An Lushan

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Anlushan/Roχšan
Kaisar Yan
Kaisar Dinasti Yan
Berkuasa5 Februari 756[1] – 29 Januari 757
Pendahulutidak ada, Kaisar Xuanzong dari Tang
PenerusAn Qingxu
Lahirkr. 703[2]
Wafat29 Januari 757(757-01-29) (umur 54)[3]
WangsaYan
Nama lengkap
nama keluarga: Kemungkinan awalnya Kāng (康),
Kemudian Ān (安)
nama pemberian:
Aslinya ܪܘܚܫܐܢ Roχšan, "The Luminous", di Sogdian; atau,
Ālùoshān (阿犖山),
Yàluòshān (軋犖山), atau, kemudian,
Lùshān (祿山), dalam transkripsi Tionghoa.
Shèngwǔ (聖武)
Nama anumerta
Kependekan: Là (剌)
IbuNyonya Ashide
PasanganNyonya Kang
Permaisuri Duan
AnakAn Qingzong
An Qingxu, Kaisar Ai
An Qingzhang
An Qinghe, Pangeran Zheng
An Qing'en
enam putra lainnya

An Lushan (Hanzi sederhana: 安禄山; Hanzi tradisional: 安祿山; Pinyin: Ān Lùshān; kr. 703[2]– 29 Januari 757[3]) adalah seorang jenderal ya g meluncurkan sebuah pemberontakan melawan dinasti Tang di China.

An Lushan berasal dari keturunan Sogdia dan Göktürk,[4][5][6][7][8] setidaknya melalui pengangkatan anak.[9] Ia mengembangkan ketenaran ketika mempertahankan batas utara dari Khitan dan wilayah utara lainnya. Ia menyerang Chang'an, ibu kota Tang, beberapa kali

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "兩千年中西曆轉換". Sinica.edu.tw. Diakses tanggal 2011-08-03. 
  2. ^ a b Xu, Daoxun et al. (1993). The Biography of Tang Xuanzong. Beijing: People's Press. ISBN 7-01-001210-5. p. 455-456
  3. ^ a b "兩千年中西曆轉換". Sinica.edu.tw. Diakses tanggal 2011-08-03. 
  4. ^ Yang, Zhijiu, "An Lushan". Encyclopedia of China (Chinese History Edition), 1st ed.
  5. ^ Lin, Tianwei, "An Lushan". Ensiklopedia Tiongkok (Edisi Biografi), edisi ke-1.
  6. ^ Zhong, Han. Ah Lushan Dengzahu De Neiya Wenhua Beijing" ("The Cultural Background on An Lushan, etc in Inner Asia——With the Discussion on the Inner Asia-ized of Sute or Sogdian"). Journal of Chinese Historical Studies. 2005.1. ISSN 1002-7963. East Asia: A Cultural, Social, and Political History. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 0-618-13384-4.
  7. ^ Benn, Charles. 2002. China's Golden Age: Everyday Life in the Tang Dynasty. Oxford University Press. p. 9. ISBN 0-19-517665-0.
  8. ^ "An Lushan (Chinese general)". Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Britannica.com. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 21 July 2011. Diakses tanggal 2011-08-03. 
  9. ^ Beckwith, 21, n. 82

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Beckwith, Christopher I. (2009): Empires of the Silk Road: A History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-13589-2.
  • Benn, Charles. 2002. China's Golden Age: Everyday Life in the Tang Dynasty. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-517665-0.
  • Bo Yang, Bo Yang Edition of the Zizhi Tongjian, vols. 51, 52, 53.
  • Denis Twitchett (ed.), The Cambridge History of China, Volume 3, Sui and T'ang China, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (1979)
  • Ebrey, Walthall, Palais (2006). East Asia: A Cultural, Social, and Political History. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 0-618-13384-4.
  • Lin, Tianwei, "An Lushan". Ensiklopedia Tiongkok (Edisi Biografi), edisi ke-1
  • Liu Xu et al., Kitab Tua Tang, vol. 200, part 1.
  • Ouyang Xiu et al., Kitab Baru Tang, vol. 225, part 1.
  • MATSUI, Hitoshi 松井等 (Jepang). "Qidan boxing shi 契丹勃興史 (Sejarah Kebangkitan Khitan)". Mamden chiri-rekishi kenkyu hokoku 1 (1915).
    Translated into Chinese by Liu, Fengzhu 劉鳳翥. In Minzu Shi Yiwen Ji 民族史譯文集 (A Collection of Translated Papers on Ethnic Histories) 10 (1981). Repr. in: Sun, Jinji et al. 1988 (vol. 1), pp. 93–141.
  • Mu, Weisheng (2000). The Critical Biography of Guo Ziyi. ISBN 7-80628-406-0.
  • Pulleyblank, E. G., The Background of the Rebellion of An Lu-Shan, London: Oxford University Press (1955)
  • Pulleyblank, E. G. "The An Lu-Shan Rebellion and the Origins of Chronic Militarism in Late T'ang China", in Perry & Smith, Essays on T'ang Society, Leiden: E. J. Brill (1976).
  • Sima Guang et al., Zizhi Tongjian, vols. 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 219.
  • Schafer, Edward H. The Golden Peaches of Samarkand. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985. ISBN 978-0-520-05462-2.
  • Xu, Daoxun et al. (1993). The Biography of Tang Xuanzong. Beijing: People's Press. ISBN 7-01-001210-5.

Templat:Xu Elina-Qian

  • Xue, Zongzheng (1992). A History of Turks. Beijing: Chinese Social Sciences Press. ISBN 7-5004-0432-8.
  • Yang, Zhijiu, "An Lushan". Encyclopedia of China (Chinese History Edition), 1st ed.
  • Yu, Taishan (2nd Edition 2003). A Comprehensive History of Western Regions. Zhengzhou: Zhongzhou Guji Press. ISBN 7-5348-1266-6.
  • Zhong, Han. Ah Lushan Dengzahu De Neiya Wenhua Beijing" ("The Cultural Background on An Lushan, etc in Inner Asia——With the Discussion on the Inner Asia-ized of Sute or Sogdian"). Journal of Chinese Historical Studies. 2005.1. ISSN 1002-7963.