Abdul Rahman Al-Sufi

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Abdul Rahman Al-Sufi
Lahir(903-12-07)7 Desember 903
Rey, Persia Buwaihi
Meninggal25 Mei 986(986-05-25) (umur 82)
Shiraz, Persia Buwaihi
PekerjaanAstronom
ZamanZaman Kejayaan Islam
Karya terkenalKitab Bintang Tetap

Abdul Rahman Al-Sufi[a] (7 Desember 903 – 25 Mei 986) adalah astronom berkebangsaan Persia yang juga dikenal sebagai 'Abdul Rahman Abu Al-Husain, 'Abdul Rahman Sufi, atau 'Abdurrahman Sufi, dan pada Dunia Barat dikenal sebagai Azophi dan Azophi Arabus.[1] Al-Sufi menerbitkan buku berjudul Kitab Bintang Tetap pada tahun 964. Al-Biruni melaporkan penelitian Al-Sufi pada ekliptika dilakukan di Shiraz. Dia tinggal di istana Buwaihi di Isfahan.[2][1][3]

Riwayat hidup[sunting | sunting sumber]

Abdul Rahman Al-Sufi adalah salah satu dari sembilan astronom Muslim terkenal. Namanya menyiratkan bahwa dia berasal dari kalangan Sufi. Dia tinggal di istana Emir Adud ad-Daula di Isfahan, Persia, dan bekerja menerjemahkan dan meneliti karya astronomi Yunani Kuno, terutama Mathematike Syntaxis oleh Ptolemaeus. Dia menyumbangkan beberapa koreksi pada daftar bintang oleh Ptolemaeus dan melakukan perkiraan kecerahan dan magnitudonya sendiri yang sering menyimpang dari yang ada dalam karya Ptolemaeus, dengan hanya 55% magnitudo Al-Sufi yang identik dengan magnitudo Ptolemaeus[4]

Dia adalah penyumbang utama penerjemahan astronomi Helenistik ke dalam bahasa Arab yang berpusat di Iskandariyah, Mesir, yang pertama mencoba menghubungkan istilah Yunani dengan nama-nama bintang dan rasi Arab tradisional, yang sama sekali tidak berhubungan dan tumpang tindih dengan cara yang rumit.

Kehormatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sejak 2006, Masyarakat Astronom Iran – Komite Amatir (ASIAC) mengadakan Kompetisi Pengamatan Sufi untuk mengenang Al-Sufi. Kompetisi pertama diadakan pada tahun 2006 di utara Provinsi Semnān[5] dan yang kedua diadakan pada musim panas 2008 di Ladiz dekat Zahedan. Lebih dari 100 peserta dari Iran dan Irak berpartisipasi dalam acara tersebut.[6]

Kawah bulan Azophi dan planet katai 12621 Alsufi dinamai untuk menghormatinya.

Pada tanggal 7 Desember 2016, Google Doodle memperingati ulang tahunnya yang ke-1113.[7]

Galeri[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ bahasa Persia: عبدالرحمن صوفی

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b Robert Harry van Gent. Biography of al-Sūfī. "The Persian astronomer Abū al-Husayn ‘Abd al-Rahmān ibn ‘Umar al-Sūfī was born in Rayy (near Tehrān) on 7 December 903 [14 Muharram 291 H] and died in Baghdād on 25 May 986 [13 Muharram 376 H] ... the Persian astronomer Abū al-Husayn ‘Abd al-Rahmān ibn ‘Umar al-Sūfī who was commonly known by European astronomers as Azophi Arabus". University of Utrecht, Netherlands. Retrieved January 11, 2014
  2. ^ Al-Qifti. Ikhbar al-'ulama' bi-akhbar al-hukama ("History of Learned Men"). In: Άbdul-Ramān al-Şūfī and his Book of the Fixed Stars: A Journey of Re-discovery by Ihsan Hafez, Richard F. Stephenson, Wayne Orchiston (2011). In: Orchiston, Wayne, Highlighting the history of astronomy in the Asia-Pacific region: proceedings of the ICOA-6 conference. Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings. New York: Springer. ISBN 978-1-4419-8161-5. "... is the honored, the perfect, the most intelligent and the friend of the King Adud al-Dawla Fanakhasru Shahenshah Ibn Buwaih. He is the author of the most honored books in the science of astronomy. He was originally from Nisa and is of a Persian descent."
  3. ^ Selin, Helaine (2008). Encyclopaedia of the history of science, technology, and medicine in non-western cultures. Berlin New York: Springer. hlm. 160. ISBN 9781402049606. Al-Sūf ī was an astronomer in the Arabic–Islamic area. He was of Persian origin, but wrote in Arabic, the language of all science in that time. 
  4. ^ Schaefer, Bradley E. (February 2013). "The Thousand Star Magnitudes in the Catalogues of Ptolemy, Al Sufi, and Tycho are All Corrected for Atmospheric Extinction". Journal for the History of Astronomy. 44 (1): 47–A91. arXiv:1303.1833alt=Dapat diakses gratis. Bibcode:2013JHA....44...47S. doi:10.1177/002182861304400103. ISSN 0021-8286. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal October 20, 2009. Diakses tanggal January 7, 2009. 
  6. ^ رقابت صوفي، درآمدي بر سال جهاني نجوم
  7. ^ "Abd al-Rahman Al-Sufi's (Azophi) 1113th Birthday". December 7, 2016. 

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. "Abd al-Rahman Al-Sufi's (Azophi) 1113th Birthday". Google.com. December 7, 2016.
  2. Al-Qifti. Ikhbar al-'ulama' bi-akhbar al-hukama ("History of Learned Men"). In: Άbdul-Ramān al-Şūfī and his Book of the Fixed Stars: A Journey of Re-discovery by Ihsan Hafez, Richard F. Stephenson, Wayne Orchiston (2011). In: Orchiston, Wayne, Highlighting the history of astronomy in the Asia-Pacific region: proceedings of the ICOA-6 conference. Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings. New York: Springer. ISBN 978-1-4419-8161-5. "... is the honored, the perfect, the most intelligent and the friend of the King Adud al-Dawla Fanakhasru Shahenshah Ibn Buwaih. He is the author of the most honored books in the science of astronomy. He was originally from Nisa and is of a Persian descent."
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-10-20. Retrieved 2009-01-07.
  4. Cavin, Jerry D. (2012). The amateur Astronomer's Guide to the Deep-Sky Catalogs. Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. ISBN 978-1-4614-0656-3. OCLC 759795491.
  5. Dr. Emily Winterburn (National Maritime Museum) (2005). "Using an Astrolabe". Foundation for Science Technology and Civilisation. Retrieved 2008-01-22.
  6. Hafez, Ihsan; Stephenson, Richard; Orchiston, Wayne, (2011-01-01), Abdul-Rahman al-Sufi and his Book of the Fixed Stars, pp. 121–138, ISBN 9781441981615, retrieved 2019-11-13.
  7. Kepple, George Robert; Glen W. Sanner (1998). The Night Sky Observer's Guide. 1. Willmann-Bell. p. 18. ISBN 0-943396-58-1.
  8. Knobel, E. B. (June 1885). "On Al Sufi's star magnitudes". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 45: 417–425.
  9. "Observatoire de Paris (Abd-al-Rahman Al Sufi)". Archived from the original on April 16, 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-19.
  10. "Observatoire de Paris (LMC)". Archived from the original on April 17, 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-19.
  11. Orchiston, Wayne; Green, David A.; Strom, Richard (2014-11-24). New Insights From Recent Studies in Historical Astronomy: Following in the Footsteps of F. Richard Stephenson: A Meeting to Honor F. Richard Stephenson on His 70th Birthday. Springer. ISBN 978-3-319-07614-0.
  12. Robert Harry van Gent. Biography of al-Sūfī. "The Persian astronomer Abū al-Husayn ‘Abd al-Rahmān ibn ‘Umar al-Sūfī was born in Rayy (near Tehrān) on 7 December 903 [14 Muharram 291 H] and died in Baghdād on 25 May 986 [13 Muharram 376 H] ... the Persian astronomer Abū al-Husayn ‘Abd al-Rahmān ibn ‘Umar al-Sūfī who was commonly known by European astronomers as Azophi Arabus". University of Utrecht, Netherlands. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
  13. Schaefer, Bradley E. (2013-02). "The Thousand Star Magnitudes in the Catalogues of Ptolemy, Al Sufi, and Tycho are All Corrected for Atmospheric Extinction". Journal for the History of Astronomy. 44 (1): 47-A91. doi: 10.1177/002182861304400103. ISSN 0021-8286.
  14. Selin, Helaine (2008). Encyclopedia of the history of science, technology, and medicine in non-western cultures. Berlin New York: Springer. p. 160. ISBN 9781402049606. Al-Sūfī was an astronomer in the Arabic-Islamic area. He was of Persian origin, but wrote in Arabic, the language of all science in that time.
  15. Upton, Joseph M (March 1933). "A Manuscript of "The Book of the Fixed Stars" by 'Abd Ar-Rahmān As-Sūfī". Metropolitan Museum Studies. 4: 179–197 – via JSTOR.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]