Claude Shannon

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Claude Shannon
Claude Elwood Shannon (1916-2001).jpg
Claude Elwood Shannon (1916–2001)
Lahir 30 April 1916
Petoskey, Michigan,Amerika Serikat
Meninggal 24 Februari 2001 (umur 84)
Medford, Massachusetts, Amerika Serikat
Tempat tinggal Amerika Serikat
Kebangsaan Amerika Serikat
Bidang Teknik elektro dan matematika
Institusi Bell Labs
MIT
Institute for Advanced Study
Alma mater Universitas Michigan,
MIT
Tesis
Pembimbing doktoral Frank Lauren Hitchcock
Mahasiswa doktoral Danny Hillis
Ivan Sutherland
Bert Sutherland
Heinrich Arnold Ernst
Dikenal karena
Penghargaan Stuart Ballantine Medal (1955)
IEEE Medal of Honor (1966)
National Medal of Science (1966)
Harvey Prize (1972)
Claude E. Shannon Award (1972)
Harold Pender Award (1978)
John Fritz Medal (1983)
Kyoto Prize (1985)
National Inventors Hall of Fame (2004)

Claude Elwood Shannon (lahir di Petoskey, Michigan, 30 April 1916 – meninggal di Medford, Massachusetts, Amerika Serikat, 24 Februari 2001 pada umur 84 tahun) adalah seorang ilmuwan matematika, teknik elektro, dan kriptografi asal Petoskey, Michigan, Amerika Serikat. Ia dikenal sebagai "bapak teori informasi", yaitu disiplin ilmu dalam bidang matematika terapan yang berkaitan dengan kuantisasi data sehingga data atau informasi itu dapat disimpan dan dikirimkan tanpa kesalahan melalui suatu kanal komunikasi.[1][2]

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ James, I. (2009). "Claude Elwood Shannon 30 April 1916 -- 24 February 2001". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 55: 257–265. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2009.0015. 
  2. ^ "Bell Labs Advances Intelligent Networks". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal July 22, 2012. 

Bacaan lebih lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Claude E. Shannon: A Mathematical Theory of Communication, Bell System Technical Journal, Vol. 27, pp. 379–423, 623–656, 1948. [1]
  • Claude E. Shannon and Warren Weaver: The Mathematical Theory of Communication. The University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Illinois, 1949. ISBN 0-252-72548-4
  • Rethnakaran Pulikkoonattu — Eric W. Weisstein: Mathworld biography of Shannon, Claude Elwood (1916–2001) [2]
  • Claude E. Shannon: Programming a Computer for Playing Chess, Philosophical Magazine, Ser.7, Vol. 41, No. 314, March 1950. (Available online under External links below)
  • David Levy: Computer Gamesmanship: Elements of Intelligent Game Design, Simon & Schuster, 1983. ISBN 0-671-49532-1
  • Mindell, David A., "Automation's Finest Hour: Bell Labs and Automatic Control in World War II", IEEE Control Systems, December 1995, pp. 72–80.
  • David Mindell, Jérôme Segal, Slava Gerovitch, "From Communications Engineering to Communications Science: Cybernetics and Information Theory in the United States, France, and the Soviet Union" in Walker, Mark (Ed.), Science and Ideology: A Comparative History, Routledge, London, 2003, pp. 66–95.
  • Poundstone, William, Fortune's Formula, Hill & Wang, 2005, ISBN 978-0-8090-4599-0
  • Gleick, James, The Information: A History, A Theory, A Flood, Pantheon, 2011, ISBN 978-0-375-42372-7

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]