Tionghoa perantauan

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海外华人
Tionghoa perantauan
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Jumlah populasi

sekitar 50,000,000
sekitar 3.7% dari penduduk lokal (2012)[1][2][3][4]

Kawasan dengan populasi yang signifikan
Populasi mayoritas
 Singapore 2,808,300 [5]
 Christmas Island
Populasi minoritas
981 [6]
 Thailand 9,392,792 [7]
 Malaysia 6,960,900 [8]
 United States 3,794,673 [9]
 Indonesia 2,832,510- [10]
 Myanmar 1,637,540 [11][12]
 Canada 1,487,580 [13]
 Peru 1,300,000 [14]
 Philippines 1,146,250 [15]
 Vietnam 970,927 [16]
 Australia 866,200 [17]
 Cambodia 782,600 [18]
 France 700,000 [19]
 South Korea 696,861 [20]
 Japan 674,871 [21]
 United Kingdom 500,000 [22]
 Venezuela 400,000 [23]
 South Africa 350,000 [24]
 Italy 304,768 [25]
 Angola 259,000 [26]
 Russia 200,000-400,000 [27][28]
 Laos 190,000 [14]
 United Arab Emirates 180,000 [29]
 Brazil 151,000 [14]
 New Zealand 147,570 [30]
 Spain 145,245 [31]
 Panama 135,000 [32]
 Argentina 120,000 [33][34][35]
Bahasa
Bahasa China dan berbagai bahasa negara yang mereka tinggali
Agama
Umumnya Buddhisme, Taoisme dengan Konfusianisme. Signifikan Kristen, sebagian kecil Muslim dan agama minoritas lainnya.

Tionghoa perantauan (Hanzi Tradisional: 海外華人; Hanzi Sederhana: 海外华人; pinyin: Hǎiwài Huárén) adalah orang Tionghoa yang lahir atau memiliki keturunan yang tinggal di luar Republik Rakyat Tiongkok dan Republik Tiongkok (Taiwan). Sebagian orang Tionghoa yang hidup di luar Wilayah China Besar juga menganggap diri mereka sebagai Tionghoa Perantauan. Tionghoa perantauan mayoritas adalah etnis suku Han, atau berasal dari kelompok etnis di China lainnya.[36]

Statistik[sunting | sunting sumber]

Benua / negara Artikel Populasi Tionghoa perantauan Tahun data
Afrika
 South Africa Tionghoa Afrika Selatan 350,000 2009[37]
 Angola orang Tionghoa di Angola 259,000 2012[38]
 Zambia orang Tionghoa di Zambia 100,000 2013[39]
 Madagascar orang Tionghoa di Madagaskar 50,000 2007[40][41]
 Mauritius Sino-Mauritian 38,500 2010[42]
 Algeria orang Tionghoa di Algeria 35,000 2009[43]
 Tanzania orang Tionghoa di Tanzania 30,000+ 2013[44]
 Réunion Chinois 25,000 1999[45]
 Nigeria orang Tionghoa di Nigeria 20,000 2012[46]
 Ghana orang Tionghoa di Ghana 6,000–20,000 2010[47]
 Mozambique Etnis Tionghoa di Mozambique 12,000 2007
 Kenya orang Tionghoa di Kenya 10,000 2007
 Egypt orang Tionghoa di Mesir 6,000–10,000 2007[48]
 Botswana orang Tionghoa di Botswana 6,000 2009
 Ethiopia orang Tionghoa di Ethiopia 3,000–4,000 2006[48]
 Namibia orang Tionghoa di Namibia 3,000–4,000 2009[49]
 Cameroon orang Tionghoa di Kamerun 2,000 2008
 Senegal orang Tionghoa di Senegal 2,000 2008
 Seychelles Sino-Seychellois 1,000 1999[50]
Benua / negara Artikel Populasi Tionghoa perantauan Tahun data
Asia/Timur Tengah
 Thailand Tionghoa Thai 9,392,792 2012[51]
 Malaysia Tionghoa Malaysia, Peranakan 6,960,900 2010[52]
 Indonesia Tionghoa Indonesia 2,832,510 2010[53]
 Singapore Tionghoa Singapura 2,808,300 2011[5]
 Myanmar Tionghoa Burma, Panthay 1,637,540 2012[11]
 Philippines Tionghoa Filipina, Tornatras, Sangley 1,146,250 2005[15]
 Vietnam Hoa, Ngái, San Diu 970,927 2009[16]
 South Korea Tionghoa di Korea Selatan 800,000 2010[54]
 Cambodia Tionghoa Kamboja, Hokkien Kamboja 700,000 2010[55]
 Japan Tionghoa di Jepang 674,871 2011[21]
 Kazakhstan Tionghoa di Kazakhstan 300,000 2009[56]
 India Tionghoa di India
 Laos Tionghoa Laos 185,765 2005[7]
 United Arab Emirates orang Tionghoa di Uni Emirat Arab 180,000 2009[57]
 Brunei Etnis Tionghoa di Brunei 43,000 2006[58]
 Israel orang Tionghoa di Israel 23,000 2001[59][60]
 North Korea Tionghoa di Korea Utara 10,000 2009[61]
 Pakistan orang Tionghoa di Pakistan 8,000 2009[62]
 Sri Lanka orang Tionghoa di Sri Lanka 3,500 ?[63]
 Iran orang Tionghoa di Iran 3,000 --
 Kyrgyzstan orang Tionghoa di Kirgizstan 1,813 2009[64]
 Mongolia Etnis Tionghoa di Mongolia 1,323 2000[rujukan?]
Benua / negara Artikel Populasi Tionghoa perantauan Tahun data
Eropa
 Russia orang Tionghoa di Rusia, orang Dungan 200,000–400,000 2004[65][66]
 France diaspora Tionghoa di Perancis, Chinois (Réuni) 600,000 2010[67]
 United Kingdom Tionghoa Britania 500,000 2008[68]
 Italy orang Tionghoa di Italia 150,000 2011[69]
 Spain orang Tionghoa di Spanyol 145,000 2009[31]
 Netherlands orang Tionghoa di Belanda 80,198 2012[70]
 Germany orang Tionghoa di Jerman 56,000 2010[71]
 Hungary -- 30,000-40,000 --[72]
 Austria -- 30,000 2008[73]
 Sweden -- 27,923 2013[74]
 Ireland -- 17,800 2011[75]
 Denmark orang Tionghoa di Denmark 10,247 2009[76]
 Bulgaria orang Tionghoa di Bulgaria 9,000 2005[77]
 Portugal orang Tionghoa di Portugal 9,689 2007[78]
 Finland -- 8,257 2011[79]
 Czech Republic orang Tionghoa di Republik Ceko 4,986 2007[80]
 Romania Tionghoa di Rumania 2,249 2002[81]
 Serbia orang Tionghoa di Serbia 1,373 2011[82]
 Turkey orang Tionghoa di Turki 1,000 2009
Benua / negara Artikel Populasi Tionghoa perantauan Tahun data
Amerika
 United States Tionghoa Amerika, Tionghoa kelahiran Amerika 3,800,000 2010[9]
 Canada Tionghoa Kanada, Tionghoa kelahiran Kanada 1,487,580 2006[83]
 Peru Tionghoa-Peruvian 1,300,000 2005[7]
 Brazil Tionghoa Brasil 250,000 2005[7]
 Venezuela Tionghoa Venezuela 200,000 2005[84]
 Panama Tionghoa-Panama 135,000 2003[85][86]
 Argentina Tionghoa Argentina 120,000 2010[34][35][87]
 Cuba Tionghoa Kuba 114,240 2008[88]
 Jamaica Tionghoa Jamaika 72,000 --[89]
 Mexico Tionghoa Meksiko 70,000 2008[90]
 Costa Rica Tionghoa-Kosta Rika 45,000 2011[91]
 Suriname Tionghoa-Suriname 40,000 2011[92]
 Dominican Republic Etnis Tionghoa di Republik Dominikan 15,000 --[93]
 Nicaragua Tionghoa Nicaragua 12,000 --[94]
 Chile orang Tionghoa di Chile 10,000 --
 Trinidad & Tobago Tionghoa Trinidadian dan Tobagonian 3,800 2000
 Guyana Tionghoa Guyanese 2,722 1921[95]
 Belize Etnis Tionghoa di Belize 1,716 2000[96]
 Puerto Riko Tionghoa-Puerto Riko -- --
 Haiti Tionghoa Haiti 230 --
Benua / negara Artikel Populasi Tionghoa perantauan Tahun data
Oseania 1,101,304+
 Australia Tionghoa Australia 866,200 2011[97]
 New Zealand Tionghoa Selandia Baru 171,411 2013[98]
 Fiji Tionghoa di Fiji 34,712 2012[99]
 Samoa Tionghoa di Samoa 30,000 --[rujukan?]
 Papua New Guinea orang Tionghoa di Papua Nugini 20,000 2008[100][101]
 Tonga Tionghoa di Tonga 3,000 2001[102][103]
 Palau Tionghoa di Palau 1,030 2012[104]

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Barabantseva, Elena. Overseas Chinese, Ethnic Minorities and Nationalism: De-centering China, Oxon/New York: Routledge, 2011.
  • Chin, Ung Ho. The Chinese of South East Asia, London: Minority Rights Group, 2000. ISBN 1-897693-28-1
  • Fitzgerald, John. Big White Lie: Chinese Australians in White Australia, UNSW Press, Sydney, 2007. ISBN 978-0-86840-870-5
  • Kuhn, Philip A. Chinese Among Others: Emigration in Modern Times, Lanham, MD/Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield, 2008.
  • López-Calvo, Ignacio. Imaging the Chinese in Cuban Literature and Culture, Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida, 2008. ISBN 0-8130-3240-7
  • Pan, Lynn. The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas, Landmark Books, Singapore, 1998. ISBN 981-4155-90-X
  • Tan, Chee-Beng. Chinese Overseas: Comparative Cultural Issues, Hong Kong University Press, 2004.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

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