Templat:Charmap

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Karakter
Pengkodean
Unicode
UTF-8
Nomor referensi karakter
[melihat] [sunting] [sejarah] [hapus singgahan] Ikon dokumentasi Dokumentasi templat

Templat ini membuat table encoding komputer standar untuk menulis artikel sistem penulisan. Didasarkan atas table "Computing Codes" yang ditempatkan dalam banyak halaman huruf Sirilik oleh User:Coroboy.

Penggunaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

{{charmap
| 1st character Unicode code point
| 2nd character Unicode code point
...
| 10th character Unicode code point

| image1 = alternate picture for 1st character
| image2 = alternate picture for 2nd character
...
| image10 = alternate picture for 10th character

| name1 = 1st character name
| name2 = 2nd character name
...
| name10 = 10th character name

| map1 = 1st alternate encoding name
| map1char1 = 1st character code in 1st alternate encoding
| map1char2 = 2nd character code in 1st alternate encoding
...
| map1char10 = 10th character code in 1st alternate encoding
...
| map2 = 2nd alternate encoding name
...
| map10 = 10th alternate encoding name
...
|map10char10 = 10th character code in 10th alternate encoding
| namedref1 = 1st named character reference
| ref1char1 = 1st character code in 1st named character reference
| ref1char2 = 2nd character code in 1st named character reference
...
| ref1char10 = 10th character code in 1st named character reference
...
| namedref2 = 2nd named character reference
...
| namedref5 = 5th named character reference
...
| ref5char10 = 10th character code in 5th named character reference
}}

All character codes should be entered as bare hexadecimal numbers, ie Unicode code points should not be preceded by "U+" and decimal convention encodings should still specify code points by hex value. Hex characters are case insensitive, and will always appear in the template as capitalized code points, no matter the casing of the input. HTML named character references are automatically generated, but any other named character references must be explicitly listed, with any special characters specified using the standard HTML &xxx; format.

All defined characters must be given a character name in order for the table to display that column. Characters not represented in a particular alternate encoding should have a blank or undefined parameter for that encoding.

For double byte, or other two code-unit encodings, each of the bytes can be separately converted to decimal if the code units are separated with a space. Greater than two code-unit input will erroneously convert only the first and last to decimal.

Contoh[sunting | sunting sumber]

Example with automatic XML named character references, explicit named reference, single and double byte character mappings, alternate image, and mixed casing of inputs.

{{charmap 
| 0398 | name1 = Greek Capital Letter Theta
| 3b8 | name2 = Greek Small Letter Theta | image2=[[File:Greek lc theta.png|10px]]
| map1 = [[ISO 8859-7]] | map1char1 = c8 | map1char2 = E8
| map2 = [[Code page 737|CP 737]] | map2char1 = 87 | map2char2 = 9F
| map3 = [[Code page 860|CP 860]], [[Code page 861|861]], [[Code page 862|862]], [[Code page 863|863]], [[Code page 865|865]]
| map3char1 = E9
| map4 = [[Code page 869|CP 869]] | map4char1 = Ac | map4char2 = E2
| map5 = [[EBCDIC 875]] | map5char1 = 48 | map5char2 = 9B
| map6 = [[GSM 03.38]] | map6char1 = 19
| map7 = [[TI calculator character sets#TI-86|TI-86]] | map7char2 = c1
| map8 = [[Shift JIS]] | map8char1 = 83 A6 | map8char2 = 83 C6
| namedref1 = [[TeX]] | ref1char1 = \Theta | ref1char2 = \theta }}
Karakter Θ Greek lc theta.png
Unicode GREEK CAPITAL LETTER THETA GREEK SMALL LETTER THETA
Pengkodean decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 920 U+0398 952 U+03B8
UTF-8 206 152 CE 98 206 184 CE B8
Nomor referensi karakter Θ Θ θ θ
Named character reference Θ θ
ISO 8859-7 200 C8 232 E8
CP 737 (MS-DOS Greek) 135 87 159 9F
CP 860, 861, 862, 863, 865 233 E9
CP 869 (MS-DOS Greek 2) 172 AC 226 E2
EBCDIC 875 72 48 155 9B
GSM 03.38 25 19
TI-86 193 C1
Shift JIS 131 166 83 A6 131 198 83 C6
TeX \Theta \theta


Example with automatic UTF-16 mappings, but no XML named character reference.

{{charmap 
| 2C90 | name1 = Coptic Capital Letter Thethe
| 2C91 | name2 = Coptic Small Letter Thethe
| 10338 | name3 = Gothic Letter Thuth
}}
Karakter 𐌸
Unicode COPTIC CAPITAL LETTER THETHE COPTIC SMALL LETTER THETHE GOTHIC LETTER THUTH
Pengkodean decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 11408 U+2C90 11409 U+2C91 66360 U+10338
UTF-8 226 178 144 E2 B2 90 226 178 145 E2 B2 91 240 144 140 184 F0 90 8C B8
UTF-16 11408 2C90 11409 2C91 55296 57144 D800 DF38
Nomor referensi karakter Ⲑ Ⲑ ⲑ ⲑ 𐌸 𐌸

Teknikal[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat ini menggunakan beberapa sub-templat, termasuk

  • /head - menayangkan seksi rujukan karakter UTF-8/numerik
  • /alt - menayangkan encoding alternatif
  • /named - menayangkan rujukan karakter bernama

Tergantung dari templat yang berikut

dan fungsi-fungsi kata ajaib (magic words) / parser functions #if:, padleft:, and uc:.