Xu Guangqi

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Xu Guangqi
徐光啟

Pelayan Tuhan
Lukisan Xu Guangqi.
Lahir 24 April 1562
Wilayah Shanghai, Prefektur Songjiang, Zhili Selatan, Dinasti Ming China[1]
Meninggal 8 November 1633 (umur 71)[2]
Beijing, Prefektur Shuntian, Zhili Utara, Dinasti Ming China
Tempat peristirahatan Taman Guangqi, Xujiahui, Distrik Xuhui, Kotamadya Shanghai, China
Tempat tinggal Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin
Kewarganegaraan China
Nama lain Paulo Xu[diragukan ] (Nama Baptis)[3]
Suku Han
Pendidikan Gelar Jinshi (1604)[3]
Pekerjaan sarjana resmi (Menteri Ritus dan Sekretaris Besar)
Tempat kerja Mahkamah kekaisaran Ming (dibawah kekuasaan Kaisar Wanli, Taichang, Tianqi dan Chongzhen)
Kota asal Shanghai
Agama Katolik Roma
Pasangan Wu[4]
Anak Xu Ji (徐驥)[4]
Orang tua Xu Sicheng (徐思誠) (ayah)[5]
Kerabat

Candida Xu (granddaughter)[6] (Xu Zhun)[7]

(Xu Maheux)[7]
Xu Guangqi
Hanzi tradisional: 徐光啟
Hanzi sederhana: 徐光启
Makna literal: Xú (nama) Light-Enlightenment
Artikel ini memuat teks berbahasa Tionghoa. Tanpa dukungan multibahasa, Anda mungkin akan melihat tanda tanya, tanda kotak, atau karakter lain selain dari karakter yang dimaksud.

Xu Guangqi (Hanzi Sederhana: 徐光启; Hanzi Tradisional: 徐光啟; pinyin: Xú Guāngqǐ; 24 April 1562 – 8 November 1633), yang kemudian mengadopsi nama baptis Paul (Hanzi Sederhana: 保禄; Hanzi Tradisional: 保祿), adalah seorang sarjana-birokrat, ilmuwan agribudaya, astronom, dan matematikawan Tiongkok pada masa Dinasti Ming.

Ia juga penulis Nong Zheng Quan Shu, salah satu perjanjian komprehensif pertama tentang subjek agribudaya. Ia adalah salah satu "Tiga Pilar Katolik Tiongkok". Gelarnya saat ini adalah Pelayan Tuhan.[8]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kutipan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Ad Dudink, “Xu Guangqi's Career: An Annotated Chronology” in Catherine Jami, Peter Engelfriet, & Gregory Blue, editors, Statecraft and Intellectual Renewal in Late Ming China: The Cross Cultural Synthesis of Xu Guangqi (1562–1633) (Leiden: Brill, 2001), 399.
  2. ^ Ad Dudink, “Xu Guangqi's Career: An Annotated Chronology” in Catherine Jami, Peter Engelfriet, & Gregory Blue, editors, Statecraft and Intellectual Renewal in Late Ming China: The Cross Cultural Synthesis of Xu Guangqi (1562–1633) (Leiden: Brill, 2001), 409.
  3. ^ a b Liam Matthew Brockey, Journey to the East: The Jesuit Mission to China, 1579–1724 (Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2008), 59.
  4. ^ a b Ad Dudink, “Xu Guangqi's Career: An Annotated Chronology” in Catherine Jami, Peter Engelfriet, & Gregory Blue, editors, Statecraft and Intellectual Renewal in Late Ming China: The Cross Cultural Synthesis of Xu Guangqi (1562–1633) (Leiden: Brill, 2001), 400.
  5. ^ Timothy Brook mengklaim bahwa nama ayah Xu adalah 'Xu Sicheng' (徐思誠), but provides no sources. Timothy Brook, “Xu Guangqi in His Context: The World of the Shanghai Gentry” in Catherine Jami, Peter Engelfriet, & Gregory Blue, editors, Statecraft and Intellectual Renewal in Late Ming China: The Cross Cultural Synthesis of Xu Guangqi (1562–1633) (Leiden: Brill, 2001), 93.
  6. ^ Liam Matthew Brockey, Journey to the East: The Jesuit Mission to China, 1579–1724 (Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2008), 140.
  7. ^ a b Liam Matthew Brockney, Journey to the East: The Jesuit Mission to China, 1579–1724 (cambridge: The Belknap press of Harvard University Press , 2008),140.
  8. ^ Keuskupan Katolik Roma Shanghai: 徐光启列品案筹备进程

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Needham, Joseph (1959). Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 3, Mathematics and the Sciences of the Heavens and the Earth. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; reprinted: Taipei: Caves Books, 1986. OCLC
  • Needham, Joseph (1984). Francesa Bray. Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 6, Biology and Biological Technology, Part 2: Agriculture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; reprinted: Taipei: Caves Books, 1986.
  • Zhao, Jikai, "Xu Guangqi". Encyclopedia of China (Economics Edition), 1st ed.
  • Mei, Rongzhao, "Xue Guangqi". Encyclopedia of China (Mathematics Edition), 1st ed.
  • Stone, Richard (2007). "Scientists Fete China's Supreme Polymath", Science 318, 733.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]