Operasi Linda Nchi

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Operasi Linda Nchi
Bagian dari Perang di Somalia (2009–sekarang)
Tanggal 16 Oktober 2011 – Juni 2012
Lokasi Somalia
Hasil
Pihak yang terlibat
 Kenya[11]
Bendera Somalia DFK[11]
Bendera Amerika Serikat Amerika Serikat
Ras Kamboni Movement[12]
 Ethiopia[13]
Ahlu Sunna Waljama'a[14]
Flag of Azania.svg Azania[15]
ShababFlag.svg Al-Shabaab
Komandan
Bendera Kenya Julius Karangi[16]

Bendera Kenya Leonard Ngondi[17]
Bendera Kenya Mohamed Yusuf Haji[18]
Bendera Somalia Hussein Arab Isse[18]
Ahmed Madobe[12][19][20][21][22]

Ibrahim al-Afghani[23][24]

Ahmad Godane[25]
Mukhtar Robow[25][26]
Hassan Turki[25][27][28]
Sheikh Aweys[29]

Kekuatan
Somalia: >2.000 tentara[30]

Kenya: <6.000 tentara[31]

Al-Shabaab:
3.000 pejuang, 2.000 militan sekutu[25]
Korban
Total: 21–72 tewas, 152 terluka

67 tentara sekutu tewas[nb 1][32][33]


Satu Harbin Z-9 hancur (kerusakan mekanik)[40]
One patrol boat damaged.[41]

Total: 700 militan tewas,[35] 61 ditangkap[nb 2][32][42]
9 civilians killed (Somalia)[42][43][44]

30 civilians killed,[45]
6 policemen killed and 17 security forces injured (Kenya)[32][46]

Operasi Linda Nchi[47] ("Lindungi negara";[48] bahasa Swahili: Linda Nchi[49]) adalah operasi militer terkoordiansi antara militer Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia, Perancis, serta (dituduh terlibat) Amerika Serikat, yang dimulai pada tanggal 16 Oktober 2011 ketika tentara Kenya menyeberangi perbatasan dan memasuki Somalia selatan.[50] Pasukan tersebut menarget militan Al-Shabaab yang dituduh telah menculik beberapa wisatawan dan relawan asing di Kenya.[51] Menurut Menteri Luar Negeri Ethiopia, operasi ini merupakan salah satu dari tahap akhir dalam pemberontakan Islamis selama Perang Saudara Somalia.[52]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Jumlah korban menurut Al-Shabaab
  2. ^ Jumlah korban menurut militer Kenya

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Kenya: Army Hit Somali Terror Base". allAfrica.com. 17 October 2011. Diakses 18 October 2011. 
  2. ^ Somalis helping Kenyan forces tackle Shabaab
  3. ^ "Ethiopian troops capture Beledweyne from Somalia militants". BBC News. 31 December 2011. 
  4. ^ http://www.afriquejet.com/somalia-kenya-troops-2012010430903.html
  5. ^ http://www.news24.com/Africa/News/Kenya-push-al-Shabaab-from-two-towns-20120106
  6. ^ https://twitter.com/#!/MajorEChirchir/status/164703690811387904
  7. ^ https://twitter.com/#!/MajorEChirchir/status/164706908236824576
  8. ^ "Somalia al-Shabab militant base of Baidoa captured". BBC News. 22 February 2012. 
  9. ^ "Al-Shabab forces lose Somali base of El Bur". BBC News. 26 March 2012. 
  10. ^ "Somali al-Shabab militant stronghold Afgoye 'captured'". BBC News. 25 May 2012. 
  11. ^ a b Joint Communique – Operation Linda Nchi
  12. ^ a b Former Alshabaab, Ras Kamboni leader talks to Kenyan Media
  13. ^ Ethiopia Agrees to Back Somalia Army Operations, IGAD Says
  14. ^ a b http://www.somaliareport.com/index.php/post/2456/Heavy_Fighting_in_Southern_Somalia
  15. ^ "The Kenyan Military Intervention in Somalia". International Crisis Group. Diakses 11 May 2012. 
  16. ^ Kenya military chief suggests Somalia incursion could be long
  17. ^ The General Tasked With Wiping Out Al-Shabaab
  18. ^ a b Somali President speaks out against Kenyan invasion
  19. ^ Kenya looks to Somali troops, militia to create border buffer
  20. ^ Al shabab, Raskamboni claim victory over fighting
  21. ^ Kenya’s Political Failure in Southern Somalia
  22. ^ Kenya troops aim to carve 'buffer zone' out of Somalia
  23. ^ Who are al-Shabab?
  24. ^ Murky world of Somalia's Islamist insurgents
  25. ^ a b c d New York Times Al Shabab
  26. ^ Somali rebel urges attacks on Kenya
  27. ^ Kenyan troops 100km inside Somalia
  28. ^ Al-Shabaab threaten reprisals as Kenyan troops push into rebel-held Somalia
  29. ^ Eritrea rejects Kenyan al-Shabab arms claims
  30. ^ Rice, Xan (17 October 2011). "Somali Islamists threaten to attack Kenya after military assault". The Guardian. Diakses 8 September 2012. 
  31. ^ "Somalia forces capture key al-Shabab town of Afmadow". BBC News. 31 May 2012. Diakses 8 September 2012. 
  32. ^ a b c d e http://www.criticalthreats.org/somalia/timeline-operation-linda-nchi-october-24-2011
  33. ^ a b http://www.presstv.ir/detail/209527.html
  34. ^ [1]
  35. ^ a b "KDF: We have killed 700 militants". Daily Nation. 7 Januar 2012. Diakses 7 Januar 2012. 
  36. ^ "World news". The Guardian (London). 23 January 2008. 
  37. ^ http://www.shabelle.net/article.php?id=14004
  38. ^ http://www.shabelle.net/article.php?id=14132
  39. ^ http://www.shabelle.net/article.php?id=14340
  40. ^ http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=20258:five-kenyan-soldiers-killed-in-helicopter-crash&catid=35:Aerospace&Itemid=107
  41. ^ http://www.capitalfm.co.ke/news/2011/10/rain-halts-kenyan-troops-in-somalia
  42. ^ a b "Kenyan troops 'kill 60 al-Shabab fighters' in Somalia". BBC News. 7 January 2012. 
  43. ^ http://www.hrw.org/fr/news/2011/11/18/kenya-les-forces-engag-es-dans-les-op-rations-militaires-en-somalie-doivent-respecte
  44. ^ http://www.liberation.fr/depeches/01012368779-somalie-5-morts-dont-3-enfants-nouveau-bilan-du-raid-aerien-kenyan
  45. ^ http://www.garoweonline.com/artman2/publish/Somalia_27/Somalia_Kenya_says_30_people_were_killed_by_Al_Shabaab.shtml
  46. ^ http://www.shabelle.net/article.php?id=13591
  47. ^ "turning on your world &raquo Cabinet endorses ‘Operation Linda Nchi’". NTV. Diakses 23 October 2011. 
  48. ^ STRATFOR – Kenya's Offensive Against al Shabaab in Somalia
  49. ^ Jets hit al Shabaab, as rain delays march
  50. ^ Kron, Josh; Gettleman, Jeffrey (23 October 2011). "Other Nations Join Somalia Fight, Kenya Says". The New York Times. Diakses 23 October 2011. 
  51. ^ "Kenyan troops pursue al-Shabab into Somalia in Operation Linda Nchi". Al Jazeera English. 16 October 2011. Diakses 16 October 2011. 
  52. ^ Heinlein, Peter (22 October 2011). "E. African Nations Back Kenyan Offensive in Somalia". Voice of America. Diakses 23 October 2011. : "Ethiopia's deputy prime minister and foreign minister Hailemariam Dessalegn said his country is considering joining the military campaign. He said it was 'high time' for a regional response to al-Shabab's provocations. 'The long term goal is to eradicate al Shabab from Somalia and this is the proper time and the process shows al-Shabab is coming to an end,' said Hailemariam."