World Series

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World Series adalah nama seri kejuaraan bisbol Major League Baseball di Amerika Utara yang dimainkan antara pemenang American League dan National League, yang terdiri oleh 29 tim yang bermarkas di Amerika Serikat dan satu di Kanada (Toronto) dengan para pemain banyak berasal dari Amerika Serikat, lalu Amerika Latin (termasuk daerah Karibia), Kanada, Jepang, dan Korea.

Kejuaraan ini diadakan setiap akhir musim pada bulan Oktober, karena itu disana dikenal juga dengan Fall Classic. Pemenangnya ditentukan melalui playoff dengan sistem "best-of-seven" (pemenang terbanyak dalam tujuh pertemuan), kecuali pada tahun 1903, 1919, 1920, dan 1921 dimana pemenang ditentukan oleh playoff dengan sistem "best of nine". Pemenang The Series diberikan piala bernama "Commissioner's Trophy". World Series adalah ajang tahunan sejak tahun 1903, kecuali pada tahun-tahun 1904 dan 1994.

Nama "World Series" diambil dari "World Championship Series", nama yang pertama kali muncul pada tahun 1880an dan terus dipakai hingga awal 1900an. Nama ini kemudian diperpendek menjadi "World's Series" dan terakhir menjadi "World Series". Meski tidak ada federasi internasional yang mengatakan The Series sebagai event kejuaraan dunia, pemenangnya masih dianggap sebagai "juara dunia" oleh pemain bisbol, pemilik, dan penulis di Amerika Serikat dan Kanada.

Pemenang World Series terbanyak di zona American League (AL) sekaligus yang terbanyak di American League dan dalam sejarah adalah New York Yankees dengan memenangkan 27 gelar disusul St. Louis Cardinals yang memenangkan 11 gelar, sekaligus terbanyak diantara tim-tim dari National League. Yankees juga menjadi tim terbanyak dalam sejarah yang tampil di World Series dengan 40 kali tampil, sementara terbanyak kedua, sekaligus terbanyak di National League adalah San Francisco Giants dengan 20 kali penampilan.

Juara bertahan World Series saat ini adalah San Francisco Giants yang mengalahkan Kansas City Royals dengan skor 4-3 dalam sistem best of seven.

Daftar Juara[sunting | sunting sumber]

Juara sebelum era World Series modern (1857–1902)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kunci[sunting | sunting sumber]

(1)* Menandakan ada satu game berakhir dengan seri

Pemenang[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Tim Menang Rekor Tim Kalah
Pemenang National Association of Base Ball Players
1857 Brooklyn Atlantics
1858 New York Mutuals
1859 Brooklyn Atlantics
1860 Brooklyn Atlantics
1861 Brooklyn Atlantics
1862 Brooklyn Eckfords
1863 Brooklyn Eckfords
1864 Brooklyn Atlantics
1865 Brooklyn Atlantics
1866 Brooklyn Atlantics
1867 Morrisania Unions
1868 New York Mutuals
1869 Brooklyn Atlantics
1870 Chicago White Stockings
Pemenang National Association of Professional Base Ball Players
1871 Philadelphia Athletics
1872 Boston Red Stockings
1873 Boston Red Stockings
1874 Boston Red Stockings
1875 Boston Red Stockings
Pemenang National League
1876 St. Louis Brown Stockings 4–1 Chicago White Stockings
1877 Boston Red Caps
1878 Boston Red Caps
1879 Providence Grays
1880 Chicago White Stockings
1881 Chicago White Stockings
National League vs. American Association—exhibition
1882 Chicago White Stockings (NL) 1–1 Cincinnati Reds (AA)
1883 Boston Beaneaters (NL) dibatalkan Philadelphia Athletics (AA)
National League vs. American Association
1884 Providence Grays (NL) 3–0 New York Metropolitans (AA)
1885 St. Louis Browns (AA) 3–3–(1)* Chicago White Stockings (NL)
1886 St. Louis Browns (AA) 4–2 Chicago White Stockings (NL)
1887 Detroit Wolverines (NL) 10–5 St. Louis Browns (AA)
1888 New York Giants (NL) 6–4 St. Louis Browns (AA)
1889 New York Giants (NL) 6–3 Brooklyn Bridegrooms (AA)
1890 Brooklyn Bridegrooms (AA) 3–3–(1)* Louisville Colonels (NL)
1891 Boston Beaneaters (NL) tidak ada Series Boston Reds (AA)
Pemenang National League
1892 Boston Beaneaters 5–0 Cleveland Spiders
1893 Boston Beaneaters
1894 New York Giants 4–0 Baltimore Orioles
1895 Cleveland Spiders 4–1 Baltimore Orioles
1896 Baltimore Orioles 4–0 Cleveland Spiders
1897 Baltimore Orioles 4–1 Boston Beaneaters
1898 Boston Beaneaters
1899 Brooklyn Superbas 3–3 Philadelphia Phillies
1900 Brooklyn Superbas 4–1 Pittsburgh Pirates
Pemenang National League & American League (tidak ada seri kejuaraan)
1901 Pittsburgh Pirates (NL) tidak ada Series Chicago White Sox (AL)
1902 Pittsburgh Pirates (NL) tidak ada Series Philadelphia Athletics (AL)

World Series (1902-sekarang)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kunci[sunting | sunting sumber]

(1)* Menujukkan kalau satu game berakhir dengan seri
Menang dengan "best of nine"Won by the best record in a nine-game series
Menuunjukkan tim wild-card (sejak 1995)

Pemenang[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Tim Menang Manajer Asal Liga Tim Kalah Manajer Asal Liga Games
1903 Boston Americans Collins, JimmyJimmy Collins AL Pittsburgh Pirates Clarke, FredFred Clarke NL 5–3
1905 New York Giants McGraw, JohnJohn McGraw NL Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack AL 4–1
1906 Chicago White Sox Jones, FielderFielder Jones AL Chicago Cubs Chance, FrankFrank Chance NL 4–2
1907 Chicago Cubs Chance, FrankFrank Chance NL Detroit Tigers Jennings, HughHugh Jennings AL 4–0–(1)*
1908 Chicago Cubs Chance, FrankFrank Chance NL Detroit Tigers Jennings, HughHugh Jennings AL 4–1
1909 Pittsburgh Pirates Clarke, FredFred Clarke NL Detroit Tigers Jennings, HughHugh Jennings AL 4–3
1910 Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack AL Chicago Cubs Chance, FrankFrank Chance NL 4–1
1911 Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack AL New York Giants McGraw, JohnJohn McGraw NL 4–2
1912 Boston Red Sox Stahl, JakeJake Stahl AL New York Giants McGraw, JohnJohn McGraw NL 4–3–(1)*
1913 Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack AL New York Giants McGraw, JohnJohn McGraw NL 4–1
1914 Boston Braves Stallings, GeorgeGeorge Stallings NL Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack AL 4–0
1915 Boston Red Sox Carrigan, BillBill Carrigan AL Philadelphia Phillies Moran, PatPat Moran NL 4–1
1916 Boston Red Sox Carrigan, BillBill Carrigan AL Brooklyn Robins Robinson, WilbertWilbert Robinson NL 4–1
1917 Chicago White Sox Rowland, PantsPants Rowland AL New York Giants McGraw, JohnJohn McGraw NL 4–2
1918 Boston Red Sox Barrow, EdEd Barrow AL Chicago Cubs Mitchell, FredFred Mitchell NL 4–2
1919 Cincinnati Reds Moran, PatPat Moran NL Chicago White Sox Gleason, KidKid Gleason AL 5–3
1920 Cleveland Indians Speaker, TrisTris Speaker AL Brooklyn Robins Robinson, WilbertWilbert Robinson NL 5–2
1921 New York Giants McGraw, JohnJohn McGraw NL New York Yankees Huggins, MillerMiller Huggins AL 5–3
1922 New York Giants McGraw, JohnJohn McGraw NL New York Yankees Huggins, MillerMiller Huggins AL 4–0–(1)*
1923 New York Yankees Huggins, MillerMiller Huggins AL New York Giants McGraw, JohnJohn McGraw NL 4–2
1924 Washington Senators Harris, BuckyBucky Harris AL New York Giants McGraw, JohnJohn McGraw NL 4–3
1925 Pittsburgh Pirates McKechnie, BillBill McKechnie NL Washington Senators Harris, BuckyBucky Harris AL 4–3
1926 St. Louis Cardinals Hornsby, RogersRogers Hornsby NL New York Yankees Huggins, MillerMiller Huggins AL 4–3
1927 New York Yankees Huggins, MillerMiller Huggins AL Pittsburgh Pirates Owen Bush NL 4–0
1928 New York Yankees Huggins, MillerMiller Huggins AL St. Louis Cardinals McKechnie, BillBill McKechnie NL 4–0
1929 Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack AL Chicago Cubs McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy NL 4–1
1930 Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack AL St. Louis Cardinals Street, GabbyGabby Street NL 4–2
1931 St. Louis Cardinals Street, GabbyGabby Street NL Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack AL 4–3
1932 New York Yankees McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy AL Chicago Cubs Grimm, CharlieCharlie Grimm NL 4–0
1933 New York Giants Terry, BillBill Terry NL Washington Senators Cronin, JoeJoe Cronin AL 4–1
1934 St. Louis Cardinals Frisch, FrankFrank Frisch NL Detroit Tigers Cochrane, MickeyMickey Cochrane AL 4–3
1935 Detroit Tigers Cochrane, MickeyMickey Cochrane AL Chicago Cubs Grimm, CharlieCharlie Grimm NL 4–2
1936 New York Yankees McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy AL New York Giants Terry, BillBill Terry NL 4–2
1937 New York Yankees McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy AL New York Giants Terry, BillBill Terry NL 4–1
1938 New York Yankees McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy AL Chicago Cubs Hartnett, GabbyGabby Hartnett NL 4–0
1939 New York Yankees McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy AL Cincinnati Reds McKechnie, BillBill McKechnie NL 4–0
1940 Cincinnati Reds McKechnie, BillBill McKechnie NL Detroit Tigers Baker, DelDel Baker AL 4–3
1941 New York Yankees McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy AL Brooklyn Dodgers Durocher, LeoLeo Durocher NL 4–1
1942 St. Louis Cardinals Southworth, BillyBilly Southworth NL New York Yankees McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy AL 4–1
1943 New York Yankees McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy AL St. Louis Cardinals Southworth, BillyBilly Southworth NL 4–1
1944 St. Louis Cardinals Southworth, BillyBilly Southworth NL St. Louis Browns Sewell, LukeLuke Sewell AL 4–2
1945 Detroit Tigers O’Neill, SteveSteve O’Neill AL Chicago Cubs Grimm, CharlieCharlie Grimm NL 4–3
1946 St. Louis Cardinals Dyer, EddieEddie Dyer NL Boston Red Sox Cronin, JoeJoe Cronin AL 4–3
1947 New York Yankees Harris, BuckyBucky Harris AL Brooklyn Dodgers Shotton, BurtBurt Shotton NL 4–3
1948 Cleveland Indians Boudreau, LouLou Boudreau AL Boston Braves Southworth, BillyBilly Southworth NL 4–2
1949 New York Yankees Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel AL Brooklyn Dodgers Shotton, BurtBurt Shotton NL 4–1
1950 New York Yankees Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel AL Philadelphia Phillies Sawyer, EddieEddie Sawyer NL 4–0
1951 New York Yankees Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel AL New York Giants Durocher, LeoLeo Durocher NL 4–2
1952 New York Yankees Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel AL Brooklyn Dodgers Dressen, CharlieCharlie Dressen NL 4–3
1953 New York Yankees Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel AL Brooklyn Dodgers Dressen, CharlieCharlie Dressen NL 4–2
1954 New York Giants Durocher, LeoLeo Durocher NL Cleveland Indians Lopez, AlAl Lopez AL 4–0
1955 Brooklyn Dodgers Alston, WalterWalter Alston NL New York Yankees Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel AL 4–3
1956 New York Yankees Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel AL Brooklyn Dodgers Alston, WalterWalter Alston NL 4–3
1957 Milwaukee Braves Haney, FredFred Haney NL New York Yankees Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel AL 4–3
1958 New York Yankees Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel AL Milwaukee Braves Haney, FredFred Haney NL 4–3
1959 Los Angeles Dodgers Alston, WalterWalter Alston NL Chicago White Sox Lopez, AlAl Lopez AL 4–2
1960 Pittsburgh Pirates Murtaugh, DannyDanny Murtaugh NL New York Yankees Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel AL 4–3
1961 New York Yankees Houk, RalphRalph Houk AL Cincinnati Reds Hutchinson, FredFred Hutchinson NL 4–1
1962 New York Yankees Houk, RalphRalph Houk AL San Francisco Giants Dark, AlvinAlvin Dark NL 4–3
1963 Los Angeles Dodgers Alston, WalterWalter Alston NL New York Yankees Houk, RalphRalph Houk AL 4–0
1964 St. Louis Cardinals Keane, JohnnyJohnny Keane NL New York Yankees Berra, YogiYogi Berra AL 4–3
1965 Los Angeles Dodgers Alston, WalterWalter Alston NL Minnesota Twins Mele, SamSam Mele AL 4–3
1966 Baltimore Orioles Bauer, HankHank Bauer AL Los Angeles Dodgers Alston, WalterWalter Alston NL 4–0
1967 St. Louis Cardinals Schoendienst, RedRed Schoendienst NL Boston Red Sox Williams, DickDick Williams AL 4–3
1968 Detroit Tigers Smith, MayoMayo Smith AL St. Louis Cardinals Schoendienst, RedRed Schoendienst NL 4–3
1969 New York Mets Hodges, GilGil Hodges NL Baltimore Orioles Weaver, EarlEarl Weaver AL 4–1
1970 Baltimore Orioles Weaver, EarlEarl Weaver AL Cincinnati Reds Anderson, SparkySparky Anderson NL 4–1
1971 Pittsburgh Pirates Murtaugh, DannyDanny Murtaugh NL Baltimore Orioles Weaver, EarlEarl Weaver AL 4–3
1972 Oakland Athletics Williams, DickDick Williams AL Cincinnati Reds Anderson, SparkySparky Anderson NL 4–3
1973 Oakland Athletics Williams, DickDick Williams AL New York Mets Berra, YogiYogi Berra NL 4–3
1974 Oakland Athletics Dark, AlvinAlvin Dark AL Los Angeles Dodgers Alston, WalterWalter Alston NL 4–1
1975 Cincinnati Reds Anderson, SparkySparky Anderson NL Boston Red Sox Johnson, DarrellDarrell Johnson AL 4–3
1976 Cincinnati Reds Anderson, SparkySparky Anderson NL New York Yankees Martin, BillyBilly Martin AL 4–0
1977 New York Yankees Martin, BillyBilly Martin AL Los Angeles Dodgers Lasorda, TomTom Lasorda NL 4–2
1978 New York Yankees Lemon, BobBob Lemon AL Los Angeles Dodgers Lasorda, TomTom Lasorda NL 4–2
1979 Pittsburgh Pirates Tanner, ChuckChuck Tanner NL Baltimore Orioles Weaver, EarlEarl Weaver AL 4–3
1980 Philadelphia Phillies Green, DallasDallas Green NL Kansas City Royals Frey, JimJim Frey AL 4–2
1981 Los Angeles Dodgers Lasorda, TomTom Lasorda NL New York Yankees Lemon, BobBob Lemon AL 4–2
1982 St. Louis Cardinals Herzog, WhiteyWhitey Herzog NL Milwaukee Brewers Kuenn, HarveyHarvey Kuenn AL 4–3
1983 Baltimore Orioles Altobelli, JoeJoe Altobelli AL Philadelphia Phillies Owens, PaulPaul Owens NL 4–1
1984 Detroit Tigers Anderson, SparkySparky Anderson AL San Diego Padres Williams, DickDick Williams NL 4–1
1985 Kansas City Royals Howser, DickDick Howser AL St. Louis Cardinals Herzog, WhiteyWhitey Herzog NL 4–3
1986 New York Mets Johnson, DaveyDavey Johnson NL Boston Red Sox McNamara, JohnJohn McNamara AL 4–3
1987 Minnesota Twins Kelly, TomTom Kelly AL St. Louis Cardinals Herzog, WhiteyWhitey Herzog NL 4–3
1988 Los Angeles Dodgers Lasorda, TomTom Lasorda NL Oakland Athletics La Russa, TonyTony La Russa AL 4–1
1989 Oakland Athletics La Russa, TonyTony La Russa AL San Francisco Giants Craig, RogerRoger Craig NL 4–0
1990 Cincinnati Reds Piniella, LouLou Piniella NL Oakland Athletics La Russa, TonyTony La Russa AL 4–0
1991 Minnesota Twins Kelly, TomTom Kelly AL Atlanta Braves Cox, BobbyBobby Cox NL 4–3
1992 Toronto Blue Jays Gaston, CitoCito Gaston AL Atlanta Braves Cox, BobbyBobby Cox NL 4–2
1993 Toronto Blue Jays Gaston, CitoCito Gaston AL Philadelphia Phillies Fregosi, JimJim Fregosi NL 4–2
1995 Atlanta Braves Cox, BobbyBobby Cox NL Cleveland Indians Hargrove, MikeMike Hargrove AL 4–2
1996 New York Yankees Torre, JoeJoe Torre AL Atlanta Braves Cox, BobbyBobby Cox NL 4–2
1997 Florida Marlins Leyland, JimJim Leyland NL Cleveland Indians Hargrove, MikeMike Hargrove AL 4–3
1998 New York Yankees Torre, JoeJoe Torre AL San Diego Padres Bruce Bochy NL 4–0
1999 New York Yankees Torre, JoeJoe Torre AL Atlanta Braves Cox, BobbyBobby Cox NL 4–0
2000 New York Yankees Torre, JoeJoe Torre AL New York Mets Valentine, BobbyBobby Valentine NL 4–1
2001 Arizona Diamondbacks Brenly, BobBob Brenly NL New York Yankees Torre, JoeJoe Torre AL 4–3
2002 Anaheim Angels Scioscia, MikeMike Scioscia AL San Francisco Giants Baker, DustyDusty Baker NL 4–3
2003 Florida Marlins McKeon, JackJack McKeon NL New York Yankees Torre, JoeJoe Torre AL 4–2
2004 Boston Red Sox Francona, TerryTerry Francona AL St. Louis Cardinals La Russa, TonyTony La Russa NL 4–0
2005 Chicago White Sox Guillén, OzzieOzzie Guillén AL Houston Astros Garner, PhilPhil Garner NL 4–0
2006 St. Louis Cardinals La Russa, TonyTony La Russa NL Detroit Tigers Leyland, JimJim Leyland AL 4–1
2007 Boston Red Sox Francona, TerryTerry Francona AL Colorado Rockies Hurdle, ClintClint Hurdle NL 4–0
2008 Philadelphia Phillies Manuel, CharlieCharlie Manuel NL Tampa Bay Rays Maddon, JoeJoe Maddon AL 4–1
2009 New York Yankees Girardi, JoeJoe Girardi AL Philadelphia Phillies Manuel, CharlieCharlie Manuel NL 4–2
2010 San Francisco Giants Bochy, BruceBruce Bochy NL Texas Rangers Washington, RonRon Washington AL 4–1
2011 St. Louis Cardinals La Russa, TonyTony La Russa NL Texas Rangers Washington, RonRon Washington AL 4–3
2012 San Francisco Giants Bochy, BruceBruce Bochy NL Detroit Tigers Leyland, JimJim Leyland AL 4–0
2013 Boston Red Sox Farrell, JohnJohn Farrell AL St. Louis Cardinals Matheny, MikeMike Matheny NL 4–2
2014 San Francisco Giants Bochy, BruceBruce Bochy NL Kansas City Royals Yost, NedNed Yost AL 4–3

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]