Accademia del Cimento

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Loncat ke navigasi Loncat ke pencarian

Accademia del Cimento (Akademi Eksperimen), sebuah perhimpunan saintifik awal, didirikan di Firenze pada 1657 oleh murid-murid Galileo, Giovanni Alfonso Borelli dan Vincenzo Viviani dan berdiri selama sekitar satu dekade kemudian. Pembentukan Akademi tersebut didanai oleh Pangeran Leopoldo dan Adipati Agung Ferdinando II de' Medici. Kegiatan-kegiatan perhimpunan tersebut meliputi:[1]

  • Eksperimenasi (hampir setiap hal, pada periode awal ilmu pengetahuan ini)
  • Menyusun spekulasi
  • Membuat peralatan laboratorium
  • Standar ukuran
  • Motto – Provando e riprovando Coba dan coba lagi
  • Sebuah publikasi ’Saggi di naturali esperienze fatte nell'Academia del Cimento sotto la protezione del Serenissimo Principe Leopoldo di Toscan e descritte dal segretario di essa Accademia pertama kali diterbitkan pada 1666, kemudian diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Latin pada 1731. Buku tersebut menjadi paduan laboratorium standar pada abad ke-18.

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Bruno, pp. 17–18.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Baldwin, Martha (Sep 1995). Isis. 86 (3): 394–418. doi:10.1086/357237. 
  • Boschiero, Luciano (2007). Experiment and Natural Philosophy in Seventeenth-Century Tuscany: The History of the Accademia del Cimento. Springer. ISBN 0-85115-594-4. 
  • Bruno, Leonard, C. (1989). The Landmarks of Science. The Collections of the Library of Congress. ISBN 0-8160-2137-6. 
  • Feingold, Mordechai (2009). Marco Beretta, ed. The Accademia del Cimento and its European context. Watson Publishing. ISBN 0-88135-387-6. 
  • Henry, John (2008). The Scientific Revolution and the Origins of Modern Science, 3d Edition. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-230-57438-6. 
  • Hunter, Michael (1995). Science and the Shape of Orthodoxy: Intellectual Change in Late Seventeenth-Century Britain. Boydell Press. ISBN 0-85115-594-4. 
  • Iliffe, Rob (2009). Marco Beretta, ed. The Accademia del Cimento and its European context. Watson Publishing. ISBN 0-88135-387-6. 
  • Meli, Domenico Bertoloni (2009). Marco Beretta, ed. The Accademia del Cimento and its European context. Watson Publishing. ISBN 0-88135-387-6. 
  • Middleton, W.E. Knowles (1971). The Experimenters: A Study of The Accademia del Cimento. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins Press. ISBN 0-8018-1250-X. 
  • Ornstein, Martha (1913). The rôle of scientific societies in the seventeenth century. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL. 
  • Strano, Giorgio (2009). Marco Beretta, ed. The Accademia del Cimento and its European context. Watson Publishing. ISBN 0-88135-387-6. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Online guide to Accademia del Cimento records, at The Bancroft Library
  • [1] Notes on the history of Accademia del Cimento from the Scholarly Societies Project, University of Waterloo Libraries—includes information about the Academy's publications.
  • [2] Stanford University discussion of the Republic of Letters
  • [3] Entire correspondence of the Cimento Academicians at the National Library in Florence