Terra nullius

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Terra nullius (pengucapan bahasa Inggris: [ˈtɛrə nʌˈlaɪ.əs]) adalah istilah dalam bahasa Latin yang berasal dari hukum Romawi, yang berarti "tanah yang tidak dimiliki siapa pun". Istilah ini digunakan pada hukum internasional untuk wilayah tanpa kepemilikan. Wilayah terra nullius dapat dikuasai oleh suatu negara melalui pendudukan.[1] Contoh terra nullius yang ada kini adalah:

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  1. ^ "New Jersey v. New York, 523 US 767 (1998)". US Supreme Court. 26-05-1998. Diakses 29-01-2010. "Even as to terra nullius, like a volcanic island or territory abandoned by its former sovereign, a claimant by right as against all others has more to do than planting a flag or rearing a monument. Since the 19th century the most generous settled view has been that discovery accompanied by symbolic acts give no more than "an inchoate title, an option, as against other states, to consolidate the first steps by proceeding to effective occupation within a reasonable time.8 I. Brownlie, Principles of Public International Law 146 (4th ed.1990); see also 1 C. Hyde, International Law 329 (rev.2d ed.1945); 1 L. Oppenheim International Law §§222-223, pp. 439-441 (H. Lauterpacht 5th ed.1937); Hall A Treatise on International Law, at 102-103; 1 J. Moore, International Law 258 (1906); R. Phillimore, International Law 273 (2d ed. 1871); E. Vattel, Law of Nations, §208, p. 99 (J. Chitty 6th Am. ed. 1844)." 

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