Operasi Pilar Pertahanan

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Langsung ke: navigasi, cari
Operasi Pilar Pertahanan
Bagian dari Konflik Israel-Gaza
Tanggal 14 – 21 November 2012 (2012-11-21)[1]
Lokasi Israel Selatan dan Jalur Gaza
30°40′LU 34°50′BT / 30,667°LU 34,833°BT / 30.667; 34.833Koordinat: 30°40′LU 34°50′BT / 30,667°LU 34,833°BT / 30.667; 34.833
Hasil Ceasefire, both sides claim victory[2][3][4]
  • According to Israel, the operation "severely impaired Hamas's launching capabilities."[5]
  • According to Hamas, their rocket strikes led to the ceasefire deal[6]
Pihak yang terlibat
 Israel Bendera Negara Palestina Jalur Gaza
Komandan
Bendera Israel Benjamin Netanyahu
Perdana Menteri
Bendera Israel Ehud Barak
Minister of Defense
Bendera Israel Benny Gantz
Chief of General Staff
Bendera Israel Amir Eshel
Air Force Commander
Bendera Israel Yoram Cohen
Director of Israel Security Agency (Shin Bet)
Ismail Haniyeh
(Perdana Menteri Otoritas Hamas)
Mohammed Deif
(Commander of Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades)
Ahmed JabariTemplat:KIA2
(Deputy commander of Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades)
Ramadan Shallah
(Secretary-General of Palestinian Islamic Jihad)
Abu Jamal[8]
(juru bicara di Abu Ali Mustafa Brigades)
Kekuatan
Israeli Southern Command and up to 75,000 reservists[10] 10,000 active fighters and up to 20,000 reservists (estimates)[11]
Korban
2 soldiers killed[12][13]
13 soldiers wounded[14][12]
Palestinian figures:
55 militants killed[15]
1 policeman killed.[15][16]
29 militants wounded[17]
Israeli figures:
120 militants killed[18]
Korban sipil palestina:
102 tewas (klaim Palestina)[15]
57 killed (Israeli claim)[18]
8 Palestinians executed by Hamas (alleged collaborators)[19]

Israeli civilian losses:
4 killed,[13] 240 injured [20]

Operasi Pilar Pertahanan (Ibrani: עַמּוּד עָנָן, ʿAmúd ʿAnán, diterjemahkan: "Pilar Awan")[21] adalah operasi yang dilakukan oleh Pasukan Pertahanan Israel di Jalur Gaza dari tanggal 14 hingga 21 November 2012. Hal ini terjadi dimulai dari terbunuhnya Ahmad Jabari, kepala dari pasukan militer Hamas di Jalur Gaza.[22][23][24]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Israel-Hamas ceasefire comes into effect in Gaza". BBC. 21 November 2012. Diakses 21 November 2012. 
  2. ^ Londoño, Ernesto; Birnbaum, Michael (21 November 2012). "After Israel, Hamas reach Gaza cease-fire, both sides claim victory". The Washington Post. Diakses 22 November 2012. 
  3. ^ Kalman, Matthew; Sengupta, Kim (21 November 2012). "Fragile truce deal hailed as a victory on both sides". The Independent. Diakses 21 November 2012. 
  4. ^ Ahren, Raphael (21 November 2012). "Israel says it 'fulfilled all its goals,' while Hamas hails an 'exceptional victory'". The Times of Israel. Diakses 21 November 2012. 
  5. ^ Lyon, Alistair, ed. (21 November 2012). "Israel's battle damage report says Hamas crippled". Jewish Journal. Reuters. Diakses 22 November 2012. 
  6. ^ Netanyahu, Hamas Both Aim to Spin War, Ceasefire to Their Advantage
  7. ^ IDF believes Hamas, Islamic Jihad will honor cease-fire
  8. ^ a b "PFLP says fighters will continue to strike Israel". Ma'an News Agency. 17 November 2012. Diakses 17 November 2012. 
  9. ^ Fars News Agency :: Occupied Quds City Targeted by Palestinian Missile
  10. ^ "Rocket fired from Gaza lands near Jerusalem – Middle East". Al Jazeera English. 2011-10-04. Diakses 2012-11-20. 
  11. ^ "BBC News - Q&A: Israel-Gaza violence". Bbc.co.uk. 1970-01-01. Diakses 2012-11-20. 
  12. ^ a b Ilana Curiel, Yoav Zitun (22 November 2012). "IDF officer hurt by mortar fire dies". Ynet News. Diakses 22 November 2012. 
  13. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama secondisraeli
  14. ^ "Israel air raids kill 10, destroy Hamas headquarters in Gaza". Times of India. 17 November 2012. 
  15. ^ a b c The Associated Press (2012-11-22). "Gaza and Israel begin to resume normal life after truce". BBC news. Diakses 2012-11-22. 
  16. ^ "Israeli strikes kill 23 in bloodiest day for Gaza". Thenews.com.pk. 2012-11-13. Diakses 2012-11-20. 
  17. ^ "Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (14 -21 Nov. 2012)". Pchrgaza.org. 2012-11-22. Diakses 2012-11-22. 
  18. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama aftereight
  19. ^ "Hamas executes six suspected informants for Israel on Gaza street". The Guardian. 20 November 2012. Diakses 20 November 2012. 
  20. ^ "IDF soldier, civilian killed as over 140 rockets hit Israel". Jerusalem Post. 20 November 2012. Diakses 22 November 2012. 
  21. ^ "Chief of Staff Declares 'Operation Pillar of Cloud'". Arutz Sheva. 14 November 2012. Diakses 14 November 2012. 
  22. ^ "Day 2: 300+ Rockets Fired at Israel Since Start of Operation Pillar of Defense". Algemeiner (live updates). 15 November 2012. Diakses 15 November 2012. 
  23. ^ Lappin, Yaakov (14 November 2012). "Israeli air strike kills top Hamas commander Jabari". The Jerusalem Post. Diakses 14 November 2012. 
  24. ^ Kalman, Matthew (15 November 2012). "Massed Israeli troops poised for invasion of Gaza". The Independent (UK). Diakses 15 November 2012. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]