Tebet

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Kislew       Tebet (טֵבֵת)       Syebat
Ratu Ester

Pada tanggal 1 Tebet 362 SM,
Ester bin Abihail dimahkotai menjadi ratu Kekaisaran Persia.
Bulan ke: 10
Jumlah hari: 29
Musim: dingin
Kalender Gregorian bulan: Desember–Januari

Tebet (bahasa Ibrani: טֵבֵת, Standar Tevet Tiberias Ṭēḇēṯ; Sephardim/Yahudi Yaman/Mizrakhim]] "Tebeth"; Yahudi Ashkenazi Teves; dari bahasa Akkadia ṭebētu) adalah bulan keempat dalam perhitungan tahun sipil dan bulan kesepuluh dalam tahun eklesiastikal pada Kalender Yahudi, sesudah bulan Kislew dan diikuti oleh bulan Syebat. Jatuh pada musim dingin. Panjangnya 29 hari. Tebet biasanya jatuh pada bulan DesemberJanuari pada Kalender Gregorian.

Tahun Baru Gregorian[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tanggal 1 Januari yaitu tahun baru dalam Kalender Gregorian hampir selalu jatuh pada bulan ini. Sangat jarang jatuh pada bulan sebelum maupun sesudahnya.

Hari raya pada bulan Tebet[sunting | sunting sumber]

25 Kislew — 2 Tebet - Hanukkah (atau sampai 3 Tebet bila bulan Kislew pendek)
10 Tebet - hari puasa

Sejarah Yahudi[sunting | sunting sumber]

1 Tebet

8 Tebet

9 Tebet

  • 313 SM - Meninggalnya Ezra

10 Tebet (hari puasa)

  • 588 SM - Pengepungan kota Yerusalem oleh tentara Babel

11 Tebet

  • 1668 - orang-orang Yahudi diusir dari Austria

17 Tebet

18 Tebet

  • 469 - Huna Mori bar Mor Zutra dibunuh
  • The Exilarch ("Resh Galuta") of Babylonian Jewry, Huna Mori bar Mor Zutra, was executed in Pumpeditha by order of the Persian emperor on the 18th of Tebet of the Hebrew year 4229 (469 CE). Also killed on that day was Rav Mesharshia bar Pekod ([he third Jewish leader who was arrested with them, Rab Amemor bar Mor Yenuka, was executed two months later).
  • 1841 - B'nei Yissachar meninggal
  • The 18th of Tebet the yahrtzeit (anniversary of the death) of Rabbi Zvi Elimelech Shapiro of Dynov (1783?-1841), author of the Chassidic work B'nei Yissacha

19 Tebet

20 Tebet

22 Tebet

  • 1496) - Pengusiran orang Yahudi dari Portugis

24 Tebet

Sebuah gempa bumi besar melanda bagian utara Israel, dengan korban meninggal 4000 orang Yahudi di Safed dan antara 700 sampai 1000 orang Yahudi di Tiberias.<br 24 Tebet - (1852) - Mount Sinai Hospital

  • The first hospital in America under Jewish direction, Mount Sinai Hospital, was founded in New York on the 24 of Tebet in 1852.

25 Tebet - (1559) - Chovat Halevavot published

  • Chovat Halvavot, the classical work on Jewish ethics, and who was authored by Rabbi Bachya ben Yosef ibn Paquda on or before 1161, and translated into Hebrew from the original Arabic by the famed translator Rabbi Judah idn Tibbon in 1167. It was first published on the 25th of Tebet of the Hebrew year 5319 (1559).

26 Tebet - (1369) - Jews of Sicily are required to wear a special badge
26 Tebet - (1826) - Maryland adopted a law which allowed Jews to hold public office

  • This law was on condition that the Jew would accept the concept of reward and punishment in the afterlife. Maryland was founded as an haven for Catholics in 1634, and in the early days the denial of Christianity was a capital crime in Maryland. Anyone speaking negatively about Mary or the Apostles was subject to a fine or public whipping. The practice of Judaism was not legalized in Maryland until 1776, but other restrictions remained in place. It was not until 50 years later that Jews became qualified for public office.

27 Tebet - (1888) - Death of Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch

  • Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch (1808–1888), a Talmudist, scholar, philosopher, prolific author and Rabbi of Frankfurt am Main died. He is noted for encouraging Orthodox Judaism to German Jewry, convincing thousands to the teachings of the Torah at a time when assimilationist trends were very high for Jewish life in Western Europe.

--> 28 Tebet

  • 81 SM - Kelompok Saduki dikeluarkan dari Sanhedrin
  • Shimon ben Shetach berhasil mengusir sama sekali kelompok Saduki (sekte yang menolak Torah tak tertulis ("oral Torah") dan otoritas orang bijak/Sages) yang pernah mendominasi Sanhedrin, dan menggantikannya dengan murid-muridnya (Mishnah; murid Farisi yang setia), pada tanggal 28 Tebet 3680 (tahun Yahudi; = 81 SM).

29 Tebet

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]