldabra Atoll.jpg Aldabra Atoll SeyAldabra Group,
(vii), (ix), (x)
35,000 86,000 1982 The Aldabra Atoll consists of four large coral islands and a lagoon, surrounded by a coral reef. The islands retain the world's largest population of giant tortoises.[13]
Eljem2.jpg Amphitheatre of El Jem TunEl Djem,
(iv), (vi)
1979 The Amphitheatre of El Jem, built during the 3rd century, is North Africa's largest coliseum with a capacity of 35,000 spectators, and "illustrates the grandeur and extent of Imperial Rome."[14]
Chinguetti old town.jpg Ancient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata MauritaniaOuadane,
and Oualata,
(iii), (iv), (v)
1996 "Founded in the 11th and 12th centuries to serve the caravans crossing the Sahara, these trading and religious centres became focal points of Islamic culture. [...] Typically, houses with patios crowd along narrow streets around a mosque with a square minaret. They illustrate a traditional way of life centred on the nomadic culture of the people of the western Sahara."[15]
Egypt.LuxorTemple.06.jpg Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis EgyQena,
(i), (iii), (vi)
7,390 18,300 1979 The former capital of Egypt from the Middle and New Kingdoms and city of the Egyptian god Amun contains relics from the height of Ancient Egypt. The temples, palaces and the necropolises of the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens bear "a striking testimony to Egyptian civilization." [16]
Ruines de Carthage.jpg Archaeological Site of Carthage TunTunis,
(ii), (iii), (vi)
1979 Founded in the 9th century BCE, Carthage was developed into a trading empire spanning the Mediterranean, and was, according to UNESCO, "home to a brilliant civilization." The city was destroyed in 146 BCE in the Punic Wars at the hands of the Romans, but was later rebuilt by these.[17]
Cyrene8.jpg Archaeological Site of Cyrene LibJebel Akhdar,
(ii), (iii), (vi)
1982 The originally-Greek colony was Romanized and transformed into a capital, until it was destroyed by an earthquake in 365. The thousand-year-old ruins have remained renowned since the 18th century.[18]
Leptis Magna Arch of Septimus Severus.jpg Archaeological Site of Leptis Magna LibKhums,
(i), (ii), (iii)
1982 The Roman city of Leptis Magna was enlarged by Emperor Septimius Severus, who was had been born there. Public monuments, a harbour, a marketplace, storehouses, shops, and homes were among the reasons for its induction into the list.[19]
Theatre, Sabratha.JPG Archaeological Site of Sabratha LibZaouia,
1982 "A Phoenician trading-post that served as an outlet for the products of the African hinterland, Sabratha was part of the short-lived Numidian Kingdom of Massinissa before being Romanized and rebuilt in the 2nd and 3rd centuries [CE]."[20]
Volubilis-basilica.jpg Archaeological Site of Volubilis MorMeknes,
(ii), (iii), (iv), (vi)
42 100 1997 The important Roman outpost of Volubilis was founded in the 3rd century BCE to become the capital of Mauritania. It contained many buildings, the remains of which have survived extensively to this day.[21]
Asante Traditional Buildings GhaKumasi,
1980 The site, north-east of Kumasi, hosts the final intact remains of the Ashanti Empire, which peaked in the 18th century. The dwellings, which are made of earth, wood, and straw, are susceptible to the damages caused by the "onslaught of time and weather."[22]
PNBA 43.JPG Banc d'Arguin National Park MauritaniaNouadhibou
and Azefal,
(ix), (x)
1,200,000 3,000,000 1989 The park consists of sand dunes, coastal swamps, small islands, and shallow bodies of water, all bordering the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. Birds are often found to migrate in the area, accompanied by various species of sea turtles and dolphins, whose presence fishermen often use to attract fish.[23]
Bwindi.JPG Bwindi Impenetrable National Park UgandaKabale District,
Kisoro District,
and Rukungiri District,
(vii), (x)
32,092 79,300 1994 Located on the border of plain and mountain forests, the park in south-western Uganda is home to over 160 species of trees, over 100 species of ferns, and various species of birds and butterflies. Many endangered species are located in its surroundings as well, including the Mountain Gorilla.[24]
Fynbos.jpg Cape Floral Region Protected Areas SouWestern Cape
and Eastern Cape,
 South Africa
(ix), (x)
553,000 1,370,000 2004 The site consists of eight protected areas that are among the richest in plant life worldwide, containing nearly 20% of Africa's total flora. Its scientific value is demonstrated by the presence of fire and radiation adaptivity in plants and seed dispersal by insects.[25]
Chongoni rock art.jpg Chongoni Rock Art Area MalawiDedza District,
(iii), (vi)
12,640 31,200 2006 The 127-site area contains the richest concentration of rock art in Central Africa, ranging from Stone Age paintings to contemporary work from farmers. The symbols depicted in the rock art are strongly centred around women, and retain a cultural significance for the Chewa.[26]
1996.12.00.cv.st.CidadeVelhaPelourinho.jpg Cidade Velha, Historic Centre of Ribeira Grande CapeRibeira Grande,
 Cape Verde
(ii), (iii), (vi)
209 520 2009 The town, south of the island of Santiago, was the first European colonial outpost in the tropics, with remains dating back to the 16th century. Two churches, a royal fortress, and Pillary Square help comprise the tropical town's original street layout.[27]
Bandiagara Escarpment Mali.jpg Cliff of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons) MaliBandiagara Cercle,
(v), (vii)
327,390 809,000 1989 The sandy plateau and cliffs of Bandiagara outline the site, featuring houses, granaries, altars, sanctuaries, and Togu-Na meeting-places. Age-old social traditions such as masks, feasts, rituals, and ancestor worship also add to its cultural significance.[28]
Comoé national park location.PNG Comoé National Park CotZanzan,
 Côte d'Ivoire
(ix), (x)
1,150,000 2,800,000 1983 Among the largest protected sites of West Africa, the park features the Comoé River and the unique flora which accompanies it.[29] The site was placed on UNESCO's List of World Heritage in Danger in 2003, due to unrest in Côte d'Ivoire, and various other factors such as poaching, wildfires, lack of proper management of the site, and overgrazing.[30]
Dja River and pirogue.JPG Dja Faunal Reserve CameDja-et-Lobo
and Haut-Nyong,
(ix), (x)
526,000 1,300,000 1987 Among Africa's largest and best protected rain forests, the Cameroonian reserve is almost completely surrounded by the Dja River and contains 107 mammal species, of which five are threatened.[31]
GM Djemila Roman Theatre02.jpg Djémila AlgSétif,
(iii), (iv)
30 74 1982 The ruins of a Roman town in a mountainous location, including a forum, temples, basilicas, triumphal arches and houses, each adapted to a location 900 m above sea level.[32]
Djoudj ile pelican.jpg Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary SenSaint-Louis Region,
(vii), (x)
16,000 40,000 1981 The Senegal River delta wetland area consists of streams, lakes, ponds and backwaters featuring 1.5 million bird, including Great White Pelican, Purple Heron, African Spoonbill, Great Egret and cormorant.[33]
Dougga theatre.jpg Dougga / Thugga TunBeBéja Governorate,
(ii), (iii)
70 170 1997 The site features the ruins of Dougga, a former capital of a LibyanPunic state, which flourished under Ancient Rome and the Byzantine Empire, but declined in the Islamic period.[34]
Lopé National Park river crop.jpg Ecosystem and Relict Cultural Landscape of Lopé-Okanda GabOgooué-Ivindo
and Ogooué-Lolo,
(iii), (iv),
(ix), (x)
491,291 1,214,010 2007 The ecosystem is an interface between well-conserved tropical rain forest and relict savanna, giving a diversity of species, including large mammals.[35]
Gonder.jpg Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar Region EthAmhara Region,
(ii), (iii)
1979 The fortress was the residence of the Ethiopian emperors during the 16th and 17the century. The city remains, surrounded by a wall and featuring buildings with a Hindu and Arab influence, later transformed to a Baroque style by Jesuit missionaries.[36]
Fort JesusMombasa.jpg Fort Jesus KenMombasa,
(i), (iv)
161,485 399,040 2011 Fort Jesus is a Portuguese fort built in 1593 by order of King Philip I of Portugal (King Philip II of Spain), then ruler of the joint Portuguese and Spanish Kingdoms, located on Mombasa Island to guard the Old Port of Mombasa, Kenya.[37]
Cape coast castle II.JPG Forts and Castles, Volta, Greater Accra, Central and Western Regions GhaVolta Region,
Greater Accra,
Central Region,
and Western Region,
1979 The site features the remains of fortified trading posts, built along the coast between Keta and Bayin between 1482 and 1786.[38]
WonderCaves Stalagmites.JPG Fossil Hominid Sites of Sterkfontein, Swartkrans, Kromdraai, and Environs SouthGauteng,
and North West,
 South Africa
(iii), (vi)
1999 The various fossil sites contain traces of human occupation and evolution dating back some 3.3 million years.[39]
Gomera.jpg Garajonay National Park SpaLa Gomera,
(vii), (ix)
3,984 9,840 1986 Most of the park, located in the middle of the island of La Gomera of the Canary Islands, is covered with a lush laurel forest.[40]
Garamba National Park overhead.jpg Garamba National Park DemOrientale,
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
(vii), (x)
500,000 1,200,000 1980 The park has vast savannas, grasslands and woodland, featuring elephants, giraffes, hippopotamuses and the White Rhinoceros.[41]
Gebel Barkal.jpg Gebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan Region SudMeroë,
(i), (ii),
(iii), (iv), (vi)
183 450 2003 The five sites in the Nile Valley feature temples that are a testimony to the Napatan (900–270 BCE) and Meroitic (270 BCE – 350 CE) cultures.[42]
Gough island top view.png Gough and Inaccessible Islands UniSaint Helena,
 United Kingdom
(vii), (x)
7,900 20,000 1995 The site represent one of the least-disrupted island and marine ecosystems in the cool temperate zone. The cliffs are free of introduced mammals and features one of the world's largest colonies of sea birds.[43]
Great-Zimbabwe-2.jpg Great Zimbabwe National Monument ZimMasvingo Province,
(i), (iii), (vi)
722 1,780 1986 The city, now in ruins, was an important trading center between the 11th and 15th centuries, and was capital of the Bantu civilization.[44]
Harar.jpg Harar Jugol, the Fortified Historic Town EthHarari Region,
(ii), (iii),
(iv), (v)
48 120 2006 The city is located on a plateau and surrounded by gorges and savanna. It contains 82 mosques, three from the 10th century, 102 shrines and exceptional interior design in the townhouses. It is said to be the fourth-holiest city of Islam.[45]
GD-EG-Caire-Suhaymi033.JPG Historic Cairo EgyCairo,
(i), (v), (vi)
524 1,290 1979 Located in the middle of urban Cairo is one of the world's oldest Islamic cities, dating from the 10th century and reaching its golden age in the 14th century. It contains mosques, madrasah, hammams and fountains.[46]
Royal Palace, Meknes.jpg Historic City of Meknes MorMeknes,
1996 The former capital was founded in the 11th century and turned into an impressive city in Spanish-Moorish style during the 17th and 18th centuries.[47]
Parcichkeul3.jpg Ichkeul National Park TunBiBizerte,
12,600 31,000 1980 Ichkeul Lake and the surrounding wetlands is a major stopover for hundreds of thousands of migrating bird, including ducks, geese, storks and pink flamingos. Ichkeul is the last remaining lake in a chain that once extended across North Africa.[48]
GreaterStLucia.jpg iSimangaliso Wetland Park SouthKwaZulu-Natal,
 South Africa
(vii), (ix), (x)
239,566 591,980 1999 The park features a variety of landforms, including coral reefs, long sandy beaches, coastal dunes, lake systems, swamps, and reed and papyrus wetland, caused by fluvial, marine and aeolian processes. This has resulted in an exceptional species diversity.[49]
2007-02-13 Ile de Goree D Bruyere.JPG Island of Gorée SenDakar Region,
1978 The island was the largest slave-trading center on the African coast from the 15th to the 19th century.[50]
Church of San Antonio.png Island of Mozambique MozNampula,
(iv), (vi)
1991 The fortified former Portuguese trading post has consequently used the same architectural techniques, style and materials since the 16th century.[51]
St-Louis Senegal Street.jpg Island of Saint-Louis SenSaint-Louis Region,
(ii), (iv)
2000 The French colonial settlement from the 17th century is located on an island in the mouth of the Sénégal River. It was urbanized in the mid-19th century and subsequently played an important role in the culture and economy of the whole of West Africa.[52]
River gambia galleryfull.jpg James Island and Related Sites GamBanjul,
Lower Niumi,
and Upper Niumi,
(iii), (vi)
8 20 2003 The site is a testimony to the encounters between Africa and Europe along the Gambia River, from pre-colonial times to independence.[53]
Kahuzi gorilla.jpg Kahuzi-Biega National Park DemSouth Kivu
and Maniema,
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
600,000 1,500,000 1980 The park is dominated by two extinct volcanoes, Kahuzi and Biega. It also has abundant fauna, including the graueria gorillas.[54]
Kairouan-mosquee-cimetiere.jpg Kairouan TunKairouan Governorate,
(i), (ii),
(iii), (v), (vi)
1988 The city was founded in 670 and flourished as a capital in the 9th century. Its heritage includes the Mosque of Uqba and the Mosque of the Three Gates.[55]
Algeri01.jpg Kasbah of Algiers AlgAlgiers,
(ii), (v)
60 150 1992 A unique Islamic city located on the Mediterranean coast, the former site overlooks the Carthaginian trading posts of the 4th century BCE. It contains remains of a citadel, old mosques and Ottoman-style palaces.[56]
Khami.jpg Khami Ruins National Monument ZimMatabeleland,
(iii), (iv)
1986 The city developed after the mid-16th century and was an important trading center.[57]
Mount Kilimanjaro Dec 2009 edit1.jpg Kilimanjaro National Park TanKilimanjaro Region,
Templat:Country data Tanzania, United Republic of
75,575 186,750 1987 The volcanic massif Mount Kilimanjaro is Africa's highest point at 5,895 metres (19,341 ft), and is surrounded by a park with savanna and forest featuring numerous mammals.[58]
Kondoa.jpg Kondoa Rock Art Sites TanKondoa District,
Templat:Country data Tanzania, United Republic of
(iii), (vi)
233,600 577,000 2006 Two millennia of rock carving, many of high artistic value, have been found at 150 shelters in the site. They tell the tale of socio-economic development from hunter-gatherer to agro-pastoralism.[59]
Togo Taberma house 02.jpg Koutammakou, the Land of the Batammariba TogKara Region,
(v), (vi)
50,000 120,000 2004 The Batammariba's mud tower houses have become to symbol of Togo. They can be in two stories and can feature spherical granaries.[60]
Kasbahs in Aït Benhaddou.JPG Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou MorAït Benhaddou,
(iv), (v)
3 7.4 1987 The ksar is a group of earthen building surrounded by high walls, a traditional pre-Saharan habitat.[61]
Lake malawi national park.jpg Lake Malawi National Park MalawiCentral Region
and Southern Region,
(vii), (ix), (x)
9,400 23,000 1984 Lake Malawi contains hundreds of fish species, nearly all endemic.[62]
LakeTurkanaSouthIsland.jpg Lake Turkana National Parks KenLake Turkana,
(viii), (x)
161,485 399,040 1997 As Africa's most saline large lake, Turkana is an excellent laboratory for the study of plant and animal communities. They are a breading ground for the Nile crocodile, hippopotamus and several venomous snakes. The Koobi Fora deposits are rich in mammalian, molluscan and other fossil remains.[63]
Lake-Nakuru.jpg Lake System in the Great Rift Valley KenRift Valley Province,
(viii), (x)
161,485 399,040 2011 The Kenya Lake System in the Great Rift Valley , a natural property of outstanding beauty, comprises three inter-linked relatively shallow lakes, Lake Bogoria, Lake Nakuru and Lake Elementaita, in the Rift Valley Province of Kenya and covers a total area of 32,034 hectares. The property is home to 13 globally threatened bird species and some of the highest bird diversities in the world.[64][65]
Lamu coast.jpg Lamu Old Town KenLamu,
(ii), (iv), (vi)
16 40 2001 The town is the oldest and best-preserved Swahili settlement. It is built in coral stone and mangrove timber, featuring inner courtyards, verandas and elaborate wooden doors.[66]
Forest Los Tilos.jpg Laurisilva of Madeira PorMadeira,
(ix), (x)
15,000 37,000 1999 The site is the largest surviving area of laurel forest. It consists of 90% old-growth forest and has endemic species such as the Madeiran long-toed pigeon.[67]
Le Morne2.jpg Le Morne Cultural Landscape MauritiusBlack River District,
(iii), (vi)
349 860 2008 The rugged mountain that juts into the ocean was used as a shelter by runaway slaves through the 18th and early 19th centuries. They formed small settlements in the caves and on the summit.[68]
Awash river.jpg Lower Valley of the Awash EthAfar Region,
(ii), (iii), (iv)
1980 Palaentological findings from at least 4 million years ago, such as Lucy, give evidence of human evolution.[69]
Omo River.jpg Lower Valley of the Omo EthSouthern Nations, Nationalities, and People's Region,
(iii), (iv)
1980 The prehistoric site near Lake Turkana is the location of many fossil findings, such as Homo gracilis.[70]
Ghardaia.jpg M'Zab Valley AlgGhardaïa,
(ii), (iii), (v)
4,000 9,900 1982 The intact, traditional human habitat was built around five ksour in the 10th century by the Ibadites.[71]
ZmbziRvr.jpg Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas ZimMatabeleland North,
(vii), (ix), (x)
676,600 1,672,000 1984 The park, located on the banks of the Zambezi River, feature a remarkable concentration of wild animals, such as elephants, buffalo, leopards, cheetahs and Nile crocodiles.[72]
Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park CenBamingui-Bangoran,
 Central African Republic
(ix), (x)
1,740,000 4,300,000 1988 The park features vast savannas with a wealth of flora and fauna, such as Black Rhinoceros, elephants, cheetahs, leopards, wild dogs, red-fronted gazelles and buffalo.[73]
MapungubweHill.jpg Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape SouthLimpopo,
 South Africa
(ii), (iii),
(iv), (v)
28,168 69,600 2003 The open savanna landscape lays at the confluence of the Limpopo and Shashe Rivers. It was the heart of the Mapungubwe Kingdom until the 14th century, when the area was abandoned, leaving untouched remains of palaces and settlements.[74]
Sunrise Matobo Zimbabwe.jpg Matobo Hills ZimMatabeleland South,
(iii), (v), (vi)
205,000 510,000 2003 The distinct rock landforms rise above the granite shield that covers most of the country. The large boulders have been used as natural shelters since the early Stone Age and feature a collection of rock paintings.[75]
Ramparts of Essaouira.JPG Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador) MorEssaouira,
(ii), (iv)
30 74 2001 The fortified seaport built during the late 18th century has a mix of North African and European architecture, and been a major trading hub between Sahara and Europe.[76]
Fes, Old Medina.jpg Medina of Fez MorFez,
(ii), (v)
280 690 1981 The former capital was founded in the 9th century and features the world's oldest university. The urban fabric and principal monuments date from the 13th and 14th centuries.[77]
Koutbia.jpg Medina of Marrakesh MorMarrakesh,
(i), (ii),
(iv), (v)
1,107 2,740 1985 The town was founded in the 1070s and remained a political, economic and cultural center for a long time. Monuments from that period include the Koutoubia Mosque, the kasbah and the battlements. The city also has newer architectural jewels, including palaces.[78]
Sousse Grosse Moschee.JPG Medina of Sousse TunSousse Governorate,
(iii), (iv), (v)
32 79 1988 The city was an important commercial and military port during the 9th century and a typical example of a town dating from the first centuries of Islam.[79]
Tetuan vista desde un tejado.JPG Medina of Tétouan (formerly known as Titawin) MorTétouan,
(ii), (iv), (v)
7 17 1997 Morocco's most complete medina served as the main point of contact between Morocco and Andalusia during the 8th century. After the reconquista, the town was rebuilt by Andalusian refugees.[80]
PatioDarBenAbdallah.JPG Medina of Tunis TunTunis,
(ii), (iii), (v)
1979 The medina contains 700 monuments, including palaces, mosques, mausoleums, madrasah and fourtains, testifying to Tunis golden age from the 12th to the 16th century.[81]
All Gizah Pyramids.jpg Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur EgyGiza,
(i), (iii), (vi)
16,358 40,420 1979 The former capital contains exceptional funerary monuments, including rock tombs, mastabas, temples and pyramids. One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.[82]
Victoriafälle.jpg Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls ZamLivingstone District
and Matabeleland North,
(vii), (viii)
8,780 21,700 1989 The falls of the Zambezi River, which is more than 2 km (1.2 mi) wide, plunges noisily down a series of basalt gorges resulting in a colorful mist.[83]
MtKenyaMackinder.jpg Mount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest KenCentral Province
and Eastern Province,
(vii), (ix)
142,020 350,900 1997 The park surrounds the 5,199 m (17,057 ft) Mount Kenya and features 12 glaciers.[84]
Voa Guinea chimpanzee picking 30jan08.jpg Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve CotLola Prefecture,
 Côte d'Ivoire*
(ix), (x)
18,000 44,000 1981 The reserve features Mount Nimba that rises up from savanna, with the slopes covered in dense forest and grassy mountain pastures.[85]
Black rhinos in crater.jpg Ngorongoro Conservation Area TanArusha Region,
Templat:Country data Tanzania, United Republic of
(iv), (vii),
(viii), (ix), (x)
809,440 2,000,200 1979 The site features a concentration of wild animals within a crater located beside the active volcano Oldonyo Lengai.[86]
River gambia Niokolokoba National Park.gif Niokolo-Koba National Park SenTambacounda Region
and Kédougou Region,
913,000 2,260,000 1981 The forests and savannas bordering the Gambia River have a very rich fauna, including Derby Eland, chimpanzees, lions, leopards, elephants, birds, reptiles and amphibians.[87]
Panorama Abu Simbel.jpg Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae EgyAswan,
(i), (iii), (vi)
374 920 1979 Located along the Nile, the site contains monuments such as the Temple of Ramesses II and the Sanctuary of Isis.[88]
Epulu Okapi Reserve.jpg Okapi Wildlife Reserve Dem Orientale,
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
1,372,625 3,391,830 1996 Covering a fifth of the Ituri forest in the Congo River basin, the reserve contains many threatened species of primates and birds. It is inhabited by the nomadic pygmy Mbuti and Efé tribes.[89]
Great Mosque of Djenné 1.jpg Old Towns of Djenné MaliDjenné,
(iii), (iv)
1988 Inhabited since 250 BCE, the city was an important link in the trans-Saharan gold trade. It contains 2,000 traditional houses.[90]
Libya 4432 Ghadames Luca Galuzzi 2007.jpg Old Town of Ghadamès LibGhadames,
1986 Located in an oasis, Ghadames is one of the oldest pre-Saharan cities and represents a traditional domestic architecture with vertical division of functions.[91]
Templo Osun3.jpg Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove Niger2Osogbo,
(ii), (iii), (vi)
75 190 2005 The dense forests is one of the last remnants of primary high forest in souther Nigeria. It is regarded as the abode of the fertility goddess Oshun and the last sacred grove of the Yoruba culture.[92]
Reunion 21.12S 55.51E.jpg Pitons, Cirques and Remparts of Reunion Island FraLa Réunion,
(vii), (x)
105,838 261,530 2010 Outstanding terrain and biodiversity, as part of La Réunion National Park.[93]
El Jadida panorama.jpg Portuguese City of Mazagan (El Jadida) MorEl Jadida,
(ii), (iv)
8 20 2004 The fortification was built in Renaissance military design in the early 16th century, and taken over by Morocco in 1769. Surviving Portugese buildings include the cistern and a Gothic church.[94]
Kerkouane1.JPG Punic Town of Kerkuane and its Necropolis TunNabeul Governorate,
1985 The city was abandoned in 250 BCE during the First Punic War, and remains the only example of a PhoenicioPunic settlement.[95]
Andohahela NP.jpg Rainforests of the Atsinanana MadEastern Madagascar,
(ix), (x)
479,660 1,185,300 2007 The site consists of six national parks, all critically important to maintain the ongoing ecological processes necessary for the survival of the islands unique biodiversity, which have evolved in isolation for 60 million years.[96]
Tylecodon paniculatus-PICT2534.jpg Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape SouthNorthern Cape,
 South Africa
(iv), (v)
160,000 400,000 2007 The mountainous desert communally owned and managed. It sustains the semi-nomadic pastoral livelihood of the Namaqua, including seasonal migrations that have persisted for two millennia.[97]
SafrikaIMG 8414.JPG Robben Island SouthWestern Cape,
 South Africa
(iii), (vi)
475 1,170 1999 Between the 17th and 20th century, the island was used as a prison, including for political prisoners, a hospital for socially unacceptable groups, and a military base.[98]
Tadrart Acacus 1.jpg Rock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus LibFezzan,
1985 The rocky massif has thousands of cave paintings in very different styles, dating from 12,000 BCE to 100 CE.[99]
Bet Giyorgis church Lalibela 01.jpg Rock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela EthAmhara Region,
(i), (ii), (iii)
1978 The site contains 11 medieval monolithic cave churches from the 13th century.[100]
Ambohimanga 14.jpg Royal Hill of Ambohimanga MadAntananarivo,
(iii), (iv), (vi)
59 150 2001 The royal city and burial site is a spiritual and sacred site with strong feelings of national identity for the past 500 years.[101]
Abomey 2006 1.jpg Royal Palaces of Abomey BenZou Department,
(iii), (iv)
48 120 1985 The city was the seat of 12 kings who ruled the Kingdom of Dahomey between 1625 and 1900. All but one king built their palace within the cob-walled area.[102]
GreatMosque.jpg Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara TanKilwa District,
Templat:Country data Tanzania, United Republic of
1981 The site features the remains of two ports from the 13th and 16th century, which had much of the trade in the Indian Ocean.[103]
Loropéni-location-map.png The Ruins of Loropéni BurLoropéni,
 Burkina Faso
1.1 2.7 2009 More than a thousand years old, Loropéni is the best-preserved of ten fortresses in Lobi, which were part of stone enclosures built during the power of the trans-Saharan gold trade.[104]
Rwenzori mountains FP.jpg Rwenzori Mountains National Park UgandaKabarole District,
Kasese District,
and Bundibugyo District,
(vii), (x)
99,600 246,000 1994 Covering most of the Rwenzori Mountains including Mount Margherita, Africa's third-highest peak, the park features glaciers, waterfalls and lakes in an Alpine landscape. It also features habitats of endangered species and unusual flora.[105]
Kaya-skog.jpg Sacred Mijikenda Kaya Forests KenCoast Province,
(iii), (v), (vi)
1,538 3,800 2008 The site consists of 11 separate forests spread across an area 200 kilometres (120 mi) along the coast. It contains the remains of fortified villages built during the 16th century by the Mijikenda. They are now considered sacred sites.[106]
Katharinenkloster Sinai BW 2.jpg Saint Catherine Area EgySouth Sinai Governorate,
(i), (iii),
(iv), (vi)
60,100 149,000 2002 The orthodox monastery from the 6th century is at the foot of Mount Horeb where, according to the Old Testament, Moses received the Tablets of the Law. The area is sacred for Christians, Muslims and Jews.[107]
La rivière Lulilaka, parc national de Salonga, 2005.jpg Salonga National Park DemSouth Kivu
and Maniema,
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
(vii), (ix)
3,600,000 8,900,000 1984 Africa's largest tropical rain forest reserve is situated at the heart of the Congo River basin and only accessible by water. It is the habitat of endangered species such as the dwarf chimpanzee (bonobo), the Congo Peafowl, the forest elephant and the slender-snouted crocodile.[108]
La Laguna BW 5.JPG San Cristóbal de la Laguna SpaProvince of Santa Cruz de Tenerife,
(ii), (iv)
60 150 1999 The city contains two nuclei, the unplanned Upper Town, and the planned Lower Town, laid out according to philosophical principals. Many of the buildings date from the 16th to the 18th centuries.[109]
ElefantenAmRufiji.jpg Selous Game Reserve TanMorogoro Region,
Lindi Region,
Mtwara Region,
Pwani Region,
and Ruvuma Region,
Templat:Country data Tanzania, United Republic of
(ix), (x)
5,000,000 12,000,000 1982 The park's vegetation varies from dense thickets to open wooded grasslands and features large numbers of elephants, Black Rhinoceros, cheetahs, giraffes, hippopotamus and crocodiles.[110]
Zebras, Serengeti savana plains, Tanzania.jpg Serengeti National Park TanMara Region,
Arusha Region,
and Shinyanga Region,
Templat:Country data Tanzania, United Republic of
(vii), (x)
1,476,300 3,648,000 1981 The vast savanna features an annual migration to permanent water holes of herds of herbivores, such as wildebeest, gazelle and zebra, followed by their predators.[111]
Semien Mountains 02.jpg Simien National Park EthAmhara Region,
(vii), (x)
22,000 54,000 1978 Massive erosion on the Ethiopian plateau has created a spectacular landscape of jagged mountain peaks, deep valleys and sharp precipices dropping some 1,500 m.[112]
Wassu2.jpg Stone Circles of Senegambia GamCentral River Division
and Kaolack Region,
(i), (iii)
10 25 2006 The four groups of stone circles are some of over 1,000 monuments along the Gambia River. Used as burial grounds, they were erected between the 3rd century BCE and the 16th century CE.[113]
Dares 222.jpg Stone Town of Zanzibar TanZanzibar,
Templat:Country data Tanzania, United Republic of
(ii), (iii), (vi)
96 240 2000 The town is a fine example of an East African coastal trading town, which keeps the urban fabric and townscape intact.[114]
Sukur2.jpg Sukur Cultural Landscape Niger2Madagali,
(iii), (v), (vi)
1999 The landscape features the Palace of the Hidi, terraced fields and the remains of a former iron industry.[115]
Tai national park Ivory Coast.PNG Taï National Park CotGuiglo
and Sassandra,
 Côte d'Ivoire
(vii), (x)
330,000 820,000 1982 One of the last major remaining sections of the West Africa tropical forest, the park features a rich flora, including 11 species of monkey.[116]
Tassili art.jpg Tassili n'Ajjer AlgIllizi
and Tamanrasset,
(i), (iii),
(vii), (viii)
7,200,000 18,000,000 1982 A geological site in a lunar landscape with 15,000 cave arts that record climatic changes, animal migrations and evolution of human life, dating from 6000 BCE to the first centuries CE.[117]
Teide Tenerife3.jpg Teide National Park SpaProvince of Santa Cruz de Tenerife,
(vii), (viii)
18,990 46,900 2007 The national park features the Teide stratovolcano, which at 3,718 m (12,198 ft) is Spain's tallest mountain and the world's third-tallest volcano.[118]
Timbuktu Mosque Sankore.jpg Timbuktu MaliTimbuktu Cercle,
(ii), (iv), (v)
1988 The city was a center for the propagation of Islam through Africa in the 15th and 16 centuries, and features three great mosques and many madrasah.[119]
Timgad rue.jpg Timgad AlgBatna Province,
(ii), (iii), (iv)
0.04 0.099 1982 Created as a military colony by Emperor Trajan in 100 CE, the site features cardo and decumanus streets, typical of Roman town planning.[120]
Tipasa 31.jpg Tipasa AlgTipaza,
(iii), (iv)
52 130 1982 First a Carthaginian trading center, Tipasa was converted into a military base by the Romans. The coastal town served as a jumping off point for the conquest of Mauritania. Heavy Christian influences can be seen from the 3rd and 4th centuries, though Tipasa went into steady decline in the Byzantine period.[121]
Tiya vue d'ensemble.JPG Tiya EthSouthern Nations, Nationalities, and People's Region,
(i), (iv)
1980 The archaeological site contains 36 monuments, including 32 carved stelae covered with symbols.[122]
Askia.jpg Tomb of Askia MaliGao Region,
(ii), (iii), (iv)
4 9.9 2004 Built in 1495, the pyramid was built as a tomb for Emperor Askia Mohamed. It bears testimony to the power and riches of an empire that controlled the trans-Saharan gold trade.[123]
Kampala Kasubi Tombs.jpg Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi UgandaKampala District,
(i), (iii),
(iv), (vi)
27 67 2001 The tombs, built after 1884, are a major example of an architectural achievement in organic materials, principally wood, thatch, reed, wattle and daub.[124]
Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve.jpg Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve MadMelaky,
(vii), (x)
152,000 380,000 1990 The canyon of the Manambolo River comprises karstic and limestone landscapes cut into peaks and a forest of limestone needles. It also features undisturbed forests, lakes and mangrove swamps which are the habitat for lemurs and birds.[125]
Tsodilo Hills rock paintings4.jpg Tsodilo BotNorth-West,
(i), (iii), (vi)
4,800 12,000 2001 Features more than 4,500 rock art paintings in the Kalahari Desert. Archaeological record give accounts of human and environmental activities for more than 100,000 years. Local communities regard Tsodilo as a place of worship.[126]
Twyfelfontein 16.jpg Twyfelfontein or /Ui-//aes NamKunene,
(iii), (v)
57 140 2007 The site has one of the largest concentrations of rock engravings in Africa, with images ranging from a period of over 2,000 years.[127]
Maluti.jpg uKhahlamba / Drakensberg Park SouthKwaZulu-Natal,
 South Africa
(i), (iii),
(vii), (x)
242,813 600,000 2000 The park features soaring basaltic buttresses, incisive dramatic cutbacks, golden sandstone ramparts, rolling high-altitude grasslands, pristine steep-sided river valleys and rocky gorges.[128]
Valleé de mai4.jpg Vallée de Mai Nature Reserve SeyPraslin,
(vii), (viii),
(ix), (x)
20 49 1983 The natural palm forest is preserved in almost its original state.[129]
Nyiragongo2004.jpg Virunga National Park DemNorth Kivu
and Orientale,
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
(vii), (viii), (x)
800,000 2,000,000 1979 The park comprises habitats ranging from swamps, steppes, savannas and snowfields to lava plains.[130]
Vredefort Dome STS51I-33-56AA.jpg Vredefort Dome SouthNorth West
and Free State,
 South Africa
30,000 74,000 2005 The crater, with a diameter of 190 km (120 mi), is the largest, oldest and most deeply eroded astrobleme found on Earth, dating back more than 2 billion years.[131]
Mekrou river in W-National Park MS 6380.JPG W National Park of Niger Niger1Say Department,
(ix), (x)
220,000 540,000 1996 The park is in the transition zone between savanna and forest lands, representing an important ecosystem characteristics of West African woodlands–savanna biogeographical province.[132]
Whale skeleton 2.jpg Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley) EgyFaiyum Governorate,
20,015 49,460 2005 Located in a desert, the site contains fossil remains of the now extinct Archaeoceti, a suborder of whales, showing the evolution of the whales from a land-based to a aquatic mammal.[133]

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