Sistem metro menurut jumlah penumpang tahunan

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Kota yang memiliki sistem metro
Tokyo Subway adalah sistem angkutan cepat yang paling banyak digunakan di dunia.
Moscow Metro adalah sistem tersibuk di Eropa dan terkenal karena stasiunnya yang dalam dan indah.
Seoul Subway adalah sistem tersibuk di Korea Selatan dan daratan Asia.
Shanghai Metro adalah sistem tersibuk keempat di dunia dan tersibuk di Cina.
Beijing Subway adalah sistem tersibuk kelima di dunia.
New York City Subway adalah sistem tersibuk di benua Amerika dan memiliki lebih banyak stasiun daripada sistem lain dengan jumlah 468 (atau 423 jika menyatukan stasiun transfer) buah.
Métro de Paris adalah sistem tersibuk di Uni Eropa dan merupakan sistem kereta bawah tanah beroda karet tersibuk di dunia.
Mexico City Metro adalah sistem metro tersibuk di Amerika Latin dan tersibuk kedua di benua Amerika, dan tekrenal karena arkeologi dan piktograf di stasiun-stasiunnya.
Hong Kong MTR adalah sistem tersibuk kesembilan di dunia dan ketiga di Cina.
Guangzhou Metro adalah sistem tersibuk kesepuluh di dunia dan keempat di Cina.
London Underground, dikenal sebagai "Tube," adalah sistem tertua di dunia, beroperasi sejak 1863.

Sistem metro tersibuk menurut jumlah penumpang per tahunnya:

  1. Bendera Jepang Tokyo Subway (Tokyo Metro dan Toei Subway) 3.161 miliar (2010) [1][2][Note 1]
  2. Bendera Rusia Moscow Metro 2.348 miliar (2010) [3]
  3. Bendera Korea Selatan Seoul Subway (Seoul Metro dan SMRT) 2.048 miliar (2009) [Note 2]
  4. Bendera Republik Rakyat Tiongkok Shanghai Metro 1.884 miliar (2010) [4]
  5. Bendera Republik Rakyat Tiongkok Beijing Subway 1.84 miliar (2010) [5]
  6. Bendera Amerika Serikat New York City Subway 1.604 miliar (2010) [6][Note 3]
  7. Bendera Perancis Métro de Paris 1.506 miliar (2010) [7] [Note 4]
  8. Bendera Meksiko Mexico City Metro 1.410 miliar (2010) [8]
  9. Bendera Hong Kong Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway 1.41 miliar (2010) [9][Note 5]
  10. Bendera Republik Rakyat Tiongkok Guangzhou Metro (termasuk FMetro) 1.18 miliar (2010)[10]
  11. Bendera Britania Raya London Underground 1.107 miliar (2010) [11][Note 6]
  12. Bendera Jepang Osaka Municipal Subway 837 juta (FY 2010) [12][Note 7]
  13. Bendera Rusia Saint Petersburg Metro 829.8 juta (2007) [13]
  14. Bendera Mesir Cairo Metro 805 juta (2009/2010) [14]
  15. Bendera Brasil São Paulo Metro 754 juta (2010) [15]
  16. Bendera Singapura Singapore Mass Rapid Transit 744.8 juta (2010) [16][17][Note 8]
  17. Bendera Spanyol Madrid Metro 642 juta (2009) [18]
  18. Bendera Chili Santiago Metro 621 juta (2010) [19]
  19. Bendera Republik Ceko Prague Metro 578.5 juta (2010) [20]
  20. Bendera Austria Vienna U-Bahn 534.4 juta (2010) [21]
  21. Bendera Jerman Berlin U-Bahn 508.9 juta (2009) [22]
  22. Bendera Republik Tiongkok Taipei Metro 505.4 juta (2010) [23]
  23. Bendera Ukraina Kiev Metro 502.8 juta (2009) [24]
  24. Bendera Venezuela Caracas Metro 484.6 juta (2009) [25]
  25. Bendera Iran Tehran Metro 459.1 juta (2008) [26][27][Note 9]
  26. Bendera Jepang Nagoya Municipal Subway 427.5 juta (2008) [28][Note 10]
  27. Bendera Argentina Buenos Aires Subway 409.8 juta (2008) [29]
  28. Bendera Yunani Athens Metro 388 juta (2009) [30]
  29. Bendera Spanyol Barcelona Metro 381.2 juta (2010) [31]
  30. Bendera Jerman Munich U-Bahn 360 juta (2010) [32]
  31. Bendera Italia Rome Metro 331 juta (2008) [33]
  32. Bendera Italia Milan Metro 328 juta (2007) [34]
  33. Bendera Swedia Stockholm Metro 310 juta (2010) [35]
  34. Bendera Kanada Toronto subway and RT 304 juta (2009) [36][Note 11]
  35. Bendera Hongaria Budapest Metro 297 juta (2008) [37]
  36. Bendera Kanada Montreal Metro 296.3 juta (2010) [38][Note 11]
  37. Bendera Ukraina Kharkiv Metro 278 juta (2007) [39]
  38. Bendera India Delhi Metro 278 juta (269 days in 2009-2010) [40] [Note 12]
  39. Bendera Korea Selatan Busan Subway 274.8 juta (2010)[41]
  40. Bendera Belarus Minsk Metro 273.6 juta (2010) [42]
  41. Bendera Perancis Lyon Metro 250 juta (2008)[butuh rujukan]
  42. Bendera Rumania Bucharest Metro 219 juta (2007) [43]
  43. Bendera Amerika Serikat Washington Metro 217.2 juta (2010) [44]
  44. Bendera Republik Rakyat Tiongkok Nanjing Metro 214 juta (2010) [45]
  45. Bendera Jepang Sapporo Municipal Subway 210 juta (2006) [46]
  46. Bendera Azerbaijan Baku Metro 206.1 juta (2009) [47]
  47. Bendera Amerika Serikat Chicago 'L' 203 juta (2009) [48]
  48. Bendera Filipina Manila Light Rail Transit System 196.6 juta (2008) [49]
  49. Bendera Jerman Hamburg U-Bahn 194.9 juta (2009) [50]
  50. Bendera Portugal Lisbon Metro 177 juta (2009) [51]
  51. Bendera India Kolkata Metro 173 juta (2009) [52]
  52. Bendera Jepang Yokohama Municipal Subway 164 juta (2007) [53]
  53. Bendera Kolombia Metro de Medellín 155 juta (2008) [54]
  54. Bendera Brasil Rio de Janeiro Metro 154.0 juta (2009)[55]
  55. Bendera Amerika Serikat Boston Subway 145 juta (2007) [56]
  56. Bendera Polandia Warsaw Metro 140.2 juta (2010) [57]
  57. Bendera Republik Rakyat Tiongkok Chongqing Rail Transit (CRT) 140 juta (2009) [58]
  58. Bendera Republik Rakyat Tiongkok Shenzhen Metro 138 juta (2009) [59]
  59. Bendera Belgia Brussels Metro 136 juta (2006) [60]
  60. Bendera Thailand Bangkok Skytrain 136 juta (FY 2009) [61]
  61. Bendera Jepang Kyoto Municipal Subway 125.5 juta (2008) [62]
  62. Bendera Jerman Nuremberg U-Bahn 122.5 juta (2009)[63]
  63. Bendera Jepang Kobe Municipal Subway 121 juta (2008) [64]
  64. Bendera Kanada SkyTrain (Vancouver) 117.4 juta (2010) [65]
  65. Bendera Turki Ankara Metro 113.2 juta (2007) [66]
  66. Bendera Jerman Frankfurt U-Bahn 112.1 juta (2008) [67]
  67. Bendera Korea Selatan Daegu Metro 110 juta (2008) [68]
  68. Bendera Malaysia RapidKL Light Rail Transit, Kuala Lumpur 109.2 juta (2008) [69]
  69. Bendera Jepang Fukuoka City Subway 108 juta (2004) [70]
  70. Bendera Amerika Serikat Bay Area Rapid Transit, San Francisco 101.7 juta (2007) [71]
  71. Bendera Perancis Lille Metro 95.8 juta (2009) [72]
  72. Bendera Amerika Serikat SEPTA, Philadelphia 92.4 juta (2009) [36][Note 11]
  73. Bendera Georgia Tbilisi Metro 91.8 juta (2007) [73]
  74. Bendera Belanda Amsterdam Metro 91 juta (2002) [74]
  75. Bendera Denmark Copenhagen S-train 91 juta (2008) [75]
  76. Bendera Meksiko Monterrey Metro 88.3 juta (2008)[butuh rujukan]
  77. Bendera Belanda Rotterdam Metro 87.1 juta (2008) [76]
  78. Bendera Spanyol Bilbao Metro 87.0 juta (2009) [18]
  79. Bendera Amerika Serikat Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority 79.1 juta (2009) [36][Note 11]
  80. Bendera Republik Dominika Santo Domingo Metro 73 juta (2009)[butuh rujukan]
  81. Bendera Korea Selatan Incheon Subway 73 juta (2008) [77]
  82. Bendera Norwegia Oslo Metro 73.0 juta (2008) [78]
  83. Bendera Amerika Serikat Port Authority Trans-Hudson, Newark-New York City 72.4 juta (2008) [36][Note 11]
  84. Bendera Uzbekistan Tashkent Metro 71 juta (2007) [34]
  85. Bendera Rusia Novosibirsk Metro 70 juta (2007) [79]
  86. Bendera Perancis Marseille Metro 69 juta (2007) [80]
  87. Bendera Spanyol Valencia Metro 68 juta (2009) [18]
  88. Bendera Bulgaria Sofia Metro 65 juta (2009) [81] [82]
  89. Bendera Britania Raya Docklands Light Railway 64 juta (2008) [83]
  90. Bendera Thailand Bangkok Metro 63.7 juta (2009)[84]
  91. Bendera Brasil Recife Metro 59.9 juta (2009) [85]
  92. Bendera Jepang Sendai Subway 58 juta (2008) [86]
  93. Bendera Finlandia Helsinki Metro 58 juta (2008) [87]
  94. Bendera Turki Istanbul Metro 55.6 juta (2006) [88][Note 13]
  95. Bendera Brasil Brasília Metro 54.8 juta (2009)[butuh rujukan]
  96. Bendera Denmark Copenhagen Metro 50 juta (2009) [89]
  97. Bendera Britania Raya Tyne and Wear Metro 47 juta (2008)[butuh rujukan]
  98. Bendera Republik Tiongkok Kaohsiung MRT 46.0 juta (2010) [90]
  99. Bendera Rusia Yekaterinburg Metro 46 juta (2007) [91]
  100. Bendera Brasil Porto Alegre Metro 45.3 juta (2007) [92]
  101. Bendera Amerika Serikat Los Angeles County Metro Rail 45.1 juta (2009) [36][Note 11]
  102. Bendera Brasil Belo Horizonte Metro 43.8 juta (2009)[93]
  103. Bendera Perancis Rennes Metro 43.8 juta (2007) [94][butuh rujukan]
  104. Bendera Perancis Toulouse Metro 42 juta (2004) [95]
  105. Bendera Uni Emirat Arab Dubai Metro 39 juta (2010) [96]
  106. Bendera Rusia Kazan Metro 38.5 juta (2011) [97]
  107. Bendera Korea Utara Pyongyang Metro 35 juta (2008) [98]
  108. Bendera Rusia Nizhny Novgorod Metro 33 juta (2007) [99]
  109. Bendera Turki Izmir Metro 30 juta (2005) [100]
  110. Bendera Korea Selatan Daejeon Metropolitan Subway 29 juta (2008) [101]
  111. Bendera Italia Naples Metro 29 juta (2006) [34]
  112. Bendera Swiss Lausanne Metro 25 juta (2009)[butuh rujukan]
  113. Bendera Italia Turin Metro 21.9 juta (2009) [102]
  114. Bendera India Mass Rapid Transit System 20.7 juta (2009)[103]
  115. Bendera Jepang Astram Line, Hiroshima 18 juta (2005) [104]
  116. Bendera Amerika Serikat Metrorail, Miami 17.8 juta (2009) [36][Note 11]
  117. Bendera Armenia Yerevan Metro 17 juta (2009) [60]
  118. Bendera Korea Selatan Gwangju Subway 17 juta (2008) [105]
  119. Bendera Ukraina Kryvyi Rih Metrotram 16.5 juta (2009)[106]
  120. Bendera Republik Rakyat Tiongkok Tianjin Subway (Tianjin Metro dan Binhai Mass Transit) 15 juta (1993) [107]
  121. Bendera Chili Valparaíso Metro 13.7 juta (2009) [108]
  122. Bendera Ukraina Dnipropetrovsk Metro 13.6 juta (2008) [109]
  123. Bendera Spanyol Seville Metro 13.46 juta (2009) [110]
  124. Bendera Britania Raya Glasgow Subway 13.4 juta (2008) [111]
  125. Bendera Amerika Serikat Metro Subway, Baltimore 13.2 juta (2009) [36][Note 11]
  126. Bendera Republik Rakyat Tiongkok Wuhan Metro 13.15 juta (2009) [112]
  127. Bendera Rusia Samara Metro 12 juta (2007) [113]
  128. Bendera Italia Genoa Metro 10 juta (2009) [114]
  129. Bendera Puerto Riko Tren Urbano, San Juan 9.1 juta (2009) [36][Note 11]
  130. Bendera Amerika Serikat RTA Rapid Transit, Cleveland 5.2 juta (2009) [36][Note 11]
  131. Bendera Brasil Teresina Metro 1.8 juta (2009)[butuh rujukan]
  132. Bendera Spanyol Palma de Mallorca Metro 1.2 juta (2009) [115]

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ The figure is derived from ridership statistics of the two subway operators in Tokyo. The Tokyo Metro and the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation's Toei Subway constitute only 22% of the 14.6 billion metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Tokyo (MLIT Yearly Statistics). Compared to European or North American systems, Japanese rapid transit systems are generally neither thought of as metros nor as completely subterranean "subways" complicating whether only using the municipal subway statistic is accurate when comparing with other Metros around the world. In addition, when one considers intracity lines of JR East and private railway companies, Greater Tokyo (130 lines) has higher daily ridership than any other metropolitan area in the world with 14.6 billion passengers annually.
  2. ^ The figure is derived from ridership of two operators in Seoul: Seoul Metro 1,450,530,740 (Jan 2009 ~ Dec 2009) (Seoul Metro Statistics), and Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation(SMRT) 597,968,226 (Jan 2009 ~ Dec 2009) (Yearly Statistics). This figure counts only gate-passers, so it only includes the two systems' riders. Passengers from Incheon Subway, Korail metropolitan railroad system and A'REX are excluded. (2.279 billion if all included)
  3. ^ Does not include Port Authority Trans-Hudson ridership, or ridership on the Staten Island Railway.
  4. ^ The figure for Paris only includes the "métro". Traffic including the RER lines operated by the RATP reaches 1.928 billion passengers yearly.
  5. ^ Intercity, Light Rail & Feeder Bus excluded.
  6. ^ Does not include ridership on Docklands Light Railway (60 million), London Overground (100 million) and National Rail (1.5 billion[butuh rujukan]) journeys within Greater London. (Roughly 2.9 billion if all included)
  7. ^ The Osaka Municipal Subway has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Osaka constituting only 17.6% of Greater Osaka's 4.745 billion rail passengers annually in 2010. If you include the Kobe and Kyoto subways the subway still only represents 22% of all rail travel in the Greater Osaka area with 1065.8 million passengers yearly (MLIT Yearly Statistics). Compared to European or North American systems, Japanese rapid transit systems are generally neither thought of as metros nor as completely subterranean "subways" complicating whether only using the municipal subway statistic is accurate when comparing with other Metros around the world. Greater Osaka's 4.745 billion annual rail passengers is the 2nd highest in the world after Tokyo.
  8. ^ Includes the ridership of both operators - SMRT Corporation and SBS Transit
  9. ^ Ridership is based on unlinked passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two trips, transferring between three lines counts as three trips, etc.).
  10. ^ The Nagoya Municipal Subway has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Nagoya constituting only 38% of Greater Nagoya's 1.095 billion rail passengers annually in 2010 (MLIT Yearly Statistics). Compared to European or North American systems, Japanese rapid transit systems are generally neither thought of as metros nor as completely subterranean "subways" complicating whether only using the municipal subway statistic is accurate when comparing with other Metros around the world.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j All American Public Transportation Association (APTA) figures are derived from unlinked transit passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two passenger trips, transferring twice counts as three trips, etc.).
  12. ^ Annual figures not available, rank is approximate using 9-month figures from December 2009 to August 2010 for the purpose of comparison.
  13. ^ Include only M2 line.

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

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  91. ^ Michael Rohde (2010-09-05). "Yekaterinburg - metrobits.org". Mic-ro.com. Diakses 2010-10-14. 
  92. ^ "Trensurb". Trensurb. Diakses 2010-10-14. 
  93. ^ Companhia Brasiliera de Trens Urbanos - relatorie de gestao 2009 (p. 93)
  94. ^ "Rennes Metro - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia". En.wikipedia.org. Diakses 2010-10-14. 
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  100. ^ Michael Rohde. "Izmir - metrobits.org". Mic-ro.com. Diakses 2010-10-14. 
  101. ^ Michael Rohde. "Daejeon - metrobits.org". Mic-ro.com. Diakses 2010-10-14. 
  102. ^ "CittAgora - Periodico del Consiglio Comunale di Torino". Comune.torino.it. 2010-04-13. Diakses 2010-10-14. 
  103. ^ Jan - Sept 2009The Hindu: Many concerns of MRTS commuters remain unaddressed
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  105. ^ Michael Rohde. "Gwangju - metrobits.org". Mic-ro.com. Diakses 2010-10-14. 
  106. ^ Киевское метро
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  111. ^ [6][pranala nonaktif]
  112. ^ (Chinese) "武汉轻轨乘客6年增10倍" 荆楚网-楚天金报 Jan. 10, 2010
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  114. ^ "Azienda Mobilita' E Trasporti Spa". Amt.genova.it. Diakses 2011-10-13. 
  115. ^ "La rendibilitat del metro de Palma, en entredit" (dalam bahasa Catalan). Associació d’Amics del Ferrocarril de Balears. 4 April 2010. Diakses 18 April 2010. 

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