Beludak sisik gergaji

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Beludak sisik gergaji
Saw-scaled Viper (Echis carinatus) Photographed By Shantanu Kuveskar.jpg
Echis carinatus
Klasifikasi ilmiah
Kingdom: Animalia
Filum: Chordata
Subfilum: Vertebrata
Kelas: Reptilia
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Famili: Viperidae
Subfamili: Viperinae
Genus: Echis
Merrem, 1820
Sinonim

Beludak sisik gergaji adalah kelompok beludak yang tersebar dari Asia Selatan lalu ke barat hingga Sahara. Dinamai demikian karena sisik mereka yang sangat kasar dan menimbulkan bunyi gesekan yang nyaring jika ular ini menggesekkan tubuhnya ke benda lain atau bagian badannya yang lain, ular ini melakukan itu untuk menakut-nakuti musuhnya.[2] Nama ilmiahnya, Echis, adalah nama ilmiah khusus untuk ular-ular ini dan ular-ular lain yang serupa.[3] Nama umumnya dalam bahasa Inggris adalah Saw-scaled viper atau Carpet viper (beludak karpet atau beludak permadani).[4] Ular-ular ini juga merupakan beberapa dari sekian jenis ular yang paling banyak menimbulkan kasus gigitan mematikan di Asia Selatan selain ular sendok, krait, dan Daboia sp..[5]

Spesies[sunting | sunting sumber]

Susunan sisik

Sumber-sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ Mallow D, Ludwig D, Nilson G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Malabar, Florida: Krieger Publishing Company. 359 pp. ISBN 0-89464-877-2.
  3. ^ Mehrtens JM. 1987. Living Snakes of the World in Color. New York: Sterling Publishers. 480 pp. ISBN 0-8069-6460-X.
  4. ^ Spawls S, Branch B. 1995. The Dangerous Snakes of Africa. Dubai: Ralph Curtis Books. Oriental Press. 192 pp. ISBN 0-88359-029-8.
  5. ^ Campbell JA, Lamar WW. 2004. The Venomous Reptiles of the Eastern Hemisphere. Ithaca and London: Comstock Publishing Associates. 870 pp. 1500 plates. ISBN 0-8014-4141-2.

Bahan bacaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Boquet P. 1967. "Pharmacology and toxicology of snake venoms of Europe and the Mediterranean regions". In: Bucherl W, editor. 1967. Venomous Animals and their Venoms. Vol. I. Paris: Masson. pp 340–58.
  • Boulenger GA. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. London: Secretary of State for India in Council. (Taylor & Francis, printers). xviii + 541 pp.
  • Boulenger GA. 1896. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume III., Containing the ... Viperidæ. London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xiv + 727 pp. + Plates I.- XXV. (Genus Echis, p. 504).
  • Cherlin, VA. 1990. Taxonomic revision of the snake genus Echis (Viperidae). II. An analysis of taxonomy and description of new forms. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute, Leningrad, USSR Academy of Schience 207: 193-223. [202]. (in Russian).
  • Christensen PA. 1955. South African Snake Venoms and Antivenins. Johannesburg: South African Institute of Medical Research. 35 pp.
  • Cloudsley-Thompson JL. 1988. The saw-scaled viper Echis carinatus. British Herpetological Society Bulletin 24:32-33.
  • Gray JE. 1849. Catalogue of the Specimens of Snakes in the Collection of the British Museum. London: Trustees of the British Museum. (Edward Newman, printer). xv + 125 pp. [29].
  • Latifi M. 1991. The Snakes of Iran. Second Edition. Oxford, Ohio: Published by the Department of the Environment and the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. 156 pp. ISBN 0-916984-22-2.
  • Merrem B. 1820. Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien. Tentamen Systematis Amphibiorum. Marburg: J.C. Krieger. xv + 191 pp. + 1 plate. [149].
  • Minton SA Jr. 1967. "Snakebite". In: Beeson PB, McDermott W, editors. 1967. Cecil and Loeb Textbook of Medicine. Philadelphia: Saunders. 420 pp.
  • Minton SA Jr. 1974. Venom Diseases. Springfield, Illinois: CC Thomas. 386 pp.
  • U.S. Navy. 1991. Poisonous Snakes of the World. United States Government. New York: Dover Publications Inc. 203 pp. ISBN 0-486-26629-X.

Informasi lainnya[sunting | sunting sumber]