Daftar Raja Perancis

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Monarki Perancis
Bekas Kerajaan
Arms of the Kingdom of France (Moderne).svg
Lambang Kerajaan
Penguasa monarki pertama Clovis I[1]
Penguasa monarki terakhir Napoleon III
(sebagai kaisar)
Gaya Lihat artikel
Tempat tinggal resmi Istana Tuileries (last)
Appointer Turun-temurun
Monarki dimulai 486
Monarki berakhir 4 September 1870

Berikut ini adalah daftar penguasa monarki Perancis

Kepala suku Dinasti Merovingia (486–751)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Perancis berasal dari suku bangsa Jermanik yang disebut Franka. Raja-raja Merovingia pada awalnya adalah kepala-kepala suku, yang paling awal adalah Chlodio, kemungkinan ayah dari Merovek, yang menurunkan Dinasti Merovingia. Clovis I, cucu Merovek, adalah orang pertama yang menjadi raja. Setelah kematiannya, kerajaannya dibagi di antara anak-anaknya, Soissons (Neustria), Paris, Orléans (Burgundy), dan Metz (Austrasia). Beberapa raja Merovingia berhasil mempersatukan kembali kerajaan tersebut. Tapi setelah kematian mereka, sesuai tradisi bangsa Franka, kerajaannya dipecah-pecah lagi di antara anak-anak mereka. Untuk informasi lebih lanjut, lihat Daftar Raja Franka.

Gambar Nama Sejak Hingga Hubungan dengan penguasa sebelumnya Gelar
Clovis 1er.jpg Clovis I
(Clovis Ier)
486 511  • Putra Childeric I Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
Tiers de sou d'or de Childebert Ier.png Childebert I
(Childebert Ier)
511 23 Desember 558  • Putra Clovis I Raja Paris
(Roi de Paris)
Monnaie d'argent de Clotaire Ier.png Chlothar I yang Tua
(Clotaire Ier le Vieux)
23 Desember 558 29 November 561  • Putra Clovis I
 • Adik Childebert I
Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
Jean-Joseph Dassy (1796-1865) - Caribert, roi franc de Paris et de l'ouest de Gaule (mort en 567).jpg Charibert I
(Caribert Ier)
29 November 561 567  • Putra Chlothar I Raja Paris
(Roi de Paris)
Portrait Roi de france Chilpéric roy de France.jpg Chilperic I
(Chilpéric Ier)
567 584  • Putra Chlothar I
 • Adik Charibert I
Raja Paris
(Roi de Paris)

Raja Neustria
(Roi de Neustrie)
Clothaire II 584 628.jpg Chlothar II yang Agung, yang Muda
(Clotaire II le Grand, le Jeune)
584 18 Oktober 629  • Putra Chilperic I Raja Neustria
(Roi de Neustrie)

Raja Paris
(Roi de Paris)
(595–629)

Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
(613–629)
Tiers de sou or Dagobert Ier.jpg Dagobert I
(Dagobert Ier)
18 Oktober 629 19 Januari 639  • Putra Chlothar II Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
Tiers de sous d'or de Clovis II.jpg Clovis II yang Malas
(Clovis II le Fainéant)
19 Januari 639 31 Oktober 657  • Putra Dagobert I Raja Neustria dan Burgundia
(Roi de Neustrie et de Bourgogne)
Clothar III.jpg Chlothar III
(Clotaire III)
31 Oktober 657 673  • Putra Clovis II Raja Neustria dan Burgundia
(Roi de Neustrie et de Bourgogne)

Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
(657–663)
Portrait Roi de france Childéric II.jpg Childeric II
(Childéric II)
673 675  • Putra Clovis II
 • Younger brother of Chlothar III
Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
Theuderic III.jpg Theuderic III
(Thierry III)
675 691  • Putra Clovis II
 • Adik Childeric II
Raja Neustria
(Roi de Neustrie)

Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
(687–691)
Georges Rouget (1783-1869) - Clovis III roi d'Austrasie en 691 (682-695).jpg Clovis IV
(Clovis IV)
691 695  • Putra Theuderic III Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
Childebert III 694 711.jpg Childebert III yang Adil
(Childebert III le Juste)
695 23 April 711  • Putra Theuderic III
 • Younger brother of Clovis IV
Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
Portrait Roi de france Dagobert II (i.e III).jpg Dagobert III 23 April 711 715  • Putra Childebert III Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
Portrait Roy de france Chilperic II.jpg Chilperic II
(Chilpéric II)
715 13 Februari 721  • Mungkin putra Childeric II Raja Neustria dan Burgundia
(Roi de Neustrie et de Bourgogne)

Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
(719–721)

Raja wangsa Meroving yang terakhir, yang dikenal sebagai raja malas, tidak memegang kekuasaan apa pun, sementara Walikota Istana yang sebenarnya memerintah. Ketika Theuderic IV meninggal tahun 737, Walikota Istana Charles Martel membiarkan takhta tersebut kosong dan terus memerintah hingga ia meninggal tahun 741. Anaknya, Pepin dan Carloman , pada mulanya mengangkat Childeric III sebagai raja pada tahun 743, tapi pada tahun 751 Pepin menggulingkan Childerich dan naik takhta sendiri.

Gambar Nama Sejak Hingga Hubungan dengan penguasa sebelumnya Gelar
Jean Dassier (1676-1763) - Childéric III roy de France (754).jpg Childeric III
(Childéric III)
743 November 751  • Putra Chilperic II atau putra Theuderic IV Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)

Dinasti Karolingia (751–987)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Dari raja-raja dinasti Karoling, tiga di antaranya bukan dari dinasti Karoling, yaitu Odo dan saudaranya, Robert I, dan menantu Robert, Raoul/Rudolph. Akhirnya dinasti Robert menjadi Dinasti Kapetia ketika Hughues Capet (anak Hughues yang Agung, anak Robert I) naik takhta tahun 987.


Gambar Nama Sejak Hingga Hubungan dengan penguasa sebelumnya Gelar
Pépin the younger.jpg Pepin yang Muda/yang Pendek
(Pépin le Bref)
752 24 September 768  • Putra Charles Martel Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
Carloman.jpg Carloman I 24 September 768 4 Desember 771  • Putra Pepin yang Pendek Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
Charlemagne-by-Durer.jpg Charlemagne (Charles I) 24 September 768 28 Januari 814  • Putra Pepin yang Pendek Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)

Kaisar Bangsa Romawi
(Imperator Romanorum)
(800–814)
Ludwik I Pobożny.jpg Louis I yang Saleh, the Debonaire
(Louis Ier le Pieux, le Débonnaire)
28 Januari 814 20 Juni 840  • Putra Charlemagne Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)

Kaisar Bangsa Romawi
(Imperator Romanorum)
CharlesIItheBald.JPG Charles II yang Botak
(Charles II le Chauve)
20 Juni 840 6 Oktober 877  • Putra Louis I Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)

Kaisar Bangsa Romawi
(Imperator Romanorum)
(875–877)
Louis II of France.JPG Louis II yang Gagap
(Louis II le Bègue)
6 Oktober 877 10 April 879  • Putra Charles II Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
King Louis III.gif Louis III 10 April 879 5 Agustus 882  • Putra Louis II Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
Carloman II of France.jpg Carloman II 5 Agustus 882 6 Desember 884  • Putra Louis II Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
Die deutschen Kaiser Karl der Dicke.jpg Charles yang Gendut
(Charles le Gros)
20 Mei 885 13 Januari 888  • Putra Louis orang Jerman
 • Sepupu Louis II dan Carloman II
 • Cucu Louis I yang Saleh
Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)

Kaisar Bangsa Romawi
(Imperator Romanorum)
(881–887)
Odo of France.PNG Odo dari Paris
(Eudes de Paris)
29 Februari 888 1 Januari 898  • Putra Robert yang Kuat (Robertians)
 • Elected king against young Charles III.
Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
Georges Rouget (1783-1869) - Charles III, dit le simple, roi de France en 896 (879-929).jpg Charles III yang Sederhana
(Charles III le Simple)
28 Januari 893 30 Juni 922  • Posthumous son of Louis II
 • Younger half-brother of Louis III and Carloman II
Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
Robert I de France.jpg Robert I
(Robert Ier)
30 Juni 922 15 Juni 923  • Putra Robert yang Kuat (Wangsa Robert)
 • Adik Odo
Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
Rudolph of France.PNG Rudolph
(Raoul de France)
13 July 923 14 Januari 936  • Putra Richard dari Burgundy (Wangsa Boso)
 • Menantu Robert I
Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
Louis IV of France.PNG Louis IV dari Luar Negeri
(Louis IV d'Outremer)
19 Juni 936 10 September 954  • Putra Charles III Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
Lothaire-Face.jpg Lothair
(Lothaire de France)
12 November 954 2 Maret 986  • Putra Louis IV Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)
Louis V.jpg Louis V yang Malas
(Louis V le Fainéant)
8 Juni 986 22 Mei 987  • Putra Lothair Raja Bangsa Franka
(Roi des Francs)

Dinasti Kapetia (987–1792)[sunting | sunting sumber]

The Capetian Dynasty, the male-line descendants of Hugh Capet, ruled France continuously from 987 to 1792 and again from 1814 to 1848. The branches of the dynasty which ruled after 1328, however, are generally given the specific branch names of Valois and Bourbon.

Wangsa Capet (987–1328)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gambar Lambang Nama Sejak Hingga Hubungan dengan penguasa sebelumnya Gelar
King Hugh Capet.jpg Hugh Capet
(Hugues Capet)
3 July 987 24 Oktober 996  • Grandson of Robert I King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Seal of Robert II.jpg Robert II the Pious, the Wise
(Robert II le Pieux, le Sage)
24 Oktober 996 20 July 1031  • Putra Hugh Capet King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Henri I.jpg Henry I
(Henri Ier)
20 July 1031 4 Agustus 1060  • Putra Robert II King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Philip I of France · HHWXI28.svg Philip I the Amorous
(Philippe Ier l' Amoureux)
4 Agustus 1060 29 July 1108  • Putra Henry I King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
Louis VI of France.gif Louis VI the Fat
(Louis VI le Gros)
29 July 1108 1 Agustus 1137  • Putra Philip I King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
II Geza es VII Lajos KK.jpg Arms of the Kingdom of France (Ancien).svg Louis VII the Young
(Louis VII le Jeune)
1 Agustus 1137 18 September 1180  • Putra Louis VI King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
100px Arms of the Kingdom of France (Ancien).svg Philip II Agustusus
(Philippe II Agustuse)
18 September 1180 14 July 1223  • Putra Louis VII King of the Franks
(Roi des Francs)
King of France
(Roi de France)
Louis8lelion.jpg Arms of the Kingdom of France (Ancien).svg Louis VIII the Lion
(Louis VIII le Lion)
14 July 1223 8 November 1226  • Putra Philip II Agustusus King of France
(Roi de France)
Louis-ix.jpg Arms of the Kingdom of France (Ancien).svg Louis IX the Saint
(Saint Louis)
8 November 1226 25 Agustus 1270  • Putra Louis VIII King of France
(Roi de France)
Miniature Philippe III Courronement.jpg Arms of the Kingdom of France (Ancien).svg Philip III the Bold
(Philippe III le Hardi)
25 Agustus 1270 5 Oktober 1285  • Putra Louis IX King of France
(Roi de France)
Philippe IV le bel.jpg Arms of the Kingdom of France & Navarre (Ancien).svg Philip IV the Fair
(Philippe IV le Bel)
5 Oktober 1285 29 November 1314  • Putra Philip III King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)
Louis X Le Hutin.jpg Arms of the Kingdom of France & Navarre (Ancien).svg Louis X the Quarreller
(Louis X le Hutin)
29 November 1314 5 Juni 1316  • Putra Philip IV King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)
John I of France.jpg Arms of the Kingdom of France & Navarre (Ancien).svg John I the Posthumous
(Jean Ier le Posthume)
15 November 1316 20 November 1316  • Putra Louis X King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)
Philippe V Le Long.JPG Arms of the Kingdom of France & Navarre (Ancien).svg Philip V the Tall
(Philippe V le Long)
20 November 1316 3 Januari 1322  • Putra Philip IV
 • Younger brother of Louis X
King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)
Charles IV Le Bel.jpg Arms of the Kingdom of France & Navarre (Ancien).svg Charles IV the Fair
(Charles IV le Bel)
3 Januari 1322 1 Februari 1328  • Putra Philip IV
 • Younger brother of Louis X and Philip V
King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)

Not listed above are Hugh Magnus, eldest son of Robert II, and Philip of France, eldest son of Louis VI; both were co-Kings with their fathers (in accordance with the early Capetian practice whereby Kings would crown their heirs in their own lifetimes and share power with the co-king), but predeceased them. Because neither Hugh nor Philip were sole or senior king in their own lifetimes, they are not traditionally listed as Kings of France, and are not given ordinals.

Wangsa Valois (1328–1589)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gambar Lambang Nama Sejak Hingga Hubungan dengan penguasa sebelumnya Gelar
Phil6france.jpg Arms of the Kingdom of France (Ancien).svg Philip VI of Valois, the Fortunate
(Philippe VI de Valois, le Fortuné)
1 April 1328 22 Agustus 1350  • Grandson of Philip III of France King of France
(Roi de France)
JeanIIdFrance.jpg Arms of the Kingdom of France (Ancien).svg John II the Good
(Jean II le Bon)
22 Agustus 1350 8 April 1364  • Son of Philip VI King of France
(Roi de France)
Charles5lesage.jpg Arms of the Kingdom of France (Ancien).svg Charles V the Wise
(Charles V le Sage)
8 April 1364 16 September 1380  • Son of John II King of France
(Roi de France)
Couronnement de Charles VI le Bien-Aimé.jpg Arms of the Kingdom of France (Moderne).svg Charles VI the Beloved, the Mad
(Charles VI le Bienaimé, le Fol)
16 September 1380 21 Oktober 1422  • Son of Charles V King of France
(Roi de France)
Charles VII by Jean Fouquet 1445 1450.jpg Arms of the Kingdom of France (Moderne).svg Charles VII the Victorious, the Well-Served
(Charles VII le Victorieux, le Bien-Servi)
21 Oktober 1422 22 July 1461  • Son of Charles VI King of France
(Roi de France)
Louis XI of France.jpg Arms of the Kingdom of France (Moderne).svg Louis XI the Prudent, the Cunning, the Universal Spider
(Louis XI le Prudent, le Rusé, l'Universelle Aragne)
22 July 1461 30 Agustus 1483  • Son of Charles VII King of France
(Roi de France)
Charles VIII Ecole Francaise 16th century Musee de Conde Chantilly.jpg Arms of the Kingdom of France (Moderne).svg Charles VIII the Affable
(Charles VIII l'Affable)
30 Agustus 1483 7 April 1498  • Son of Louis XI King of France
(Roi de France)

Cabang Orléans (1498–1515)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gambar Lambang Nama Sejak Hingga Hubungan dengan penguasa sebelumnya Gelar
Ludvig XII av Frankrike på målning från 1500-talet.jpg Arms of the Kingdom of France (Moderne).svg Louis XII Father of the People
(Louis XII le Père du Peuple)
7 April 1498 1 Januari 1515  • Great-grandson of Charles V
 • Second cousin, and by first marriage son-in-law of Louis XI
 • By second marriage husband of Anne of Brittany, widow of Charles VIII
King of France
(Roi de France)

Orléans–Angoulême (1515–1589)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gambar Lambang Nama Sejak Hingga Hubungan dengan penguasa sebelumnya Gelar
Francis1-1.jpg Grand Royal Coat of Arms of France.svg Francis I the Father and Restorer of Letters
(François Ier le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres)
1 Januari 1515 31 Maret 1547  • Great-great-grandson of Charles V
 • First cousin once removed, and by
first marriage son-in-law of Louis XII
King of France
(Roi de France)
Clouet atelier Henri II Roi de France.jpg Grand Royal Coat of Arms of France.svg Henry II
(Henri II)
31 Maret 1547 10 July 1559  • Son of Francis I/grandson of Louis XII King of France
(Roi de France)
FrancoisII.jpg Grand Royal Coat of Arms of France.svg Francis II
(François II)
10 July 1559 5 Desember 1560  • Son of Henry II King of France
(Roi de France)

King of Scots
(1558–1560)
François Clouet 004.jpg Grand Royal Coat of Arms of France.svg Charles IX 5 Desember 1560 30 Mei 1574  • Son of Henry II
 • Younger brother of Francis II
King of France
(Roi de France)
Henri3France.jpg Grand Royal Coat of Arms of France.svg Henry III
(Henri III)
30 Mei 1574 2 Agustus 1589  • Son of Henry II
 • Younger brother of Francis II and Charles IX
King of France
(Roi de France)

King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania
(1573–1575)

Wangsa Bourbon (1589–1792)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gambar Lambang Nama Sejak Hingga Hubungan dengan penguasa sebelumnya Gelar
Henry IV of france by pourbous younger.jpg Grand Royal Coat of Arms of France & Navarre.svg Henry IV, Good King Henry, the Green Gallant
(Henri IV, le Bon Roi Henri, le Vert-Galant)
2 Agustus 1589 14 Mei 1610  • Tenth generation descendant of Louis IX in the male line
 • Grandnephew in law of Francis I and Henry II, Brother in law of Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III
King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)
LouisXIII.jpg Grand Royal Coat of Arms of France & Navarre.svg Louis XIII the Just
(Louis XIII le Juste)
14 Mei 1610 14 Mei 1643  • Son of Henry IV King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)
Louis XIV of France.jpg Grand Royal Coat of Arms of France & Navarre.svg Louis XIV the Great, the Sun King
(Louis XIV le Grand, le Roi Soleil)
14 Mei 1643 1 September 1715  • Son of Louis XIII King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)
LouisXV-Rigaud1.jpg Grand Royal Coat of Arms of France & Navarre.svg Louis XV the Beloved
(Louis XV le Bien-Aimé)
1 September 1715 10 Mei 1774  • Great-grandson of Louis XIV King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)
Antoine-François Callet - Louis XVI, roi de France et de Navarre (1754-1793), revêtu du grand costume royal en 1779 - Google Art Project.jpg Grand Royal Coat of Arms of France & Navarre.svg Louis XVI the Restorer of French Liberty
(Louis XVI le Restaurateur de la Liberté Française)
10 Mei 1774 21 September 1792  • Grandson of Louis XV King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)
(1774–1791)

King of the French
(Roi des Français)
(1791–1792)

From 21 Januari 1793 to 8 Juni 1795, Louis XVI's son Louis-Charles was the titular King of France as Louis XVII; in reality, however, he was imprisoned in the Temple throughout this duration, and power was held by the leaders of the Republic. Upon Louis XVII's death, his uncle (Louis XVI's brother) Louis-Stanislas claimed the throne, as Louis XVIII, but only became de facto King of France in 1814.

Republik Pertama (1792–1804)[sunting | sunting sumber]

The First French Republic lasted from 1792 to 1804, when its First Consul, Napoléon Bonaparte, was declared Emperor of the French.

Wangsa Bonaparte, Kekaisaran Pertama (1804–1814)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gambar Lambang Nama Sejak Hingga Hubungan dengan penguasa sebelumnya Gelar
Napoleon I (by Anne Louis Girodet de Roucy-Trioson).jpg Grandes Armes Impériales (1804-1815)2.svg Napoleon I, the Great
(Napoléon Ier, le Grand)
18 Mei 1804 11 April 1814 - Emperor of the French
(Empereur des Français)

Wangsa Bourbon, Restorasi Bourbon (1814–1815)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gambar Lambang Nama Sejak Hingga Hubungan dengan penguasa sebelumnya Gelar
Lodewijk XVIII.jpg Coat of Arms of the Bourbon Restoration (1815-30).svg Louis XVIII 11 April 1814 20 Maret 1815  • Grandson of Louis XV  • Younger Brother of Louis XVI King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)

Wangsa Bonaparte, Kekaisaran Pertama (Seratus Hari, 1815)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gambar Lambang Nama Sejak Hingga Hubungan dengan penguasa sebelumnya Gelar
Napoleon I (by Anne Louis Girodet de Roucy-Trioson).jpg Grandes Armes Impériales (1804-1815)2.svg Napoleon I
(Napoléon Ier)
20 Maret 1815 22 Juni 1815 - Emperor of the French
(Empereur des Français)
80 Napoleon II.jpg Grandes Armes Impériales (1804-1815)2.svg Napoleon II
(Napoléon II)
[2]
22 Juni 1815 7 July 1815 Son of Napoleon I Emperor of the French
(Empereur des Français)

Wangsa Bourbon (1815–1830)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gambar Lambang Nama Sejak Hingga Hubungan dengan penguasa sebelumnya Gelar
Lodewijk XVIII.jpg Coat of Arms of the Bourbon Restoration (1815-30).svg Louis XVIII 7 July 1815 16 September 1824  • Grandson of Louis XV  • Younger Brother of Louis XVI King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)
Charles X Roi de France et de Navarre.jpg Coat of Arms of the Bourbon Restoration (1815-30).svg Charles X 16 September 1824 2 Agustus 1830  • Grandson of Louis XV  • Younger Brother of Louis XVI and Louis XVIII King of France and of Navarre
(Roi de France et de Navarre)

The elder son of Charles X, the Dauphin Louis-Antoine, is occasionally considered to have legally been the King of France as Louis XIX in the 20 minutes that passed between Charles X's formal signature of abdication and the Dauphin's own signature.
Henri d'Artois, Charles X's grandson, was considered by monarchists to be the titular King of France, as Henry V from 2 Agustus 1830 to 9 Agustus 1830, but his reign remained largely fictional, as he acceded in a revolutionary context and hence was never recognized by the French State. He is generally not accounted for in lists of official French monarchs.

Wangsa Orléans, Monarki Juli (1830–1848)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gambar Lambang Nama Sejak Hingga Hubungan dengan penguasa sebelumnya Gelar
Louis-Philippe de Bourbon.jpg Coat of Arms of the July Monarchy (1831-48).svg Louis-Philippe I the Citizen King
(Louis Philippe, le Roi Citoyen)
9 Agustus 1830 24 Februari 1848  • Sixth generation descendant of Louis XIII in the male line
 • Fifth cousin of Louis XVI, Louis XVIII and Charles X
King of the French
(Roi des Français)

Republik Kedua (1848–1852)[sunting | sunting sumber]

The Second French Republic lasted from 1848 to 1852, when its president, Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, was declared Emperor of the French.

Wangsa Bonaparte, Kekaisaran Kedua (1852–1870)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gambar Lambang Nama Sejak Hingga Hubungan dengan penguasa sebelumnya Gelar
Franz Xaver Winterhalter Napoleon III.jpg Coat of Arms Second French Empire (1852–1870)-2.svg Napoleon III
(Napoléon III)
2 Desember 1852 4 September 1870  • Nephew of Napoleon I Emperor of the French
(Empereur des Français)

Government of National Defence (Paris Commune 1870–1871)[sunting | sunting sumber]

The transition period between the fall of the Second Empire after the capture of Napoleon III by the Prussians and the assumption of the Third Republic by General Louis Jules Trochu.

Heads of State following 1871[sunting | sunting sumber]

The chronology of Head of State of France continues with the Presidents of France and short term interim periods by the Chief of State of the French State (1940–1944), the Chairman of the Provisional Government of the French Republic (1944–1946) and the President of the French Senate (1969 and 1974) during the Fifth Republic.

Later pretenders[sunting | sunting sumber]

Various pretenders descended from the preceding monarchs have claimed to be the legitimate monarch of France, rejecting the claims of the President of France, and of each other. These groups are:

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ r. 481-511; raja pertama bangsa Franka; raja Kristen pertama bangsa Gaul.
  2. ^ From 22 Juni to 7 July 1815, Bonapartists considered Napoleon II as the legitimate heir to the throne, his father having abdicated in his favor. However, the young child's reign was entirely fictional, as he was residing in Austria with his mother. Louis XVIII was reinstalled as king on 7 July.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]