Rockefeller Center

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Rockefeller Center
Pemandangan GE Building di jantung Rockefeller Center
Letak: Midtown Manhattan, New York City, NY
Coordinates: 40°45′31″LU 73°58′45″BT / 40,75861°LU 73,97917°BB / 40.75861; -73.97917Koordinat: 40°45′31″LU 73°58′45″BT / 40,75861°LU 73,97917°BB / 40.75861; -73.97917
Luas: 22 ekar (8,8 ha)
Dibangun: 1939
Arsitek: Raymond Hood
Gaya arsitektur: Modern, Art Deco
Pihak pengelola: Tishman Speyer Properties, Mitsubishi Estate dan rekanan lainnya.
NRHP Reference#: 87002591
Significant dates
Ditambahkan ke NRHP: 23 Desember 1987[1]
Ditetapkan NHL: December 23, 1987[2]

Rockefeller Center atau Rockefeller Plaza adalah komplek 19 gedung komersial yang mencakup luas 22 acre (89,000 ) antara 48th dan 51st Street di New York City, Amerika Serikat. Dibangun oleh keluarga Rockefeller, komplek ini telretka di pusat Midtown Manhattan, membentang di daerah antara Fifth Avenue dan Sixth Avenue. Komplek ini ditetapkan sebagai National Historic Landmark pada 1987.[2][3][4]

Bangunan dan penyewa[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gedung-gedungnya memiliki luas total 8.000.000 ft² (743,000 ) di daerah seluas 22 acre (89,000 ) di Midtown, dikelilingi oleh Fifth dan Sixth Avenue dan membentang dari 48th Street hingga 51st Street. Rockefeller Center juga merupakan properti swasta, dimiliki bersama dengan Tishman-Speyer dan terbuka bagi umum.

  • One Rockefeller Plaza (608,000 sq ft)—sebelumnya bernama Time–Life Building; penyewa pertamanya adalah General Dynamics.
  • 10 Rockefeller Plaza (288,000 sq ft)—sebelumnya bernama Eastern Air Lines Building. Eastern berkantor pusat di sana pada 1975.[6]
  • 30 Rockefeller Plaza (30 Rock): GE Building (2,9 juta sq ft)—sebelumnya RCA & RCA West Buildings
  • 1240 Avenue of the Americas: Salah satu bangunan aslinya tidak diruntuhkan dan digunakan sebagai bangunan penghubung ke 30 Rock.
  • 50 Rockefeller Plaza: Bank of America Building (481.000 sq ft)—sebelumnya Associated Press Building
  • 1230 Avenue of the Americas: Simon & Schuster Building (706.000 sq ft)[9] —sebelumnya U.S. Rubber/Uniroyal. Center Theatre sebelum 1954.
  • 1260 Avenue of the Americas: Radio City Music Hall
  • 1270 Avenue of the Americas (528.000 sq ft)—sebelumnya RKO Building, kemudian American Metal Climax (AMAX) Building
  • 600 Fifth Avenue (409.000 sq ft)—sebelumnya Sinclair Oil Building
  • 610 Fifth Avenue: La Maison Francaise (130.000 sq ft)
  • 620 Fifth Avenue: British Empire Building (130.600 sq ft)
  • 626 Fifth Avenue: Palazzo d'Italia (120.000 sq ft)
  • 630 Fifth Avenue: International Building (1,2 juta sq ft)
  • 636 Fifth Avenue: International Building North (120.000 sq ft)

Bangunan di daerah hulu, di timur Sixth Avenue, dikelola oleh Tishman-Speyer, pemilik pendamping Rockefeller Center. Bangunan-bangunan di barat Sixth Avenue dikelola dan/atau dimiliki bersama oleh Rockefeller Group dari Jepang:

Galeri[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pemandangan New York City dari puncak Rockefeller Center.


Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b "Rockefeller Center". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-18. 
  3. ^ "Rockefeller Center", by Carolyn Pitts, undated "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination". National Park Service. undated. 
  4. ^ Rockefeller Center--Accompanying photos, c.1933 to c.1986 "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination". National Park Service. undated. 
  5. ^ East Japan Railway Company. "JR East Corporate Data". Diakses 20 June 2009. (Inggris)
  6. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. March 20, 1975. "484.
  7. ^ "[1]
  8. ^ "Contacts." Aeroflot New York Office. Retrieved September 10, 2008.
  9. ^ "Contact Info." CBS Corporation. Retrieved on November 3, 2009.
  10. ^ "Our offices." (Select United States of America) Etihad Airways. Retrieved on February 6, 2009.

Bahan pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Dirk Stichweh: New York Skyscrapers. Prestel Publishing, Munich 2009, ISBN 3791340549
  • Balfour, Alan. Rockefeller Center: Architecture as Theater, New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1978.
  • Deal, Martha. "Who Posed for the Statue of Prometheus" (Ray Van Cleef and Leon Nole). Iron Game History. Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 34–35.
  • Harr, John Ensor, and Peter J. Johnson. The Rockefeller Century: Three Generations of America's Greatest Family, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1988.
  • Karp, Walter. The Center: A History and Guide to Rockefeller Center, New York: American Heritage Publishing Company, Inc., 1982.
  • Carol Herselle Krinsky, Rockefeller Center, New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.
  • Loth, David G. The City Within a City: The Romance of Rockefeller Center, New York: Morrow, 1966.
  • Okrent, Daniel. Great Fortune: The Epic of Rockefeller Center, New York: Viking Press, 2003.
  • Reich, Cary. The Life of Nelson A. Rockefeller: Worlds to Conquer 1908–1958, New York: Doubleday, 1996.
  • Roussel, Christine. The Art of Rockefeller Center, New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2006.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]