Historiografi Kemalis: Perbedaan antara revisi

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
(←Membuat halaman berisi '{{Multiple image | total_width = 420 | image1 = Tarih III Kemalist Eğitimin Tarih Dersleri 1931-1941.jpg | image2 = Müşir Gazi Mustafa Kemal Paşa, Balıkesir, 1923.png | caption2 = Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, pendiri Republik Turki. Kultus personalitasnya adalah pengaruh utama pada historiografi Kemalis. | caption1 = Buku pelajaran sejarah Kemalis, yang dipakai antara 1931 dan 1941. }} '''Historiografi Kemalis''' ({{Lang-tr|Kemalist tarihyazımı}}) adalah sebua...')
 
(Tidak ada perbedaan)

Revisi terkini sejak 29 Juli 2022 03.07

Buku pelajaran sejarah Kemalis, yang dipakai antara 1931 dan 1941.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, pendiri Republik Turki. Kultus personalitasnya adalah pengaruh utama pada historiografi Kemalis.

Historiografi Kemalis (bahasa Turki: Kemalist tarihyazımı) adalah sebuah penjelasan sejarah yang utamanya berdasarkan pada pidato enam hari yang disampaikan oleh Mustafa Kemal [Atatürk][a] pada tahun 1927,[1][2] dipromosikan oleh ideologi politik Kemalisme, dan dipengaruhi oleh kultus personalitas Atatürk.[3] Historiografi tersebut banyak ditolak oleh para cendekiawan, terutama oleh Taner Akçam, Erik-Jan Zürcher, Uğur Ümit Üngör dan Hans-Lukas Kieser.

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Ia menerima marga Atatürk sesuai dengan hukum marga tahun 1934.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Toni Alaranta (2008) Mustafa Kemal Atatürk’s Six‐Day Speech of 1927: Defining the Official Historical View of the Foundation of the Turkish Republic, Turkish Studies, 9:1, 115-129, DOI: 10.1080/14683840701814042
  2. ^ Dogan, G. (2016). "The establishment of kemalist autocracy and its reform policies in turkey". Kansas State University. "Kemalist historiography, which is based on Mustafa Kemal’s six-day speech (Nutuk) in October 1927, emphasizes the foundation of the Republic as central to Turkish history."
  3. ^ Zürcher, E. J. (1992). The Qttoman Legacy of the Turkish Republic: An Attempt at a New Periodization. Die Welt Des Islams, 32(2), 237–253. https://doi.org/10.2307/1570835 "Because of Atatürk's stature as saviour of his country and the growing personality cult which surrounded him, this version [of history] assumed the status of absolute truth."

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Sönmez, Erdem (2020). "A past to be forgotten? Writing Ottoman history in early republican Turkey". British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies. 48 (4): 753–769. doi:10.1080/13530194.2020.1714428. 
  • The Ottoman Empire in the Historiography of the Kemalist Era: a Theory of Fatal Decline (Büşra Ersanli, page 115) The Ottomans and the Balkans: a discussion of historiography eds. Fikret Adanır and Suraiya Faroqhi
  • Edhem Eldem (2018). "Sultan Abdülhamid II: Founding Father of the Turkish State?". Journal of the Ottoman and Turkish Studies Association. 5 (2): 25. doi:10.2979/jottturstuass.5.2.05. 
  • Gurpinar, Dogan (2011). "Double Discourses and Romantic Nationalism: The Ottoman Empire as a 'Foreign Country'". Int. J. Turkish Studies (dalam bahasa Inggris). 17 (1–2). 
  • Akturk, Ahmet Serdar (2010). "Arabs in Kemalist Turkish Historiography". Middle Eastern Studies. 46 (5): 633–653. doi:10.1080/00263206.2010.504553. 
  • Eissenstat, Howard (2003). "History and Historiography: Politics and Memory in the Turkish Republic". Contemporary European History. 12 (1): 93–105. doi:10.1017/S096077730300105X. ISSN 0960-7773. JSTOR 20081142. 
  • Zürcher, Erik Jan (2014). "Monologue to Conversation: Comparative Approaches in Turkish Historiography". Turkish Studies. 15 (4): 589–599. doi:10.1080/14683849.2014.987906. 
  • Göçek, Fatma Müge (2007). "Turkish Historiography and the Unbearable Weight of 1915". The Armenían Genocíde Cultural and Ethical Legacies (dalam bahasa Inggris). Routledge. ISBN 978-1-315-13101-6. 
  • Ter-Matevosyan, Vahram (2019). "Problems of Definition and Historiography of Kemalism". Turkey, Kemalism and the Soviet Union: Problems of Modernization, Ideology and Interpretation (dalam bahasa Inggris). Springer International Publishing. hlm. 7–39. ISBN 978-3-319-97403-3. 
  • Göçek, Fatma Müge (2011). "Reading Genocide: Turkish Historiography on 1915". Dalam Suny, Ronald Grigor; Göçek, Fatma Müge; Naimark, Norman M. A Question of Genocide: Armenians and Turks at the End of the Ottoman Empire. Oxford University Press. hlm. 42–52. ISBN 978-0-19-979276-4.