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Harimurti Kridalaksana (2008). Kamus Linguistik (ed. 4). Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama. ISBN 978-979-22-3570-8.  Daftar lema - untuk dipindahkan ke Daftar istilah linguistik jika sudah diketik lengkap.

Istilah Bahasa asing
(misal, Inggris)
Lihat pula
abjad alphabet alfabet, aksara
ablatif absolut ablative absolute
ablaut ablaut, ..., vowel gradation
ablaut kualitatif qualitative vowel gradation
ablaut kuantitatif quantitative vowel gradation
abreviasi abbreviation penyingkatan, pemenggalan, akronimi, kontraksi, lambang huruf, kependekan
absorpsi absorption
Abstand Ausbau
abstrak abstract
adaptasi adaptation
adaptasi selektif selection adaptation
adnominal
adposisi adposition
adstratum
adverbia adverb
adverbial
aerometri aerometry
afasia, disfasia aphasia
afasiologi aphasiology
afektif, emotif affective, emotive
aferesis, afesis aphaeresis prosiopesis afesis
afiks affix prefiks, sufiks, infiks, simulfiks, konfiks, suprafiks
afiksasi affixation
afinitas affinity
afonia, disfonia aphonia, disphonia
afrasia aphrasia
afrikat affricate
agens agent pelaku
aglutinasi agglutination sandi
aglutinatif agglutinative
agnatus agnate
agnosia
agrafia agraphia
agramatisme aggramatism
ahli fonemik phonemicist
ahli fonetik phonetician
ajektiva adjective
ajektival adjectival frase ajektival
Akademi bahasa language academy
akademisisme academicism
akar root, radical dasar
akomodasi accomodation
akrofoni acrophony
akrolek acrolect
akronim acrynom
akronimi acronymy
aksara script abjad, alfabet, slsilah aksara
aksen accent logat
aksen sengau nasal twang
accent aigu
accent circonflêxe
accent grave
aksentologi accentology
aktif active klausa aktif
aktualisasi foregrounding, actualisation manifestasi
akuem akueme
akulturasi acculturation
akustika accoustics
alalia
alam pikiran dan bahasa thought and language
alaringal alaryngeal
alat instrument instrumen
alat ucap organ of speech, speech organs bagan alat ucap
aleksia alexia
alfabet alphabet abjad, aksara
alfabetis ?
algoritme algorithm
alih bahasa translation
alih kode code switching
alinea, paragraf
aliran udara air stream, breath stream
aliterasi alliteration
alofon allophone, phonetic variant
alograf allograph
alokron allochrone kronem
aloleks allolex
alomorf allomorph, morpheme alternant
alomorf fonologis phonologically conditioned allomorph
alomorf morfologis morphologically conditioned allomorph
alonim allonym
alosem alloseme
alotagma allotagma
aloton allotone
alternan, varian
alternasi alternation
alveola, alveolum
alveolar
alveolar belakang post-alveolar
alveo-palatal
amalgam amalgam, blend, doubling, portmanteau word, telescoped word
amanat message
ambigu, aneka makna ambiguous
ambiguitas ambiguity
ambilingual
ambivalen ambivalent ambigu
ameliorasi amelioration, melioration, elevation
amesis
amplikatif, augmentatif augmentative
amplitudo amplitude
anafora anaphora
anafora zero zero anaphora
anaforis anaphoric
anagram
anakoluton-anakoluta anacoluthon-anacolutha
anakronisme anachronism
anakusis anacusis
analisis analysis
analogi analogy
ananim ananym
anaptiksis anaptyxis epentesis
anatria anarthria
anastrofe anastrophe
ancang-ancang onset
anggapan supposition
anomali anomaly
anomia
antanaklasis antanaclasis
antarvokal intervocalic
anteseden antecedent anafora, katafora
antiergatif-absolut anti-ergaive absolute
antisipasi anticipation
antitesis antithesis
antonim antonym
antonimi antonymy
antonomasia
antropomorfisme anthropomorphism
antroponimi anthroponymy
anuswara
aoritus aorist
apeks apex
apelativa appelative
apikal apical
apiko-alveolar apico-alveolar
apiko-dental apico-dental
aplikasi application
apodosis apodosis, consequence
apokope apocope
aposiopesis
aposisi apposition
aposisi rapat close apposition
aposisi renggang loose apposition
apostrofe apostrophe
kritik naskah apparatus criticus editio maior
apraksia apraxia
aprosodi, disprosodi aprosody, dysprosody
aptronim aptronym
arah perkembangan drift
area
argot
argumen argument
aritenoid arytenoid
arkaisme archaism, atavism, revival form
arkifonem archiphoneme
arkileksem archilexeme
arti meaning makna, pengertian
artikel article
artikulasi articulation
artikulator articulator, movable speech organ
asal etymon, root
asal-usul bahasa origin of speech, origin of language
asibilan assibilant
asibilasi assibilation
asilabis asyllabic
asilimasi assimilation
asindeton asyndeton
asonansi assonance
aspek aspect
aspirasi aspiration
aspirat aspirate
asterisk
atelis atelic
atlas dialek dialect atlas
atmanepada
atribut attribute
audiogram
audiologi audiology
audiometer
augmentatif augmentative
aural
Ausbau Abstand
autosegmental
avyayi-bhava
awakode decode
awal keliru false start
awal pembunyian initiation
B
bagian kalimat sentence part
bahasa language
bahasawan native speaker
bangun konstruksi
barbarisme barbarism
basa
basa-basi
BASIC English
basilek basilect
batas kata word boundary
batas pendengaran teratas treshold of pain
batas pendengaran terendah treshold of hearing
batas variasi alfonis margin of security
beban komunikasi communication load
beban tugas (berat/ringan) (high/low) functional load, functional yield
bebas konteks context-free
bêche-la-mar
behaviorisme behaviorism
beku formulaic, fossilized, stereotyped
bel bel
belakang back
benefaktif benefactive
bentuk form
berat heavy
berita pernyataan
berkas isoglos bundle of isoglosses
bermakna meaningful
bernyawa animate
bersuara voiced
bersuara lw tak bersuara voice vs voiceless
bertahap gradable
bertutur, bicara speaking
betina, feminin
betul-salah corectness
bidal (maxim)
bidal percakapan maxims of conversation
bidang makna semantic area
bidialektal bidialectal
bidialektisme bidialectism
bi-ekuatif bi-equative
bi-intransitif bi-intransitive
bikulturalisme biculturalism
bilabial bilabial
bilabio-dental bilabio-dental
bilangan number
bilangan pokok cardinal number
bilangan tingkat ordinal number
bilingual bilingual
bilingualisme bilingualism
binding theory
biner binary
binomial binomial
biolinguistik biolinguistics, biological linguistics
bisemi bisemy
bisik whisper
bising, gangguan noise
bitransitif bitransitive
bounding theory
braille
brakilogi brachylogy
brêve
bundar rounded
bundar lw tak bundar rounded vs non-rounded
bunyi sound
buta huruf illiteracy
cabang branch
cacat bahasa speech defeect, speech disorder, speech impediment
cakra
campur kode code mixing
candrasangkala
cara artikulasi manner of articulation, mode of articulation
carakan
caret
cecak
cedal lamdacism, lamdaism
cedilla
ceklik click
chômeur
ciri I feature
ciri II
codex unicus
competence vs performance
construtio ad sensum
control theory
dakhil covert
daktilologi dactylology
dammah
dasar base
dasar terikat bound stem
daun lidah blade
daya ilokusi illocutionary force
daya kemampuan gramatika power of grammars
de-ajektival de-adjectival
de-etimologisasi de-etymologisation
definiendum
definiens
definisi definition
defleksi deflection, deflexion
defonologisasi defonologization
deiksis deixis
deiktis deictic
deklaratif declarative modus indikatif
deklinasi declension
deklinasi kuat strong declension, indefinite declension
deklinasi lemah weak declension, definite declension
dekonstruksi decostruction
dekreolisasi decreolization
delabialisasi delabialisation, unrounding, lip srpeading
demografi bahasa linguistic demography
demonstrativa demonstrative
demonstrativa ekstratekstual (extratextual demonstrative)
demonstrativa intratekstual (intratextual demonstrative)
demotik demotic
denasalisasi denasalisation
denominal, denominatif denominal, denominative
denotasi denotation
dental dental
depalatalisasi depalatalisation
dependensi dependency
dependensi mutual mutual dependency
dependensi unilateral unilateral dependency
deret sequence
derivasi derivation
derivasi balik back formation, inverse derivation
derivasi zero zero derivation
desibel decibel
desinens desinence
deskripsi struktur structural description
deskriptivisme descriptivism
determinator determiner
determinator umum indefinite determiner
deverbal, deverbatif deverbal, deverbative
diadokokinesis diadochokinesis
diaresis trema
diafon diaphone
diagram pohon tree diagram
diagram silsilah family tree
diakritik diacritic, diacritical sign
diakronis diachronic
dialek dialect
dialektal dialectal
dialektologi dialectology
dialektologi kota urban dialectology
dialinguistik dialinguistics
diamorf diamorph
diasistem diasystem
diatesis voice
diatipe ragam bahasa
diatopik diatopic
diferensial semantis semanti differential
diftong diphthong
diftongisasi diphthongisation
difusi diffusion
difusi leksikal lexical diffusion
diglosia diglossia
digraf digraph
diksi diction
diminutif diminutive
dina dyne
dinamisme komunikatif communicative dynamism
dipalatalisasikan palatalised consonant, soft-consonant
diplomatika diplomatics
diptotos diptote
disambiguasi pengawataksaan
disartria dysarthia
disilabis disyllabic
disimilasi dissimilation
disjungsi disjunction
disjungtif disjunctive
dislalia dyslalia
disleksia dyslexia
disonansi dissonance
disprosodi dysprosody
disritmia dysrhythmia
distingtif distinctive, functional, contrastive, relevant, significant
distribusi distribution
distribusi komplementer complementary distribution
distribusionalisme distribusionalism analisis distribusi
ditransitif ditransitive
divergensi divergence, dialectalisation
dominasi domination
dorsal dorsal
dorsum dorsum
dualis dual
dualisme semantis dualist theory of meaning, dyadic theory of meaning
dualitas struktur duality of structur artikulasi ganda
dvanda
dvigu
edisi kritis critical edition
edition maior apparatus criticus
efisiensi efficiency
egresif egressive
eja spell out
ejaan spelling
ejektif ejective
ekabahasa monolingual monolingual
ekolalia echolalia
ekologi bahasa ecology of language
eksaminasi examination
eksegesis exegesis
eksofasia exophasia
eksofora exophora
eksonim
eksosentris exocentric frase eksosentris, konstruksi eksosentris
eksplikatur
eksplisit explicit
eksplosif explosive
ekstensi extention
ekstraposisi extraposition
ekuatif equative
ekuivalensi equivalence
ekuivalensi dinamis dynamic equivalence
elektro-aerometer electro-aerometer
elektrokimograf electrokymograph
elektrolaringograf electrolaryngograph
elektromiografi electromyography
elektropalatograf elektropalatograph
elisis ellipsis
eliptis elliptical kalimat eliptis
elisi elision afesis, sinkope, apokope
embolalia
emendasi emendation
emik lw etik emic vs etik etik dan emik
empati bunyi phonetic empathy
empirisme empiricism
endofasia endophasia, internal speech
endofora endophora anafora, katafora
endosentris endocentric frase endosentris, konstruksi endosentris
enklisis enclisis
enklitik enclitic
ensiklopedia encyclopaedia
entri entry, vocabulary entry
epanalepsis epanalepsis
epentesis epenthesis, excrescent
epifora epiphora
epiglotis epiglottis
epigrafi epigraphy
epistemologi epistemology
eponim eponym
ergatif ergative kasus ergatif
ergatif-absolut, ergativitas ergative-absolute, ergativity kasus ergatif
ergativitas terpisah split ergativity
'etat de langue dialek temporal
etik dan emik etic & emic
etimologi etimology
etimologi rakyat folk etimology
etimon etymon
etnografi komunikasi ethnography of communication
etnolinguistik ethnolinguistics
etnometodologi ethnomethodology
eufemisme euphemism
eufoni euphony
eusistolisme
evaluasi evaluation measure
exordium
extended standard theory
faktif factive
faringal pharyngeal
faringalisasi pharyngealisation
faring hidung nasal pharynx
fase phase
fase artikulasi phase of articulation
fathah
feminin jenis
fi'il
fi'il amr
fi'il lazim
fi'il madhi
fi'il mudhari
fi'il muaaddi
filogeni phylogeny
filologi philology
filologi modern modern philology
filonim ?philonym?
filsafat bahasa linguistic philosophy
filter filter
filum phylum
fleksi flection
fokus focus
fokus budaya cultural focus
fokus kontras focus of contrast
fon phone
fonem phonem (phoneme)
fonematik, fonemik phonematics, phonemics
fonemik taksonomis taxonomic phonemics
fonemis phonemic
fonemisasi phonemization
fonestem phonaestheme
fonestenia phonaesthenia
fonestetika phonaesthetics
fonetik phonetics
foniatrika phoniatrics
fonik phonics
fonis phonic
fonologi phonologi (Brit.), phonemics (Amer.)
fonologisasi phonologization
fonometri phonometrics
fonon phonon
fonostilistika phonosylisics
fonotaktik phonotactics
fonotipi phonotypy
forma form
formal formal
formalis formalist
formalisasi formalization
formalisme formalism
forman formant
formatif formative, formant
formil formal
fortis fortis
frase phrase
fraseologi phraseology
frekuensi frequency
frekuensi dasar fundamental frequency
frekuensi relatif kemunculan relative frequency of occurence
frikatif fricative
fungsi function
fungsional functional
fungsionalisme functionalism
fungtor functor
gagap stammer, stutter
gancaran (J.)
gangguan noise
garis isosintagmis isosyntagmic line
garis isotonis isotonic line
gatra slot
gaya style
gelombang bunyi sound wave
geminasi geminate pemanjangan fonem
generalisasi generalization
generatif generative
generativisme generativism
generik generic
generalized phrase structure grammar (GPSG) HPSG
genitif partitif partitive genitive
genre sastra literary genre
genus gender jenis
geografi bahasa linguistic geography
gerakan linguistik linguistic movement
gerund gerund
gerundif gerundive
getar trill
ghair munsarif
glos gloss
glosarium glossary
glosem glosseme
glosematik glossematics
glosogenetika glossogenetics
glosograf glossograph
glosolalia glossolalia
glotal glottal
glotalisasi glottalisation
glotis glottis
glotograf glotograph
glotokronologi glottochronology
golongan seciri natural class
golongan segatra substitution class
teori GB government/binding theory
gradasi gradience
graf graph
grafem grapheme
grafem suprasegmental suprasegmental grapheme
grafemik graphemics
grafetik graphetics
grafologi graphology
gramatika grammar
gramatikal grammatical
gramatikalisasi grammaticalization
gugus cluster
guna vrddhi
gutural guttural
guoyu
guoyu luomazi
haborotan, haboruan
hacek caret
haluan
hambatan closure
hambat lw. tak hambat checked vs. unchecked
hamzah glottal stop
hapax legomenon
haplografi haplography
haplologi haplology
harafiah
harakah, vokal
harmonik harmonic
hasil
hatadingan
head-driven phrase structure grammar (HPSG) GPSG
hentian stop, occlusive
hertz
heterofemi heterophemy
heterograf heterograph
heterografi heterography
heteroklitus heteroclite
heteronim heteronym
heteronimi heteronymy
heuristis heuristic
hiatus hiatus
hibrida hybrid word
hidronimi hydronymy
hidup
hierarki hierarchy, rank scale
hilangnya bunyi loss of sound
hiperakusis hyperacusis
hiperbole hyperbole
hiperklas hyperclass
hiperkorek hypercorrection, hyperurbanism, over-correction
hiperkreolisasi hypercreolization
hipernasalitas hypernasality
hiperurbanisme hyperurbanism
hipoakusis hypoacusis
hipokoristik hypocoristic, term of endearment
hiponim, hiponimi hyponym, hyponymy
hipokorisme hypocorism
hipostatisasi hypostatization
hipotaksis hypotaxis
hipotaktis hypotactic
hiragana hiragana
hirup implosion
historiografi linguistik linguistic historiography
historisisme historicism
holofrasis holophrase
homofon homophone
homofoni homophony
homograf homograph
homografi homography
homogram homogram
homonim homonym
homonimi homonymy
homorgan bunyi homorgan
honorifik honorific
humanisme humanism
huruf letter, script, alphabet
ibarat simile kiasan
idealisasi idealisation
ideofon ideophone
ideoglosia ideoglossia
ideogram ideogram logogram, piktogram
idiolek idiolect
idiom idiom
idiomatologi idiomatology
idiotikon
ikonis iconic
iktus ictus

prefiks->awalan konfiks->ambifiks sufiks->akhiran

huruf[sunting | sunting sumber]

hierarki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • hiearrki fonologis - phonological hierarchy
  • hierarki gramatikal - grammatical hierarchy
  • hierarki ketercapaian - accessibility hierarchy

hentian[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • hentian bersuara - voiced stop
  • hentian egresif - egressive stop, pressure stop
  • henian ingresif - ingressive stop, suction stop
  • hentian kompleks - complex stop
  • hentian tak bersuara - voiceless stop
  • hentian tunggal - simple stop

gramatika[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • gramatika aplikativa - applicative grammar
  • gramatika arc pair - arc pair grammar
  • gramatika bebas konteks - context-free grammar
  • gramatika dependensi - dependency grammar
  • gramatika deskriptif - descriptive grammar
  • gramatika formal - formal grammar
  • gramatika generatif - generative grammar
  • gramatika historis - historical grammar
  • gramatika kategorial - categorial grammar
  • gramatika kognitif - cognitive grammar
  • gramatika leksikal-fungsional - lexical functional grammar
  • gramatika perand-dan-referensi - role-and-reference grammar
  • gramatika makna-struktur - meaning-structure grammar
  • gramatika Montague - Montague grammar
  • gramatika pedagogis - pedagogical grammar
  • gramatika peka konteks - context-restricted grammar, context-sensitive grammar
  • gramatika relasional - relational grammar
  • gramatika semesta - universal grammar
  • gramatika sistemika - systemic grammar, system-and-structure grammar
  • gramatika skala-dan-kategori - scale-and-category grammar
  • gramatika spekulativa - speculative grammar
  • gramatika stratifikasi - stratification grammar
  • gramatika struktur frase - phrase structure gramma, constituent structure grammar
  • gramatika tagmemik - tagmemic grammar, tagmemics
  • gramatika teknis - scientific grammar
  • gramatika terbatas - finite-state grammar
  • gramatika tradisional - traditional grammar
  • gramatika transformasi - transformational grammar
  • gramatika transformasi generatif - transformation generative grammar

gaya[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • gaya bahasa - style
  • gaya bustrofedon - boustrophedon
  • gaya diwani
  • gaya farsi
  • gaya kufi
  • gaya maghribi
  • gaya naskhi
  • gaya raihani
  • gaya ruq'ah
  • gaya thuluth

fungsi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • fungsi apelatif - appeal function
  • fungsi deiktis - deictic function
  • fungsi deliminatif - deliminative function
  • fungsi distingtif - distinctive function
  • fungsi ekspresif, fungsi emotif - expressive function, emotive function
  • fungsi estetis, fungsi puitis - aesthetic function, poetic function
  • fungsi fatis - phatic function
  • fungsi ideasional - ideational function
  • fungsi interpersonal - interpersonal function
  • fungsi kognitif - cognitive function
  • fungsi komunikatif - communicative function
  • fungsi konatif - conative function
  • fungsi kulminatif - culminative function
  • fungsi pragmatis - pragmatic function
  • fungsi proposisional - propositional function
  • fungsi referensial - referencial function
  • fungsi representatif - representative function
  • fungsi semantis - semantic function
  • fungsi sintaksis - syntactic function
  • fungsi tekstual - textual function

frase[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • frase adverbial - adverbial phrase
  • frase ajektival - adjectial phrase
  • frase apositif - appositive phrase
  • frase eksosentris - exocentric phrase
  • frase endosentris - endocentric phrase
  • frase endosentris berinduk banyak - multihead endocentric phrase
  • frase endosentris berinduk satu - single-head endocentric phrase
  • frase koordinatif - co-ordinative phrase
  • frase nominal - noun phrase, nominal phrase
  • frase parataktis - paratactic phrase
  • frase perangkai sumbu - relator axis phrase
  • frase verbal - verbal phrase

fonologi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • fonologi autosegmental - autosegmental phonology
  • fonologi ciri pembeda - distinctive feature phonology, componential phonology
  • fonologi generatif - generative phonology
  • fonologi historis - historical phonology
  • fonologi polisistemis - polysystemic phonology
  • fonologi prosodi - prosodic phonology, prosodic analysis
  • fonologi segmental - segmental phonology

fonetik[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • fonetik akustis - acoustic phonetics
  • fonetik artikulatoris - articulatory phonetics
  • fonetik auditoris - auditory phonetics
  • fonetik instrumental - instrumental phonetics, experimental phonetics, laboratory phonetics
  • fonetik parametris - parametric phonetics
  • fonetik terapan - applied phonetics

fonem[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • fonem gabungan - compound phoneme
  • fonem otonom - autonomous phoneme
  • fonem primer, fonem segmental - primary phoneme, segmental phoneme
  • fonem sekunder - secondary phoneme
  • fonem sistematis - systemaic phoneme
  • fonem suprasegmental - suprasegmental phoneme
  • fonem taksonomis - taxonomic phoneme

ejaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Ejaan Baru Bahasa Indonesia
  • Ejaan Baru Bahasa Malaysia
  • Ejaan Fajar Asia
  • Ejaan Melindo
  • Ejaan Pembaharuan
  • Ejaan Republik/Suwandi
  • Ejaan van Ophuijsen
  • Ejaan Wilkinson
  • Ejaan Yang Disempurnakan
  • Ejaan Za'ba
  • ejaan etimologi - etymological spelling
  • ejaan fonemis - phonemic spelling
  • ejaan fonetis - phonetic spelling

dorsal[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • dorso-alveolar
  • dorso-palatal
  • dorso-uvular
  • dorso-velar

disimilasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • disimilasi dekat = contiguous dissimilation, juxtapositional dissimilation
  • disimilasi jauh - incontiguous dissimilation, distant dissimilation
  • disimilasi progresif - progressive dissimilation
  • disimilasi regresif - regressive dissimilation, anticipatory dissimilation, retrogressive dissimilation

diftong[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • diftong lebar - wide diphythong
  • diftong naik - ascending diphythong
  • diftong sempit - narrow diphythong
  • diftong turun - descending, diphthong, falling diphythong

diatesis[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • diatesis aktif - active voice
  • diatesis medial - middle voice
  • diatesis pasif - passive voice
  • diatesis refleksif - reflexive voice
  • diatesis resiprokal - recoprocal voice

dialek[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • dialek regional - regional dialect, geographical dialect
  • dialek sosial - social dialect
  • dialek temporal - state of language, temporal dialect
  • dialek tinggi - prestige dialect

definisi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • definisi nominal - nominal definition
  • definisi ostensif - ostensive definition
  • definisi riil - real definition

ciri[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • ciri akustis - acoustic feature
  • ciri-ciri pembeda utama - major class features
  • ciri-ciri prosodis - prosodic features
  • ciri-ciri protensitas - protensity features
  • ciri-ciri rongga - cavity features
  • ciri-ciri sonoritas - sonority features
  • ciri-ciri sumber - source features
  • ciri-ciri tonalitas - tonality features
  • ciri ekspresif - expressive feature
  • ciri ekstralinguistis - extralinguistic feature
  • ciri formal - formal feature
  • ciri intralinguistis - intralinguistic feature
  • ciri khas bahasa - genius
  • ciri konfigurasi - configurational feature
  • ciri korelasi - mark of correlation
  • ciri lokal - provincialism
  • ciri melimpah - redundant feature
  • ciri nondistingtif - non-distinctive feature
  • ciri prosodis / ciri suprasegmental - prosodic feature / suprasegmmental feature, secondary phoneme, secondar feature, prosodic feature, plurisegmental feature, multisegmental feature
  • ciri sekunder - secondary feature

bunyi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • bunyi alir / bunyi likuida - liquid
  • bunyi bahasa - speech sound
  • bunyi-bunyi homorgan - homorganic sounds
  • bunyi desis - sibilant
  • bunyi frikatif / bunyi geseran - fricative
  • bunyi geletar - trill
  • bunyi kembar - geminate
  • bunyi letupan - plossive, stop ->hentian
  • bunyi sampingan - lateral
  • bunyi sengau - nasal
  • bunyi sentuhan - flap

bilingualisme[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • bilingualisme kordinat - co-ordinate bilingualism
  • bilingualisme majemuk - compound bilingualism
  • bilingualisme subordinat - subordinate bilingualism

bentuk[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • bentuk akrab - intimate form
  • bentuk alegro / alegro - allegro form
  • bentuk antara - intermediate form
  • bentuk asal - underlying form
  • bentuk asing - alienism, foreignism, peregrinism, alien word
  • bentuk asterisk / bentuk hipotesis - asterisk form, starred form
  • bentuk bebas - free form
  • bentuk dasar - basic alternant, base form, canonic form
  • bentuk hormat - polite form
  • bentuk kanonisi - canonic form
  • bentuk kata - word form
  • bentuk kembar - doublet
  • bentuk lemah - weak form
  • bentuk lento -lento form
  • bentuk prototipe istilah - prototype form
  • bentuk purba - proto-form
  • bentuk sulih - pro-word, pro-form
  • bentuk tegun - hesitation form
  • bentuk terikat - bound form
  • bentuk turunan I - derived form
  • bentuk turunan II - transform
  • bentuk verba infinit - non-finite verb form, infinite verb form

bahasa[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • bahasa aglutinatif - agglutinative language
  • bahasa akusatif - accusative language
  • bahasa alamiah - natural language
  • bahasa analitis / bahasa isolatif - analytic language / isolating language, radical language
  • bahasa antara - interlanguage
  • bahasa antiergatif-absolut - antiergative-absolute language
  • bahasa asing - foreign language
  • bahasa baku / bahasa standar - standard language
  • bahasa bangsawan
  • bahasa berakar inflektif - root-inflected language
  • bahasa berakar isolatif - root-isolating language
  • bahasa berpangkal inflektif - stem-inflected language
  • bahasa berprefiks - prefixing language
  • bahasa bersufiks - suffixing language
  • bahasa bertempo suku kata - syllabletimed language
  • bahasa bertempo tekanan - stress-timed language
  • bahasa berton / bahasa politonis - tone language /
  • bahasa biasa / bahasa manusia - ordinary language / natural language
  • bahasa buatan - artificial language, auxiliary language
  • bahasa campuran - mixed language
  • bahasa daerah - vernacular
  • bahasa dagang / bahasa pasar - trade language
  • bahasa dalam
  • bahasa ergatif - ergative language
  • bahasa étalon - étalon language
  • bahasa flektif / bahasa inflektif - flectional language / inflected/inflectional language
  • bahasa gaul / bahasa prokem
  • bahasa gunung
  • bahasa hidup - living language
  • bahasa holofrastis - holophrastic language
  • bahasa ibu / bahasa pertama- native language, mother language / first language
  • bahasa imigran - immigrant language
  • bahasa Indonesia
  • bahasa induk - parent language, ancestor language
  • bahasa inkorporatif - incorporative language, polysynthetic language
  • bahasa Jawi
  • bahasa kacukan
  • bahasa kasar - vulgarism, vulgar language
  • bahasa kedua - second language
  • bahasa kentum - centum language
  • bahasa kerabat - cognate language, related language, sister language
  • bahasa kesat - abusive language
  • bahasa kesusastraan - literary language -> ragam kesusastraan
  • bahasa khusus - special language
  • bahasa kiasan - figurative language
  • bahasa klasik / bahasa klasik - classical language / old language
  • bahasa konsonantis - consonantal language
  • bahasa lisan -> ragam lisan
  • bahasa madya - meso-language
  • bahasa modern - modern language
  • bahasa moyang - ancestor language, parent language
  • bahasa nasional - national language
  • bahasa nominatif-akusatif - nominative-accusative language
  • bahasa nonstandar - nonstandard language
  • bahasa obyek - object language, first-order language
  • bahasa oksitonis - oxytonc language
  • bahasa paroksitonis - paroxytonic language
  • bahasa aktif / bahasa pemberi - active language / producer language
  • bahasa (pasif) / bahasa penerima - (passive language) / consumer language
  • bahasa persatuan
  • bahasa pindahan - transplanted language
  • bahasa pinggiran - peripheral language
  • bahasa prokem
  • bahasa purba - proto-language
  • bahasa resmi - official language
  • bahasa sasaran - receptor language, target language
  • bahasa satem - satem language
  • bahasa sintetis - synthetic language
  • bahasa siul - whistle speech
  • bahasa standar - standard language
  • bahasa sumber - source language
  • bahasa terbalik - backslang
  • bahasa tulis -> ragam tulis
  • bahasa turunan - descendand language, daughter language -> keluarga bahasa
  • bahasa umum - common language, popular language
  • bahasa vokalis - vocalic language
basa
  • basa alus
  • basa antya - ngoko andhap
  • basa bagongan / basa kedhaton - krama madya
  • basa cohag
  • basa ipun
  • basa kasar
  • basa lemes
  • basa madya -> madya
  • basa ngoko -> ngoko
  • basa panengah
  • basa sedeng
  • basa singgih

aspek[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • aspek augmentatif - augmentative aspect
  • aspek diminutif - diminutive aspect
  • aspek frekuentatif - frequentative aspect, iterative aspect, habitual aspect
  • aspek habituatif - habituative aspect
  • aspek imperfektif, aspek inkompletif - imperfective aspect, inclompletive aspect
  • aspek inkoatif, aspek inseptif - inchoative aspect, inceptive aspect
  • aspek kompletif, aspek perfektif - completive aspect, perfective aspect
  • aspek kontinuatif, aspek progresif - continuative aspect, progressive aspect
  • aspek momentan - momentaneous aspect
  • aspek permansif - permansive aspect
  • aspek pungtiliar - punctiliar aspect
  • aspek repetitif - repetitive aspect
  • aspek sesatif - cessative aspect
  • aspek simulfaktif - simulfactive aspect

asimilasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • asimilasi fonemis - phonemic assimilation
  • asimilasi historis - historical assimilation
  • asimilasi jauh - distant assimilation, dilation, non-contiguous assimilation, incontiguous assimilation
  • asimilasi morfologis - morphological assimilation
  • asimilasi progresif - progressive assimilation, lag
  • asimilasi regresif - regressive assimilation, retrogressive assimilation, anticipatory assimilation
  • asimilasi resiprokal - reciprocal assimilation, coalescent assimilation

artikulasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • artikulasi ganda: artikulasi pertama, artikulasi kedua - double articulation: first articulation, second articulation
  • artikulasi primer - primart articulation
  • artikulasi sekunder - secondary articulation

artikel[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • artikel partitif, partitive article
  • artikel tak takrif - indefinite article
  • artikel takrif - definite article

analisis[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • analisis bahasa - linguistic analysis
  • analisis dengan sintesis dalam persepsi wicara - analysis by sinthesis in speech perception
  • analisis distribysi - distributional analysis
  • analisis fonemis - phonemic analysis
  • analisis Fourier - Fourier analysis
  • analisis IC, analisa unsur bawaan, analisis konstituen - IC analysis, immediate constituent analysis, constituent analysis
  • analisis kesilapan - error analysis
  • analisis komponen - component analysis
  • analisis komponen bunyi - componential analysis of sound
  • analisis komponen makna - componential analysis of meaning
  • analisis kontrastif - contrastive analysis, differential analysis, differential linguistics
  • analisis kuantifikasi - quantificational analysis
  • analisis morfemis, analisa morfologi - morphological analysis
  • analisis prosedural - procedural analysis
  • analisis segmental - segmental analysis
  • analisis soalan - item analysis
  • analisis spektrografi - spectral analysis
  • analisis untaian - string analysis

alternasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • alternasi formal - formal alternation
  • alternasi gramatikal - grammatical alternation
  • alternasi otomatis - automatic alternation

aksara[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • aksara alfabetis - alphabetical writing
  • aksara Arab
  • aksara Aramea - Aramaic alphabet
  • aksara Brahmi
  • aksara cetak telu, aksara rerekan
  • aksara choson muncha
  • aksara demotik - demotic script
  • aksara Dewanagari, aksara Nagari
  • aksara Etruski - Etruscan alphabet
  • aksara Fenisia - Phoenician alphabet
  • aksara Glagolit - Glagolitic alphabet
  • aksara grantha, aksara Pallawa
  • aksara Gupta
  • aksara Hangul
  • aksara honminjongum, aksara onmun
  • aksara hieratik - hieratic script
  • aksara hieroglif - hieroglyph script
  • aksara Ibrani
  • aksara Jawi
  • aksara Kawi
  • aksara Kharosti
  • aksara Kiril - Cyrillic alphabet
  • aksara kursif - cursive writing
  • aksara Latin - Latin alphabet, Roman alphabet
  • aksara morfemis - morphemic script
  • aksara murda
  • aksara Nagari Awal
  • aksara ogham
  • aksara pegon
  • aksara rencong
  • aksara runa - runic alphabet
  • aksara Siddhamatrka
  • aksara silabis - syllabic writing, syllabography, syllable writing
  • aksara Yunani

ajektiva[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • ajektiva atributif - predicative attribute
  • ajektiva posesif - possessive adjective
  • ajektiva predikatif - adjective predicative, predicate adjectival
  • ajektiva verbal - adjective verbal

afiks[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • afiks derivatif - derivational affix
  • afiks inflektif - inflectional affix
  • afiks negatif - privative affix

afasia[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • afasia anterior - anterior aphasia
  • afasia global - global aphasia
  • afasia posterio - posterior aphasia

adverbia[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • adverbia ekstraklausal
  • adverbia intraklausal
  • adverbia konjungtif - conjunctive adverb, adverbial conjuction, introductory adverb

abjad[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • abjad Arab - hija
  • abjad fonetis - phonetic alphabet
  • abjad IPA
  • abjad Jawa - hanacaraka
  • abjad Latin - Latin alphabet - aksara Latin
  • abjad Romawi - Roman alphabet - aksara Latin

aliran[sunting | sunting sumber]

aliran
  • aliran Firth - Neo-Firthian linguistics, systemic grammar, scale-and-category grammar
  • aliran glosematik, aliran Kopenhagen - glossematics, Copenhagen School
  • aliran Jenewa - Saussurean linguistics, Geveva School
  • aliran Kazan
  • aliran linguistik - linguistic school
  • aliran mekanisme - mechanistic linguistics
  • aliran mentalisme - mentalism, mentalistic linguistics
  • aliran MIT - MIT School
  • aliran Neo-Firth - Neo-Firthian
  • aliran Praha - Prague School
  • aliran Stoa - Stoics
  • aliran stratifikasi->gramatika stratifikasi
  • aliran tagmemik->gramatika tagmemik

dwi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • dwibahasa -> bilingual
  • dwibina lingga
  • dwilingga
  • dwilingga bawa ma
  • dwilingga salin swara
  • dwimaya lingga
  • dwipurwa
  • dwipurwa wisesana lingga
  • dwisama lingga
  • dwisamatra lingga
  • dwiwasana

hiper[sunting | sunting sumber]

hipo[sunting | sunting sumber]

hipotesis[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • hipotesis asosiasi budaya - cultural association hypothesis
  • hipotesis Jakobson - Jacobsonian hypothesis
  • hipotesis leksikalis - lexicalist hypothesis
  • hipotesis pengurutan budaya - cultural seriation hypothesis
  • hipotesis Sapir-Whorf - Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
  • hipotesis tentang bawaan - innateness hypothesis
  • hipotesis transformasionalis - transformationalist hypothesis
  • hipotesis zaman-wilayah - age-area hypothesis

homo[sunting | sunting sumber]

hubungan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • hubungan analogi - analogous relationship
  • hubungan asosiatif - rapports associative
  • hubungan "atau" - "or" relationship
  • hubungan "dan" - "and" relationship
  • hubungan gramatikal - grammatical relation
  • hubungan logis - logical relation
  • hubungan maksud - sense relation
  • hubungan paradigmatis - paradigmatic relationship
  • hubungan sintagmatis - syntagmatic relationship

hukum[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • hukum, hukum dalam linguistik - law, law in linguistics
  • hukum Brandes pertama, hukum R-G-H - first Brandes law
  • hukum Brandes kedua,, hukum R-D-L - second Brandes law
  • hukum bunyi - sound law, phonetic law
  • hukum Darmesteter - Darmesteter's law
  • hukum distribusi sinonim - law of distribution law
  • hukum DM
  • hukum Grassman - Grassman's law
  • hukum Grimm - Grimm's law
  • hukum implikasi - implicational law
  • hukum Lachmann - Lachmann's law
  • hukum pemancaran sinonim - law of radiation of synonyms
  • hukum pemusatan sinonim - law of synonymic attraction
  • hukum penyingkatan - law of abbreviation
  • hukum pepet
  • hukum Verner - Verner's law
  • hukum Zipf - Zipf's law
Nama belakang Nama depan
Dempwolff Otto von 1871-1938
Donatus Aelius abad ke-4 M
Du'ali Abu's Aswad ad ?-688
Dyonisius Thrax abad ke-1 M
Esser Samuel Jonathan 1900-1944
Firth John Rupert 1890-1960
Fortunatov Filip Fedorovic 1848-1914
Grice H. Paul 1926-1985
Grimm Jacob 1785-1863
Guillaume Gustave 1883-1960
Hjelmslev Louis 1899-1965
Holle Karel Frederik 1829-1896
Humboldt Wilhelm von 1767-1835
Jakobson Roman Osipovich 1896-1982
Jespersen Otto 1860-1943
Jones Daniel 1881-1967
Jones William 1746-1794
Kern Johan Hendrik Casper 1833-1917
Khalil ibn Ahmad al 718-786/791
Klinkert Hillebrands Cornelius 1829-1913
Leibniz Gottfried Wilhelm von 1646-1716
Leskien August 1840-1916
Marsden William 1754-1836
Mathesius Vilèm 1882-1946
Matthes Benjamin Frederik 1818-1908
Neubronner van der Tuuk Herman 1824-1894
Noreen Adolf 1854-1925
Ophuijsen Charles Adriaan van 1856-1917
Padmasusastra Ki 1841-1926
Pànini Dàksiputra abad ke-4 SM
Paul Hermann 1846-1921
Piaget Jean 1896-1980
Pigafetta Antonio 1491-1534
Pike Kenneth Lee 1912-2004
Plato 425-348 SM
Poerwadarminta Wilfridus Josef Sabarija 1903-1968
Ranggawarsita Raden Ngabe(h)i 1802-1873
Rask Rasmus Kristian 1787-1832
Roordo Taco 1801-1874
Sapir Edward 1884-1939
Sasrasoeganda Koewatin ?
Saussure Ferdinand de 1857-1913
Schleicher August 1821-1868
Schmidt Johannes 1843-1901
Schmidt Wilhlem 1868-1954
Schuchardt Hugo 1842-1927
Sibawaihi Abu Bishir Amir bin Uthmàn ?-793
Sweet Henry 1845-1912
Tesnière Lucien 1893-1954
Trubetzkoy Nikolaj Sergejevi^c 1890-1938
Uhlenbeck Eugenius Marius 1913-2003
Varro 116-27 SM
Verner Karl 1846-1896
Whitney William Dwight 1827-1894
Whorf Benjamin Lee 1897-1941
Wilkinson Richard James 1867-1941
Winstedt Richard Olof 1878-1966
Winter Sr. Carl Frederick 1799-1859
Wundt Wilhelm 1832-1920
Zainal Abidin bin Ahmad 1895-1973
Zain Sutan Mohammad 1881-1962
Courtenay Jan Baudouin de 1845-1929
Coolsma Sierk 1840-1926
Champollion Jean-François 1790-1832
Brandstetter Renward 1860-1942
Bühler Karl 1879-1963
Branden Jan Laurens Andries 1857-1905
Braille Louis 1809-1852
Bopp Franz 1791-1867
Boaz Franz 1858-1942
Bloomfield Leonard 1887-1949
Austin John Langshaw 1911-1960
Aristoteles 384-322 SM
Ardiwinata Daeng Kanduruan 1866-1947
Alisjahbana Sutan Takdir 1908-1998
Ali Hafi bin Raja Ahmad Raja 1809-1870
Adriani Nicolaus 1865-1926
Association Phonetique Internationale
Balai Bahasa
Bloomfieldianisme
Candrakarana
Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka
Firthianisme
Gallicisme
Humboldtisme
Indonesiago Seibu Iinkai/Komisi Bahasa Indonesia/Panitia Goena Menjempoernakan Bahasa Indonesia
International Phonetic Alphabet
Junggrammatiker, Neogrammarians
Katyayana
Komisi Istilah
Kongres Linguistik Internasional
Lembaga Bahasa Indonesia
Majelis Bahasa Brunei-Indonesia-Malaysia
Nederlands Bijbel Genootschap
Port-Royal
Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa
Summer Institute of Linguistics