Afganistanisme adalah istilah yang pertama kali dicatat di Amerika Serikat, untuk praktik memusatkan perhatian pada masalah di belahan dunia yang jauh dengan mengabaikan masalah-masalah lokal yang kontroversial. Dalam konteks lain, istilah ini merujuk pada "ilmu pengetahuan yang sangat misterius dan tidak relevan","ketertarikan pada negeri yang jauh dan eksotis," atau "menepuk dan mengepalkan tangan Anda pada musuh yang tak terlihat yang tidak menyadari keberadaan Anda, apalagi amarah Anda."
Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]
- Masalah orang lain
- Proyeksi psikologis
- Manipulasi media
- Eksepsionalisme Amerika
- Whataboutisme, defleksi yang lebih umum dalam diskursus politik Amerika.
Referensi dan catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]
- Oxford English Dictionary, Third Edition, Afghanistanism, n. 'colloq. (orig. U.S.)'
- "afghanistanism." Webster's Third New International Dictionary, Unabridged. Merriam-Webster, 2002. Access to this link requires registration.
- The term is similarly defined in the Double-Tongued Dictionary website
- John G. Cross and Edie N. Goldenberg (2009). Off-Track Profs: Nontenured Teachers in Higher Education. MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-01291-1. page 99
- Estate of Rhea Talley Stewart, Fire in Afghanistan 1914–1929: The First Opening to the West Undone by Tribal Ferocity Years Before the Taliban iUniverse, 2000 page viii ISBN 978-0-595-09319-9
- John Livingston, The John A. Livingston Reader: The Fallacy of Wildlife Conservation and One Cosmic Instant: A Natural History of Human Arrogance, page 3. McClelland & Stewart, 2007 ISBN 978-0-7710-5326-9
Bacaan lanjutan[sunting | sunting sumber]
- Tom Kamara, "Woes of the African Journalist," The Perspective, March 12, 2001 "For example, few in Europe knew if a country called Guinea existed. But this has changed since a European, The Netherlands' Ruud Lubbers, is now head of the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) faced with mounting refugee problems in that country. Guinea is now known, particularly in Holland. His presence there is news, and if the plight of tens of thousands of refugees is mentioned in passing, good luck! (This is journalism, what used to be called 'Afghanistanism' — distant issues not to bother home readers with.")
- Kombo Mason Braide, "Pseudo-Afghanistanism & The Nigeria Intellectual," Niger Delta Congress website "Afghanistanism crept into contemporary Nigerian journalese around 1984, during the military dictatorship of Major General Mohammadu Buhari, who grossly breached the fundamental human right of freedom of expression of Nigerians with impunity. Essentially, Mohammadu Buhari made it a crime for his subjects to think. In a frenzy of conceited righteousness, he dished out a farrago of stiff sanctions against anyone who dared to express opinions (true or not) that could embarrass public officers (like him!)."
- "Where in the World Is News Bias," News Bias Explored: The Art of Reading the News, student project at the University of Michigan
- George Pyle, "Afghanistanism, the Next Generation," Buffalo News, October 14, 2009. "The old cliche among editorial writers was that if you didn't have the nerve to write something critical of the governor, the mayor or the school board -- or if they hadn't given you cause to write something critical of them -- you could always write about Afghanistan."
- Naomi Ishizaki, "Editor's Note: Afghanistanism," ColorsNW.[pranala nonaktif permanen] "Since the 1970s, the term 'Afghanistanism' was used in U.S. newsrooms to describe regions of the world that were so remote and foreign, there was no reason to report about them because Americans had no interest in their people and events."
- "Fine Kettle of Fish, Film at 11," The Word Detective, November 27, 2001. " 'Afghanistanism' was a term coined in the mid-20th century to criticize the tendency of news media to concentrate on happenings in remote corners of the world to the exclusion of covering problems closer to home."
- Jeff Simon, "A Great Day for Couric and CBS News" (commentary), Buffalo News, October 9, 2009. "Afghanistanism . . . was, according to a journalistic elder a few decades ago, the perfect word to describe lengthy journalism about some absurdly far-flung place . . . that couldn’t possibly matter to a reader or TV watcher as much as a new carpet store in your favorite plaza or a local church deacon busted for cleaning out the rectory safe."
- Charles R. Eisendrath, "From the Head Fellow: Rushing Forward, Looking Back," The Journal of the Michigan Fellows, Winter 2001. "Remember 'Afghanistanism?' Until September 11 it meant 'safe to discuss because too remote to care about.' "
- Jonathan Randal, Osama: The Making of a Terrorist, Vintage, 2005, page 71 ISBN 978-0-375-70823-7. "When I started out in journalism, 'Afghanistanism' was shorthand for recondite, faraway, and complex foreign problem of secondary interest defying easy explanation, much less solution."
- "Against Afghanistanism: a note on the morphology of Indian English," The Yearbook of South Asian Languages and Linguistics, pages 269-273, cited in J.L. May and Keith Brown, Concise Encyclopedia of Pragmatics, Second Edition, Elsevier Science, 2009, page 669 ISBN 978-0-08-096297-9
- Judy Bolch, "The Hometown Newspaper Builds Community," in What Good Is Journalism?: How Reporters and Editors Are Saving America's Way of Life, University of Missouri Press, 2007, page 69 ISBN 978-0-8262-1731-8. ". . . back when that term meant not Osama Bin Laden but rather stories that seemingly had little to do with the price of rugs in Alabama."