Angkatan Udara Filipina

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Philippine Air Force
PAF Seal.png
Insignia of the Philippine Air Force
AktifJuly 1, 1947 – Present
Negara Philippines
Tipe unitAir force
Jumlah personel17,000 active personnel
Bagian dariArmed Forces of the Philippines
HeadquartersVillamor Air Base
MotoThe "First Force"
HimnePhilippine Air Force Hymn
PertempuranWorld War II
Communist insurgencies
Islamic insurgency
Commanding GeneralLt. Jen. Jeffrey F. Delgado
RoundelRoundel of the Philippines.svg
Low Visibility RoundelRoundel of the Philippines – Low Visibility.svg
Pesawat F-5E dari Angkatan Udara Filipina .
S-211 PAF 2.jpg
PhAF MD-520MG Helicopter.JPG

Angkatan Udara Filipina (bahasa Inggris: The Philippine Air Force (PAF); bahasa Tagalog: Hukbóng Pamhimpapawid ng Pilipinas) adalah angkatan udara bagian dari Angkatan Bersenjata Filipina dan salah satu dari tiga angkatan bersenjata dari negara Filipina. Berawal sebagai bagian dari Angkatan Darat Filipina, Angkatan Udara Filipina dibentuk sebagai institusi militer tersendiri pada tanggal 1 Juli 1947 berdasarkan Executive Order No. 94. Angkatan Udara Filipina memiliki 17.000 personel aktif yang mengoperasikan pangkalan dan pesawat.

Filipina Angkatan Udara (PAF) memiliki kekuatan 16.000, dengan 49 pesawat tempur dan 67 helikopter bersenjata.

Dalam tahun-tahun sebelumnya, PAF mampu membeli pesawat pelatih baru SF-260 dan helikopter menyerang malam. Itu juga di set untuk memperoleh delapan pesawat latih dasar, tambahan 10 Huey UH-1H helikopter utilitas, delapan merek helikopter tempur baru utilitas, delapan helikopter serang baru, dua pesawat ringan angkat, dan 12 helikopter pelatih.[1]

Aircraft inventory[sunting | sunting sumber]

Active aircraft[sunting | sunting sumber]

Aircraft Origin Type[2] Versions Active[2] Orders Notes
Fixed-wing aircraft
SIAI Marchetti S-211  Italy Light attack aircraft / Basic jet trainer AS-211 5[3][4] - Locally upgraded to AS-211 "Warrior" standard to do air-to-ground missions. 7 more airframes stored, waiting for reactivation.[5]
Rockwell International OV-10 Bronco  Amerika Serikat Light attack aircraft / Surveillance aircraft OV-10A
10[3][6] - Some OV-10A were upgraded to OV-10M (SLEP) with four-bladed propellers by Marsh Aviation.[7] Five OV-10C provided by Thailand in 2003-2004, more may follow.[8] Upgraded to deliver Paveway LGB.
Alenia Aermacchi SF-260  Italy Light attack aircraft / Primary trainer SF-260TP/MP
20[3] - 20 older "MP" & "TP" models & 18 new units SF-260F (designated "FH") as of 2012.[9] Some "M" and "TP" models configured for light attack.
Lockheed C-130 Hercules  Amerika Serikat Heavy tactical transport C-130B
- H model t/n 4726 & 4704, and B model t/n 3633.[10] 6 more C-130B & L-100-20 stored[11]
Fokker F27 Friendship  Netherlands VIP transport
Maritime patrol aircraft
Medium tactical transport
- F27-200 t/n 59-0259 (c/n 10115),[12] F27-200MAR c/n 10620,[13] F27-500F c/n 10669[14][15]
Fokker F28 Fellowship  Netherlands VIP Transport F28-3000 1 - VIP transport t/n 1250[16]
GAF N-22 Nomad  Australia Light transport aircraft N-22B 3[17] - t/n C-87 and 2 more.
Rockwell International Turbo Commander  Amerika Serikat Surveillance aircraft Aero Commander 690 1[3] -
Cessna T-41 Mescalero  Amerika Serikat Primary pilot trainer T-41B
- Fourteen T-41D, plus fifteen T-41B from South Korea added 2009[18]
Cessna 210 Centurion  Amerika Serikat Light utility aircraft LC-210 1 - t/n 227, rain-making aircraft[10]
AgustaWestland AW109  Italia Armed scout helicopter AW109 Power 0 8 8 armed variants on order[19]
PZL W-3 Sokół  Polandia SAR / Utility helicopter W-3A 8[20] - Operated by the 505th Search and Rescue Group.[21]
Sikorsky S-70 Black Hawk  Amerika Serikat VIP transport S-70A-5 1[15] - 2 delivered in 1984 but 1 crashed & written-off.
McDonnell Douglas MD-500 Defender  Amerika Serikat Scout / Light Attack Helicopter MD-520MG 25[3] -
Sikorsky S-76  Amerika Serikat Combat SAR helicopter & Air Ambulance S-76A/AUH-76A 10<[3] - The PAF originally received 17 aircraft.
Bell UH-1 Iroquois  Amerika Serikat Combat utility helicopter UH-1H/V
Huey II
Only 21 available at any time. PAF acquired license in 2003 to perform in-house Huey II upgrades[22]
Bell 205  Amerika Serikat Search and Rescue helicopter 8[3] -
Bell 412  Amerika Serikat VIP transport 412EP 3[23] - These aircraft are leased, and operated by the Presidential Airlift Wing.[24]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^
  2. ^ a b "COA Report on National Gov't Agencies (NGAs) CY 2011, see: DEPARTMENT OF NATIONAL DEFENSE - Philippine Air Force Full Report". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2012-04-21. Diakses tanggal 2007-10-08. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "World Air Forces 2014" (PDF). Flightglobal Insight. 2014. hlm. 23. Diakses tanggal 1 January 2014. 
  4. ^ Rudy Santos (May 23, 2010). "Air Force has 18 brand new trainer jets". The Philippine Star. 
  5. ^ "SIAI-MARCHETTI S.211 production list". SIAI Marchetti aircraft. Diakses tanggal 2012-04-05. 
  6. ^ "PAF planes crashes in Palawan Bay". 
  7. ^ "North American Rockwell OV-10 Bronco Observation / Light Attack Aircraft (1966)". Military Factory. Diakses tanggal 19 December 2013. 
  8. ^ "Air Force to receive anew used aircraft from Thailand". The Daily Tribune. 2011-01-12. Diakses tanggal 2011-01-12. 
  9. ^ "PAF boosts capability, ready for modernization". Philippine Information Agency. Diakses tanggal 2012-04-04. 
  10. ^ a b "With 3rd C-130 commissioned, Air Force boosts cargo assets". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2012-12-31. Diakses tanggal 2012-12-27. 
  11. ^ Jaime Laude (January 12, 2012). "PAF to get 2 reconditioned C-130 planes". Philippine Star/Philstar Online. Diakses tanggal 2013-11-20. 
  12. ^ "Aircraft 59-0259 Profile". Diakses tanggal 2013-04-16. 
  13. ^ "Aircraft 10620 Profile". Diakses tanggal 2013-04-16. 
  14. ^ "10669". Diakses tanggal 2013-04-16. 
  15. ^ a b "Special Report : World Air Forces 2011/2012" (PDF). Flight International magazine. hlm. 22. 
  16. ^ "Directory: World Air Forces". Flight International: 70. 2008-11-11. 
  17. ^ "66 planes to make flyby as Air Force marks 66th anniversary". Manila Times. Diakses tanggal 1 July 2013. 
  18. ^ "AFP receives Korean trainer aircraft today". Malaya Newspaper. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2009-03-11. Diakses tanggal 2012-04-04. 
  19. ^ "Philippine Air Force Signs Contract for Eight AW109 Power helicopters". AgustaWestland. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2013-11-10. Diakses tanggal 23 November 2013. 
  20. ^,-ge,1
  21. ^ "Salinan arsip". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2014-10-12. Diakses tanggal 2014-01-04. 
  22. ^ "Article on Bell helicopters visit to PAF". US embassy - Philippines. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2005-02-04. Diakses tanggal 2006-09-11. 
  23. ^ "Operating Lease Case Study: 4 Brand New Bell 412EP for The Philippine Presidential Airlift Wing" (PDF). ITC-Aerospace, Inc. & ITC-Leasing, Inc. Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal 2012-03-08. Diakses tanggal 2009-06-10. 
  24. ^ "No survivor in presidential chopper crash, Palace says". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Diakses tanggal 2009-06-10.