Operasi Odyssey Dawn

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Operation Odyssey Dawn
Bagian dari the Intervensi militer AS 2011 and the Perang Sipil Libya
USS Barry fires Tomahawk missile Libya.png
The USS Barry (DDG-52) fires a Tomahawk cruise missile during Operation Odyssey Dawn.
Lokasi Libya
Hasil Kemenangan NATO secara mutlak
Pembuatan zona larang terbang[1]
Pihak yang terlibat
 Belgia
 Kanada
 Denmark
 Italia
 Belanda
 Norwegia
 Qatar
 Spanyol
 Uni Emirat Arab
 Amerika Serikat
Templat:Country data Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Komandan
Bendera Amerika Serikat Barack Obama
Presiden Amerika Serikat and
Commander in Chief dari Angkatan Bersenjata AS

Bendera Amerika Serikat Robert Gates
U.S. Secretary of Defense

Bendera Amerika Serikat GEN Carter Ham, USA
U.S. Africa Command Commander

Bendera Amerika Serikat ADM Samuel Locklear, USN
Joint Task Force Commander

Bendera Amerika Serikat VADM Harry Harris, USN
Joint Forces Maritime Component Commander

Bendera Amerika Serikat Maj Gen Margaret Woodward, USAF
Joint Forces Air Component Commander

Bendera Libya Muammar Gaddafi-
De facto Commander-in-Chief

Bendera Libya Abu-Bakr Yunis Jabr-
Menteri Pertahanan Libya

Bendera Libya Khamis al-Gaddafi-
Khamis Brigade Komandan

Bendera Libya Ali Sharif al-Rifi
Air Force Komandan

Kekuatan
80 pesawat tempur
40 pesawat pendukung
3 kapal selam
11 kapal perang
490 tanks
240 mobile rocket launchers
35 helicopters
113 air-land attack fighters
229 air fighters
7 bombers[2]
Korban
Bendera Amerika Serikat 1 F-15E (kerusakan mesin,[3] kru selamat[4])
1 MQ-8B Fire Scout (ditembak jatuh[5])
Banyak pertahanan anti-udara rusak
114 penduduk sipil terbunuh and 445 terluka (Klaim dari Libya)*[6]
40 civilians killed (di Tripoli, menurut Vatican)[7]
*Pendapat dari pihak Libya belum dapat dikonfirmasi[8] Militer AS tidak tahu bila ada korban di pihak sipil[9]

Operasi Odyssey Dawn adalah kata sandi untuk partisipasi Amerika Serikat di dalam penegakan zona larangan terbang Libya[10]. Operasi militer yang dilakukan Britania Raya adalah Operasi Ellamy, Kanada melakukan Operasi MOBILE, dan Perancis melakukan Operasi Harmattan.

Pasukan yang dikerahkan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ USS Providence left the area some time around 27–28 March.[27]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Cohen, Tom (20 March 2011). "Mullen: No-fly zone effectively in place in Libya". CNN. Diakses 20 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Gaddafi Attacked City of Misrata; US to Bomb More , The World Reporter: News Opinion and Analysis". The World Reporter. Diakses 21 March 2011. 
  3. ^ Ackerman, Spencer (22 March 2011). "F-15 Crew Ejects Over Libya After Mechanical Failure". Danger Room, Wired.com. Condé Nast. Diakses 13 January 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d Lamothe, Dan (22 March 2011). "Details of Marines’ pilot rescue released". Marine Corps Times. Diakses 24 March 2011. 
  5. ^ Joshua Stewart (5 August 2011). "Navy: UAV likely downed by pro-Gadhafi forces". Navy Times. Diakses 13 January 2013. 
  6. ^ "Mid-East crisis as it happened: 25 March ". BBC News. 25 March 2011. Diakses 25 March 2011. 
  7. ^ "Vatican: Airstrikes killed 40 civilians in Tripoli". 31 March 2011. Diakses 31 March 2011. 
  8. ^ "Gaddafi denounces foreign intervention". Al Jazeera English. 20 March 2011. Diakses 20 March 2011. 
  9. ^ By  the CNN Wire Staff (21 March 2011). "CNN. March 20, 2011". CNN. Diakses 19 May 2011. 
  10. ^ "News Article: Coalition Launches Operation Odyssey Dawn". Defense.gov. 2009-03-12. Diakses 2011-03-19. 
  11. ^ a b "Update on CF Operations in Libya" Canadian Forces website, 22 March 2011
  12. ^ "Canadian Forces Deploy Maritime Patrol Aircraft In Response To Situation In Libya" Canadian Forces website, 25 March 2011
  13. ^ "Denmark to send squadron on Libya op" (dalam bahasa Danish). Politiken.dk. 14 March 2011. Diakses 19 March 2011. 
  14. ^ "La Russa: Presto altri aerei italiani". rainews24.it. 22 March 2011. Diakses 22 March 2011. 
  15. ^ Lieven Dewitte (24 March 2011) Dutch contribute six F-16s and a KDC-10 to Odyssey Dawn F-16.net
  16. ^ Claire Taylor and Ben Smith (4 April 2011) Military Operations in Libya House of Commons Library, www.parliament.uk (UK Parliament Website)
  17. ^ "> Norske fly under amerikansk kommando". fvn.no. Diakses 19 May 2011. 
  18. ^ 23 March 2011 (23 March 2011). "Fighter jets put under US command : Views and News from Norway". Newsinenglish.no. Diakses 19 May 2011. 
  19. ^ "Vet ikke hvilke farer som møter dem – nyheter". Dagbladet.no. 20 March 2011. Diakses 19 May 2011. 
  20. ^ "Faremo: – Ikke aktuelt å væpne libyske opprørere – Nyheter – Innenriks". Aftenposten.no. Diakses 19 May 2011. 
  21. ^ "New coalition member flies first sortie enforcing no-fly zone over Libya". Joint Task Force Odyssey Dawn Public Affairs. 25 March 2011. Diarsipkan dari aslinya tanggal 18 July 2012. Diakses 15 April 2011. 
  22. ^ "Ministerio de Defensa – Dos cazas y el avión de reabastecimiento realizan la primera patrulla aérea en Libia". Mde.es. Diakses 19 May 2011. 
  23. ^ "Las fuerzas españolas tienen luz verde para abrir fuego". larazon.es. Diakses 5 June 2011. 
  24. ^ "Spanish Fighter Jets Complete First Patrol Over Libya". webcitation.org. Diakses 5 June 2011. 
  25. ^ (AFP) – 27 Mar 2011 (27 March 2011). "AFP: UAE fighter jets arrive in Italy for Libya operations". Google. Diakses 19 May 2011. 
  26. ^ Dagher, Sam (21 March 2011). "Allies Press Libya Attacks". The Wall Street Journal. Diakses 21 March 2011. 
  27. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama AFPMar29
  28. ^ Media, Defense. "U.S. Naval Forces Open Odyssey Dawn, Prepare No-Fly Zone". Navy.mil. Diakses 21 March 2011. 
  29. ^ "Greek Defence Ministry: No participation in operations outside the NATO". Keep Talking Greece. 20 March 2011. Diakses 19 May 2011. 
  30. ^ "Pentagon Briefing slides" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. 
  31. ^ a b c "Wide array of U.S. warplanes used in Libya attacks". CNN. 1 April 2011. 
  32. ^ "Roughead: Ships Were Ready for Odyssey Dawn". American Forces Press Service. 23 March 2011. 
  33. ^ "Crisis in Libya: U.S. bombs Qaddafi's airfields – World Watch". CBS News. 19 March 2011. Diakses 21 March 2011. 
  34. ^ Morning Edition (21 March 2011). "B-2 Bombers From Missouri Hit Libyan Targets". NPR. Diakses 19 May 2011. 
  35. ^ Schmitt, Eric (28 March 2011). "U.U. Gives Its Air Power Expansive Role In Libya". The New York Times. Diakses 29 March 2011. 
  36. ^ Owen, Glen; Carlin, Brendan; Gallagher, Ian (20 March 2011). "'Odyssey Dawn': U.S. cruise missiles herald the beginning of the end for Gaddafi as the West loses patience with Libya". Daily Mail (UK). 
  37. ^ "Qaddafi Is Attacking Civilians With Elite Units, Official Says". Business Week. 26 March 2011. 
  38. ^ "Marine jets involved in Libya airstrikes". Marine Corps Times. 20 March 2011. Diakses 22 March 2011. 
  39. ^ "U.S. officials, opposition warn Libya could get bloodier". CNN. 1 April 2011.