Angkatan Bersenjata Novorossiya

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Angkatan Bersenjata Bersatu Novorossiya
Объединённые Вооруженные Силы Новороссии
War Flag of Novorussia (Variant).svg
Bendera Perang Novorossiya
Didirikan 3 Maret 2014[1]
(sebagai Tentara Milisi Rakyat Donbass)
Formasi terkini 16 September 2014[2]
Markas besar Krasnodon
Kepemimpinan
Menteri Pertahanan Vladimir Kononov
Republik Rakyat Donetsk
Oleg Bugrov
Republik Rakyat Lugansk
Kekuatan personel
Jumlah personel aktif 10,000 – 20,000 (Juli 2014)[3][4]
30,000 – 35,000 (Maret 2015)[5]
40,000 (Juni 2015)[6]

Angkatan Bersenjata Novorossiya atau biasanya di sebut Angkatan Bersenjata Bersatu Novorosia (dalam bahasa Rusia: Объединённые Вооруженные Силы Новороссии (dalam tulisan Latin: Ob"yedinonnyye Vooruzhennyye Sily Novorossii Ob"yedinennyye Vooruzhennyye Sily Novorossii) ; mendapat akronim NAF)[2][7] adalah angkatan bersenjata milik konfederasi dua wilayah bersatu Novorossiya yang di bentuk pada 16 September tahun lalu oleh para warga di timur Ukrania.

Awalnya Bernama Tentara Milisi Rakyat Donbass di bentuk tepat setelah Rusia melakukan aneksasi terhadap wilayah Krimea dan juga selang beberapa hari tepat setelah dimulainya Revolusi Euromaidan pada 2014 lalu. Tentara Milisi Rakyat Donbass ini awalnya berpusat di Republik Rakyat Donetsk. Namun setelah Republik Rakyat Lugansk memproklamasikan kemerdekaannya, markas besar tersebut di pindahkan ke Krasnodon yang lebih dekat dengan perbatasan Lugansk dan Rusia.

Senjata Ringan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pistol[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Kaliber Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
Makarov PM[8] Pistol semi-otomatis 9×18mm Makarov  Uni Soviet Пистолет Макарова.png Tempat peluru 8 putaran
Stechkin APS[8] Pistol mesin 9×18mm Makarov  Uni Soviet Stechkin APS.jpg Digunakan oleh pasukan keamanan interior Rusia.[8]

Senapan Bolt-action[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Kaliber Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
Mosin–Nagant M1891/30[8] Bolt-action 7,62 x 54 mm R  Uni Soviet Mosin nagant m9130 from cia.jpeg Tempat peluru 5 putaran, beberapa anggota NAF melengkapi senjata tersebut dengan scope PU sehingga senjata ini digunakan sebagai senjata khusus penembak jitu.[8] Pemakaian terbatas.

Senjata Karabin[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Kaliber Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
SKS[8] Semi-automatic carbine 7.62×39mm M43  Uni Soviet SKS carbine.jpg 10-round magazine.
AKS-74U[9] Carbine 5.45×39mm M74  Uni Soviet Aks74u.png 30-round magazine. In Ukraine it is used by security officials.

Senjata Mesin Ringan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Kaliber Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
PPSh-41[8] Submachine gun 7.62×25mm Tokarev  Uni Soviet Пистолет-пулемет системы Шпагина обр. 1941.jpg 35-round box magazine and 71-round drum magazine. Limited usage.
PPS-43[8] Submachine gun 7.62×25mm Tokarev  Uni Soviet PPS-43 Soviet 7.62 mm submachine gun.jpg 35-round box magazine. Limited usage.

Senjata Senapan Serbu[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Kaliber Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
AKM / AKS[8] Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43  Uni Soviet Akm rifle fullstock.jpg 30-round magazine.
AKMS[8] Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43  Uni Soviet 30-round magazine.
AK-74[8] Assault rifle 5.45×39mm M74  Uni Soviet Ak74l.jpg 30-round magazine. Polymer AK-74s can be confused with AK-74Ms.
AKS-74[8] Assault rifle 5.45×39mm M74  Uni Soviet AKS-74.jpg 30-round magazine.
AS Val Assault rifle 9×39mm  Uni Soviet AS Val (541-03).jpg It is produced in Russia and is not known to be in the inventory of any Ukrainian security forces.
Filmed as carried by rebels in Luhansk in January 2015.[10]

Senapan Runduk[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Kaliber Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
Dragunov SVD[8] Sniper rifle 7.62×54mmR  Uni Soviet SVD Dragunov.jpg 10-round magazine.
VSS Vintorez[8] Sniper rifle 9x39mm  Uni Soviet Vss vintorez 01.jpeg It is produced in Russia and is not known to be in the inventory of any Ukrainian security forces.[8]
Mosin–Nagant M1891/30 PU Sniper Rifle[8] Sniper rifle 7.62×54mmR Bendera Kekaisaran Rusia 5-round magazine.

Senjata Anti-material[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Kaliber Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
PTRD[8][11] Anti-tank rifle 14.5×114mm  Uni Soviet Soviet soldiers with PTRD-41 defending Moscow.jpg Single-shot reloadable rifle.
PTRS-41[8][12] Anti-tank rifle 14.5×114mm  Uni Soviet PTRS 41.jpg 5-round magazine.
KSVK / ASVK[8] Anti-materiel rifle 12.7×108mm  Rusia KSVK1.jpg Introduced for service with Russian forces in 2013. Any exports on this rifle is unknown. The weapon is not in the inventories of Ukrainian government forces, and has not otherwise been documented in the hands of a non-state armed group.[8]

Senjata Mesin[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Kaliber Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
RPD[8] Light machine gun 7.62×39mm  Uni Soviet 7,62 mm RPD light machine gun.JPG 100-round drum magazine.
RPK[8] Light machine gun 7.62×39mm  Uni Soviet Machine Gun RPK.jpg 40-round capacity box magazine or 75-round drum magazine.
RPK-74[8] Light machine gun 5.45×39mm M74  Uni Soviet 27th Independent Sevastopol Guards Motor Rifle Brigade (181-20).jpg 30 or 45-round magazine.
PK / PKM[8] General-purpose machine gun 7.62×54mmR  Uni Soviet PKM DD-ST-85-01257.JPEG Belt fed with 100, 200 or 250-round boxes. In Ukraine, the PKM is produced under the name KM-7.62.
PKP "Pecheneg"[8] Light machine gun 7.62×54mmR  Rusia PKP Pecheneg Conscript day in Moscow 2011.jpg PKP is not known to be in service with Ukrainian forces, and has only been exported outside of Russia in limited quantities.[8]
PM M1910[8] Heavy machine gun 7.62×54mmR  Kekaisaran Rusia Maxim Maschinengewehr 1910.jpg 250-round magazine. Limited usage.
DShK[8] Heavy machine gun 12.7×108mm  Uni Soviet Doushka desert.jpg Belt fed with 50-round boxes. Pushilin confirmed elimination of at least two DShK.[13]
KPV / KPVT[8] Heavy machine gun 14.5×114mm  Uni Soviet Iraqi Police gun-carriage.jpg Belt fed with 40 or 50-round boxes.
NSV / NSVT[8] Heavy machine gun 12.7×108mm  Uni Soviet NSV machine gun on 6T7 mount - RaceofHeroes-part2-11.jpg Belt fed with 50-round boxes. In Ukraine, the NSV is produced under the name KM-12.7 or KT-12.7.

Bahan Peledak/Senjata Penembus Armor[sunting | sunting sumber]

Granat dan Pelontar Granat[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Diameter Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
RG-41[8] Fragmentation grenade 55mm  Uni Soviet
RG-41.png
5 meter kill radius. Limited usage.
F-1 Fragmentation grenade 55mm  Uni Soviet F1 grenade travmatik com 01 by-sa.jpg Reported to be bombarded on government forces using multirotor UAVs by pro-Russian separatists.[14]
RGD-5[8] Fragmentation grenade 58mm  Uni Soviet Grenade RGD-5 Navy.jpg Propels ~350 fragments, 5 meter kill radius, 3.2-4 second fuse.
RGN[8] Fragmentation grenade 60mm  Uni Soviet RGN offensive hand grenade Navy.jpg 4-10 meter kill radius, 3.2-4.2 second fuse.
GP-25[8] Under-barrel grenade launcher 40mm  Uni Soviet GP-30 grenade launcher.jpg Can be fitted to AK type rifles.
AGS-17[8][15] Automatic grenade launcher 30mm  Uni Soviet Vikings Battalion AGS-17.png Belt fed with 29-round drums, high rate of fire.

Ranjau[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Diameter Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
MON-50[16] Anti-personnel mine Tripwire/Command  Uni Soviet Non armed mon50 anti-personnel clustermine.jpg Propels ~485/540 steel projectiles to a kill radius of 50 meters.
MON-90[16] Anti-personnel mine Tripwire/Command  Uni Soviet Propels ~2000 steel projectiles to a kill radius of 90 meters.
OZM-72[16] Anti-personnel bounding mine Tripwire/Command  Uni Soviet 27th Independent Sevastopol Guards Motor Rifle Brigade (181-28).jpg ~500g TNT, propels ~2400 steel projectiles.
MON-100[16] Anti-personnel mine Pressure  Uni Soviet MON-100 2 (ORDATA).jpg Propels ~400 steel projectiles to a kill radius of 100 meters.
TM-62M[8] Anti-tank mine Pressure  Uni Soviet 27th Independent Sevastopol Guards Motor Rifle Brigade (183-19).jpg 7.5 kg TNT.

Anti-tank[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Diameter Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
RPG-7[8] Rocket-propelled grenade Warhead diameter varies  Uni Soviet Rpg-7.jpg Reloadable launcher.
RPG-18[8] Rocket-propelled grenade 64mm  Uni Soviet 240px Some of these launchers captured from the separatists were evidently brought from Russia.[8]
RPG-22[8] Rocket-propelled grenade 72.5mm  Uni Soviet RPG-22 rocket launcher.jpg Single-shot disposable launcher.
RPG-26[8] Rocket-propelled grenade 72.5mm  Uni Soviet Grenade launchers RPG-26.jpg Single-shot disposable launcher.
SPG-9[8] Recoilless rifle 73mm  Uni Soviet SPG-9M rus.jpeg Single-shot reloadable launcher.
9K111 Fagot[8] Anti-tank missile 120mm  Uni Soviet A Russia-backed rebel guards his position near the division line with Ukrainian army with anti-tank missile-near Dokuchaevsk, eastern Ukraine, Friday, June 5, 2015.jpg Wire-guided anti-tank missile system.
9K115 Metis[8] Anti-tank missile 94mm  Uni Soviet 9K115 Metys.jpg Wire-guided anti-tank missile system.
9K114 Shturm[8] Anti-tank missile 130mm  Uni Soviet BMPT at Engineering Technologies 2012 (10).jpg Wire-guided anti-tank missile system.
9M133 Kornet[8] Anti-tank missile 152mm  Rusia 9M133 Kornet.JPG The system components were found discarded on a battlefield near Starobesheve.
It was not exported to Ukraine.[8][17]

Pelontar Api[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Diameter Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
RPO-A Shmel[8] Rocket-propelled flamethrower 93mm  Uni Soviet RPO-A missile and launcher.jpg Some of the launchers captured from the separatists were evidently produced in Russia in 2000s.[8]
MRO-A[18] Rocket-propelled flamethrower 72.5mm  Rusia Tactical exercises of Radiological, Chemical and Biological Protection Troops units at Shikhani training ground (410-38).jpg It is not known to have been exported outside of Russia.[8]

Kendaraan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Perang yang sedang berlangsung mendapatkan daftar di bawah ini yang termasuk dugaan sementara.

Tank[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Jumlah Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
T-54 Tank Ringan 1  Uni Soviet T-55A, National Museum of the Great Patriotic War.jpg Restored one from a historical museum in Donetsk.[19]
T-64/A/B/BV/BM Tank Tempur Utama 64+[20]  Uni Soviet T64.jpg Some captured from Ukrainian forces[20] and some allegedly supplied to rebels from Russia.[21][22]
T-72 variants
T-72B[8] / T-72B1 Tank Tempur Utama 9+  Uni Soviet 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 066.jpg Three T-72B1 were seen in a rebel convoy in Sverdlovsk, claimed to be supplied by Russia.[23]
It is not believed to be in active service in Ukraine, making it almost impossible that the separatists captured these in battle. Six seen in Donetsk during Victory day parade [24]
T-72BM (or T-72B Model 1989[8]) / T-72BA Main battle tank 2+  Rusia Both have Kontakt-5 armour. T-72BA is a Russian variant with a wind detector on its turret.[25] T-72BM is not known to have been exported or operated outside of Russia.[21][23]
One seen in a rebel convoy in Sverdlovsk.[23] Two were destroyed in Starobesheve (one T-72BA[26] and one either T-72BM or another T-72BA[17][26][27][28]).
T-72B3[8][29] Main battle tank 3+[26]  Rusia T-72B3 - TankBiathlon2013-09.jpg The latest T-72 model in Russian service. It was introduced in 2013, and is not known to have been exported. One destroyed near Ilovaisk.[8] At least three were destroyed in Ukraine.[26]

Kendaraan Pertempuran Angkatan Darat[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Jumlah Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
BMP-1 / BMP-1KSh[8] / BMP-1P Infantry fighting vehicle 31+  Uni Soviet DPR BMP-1.png Most captured from Ukrainian forces during the Battle of Debaltseve.[30]
BMP-2 / BMP-2K[8] Infantry fighting vehicle 126+  Uni Soviet 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 077.jpg Reportedly more than 80 captured from Ukrainian forces.[20] Two seen in Donetsk and two in Sverdlovsk.[31][32]
BMD-1[8] Airborne infantry fighting vehicle 1  Uni Soviet BMD-1, National Museum of the Great Patriotic War.jpg One captured from the 25th Airborne Brigade.
BMD-2[8] Airborne infantry fighting vehicle 5  Uni Soviet DPR BMD-2.png One captured from the 25th Airborne Brigade in Sloviansk, three seen in a Donetsk convoy.[31] Three captured from Ukrainian forces and two lost to them in July–September 2014.[20]
BTR-82AM[8] Infantry fighting vehicle[8] 1+  Rusia BTR-82A It was only adopted in Russia in early 2013. It is not known to have been exported to any other country.[8][28]

Seen on videos filmed by the separatists.[28][33] Also seen destroyed in Novosvitlivka.[34]

Kendaraan Pengangkut Personil[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Jumlah Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
BTR-60PB[8] / BTR-60R-145BM[30] Armored personnel carrier 4  Uni Soviet BTR-60PB DA-ST-89-06597.jpg Four captured from Ukrainian forces.[20]
BTR-70[8] Armored personnel carrier 16  Uni Soviet 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 086.jpg Sixteen captured from Ukrainian forces.[20] Two seen in a Donetsk Vostok Battalion convoy.[31]
BTR-80[8] Armored personnel carrier 31  Uni Soviet Engineering Technologies - 2012 (3-14).jpg 31 captured from Ukrainian forces.[20]
MT-LB[8] Armored personnel carrier 32  Uni Soviet DPR MT-LB.png 32 captured from Ukrainian forces.[20]
MT-LBu Armored personnel carrier 3  Uni Soviet MT-LBu in Technical museum Togliatti-0504.jpg 3 captured from Ukrainian forces.[20]
MT-LBVM[8] Armored personnel carrier 1+  Rusia[8] At least one destroyed near Ilovaisk.[28]
MT-LBVMK[8] Armored personnel carrier 1+  Rusia[8] MT-LBVMK (1).jpg At least one destroyed in Ukraine in September 2014.[28]
MT-LB 6MA[8] Armored personnel carrier 1+  Rusia[8] At least one destroyed near Ilovaisk.[28]
BPM-97[29] / Dozor / Dozor-N / Vystrel Wheeled armored personnel carrier 10+  Rusia KAMAZ-43269 Vystrel Bronnitsy024.jpg Four seen in the late December LPR military exercises.[35][36]
10 vehicles seen in Krasnodon,[37] several seen in Luhansk.[38][39]
BTR-4K/E[8] Armored personnel carrier 3  Ukraina BTR-4K silhouette.jpg Three captured from Ukrainian forces.[20] One BTR-4K captured by the Vostok Battalion from the National Guard of Ukraine[40]

Kendaraan Pengintaian Lapis Baja[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Jumlah Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
BRDM-2 / BRDM-2RKhB[8] Amphibious armored scout car 14  Uni Soviet PL MWP Brdm2.JPG 14 captured from Ukrainian forces.[20]
9P148 ATGM launcher vehicle 4  Uni Soviet 9P148 vehicle with 9M111, 9M111M, 9M113 missiles of anti-tank complex «Konkurs» in Military-historical Museum of Artillery, Engineer and Signal Corps in Saint-Petersburg, Russia.jpg 4 captured from Ukrainian forces near Debaltseve.[20]
BRM-1K[8] Combat reconnaissance vehicle 16  Uni Soviet BRM-1K top.jpg 16 captured from Ukrainian forces.[20]
PRP-3 Artillery reconnaissance vehicle 1  Uni Soviet PRP-3 in TLT.JPG One captured from Ukrainian forces.[20]

Kendaraan Pelindung Lapis Baja[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Jumlah Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
BREM-1[8] Armored recovery vehicle 2  Uni Soviet 2015-05-07. Репетиция парада Победы в Донецке 024.jpg Two captured from Ukrainian forces.[30]
IMR-2[8] Armored recovery vehicle 1  Uni Soviet RIAN archive 734015 Wildfires in Moscow Region's Lukhovitsky district.jpg One captured from Ukrainian forces.[20]
VT-72B Armored recovery vehicle 1  Cekoslowakia Milovice, vyprošťovací tank.jpg One captured from Ukrainian forces.[20]
BTS-4[8] Armored recovery vehicle 2  Ukraina RKhM "Kashalot", BTR-70, BRDM-2 and BTS-4, Chernobyl 2.jpg One captured from Ukrainian forces.[20]

Kendaraan Teknis Militer[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Jumlah Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
BAT-M[20] Military Engineering Vehicle 1  Uni Soviet Counter Obstacle Vehicle BAT-M on permanent display in the courtyard of Military-historical Museum of Artillery, Engineer and Signal Corps in Saint-Petersburg, Russia.jpg Captured near Debaltseve.
BAT-2[20] Combat Engineering Vehicle 3  Uni Soviet

Minelayers[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Jumlah Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
GMZ-3[28] Minelayer 1  Uni Soviet Engineering Technologies - 2012 (5-41).jpg One captured from Ukrainian forces.[20]

Kendaraan Utilitas dan Logistik[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Jumlah Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
UAZ-469 Light Utility Vehicle 3+  Uni Soviet 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 015.jpg One seen heading towards Donetsk from Yenakiieve.[41] Two seen north of Slavyansk.[42]
Humvee Utility Vehicle 1  Amerika Serikat Captured Humvee, Ukraine, 14,11,2014.jpg Captured in Debaltsevo after being abandoned by Ukrainian forces[43]
Spartan Light Armored Vehicle 1  Ukraina KRAZ Spartan 2014 IMG 7628 01.JPG One captured from the Azov Battalion.[30]
Ural-4320 Medium cargo truck 8+  Uni Soviet 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 107.jpg Five seen in a Donetsk convoy, several had armored skirts.[31] Three seen in a Sverdlovsk convoy.[32]
KamAZ-4310 Medium cargo truck 80+[44]  Uni Soviet 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 116.jpg Two seen in a Donetsk convoy.[31]
KamAZ-65117 Medium cargo truck N/A  Rusia 2014-05-09. День Победы в Донецке 340.jpg
PTS-2[8] Amphibious transporter 21  Uni Soviet PTS-2 - RaceofHeroes-part2-35.jpg About 25 were restored from a Lugansk military warehouse.[45] Four captured by Ukrainian forces.[20]
GAZ Vodnik High-mobility multipurpose vehicle N/A  Rusia Vodnik ky.jpg In service with Russian forces since 2005.[46]
Seen in Krasnodon.[37][47]

Artileri[sunting | sunting sumber]

Mortar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Jumlah Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
82-BM-37[8] 82mm Infantry mortar 2  Uni Soviet Zagan 82 mm moździerz wz 37.jpg At least two were captured from pro-Russian rebels[48]
120-PM-43 mortar[8] 120-mm infantry mortar 2  Uni Soviet 120 mm regimental mortar M1943.jpg
2S12 Sani 120mm heavy mortar 2  Uni Soviet 2S12 Sani (heavy mortar system).jpg At least two were captured from pro-Russian rebels[48]
2B14 Podnos[15] 82mm Infantry mortar 1+  Uni Soviet 2B14 Podnos at "Engineering Technologies 2010" forum.jpg Captured from Ukrainian forces.
2B9 Vasilek[49] 82mm automatic mortar 1  Uni Soviet 2B9 Vasilek mortar-4058.JPG 4-mortar shell cassette.
RM-38 50mm Infantry mortar 1  Uni Soviet 50mm Company Mortar M1938 (RM-38).jpg Used by the LPR militia, one taken from a warehouse with World War 2 weaponry.[50]

Artileri Medan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Jumlah Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
D-20 152mm Howitzer 2  Uni Soviet Howitzer D-20.jpg Two captured from Ukrainian forces.[51]
D-30[8] 122mm Howitzer 35+[52][53]  Uni Soviet 122- мм гаубица Д-30 (1).jpg Alleged to have crossed from Russia to Ukraine.
MT-12 "Rapira"[8] 100mm Anti-tank gun 19+  Uni Soviet 100-мм противотанковая пушка Т-12 Рапира (2).jpg 18 captured from Ukrainian forces.[51]
2B16 Nona-K[8] 120mm Anti-tank gun 3+[54]  Uni Soviet 2B16 gun-howitzer-mortar 3.jpg At least three documented in use by the separatists.[54] Ukraine reportedly had only two of these before the war.[55]
2A65 "Msta-B"[8] 152mm Howitzer 9+  Uni Soviet 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 270.jpg Nine captured from Ukrainian forces.[51]
BS-3[8] 100mm Anti-tank gun 1  Uni Soviet BS-3-batey-haosef-1.jpg Used by the LPR militia, one taken from a warehouse with World War 2 weaponry.[50][51]

Artileri Medan Otomatis[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Kuantitas Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
2S1 Gvozdika[8] 122mm Self-propelled howitzer 15  Uni Soviet 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 088.jpg 15 captured from Ukrainian forces.[20] Three Gvozdikas were seen heading towards Donetsk from Yenakiieve.[41]
2S3 Akatsiya[8] 152.4mm Self-propelled artillery 15  Uni Soviet 2S3 Akatsiya.jpg 15 captured from Ukrainian forces.[20][56]
2S5 Giatsint-S[8] 152mm Self-propelled field gun 1  Uni Soviet 2S5 Giatsint-S.jpg One captured from Ukrainian forces.[20]
2S7 Pion 203 mm Self-propelled artillery 2+  Uni Soviet 2s7 pion.jpg Two seen in Makeevka.[57]
2S9 Nona-S[8] 120mm Self-propelled mortar 2  Uni Soviet 2S9 Nona-S.png One captured from the 25th Airborne Brigade. Two seen in Donetsk[58] One captured by Ukrainian forces on July 5, 2014.[20]
2S19 Msta-S[8] 152mm Self-propelled howitzer 3+  Uni Soviet 2S19 Msta-S of the Ukrainian Army.jpg Two reportedly captured from Ukrainian forces.[20]
One more is suspected to come from Russia.[39]

Artileri Roket[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Jumlah Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
BM-21 "Grad" (9K51)[8][59] 122mm Multiple Rocket Launcher 18+  Uni Soviet 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 102.jpg 18 claimed to be captured from Ukrainian forces after battles near the border with Russia.[60]
Grad-K[29] ("Grad" on KamAZ-5350 chassis) 122mm Multiple Rocket Launcher 1+  Rusia 2B26 Grad.jpg The 2B26 machine is a Russian modification of the original BM-21 launcher. It was first produced in 2011.[61] It is seen on a video with separatists firing Grads in January 2015.[29][62]
TOS-1 Buratino 220mm Multiple Rocket Launcher 1+  Uni Soviet Tactical exercises of Radiological, Chemical and Biological Protection Troops units at Shikhani training ground (410-23).jpg Spotted by the OSCE south-west of Luhansk in September 2015. The equipment is produced in Russia and was not exported to Ukraine before the conflict.
Previously Ukraine's military claimed the Buratino had been used against government troops from the rebel-held territories.[63]
BM-27 Uragan 220mm Multiple Rocket Launcher 2+  Uni Soviet 9P140 Uragan.jpg Two seen in Khartsyzk in February 2015.[64]
BM-30 Smerch 300mm Multiple Rocket Launcher 2+  Uni Soviet RSZO Smertch.jpg At least two seen in Makiivka in February 2015.[65][66]
Grad-P Light portable rocket system 2+  Uni Soviet Grad-P-batey-haosef-1.jpg Two seen in use.[67]

Pertahanan Udara[sunting | sunting sumber]

Senjata Tarikan Anti-udara[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Jumlah Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
ZPU[8] 14.5mm Anti-aircraft gun 1+  Uni Soviet ZPU-4 in Saint Petersburg.jpg
ZU-23-2[8] 23mm Anti-aircraft gun 3+  Uni Soviet ZU-23-2 in Saint Petersburg.jpg One seen in a Donetsk convoy on a technical.[31] Two seen in a Sverdlovsk convoy attached to MT-LBs.

Kendaraan Pertahanan Udara[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Jumlah Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
9K35 Strela-10[8][59] Short range SAM 2+  Uni Soviet 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 098.jpg One seen in Donetsk nicknamed "Лягушонок" (frogling).[68][8] One seen in a Sverdlovsk convoy.[32]
9K33 Osa[8] 6x6 amphibious SAM system 1  Uni Soviet Bulgarian SA-8.jpg One claimed to be captured from Ukrainian forces in the "southern kettle".[60]
9K37 Buk[59] Medium range SAM 1  Uni Soviet Buk-M1-2 9A310M1-2.jpg One seen in Snizhne.[69][70]
Claimed to be associated with the downing of MH17 flight.[8][69][71]
Pantsir-S1 Medium range SAM 1+  Rusia Bronnitsy - 01 - Pantsir-S1 SAM.jpg It is not known to have been exported to Ukraine.

Seen in Luhansk and Makiivka in early 2015.[29][72][73][74] Its used rocket components were also reported to be observed in Ukraine in November 2014.[8]

Sistem Pertahanan Udara Ringan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Ketinggian maksimal Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
9K32 Strela-2[8] Man portable air defence system 1500m  Uni Soviet SA-7.jpg Some Ukrainian stocks of Strela-2s went missing early in the conflict, and are presumably under NAF control.[8]
PPZR Grom[8] Man portable air defence system 3500m  Polandia PZR-Grom-02.jpg This Polish equipment was reportedly captured from pro-Russian separatists. It was fitted with a Russian-made 9P516 gripstock, designed for the 9K38 Igla. Russian forces are known to have captured some of these from Georgia.[8]
9K38 Igla[8] Man portable air defence system 3500m  Uni Soviet 9K338 Igla-S (NATO-Code - SA-24 Grinch).jpg Supplied by Russia (Ukrainian claim).[8][75][76] Captured from Ukrainian armories (DPR claim).[77] The system has identification friend or foe system which undermines DPR claims.[78]

Kendaraan nirawak[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Jumlah Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
Tu-143 "Reys"[8] Reconnaissance UAV 1  Uni Soviet Tu-143 Reis.jpg One captured from Ukrainian forces.
Orlan-10[8] Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A  Rusia UAV Orlan-10.JPG One shot down by Ukrainian forces.
Forpost Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A  Israel
 Rusia
Forpost UAV InnovationDay2013part2-03.jpg One shot down by Ukrainian forces.[79][80]
Consumer-grade UAV Quadcopter 1 Spying quadcopter.jpg One used by the rebels during the Second Battle of Donetsk Airport.[8]

Pesawat[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Jenis Jumlah Negara Asal Gambar Catatan
Sukhoi Su-25 Close air support 1  Uni Soviet Ukrainian Air Force Su-25UB with two MiG-29s (9-13) in background.jpg One Su-25 was captured by the Army of the South-East in early July 2014. The aircraft has been in service since the 1st of September.[81][82][apakah terpercaya?]
Antonov An-2 Transport 1  Uni Soviet АН-2 Майское Днепропетровск 27.08.2011.JPG One An-2 was captured by the Army of the South-East in May 2014.[83]
Aero L-29 Delfín Pesawat pelatihan militer 1  Cekoslowakia Aero L-29 Delphin.jpg One restored from Luhansk Aviation Museum[84][85]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

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    Русский и бессмысленный // LENTA.RU от 6 марта 2014
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Templat:2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine