R. L. Stine

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R. L. Stine
R. L. Stine diTexas Book Festival 2008
R. L. Stine di Texas Book Festival 2008
Lahir Robert Lawrence Stine
8 Oktober 1943 (umur 70)
Columbus, Ohio, Amerika Serikat
Nama pena Jovial Bob Stine
Pekerjaan Novelis, cerpenis, produser eksekutif, penulis naskah (Eureeka's Castle), editor eksekutif (Bananas)
Kewarganegaraan Amerika Serikat
Pendidikan Ohio State University (BA, English; 1965)
Aliran sastra Sastra anak, fiksi horor, fiksi ilmiah, humor, fiksi gotik, fiksi genre
Pasangan Jane Waldhorn (1969–sekarang; 1 anak)


Tanda tangan R. L. Stine

www.rlstine.com

Robert Lawrence Stine (lahir 8 Oktober 1943; umur 70 tahun),[2] dikenal juga sebagai R. L. Stine dan Jovial Bob Stine, adalah penulis dan produser Amerika Serikat. Stine, yang dijuluki "Stephen King-nya sastra anak",[3] adalah penulis dari ratusan novel fiksi horor, termasuk seri Fear Street, Goosebumps, Rotten School, Mostly Ghostly, dan The Nightmare Room. Beberapa karyanya yang lain adalah trilogi Space Cadets, dua buku permainan Hark, dan puluhan buku humor. Buku-buku R. L. Stine telah terjual lebih dari 400 juta eksemplar hingga tahun 2008.

Kehidupan awal[sunting | sunting sumber]

Stine lahir di Columbus, Ohio pada tanggal 8 Oktober1943,[4] putra dari pasangan Yahudi, Anne (née Feinstein), seorang ibu rumah tangga, dan Lewis Stine, seorang pegawai perusahaan perkapalan.[5][6] Ia mulai menulis sejak berusia 9 tahun saat ia menemukan sebuah mesin tik di lotengnya, dan kemudian mulai menulis cerita pendek dan humor.[7] Stine lulus dari Ohio State University (OSU) pada tahun 1965 dengan gelar Bachelor of Arts dalam bidang Sastra Inggris.[8]

Saat berkuliah di OSU, R. L. Stine bekerja sebagai editor di majalah humor The Sundial selama tiga tahun.[2] Ia kemudian pindah ke New York City untuk mewujudkan kariernya sebagai penulis.[5]

Karier[sunting | sunting sumber]

Stine menulis puluhan buku humor untuk anak-anak dengan menggunakan nama pena Jovial Bob Stine dan mendirikan majalah humor bernama Bananas.[5] Bananas ditujukan bagi pembaca remaja dan diterbitkan oleh Scholastic Press dalam 72 edisi antara tahun 1975 dan 1984. Pada tahun 1986, Stine menulis novel horor pertamanya berjudul Blind Date,[9] diikuti oleh novel-novel lainnya seperti The Babysitter, Beach House, Hit and Run, dan The Girlfriend.[5] Ia juga menjadi penulis untuk acara TV anak berjudul Eureeka's Castle di Nickelodeon Network.[10]

Pada 1989, Stine mulai menulis buku Fear Street.[11] Sebelum menerbitkan seri Goosebumps, Stine sempat menulis tiga buku fiksi ilmiah humor dalam seri Space Cadets berjudul Jerks in Training, Bozos on Patrol, dan Losers in Space.[12] Pada 1992, Stine dan Parachute menerbitkan Goosebumps.[5] Ia juga memproduseri serial TV Goosebumps dari tahun 1995–1998,[13] dan tiga permainan video; Escape from HorrorLand, Attack of the Mutant[14] dan Goosebumps HorrorLand.[15] Pada 1995, novel pertama Stine yang ditujukan bagi pembaca dewasa, berjudul Superstitious, diterbitkan.[16] Ia juga menulis tiga novel dewasa lainnya, yakni The Sitter, Eye Candy,[8] dan Red Rain.

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Seri asli[sunting | sunting sumber]

Space Cadets[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Jerks-in-Training
  2. Losers in Space
  3. Bozos on Patrol

Goosebumps[sunting | sunting sumber]

Goosebumps Series 2000[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Cry of the Cat
  2. Bride of the Living Dummy
  3. Creature Teacher
  4. Invasion of the Body Squeezers, Part I
  5. Invasion of the Body Squeezers, Part II
  6. I Am Your Evil Twin
  7. Revenge R Us
  8. Fright Camp
  9. Are You Terrified Yet?
  10. Headless Halloween
  11. Attack of the Graveyard Ghouls
  12. Brain Juice
  13. Return to HorrorLand
  14. Jekyll and Heidi
  15. Scream School
  16. The Mummy Walks
  17. The Werewolf in the Living Room
  18. Horrors of the Black Ring
  19. Return to Ghost Camp
  20. Be Afraid – Be Very Afraid!
  21. The Haunted Car
  22. Full Moon Fever
  23. Slappy's Nightmare
  24. Earth Geeks Must Go!
  25. Ghost in the Mirror

Give Yourself Goosebumps[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Escape from the Carnival of Horrors
  2. Tick Tock, You're Dead!
  3. Trapped in Bat Wing Hall
  4. The Deadly Experiments of Dr. Eeek
  5. Night in Werewolf Woods
  6. Beware of the Purple Peanut Butter
  7. Under the Magician's Spell
  8. The Curse of the Creeping Coffin
  9. The Knight in Screaming Armor
  10. Diary of a Mad Mummy
  11. Deep in the Jungle of Doom
  12. Welcome to the Wicked Wax Museum
  13. Scream of the Evil Genie
  14. The Creepy Creations of Professor Shock
  15. Please Don't Feed the Vampire!
  16. Secret Agent Grandma
  17. Little Comic Shop of Horrors
  18. Attack of the Beastly Baby-sitter
  19. Escape from Camp Run-for-Your-Life
  20. Toy Terror: Batteries Included
  21. The Twisted Tale of Tiki Island
  22. Return to the Carnival of Horrors
  23. Zapped in Space
  24. Lost in Stinkeye Swamp
  25. Shop Till You Drop...Dead!
  26. Alone in Snakebite Canyon
  27. Checkout Time at the Dead-End Hotel
  28. Night of a Thousand Claws
  29. Invaders from the Big Screen
  30. You're Plant Food!
  31. The Werewolf of Twisted Tree Lodge
  32. It's Only a Nightmare
  33. It Came from the Internet
  34. Elevator to Nowhere
  35. Hocus-Pocus Horror
  36. Ship of Ghouls
  37. Escape from Horror House
  38. Into the Twister of Terror
  39. Scary Birthday to You
  40. Zombie School
  41. Danger Time
  42. All-Day Nightmare
Give Yourself Goosebumps Special Edition[sunting | sunting sumber]
  1. Into the Jaws of Doom
  2. Return to Terror Tower
  3. Trapped in the Circus of Fear
  4. One Night in Payne House
  5. The Curse of the Cave Creatures
  6. Revenge of the Body Squeezers
  7. Trick or...Trapped!
  8. Weekend at Poison Lake

Fear Street[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. The New Girl
  2. The Surprise Party
  3. The Overnight
  4. Missing
  5. The Wrong Number
  6. The Sleepwalker
  7. Haunted
  8. Halloween Party
  9. The Stepsister
  10. Ski Weekend
  11. The Fire Game
  12. Lights Out
  13. The Secret Bedroom
  14. The Knife
  15. The Prom Queen
  16. First Date
  17. The Best Friend
  18. The Cheater
  19. Sunburn
  20. The New Boy
  21. The Dare
  22. Bad Dreams
  23. Double Date
  24. The Thrill Club
  25. One Evil Summer
  26. The Mind Reader
  27. Wrong Number 2
  28. Truth or Dare
  29. Dead End
  30. Final Grade
  31. Switched
  32. College Weekend
  33. The Stepsister 2
  34. What Holly Heard
  35. The Face
  36. Secret Admirer
  37. The Perfect Date
  38. The Confession
  39. The Boy Next Door
  40. Night Games
  41. Runaway
  42. Killer's Kiss
  43. All-Night Party
  44. The Rich Girl
  45. Cat
  46. Fear Hall: The Beginning
  47. Fear Hall: The Conclusion
  48. Who Killed The Homecoming Queen?
  49. Into The Dark
  50. Best Friend 2
  51. Trapped
New Fear Street[sunting | sunting sumber]
  1. The Stepbrother
  2. Camp Out
  3. Scream, Jennifer, Scream!
  4. The Bad Girl
Fear Street Super Chiller[sunting | sunting sumber]
  1. Party Summer
  2. Silent Night
  3. Goodnight Kiss
  4. Broken Hearts
  5. Silent Night 2
  6. The Dead Lifeguard
  7. Cheerleaders: The New Evil
  8. Bad Moonlight
  9. The New Year's Party
  10. Goodnight Kiss 2
  11. Silent Night 3
  12. High Tide
  13. Cheerleaders: The Evil Lives!
Cheerleaders[sunting | sunting sumber]
  1. The First Evil
  2. The Second Evil
  3. The Third Evil
  4. The New Evil
  5. The Evil Lives!
The Fear Street Saga Trilogy[sunting | sunting sumber]
  1. The Betrayal
  2. The Secret
  3. The Burning
99 Fear Street: The House of Evil[sunting | sunting sumber]
  1. The First Horror
  2. The Second Horror
  3. The Third Horror
Cataluna Chronicles[sunting | sunting sumber]
  1. The Evil Moon
  2. The Dark Secret
  3. The Deadly Fire
Fear Park[sunting | sunting sumber]
  1. The First Scream
  2. The Loudest Scream
  3. The Last Scream
Fear Street Sagas[sunting | sunting sumber]
  1. A New Fear
  2. House of Whispers
  3. Forbidden Secrets
  4. The Sign of Fear
  5. The Hidden Evil
  6. Daughters of Silence
  7. Children of Fear
  8. Dance of Death
  9. Heart of the Hunter
  10. The Awakening Evil
  11. Circle of Fire
  12. Chamber of Fear
  13. Faces of Terror
  14. One Last Kiss
  15. Door of Death
  16. The Hand of Power
Fear Street Seniors[sunting | sunting sumber]
  1. Let's Party
  2. In Too Deep
  3. The Thirst
  4. No Answer
  5. Last Chance
  6. The Gift
  7. Fight Team, Fight
  8. Sweetheart, Evil Heart
  9. Spring Break
  10. Wicked
  11. The Prom Date
  12. Graduation Day
Fear Street Nights[sunting | sunting sumber]
  1. Moonlight Secrets
  2. Midnight Games
  3. Darkest Dawn

Ghosts of Fear Street[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Hide and Shriek
  2. Who's Been Sleeping in My Grave?
  3. The Attack of the Aqua Apes
  4. Nightmare in 3-D
  5. Stay Away from the Tree House
  6. Eye of the Fortuneteller
  7. Fright Knight
  8. The Ooze
  9. Revenge of the Shadow People
  10. The Bugman Lives!
  11. The Boy Who Ate Fear Street
  12. Night of the Werecat
  13. How to Be a Vampire
  14. Body Switchers from Outer Space
  15. Fright Christmas
  16. Don't Ever Get Sick at Granny's
  17. House of a Thousand Screams
  18. Camp Fear Ghouls
  19. Three Evil Wishes
  20. Spell of the Screaming Jokers
  21. The Creature from Club Lagoona
  22. Field of Screams
  23. Why I'm Not Afraid of Ghosts
  24. Monster Dog
  25. Halloween Bugs Me!
  26. Go to Your Tomb – Right Now!
  27. Parents from the 13th Dimension
  28. Hide and Shriek II
  29. The Tale of the Blue Monkey
  30. I Was a Sixth-Grade Zombie
  31. Escape of the He-Beast
  32. Caution: Aliens at Work
  33. Attack of the Vampire Worms
  34. Horror Hotel Pt. 1: The Vampire Checks in
  35. Horror Hotel Pt. 2: Ghost in the Guest Room
  36. The Funhouse of Dr. Freek

Mostly Ghostly[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Who Let the Ghosts Out?
  2. Have You Met My Ghoulfriend?
  3. One Night in Doom House
  4. Little Camp of Horrors
  5. Ghouls Gone Wild
  6. Let's Get This Party Haunted!
  7. Freaks and Shrieks
  8. Don't Close Your Eyes!

Rotten School[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. The Big Blueberry Barf-Off!
  2. The Great Smelling Bee
  3. The Good, the Bad and the Very Slimy
  4. Lose, Team, Lose!
  5. Shake, Rattle and Hurl!
  6. The Heinie Prize
  7. Dudes, the School is Haunted!
  8. The Teacher from Heck
  9. Ready, Set... Ghost!
  10. Party Poopers
  11. The Rottenest Angel
  12. Punk'd and Skunked
  13. Battle of the Dum Diddys
  14. Got Cake?
  15. Night of the Creepy Things
  16. Calling All Birdbrains
  17. Dumb Clucks

The Nightmare Room[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Don't Forget Me!
  2. Locker 13
  3. My Name is Evil
  4. Liar Liar
  5. Dear Diary, I'm Dead
  6. They Call Me Creature
  7. The Howler
  8. Shadow Girl
  9. Camp Nowhere
  10. Full Moon Halloween
  11. Scare School
  12. Visitors
The Nightmare Room Thrillogy[sunting | sunting sumber]
  1. Fear Games
  2. What Scares You the Most?
  3. No Survivors

Goosebumps HorrorLand[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Welcome to HorrorLand: A Survival Guide
  • Revenge of the Living Dummy
  • Creep from the Deep
  • Monster Blood for Breakfast!
  • The Scream of the Haunted Mask
  • Dr. Maniac vs. Robby Schwartz
  • Who's Your Mummy?
  • My Friends Call Me Monster
  • Say Cheese – And Die Screaming!
  • Welcome to Camp Slither
  • Help! We Have Strange Powers!
  • Escape from HorrorLand
  • The Streets of Panic Park
  • When the Ghost Dog Howls
  • Little Shop of Hamsters
  • Heads, You Lose!
  • Weirdo Halloween
  • The Wizard Of Ooze
  • Slappy's New Year!
  • The Horror at Chiller House
  • Claws!
  • Night of Giant Everything
  • The Five Masks of Dr. Screem
  • Why I Quit Zombie School
  • Don't Scream!
  • The Birthday Party of No Return

Goosebumps Most Wanted[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Son of Slappy
  • Planet of the Lawn Gnomes
  • How I Met My Monster
  • Frankenstein's Dog
  • Dr. Maniac Will See You Now

Hark[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. The Badlands of Hark
  2. The Invaders of Hark

Dangerous Girls[sunting | sunting sumber]

Both story were re-released in 2010 under the name Bitten.

  1. Dangerous Girls
  2. The Taste of Night

Novel lepas[sunting | sunting sumber]

Antologi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Beware! (disunting oleh Stine)
  • The Haunting Hour
  • The Nightmare Hour
  • Tales to Give You Goosebumps
  • More Tales to Give You Goosebumps
  • Even More Tales to Give You Goosebumps
  • Still More Tales to Give You Goosebumps
  • More and More Tales to Give You Goosebumps
  • More and More and More Tales to Give You Goosebumps
  • Goosebumps Triple Header, Book 1
  • Goosebumps Triple Header, Book 2

Cerita pendek[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • "The Spell"
  • "Dead of Night"
  • "The Head Start"
  • "Lucky at Cards"
  • "The Kid Behind the Door"
  • "The Terror After School"
  • "Do Some Damage!"
  • "Curse of the Smiling Mummy"
  • "Can You Keep a Secret?"
  • "The Vampire Club"
  • "My Worst Nightmare"
  • "The Wrong Room"

Karya nonfiksi dan Jovial Bob Stine[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 101 Vacation Jokes
  • 101 Wacky Kid Jokes
  • 101 Silly Monster Jokes
  • The Absurdly Silly Encyclopaedia and Fly Swatter
  • Amazing Adventure of Me, Myself and I
  • Blips: The First Book of Videogame Funnies
  • Cool Kids' Guide to Summer Camp
  • Doggone Dog Joke Book
  • Don't Stand in the Soup
  • How to Be Funny
  • It Came From Ohio!: My Life As A Writer (autobiografi)
  • Miami Mice
  • Pork and Beans: Play Date
  • The Sick of Being Sick Book
  • You Know It's Going to Be A Long School Year When...
  • My Secret Identity
  • Pigs' Book of World Records
  • Jovial Bob's Computer Joke Book

Novelisasi film[sunting | sunting sumber]

Zachary Blue[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • The Jet Fighter Trap
  • The Protectors: The Petrova Twist

Komik[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Gnasty Gnomes

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b "Interview with Children's Horror Author R.L. Stine!". Bloody Disgusting. June 29, 2011. Diakses June 29, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "R.L. Stine". Ohio Reading Road Trip. Diakses February 27, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Emily Osment stars in 'R.L. Stine's "The Haunting Hour"". Cape Cod Times. October 26, 2007. Diakses February 24, 2011. 
  4. ^ "The Nightmare Room by R. L. Stine". KidsReads.com. Diakses May 11, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "About R.L. – For book and school reports". Diakses February 27, 2011. 
  6. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-2588500217.html
  7. ^ MacPherson, Karen (April 8, 2008). "Venture into R.L. Stine's 'HorrorLand' – if you dare!". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Diakses February 27, 2011. 
  8. ^ a b "2011 Thrillermaster: R.L. Stine". ThrillerFest. Diakses February 25, 2011. 
  9. ^ M. Rosenberg, Joyce (October 27, 1996). "Success gives bookstores Goosebumps". The Albany Herald. Diakses February 27, 2011. 
  10. ^ Conradt, Stacy (October 14, 2009). "The Quick 10: The Not-Very-Scary Former Jobs of 10 Very Scary People". Mental floss. Diakses November 11, 2012. 
  11. ^ Meister, Cari (2001). R.L. Stine. ABDO Publishing Company. hlm. 17. ISBN 1-57765-484-6. Diakses May 15, 2011. 
  12. ^ Marcovitz, Hal (2005). R.L. Stine. Chelsea House Publishers. hlm. 94. ISBN 0-7910-8659-3. Diakses May 15, 2011. 
  13. ^ Gunelius, Susan (2008). Harry Potter: The Story of a Global Business Phenomenon. Palgrave Macmillan. hlm. 58. ISBN 0-230-20323-X. 
  14. ^ "Technical Support – Goosebumps". Scholastic. Diakses December 25, 2010. 
  15. ^ Paramchuk, Jeff. "Goosebumps HorrorLand". Common Sense Media. Diakses January 10, 2011. 
  16. ^ "Superstitious". Kirkus Reviews. July 15, 1995. Diakses December 7, 2010. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]